Tindale's Catalogue of Australian Aboriginal Tribes
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Nukunu (SA)
LocationEastern side of Spencer Gulf from a little north of the mouth of the Broughton River and vicinity of Crystal Brook northward to Port Augusta; east to Melrose, Mount Remarkable, Gladstone, and Quorn; at Baroota. The Ngaiawang of the Murray River used the term Nokunno as name of a fabulous Being who went about by night killing people. The Kaurna tribe term ['nokun:a] has a meaning of an imaginary being, like a man, who prowls at night and kills, an assassin (Teichelmann and Schürmann, 1840). The Nukunu were the southeasternmost tribe to practice subincision, in addition to circumcision, as a male initiation rite. Pangkala men used the pronunciation ['Nukuna] for the name. The few survivors are settled at Baroota inland from Port Germein where they are known as Barutadura.
Co-ordinates138°10'E x 32°55'S
Area2,200 sq. m. (5,700 sq. km.)
ReferencesTeichelmann and Schürmann, 1840; Schürmann, 1844, 1846; Moorhouse, 1846; Wilhelmi, 1860; Hack in Taplin, 1879; Valentine in Curr, 1886; East, 1889; Mathews, 1900 (Gr. 6448); Black, 1917; Gray, 1930; Elkin, 1931, 1938; Tindale, 1940, and MS, Tindale in Condon, 1955; Wurm, 1963; A.I.A.S. Report, 1966.
Alternative NamesWongaidja (valid alternative), Nukuna, Nukunnu, Nugunu, Nookoona, Nukunna, Noocoona, Nokunna, Nuguna, Pukunna (misprint), Wongaidja, Wongaidya, Tura (['tura] = man), Tyura, Doora, Eura (general term for several tribes), Warra (name of language), Barutadura (men of Baroota).
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia (1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.

Collection AA246 Roy Parkes

Collection AA338 Norman Barnett Tindale

Collection AA346 Board for Anthropological Research

Collection AA64 Harold More Cooper

Collection AA676 Marjorie Alice Angas

Collection AA689 Joseph Benjamin Birdsell