|Location||Melville and Bathurst islands. The name Tiwi was coined for the convenience of anthropologists and others, it means 'We, the only people'; the late Father E. A. Worms gave me Tunuvivi as the ancient and proper name and Wilson, an old white inhabitant, supplied Wongak ['Wonga:k] as the name given them by the Iwaidja. Capell (1956:29) incorrectly called them 'one of the tribes with no name.' A. Pilling has unpublished data for these people.|
|Co-ordinates||130°50'E x 11°30'S|
|Area||3,100 sq. m. (7,100 sq. km.)|
|References||Basedow, 1913; Spencer, 1914, 1928; Vatter, 1925; Wilson, 1928 MS; Hart, 1930; Harasser, 1936; Frazer, 1939; Tindale, 1940; Capell, 1940, 1942, 1956; Robinson, 1956; Mountford, 1958; Berndt, 1960; Hart and Pilling, 1960; Goodale, 1962, 1971; Berndt and Berndt, 1964; Lauer, 1967; Worms, pers. comm.|
|Alternative Names||Tiwi (assigned name), Diwi (Capell conformists variant), Wonga:k (Iwaidja term), Wongak, Wunuk, Nimara, Woranguwe.|
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia
(1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.