|Location||Swan River and northern and eastern tributaries inland to beyond Mount Helena; at Kalamunda, Armadale, Victoria Plains, south of Toodyay, and western vicinity of York; at Perth; south along coast to near Pinjarra. An aged survivor, named Ngepal, of a horde of the tribe living between Perth and Toodyay was met in northwestern Australia in 1953; he had lived a long time in the Hall Creek area and had been in trouble with the law in his youth. He used the term ['Witja:ri] as name for his tribe. According to him the word [i:'wet] = [i:'wat] means 'no' in the northern dialect but at Perth the word is ['jaruka]. In earlier writings ['wada], ['whad], and ['juad] have been suggested for this word. Whether Witjari or Whadjuk is used, there is every reason to suspect that the word for the negative is a basis for the tribal name.|
|Co-ordinates||116°5'E x 32°0'S|
|Area||2,600 sq. m. (6,800 sq. km.)|
|References||Lyon, 1833; Grey, 1839; Clark, 1842; Symmons, 1842; Parker, Scott, Whitfield, Knight, Goldsworthy, Hackett, Morgan, et al. in Curr, 1886; Mathews, 1908 (Gr. 6556), 1910 (Gr. 6516); Giglioli, 1911; Bates, 1915; Hassell, 1936; Tindale, 1940, 1953 MS, 1963, 1966 MS; Australian Encylcopedia, 1958.|
|Alternative Names||Wadjuk, Wadjug, Whajook (['whad] = ['wada] = ['juad] = [i:wat] = no), Witja:ri, Wadjup (name of the flats of the Canning River), Juadjuk, Yooard, Yooadda, Minalnjunga: (Juat term ['minang] = south, ['njunga:] = man), Minnal Yungar, Derbal (a name for general locality of Perth), Karakata (a name for Perth), Caractterup tribe, Karrakatta (bank of Swan River at Perth), Ilakuri wongi (name applied to language).|
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia
(1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.