Tindale's Catalogue of Australian Aboriginal Tribes
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Tjalkadjara (WA)
LocationNortheast of Laverton to Lake Throssell; west nearly to Darlot; at Erlistoun; north to Lake Wells. Their water supplies were largely from the roots of eucalypts. The oldest living survivor was born at ['Pabul] (Babool Rockhole on maps) northeast of their claimed boundary at ['Baldja] (Baldya Soak on maps). Capell (1963) incorrectly associated this tribe with the Pini under his term 'Birni' and 'Biniridjara.' They were driven northwestward to Darlot after 1900 by pressure from Nangatadjara. Possession of their red ochre mine at Taralguta, north of Laverton, was a cause of conflict with other tribespeople. It was a solid red ochre (not powdery) much traded to tribes in the northwest.
Co-ordinates123°0'E x 27°50'S
Area11,300 sq. m. (29,400 sq. km.)
ReferencesMathews, 1907 (Gr. 6488); Tindale, 1940, and MS; Berndt and Berndt, 1942; Berndt, 1959; Capell, 1963.
Alternative NamesTalkumara and Tjalkandjara (valid alternatives), Tjalkakari (means 'come this way'), Wordako (language name), Tjalkani, Djalgani, Djalgandi, Tjalgandi, Erlistoun tribe (of Mathews), Dituwonga (language name given by Waljen).
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia (1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.

Collection AA338 Norman Barnett Tindale

Collection AA346 Board for Anthropological Research

Collection AA689 Joseph Benjamin Birdsell