|Location||From near Gairdner River east to Point Malcolm; inland to edge of coastal slope, approximately 30 miles (50 km.); at Kent, Ravensthorpe, Fanny Cove, Esperance, and Cape Arid; western members were moving toward Bremer Bay in earliest historical time; those members of the tribe living east of Fanny Cove and Young River had, within earliest historical time, begun to adopt circumcision and therefore they were called Bardonjunga or Bardok by the rest of the tribesfolk; they were becoming a separate tribe; these eastern hordes preferred the term Njunga; they disputed with the Njadjunmaia over possession of the area between Mount Ragged and Israelite Bay. (See special comments in text of chap. 5 and under Njunga.)|
|Co-ordinates||119°45'E x 33°40'S|
|Area||6,900 sq. m. (17,900 sq. km.)|
|References||Moore, 1884; Chester in Curr, 1886; Taylor in Curr, 1886; Helms, 1896; Gamier in Hugenin, 1902; Mathews, 1910 (Gr. 6525); Giglioli, 1911; Hassell, 1935, 1936; Tindale, 1940, 1966 MS, 1968 MS; Brockman, 1949 MS; Douglas, 1966 MS, 1968.|
|Alternative Names||Wudjarima (extended form of name), Wudjari:ma, Wuda, Wudja, Widjara, Warangu (valid alternative), Kwaitjman (of northern tribes), Ngokwurring, Ngokgurring, Nunga, Njungar, Nyungar, Nonga, Yunga (['nunga = 'nonga = 'njonga = 'njunga = 'njungar] = man), Bremer Bay tribe (area originally not theirs), Yungar, Njungura (name applied by a Miming man of Ooldea who went to Esperance by train and found friendly southern people there), Karkar (Karkar = east, name applied by Wiilman), Caskcar [sic] (presumably misreading of handwritten word of the form Carkcar, i.e., Karkar) ? Daran (name at Perth applied to eastern tribes-people who saw the sun rising from the sea [Moore 1884]).|
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia
(1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.