Tindale's Catalogue of Australian Aboriginal Tribes
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Erawirung (SA)
LocationOn the eastern bank of Murray River from above Paringa to Loxton and about 15 miles (40 km.) farther south in sandy country, away from the river. On the western side of river from Rufus Creek west to near Overland Corner. One of the small tribes collectively called Meru. Three hordes were listed by Shaw. They possessed mines of chert stone at Springcart Gully and south of Renmark and defended them. The chert appeared in horizons at Devon Downs rock-shelter.
Co-ordinates140°35'E x 34°20'S
Area1,300 sq. m. (3,400 sq. km.)
ReferencesShaw in Taplin, 1879; Fison and Howitt, 1880; Brown, 1918; Hale and Tindale, 1930; Tindale, 1939, 1940, and MS.
Alternative NamesJirau (valid alternative), Eraweerung, Eramwirrangu, Erawiruck, Jeraruk (name of a horde), Yerraruck, Yirau, Yiran (misprint), Pomp-malkie, Meru (['meru] = man, a general term). Juju (of the Maraura ['ju:] = no), Yuyu, You-you, Rankbirit (name of a horde), Wilu (name of a horde), Willoo.
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia (1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.

Collection AA338 Norman Barnett Tindale