Tindale's Catalogue of Australian Aboriginal Tribes
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Njikena (WA)
LocationLower Fitzroy River from Yeeda upstream to Noonkanbah, on both banks; an eastern section of the tribe, called Wanji or Tjaba, extends from Mount Wynne and Nuranura Ridge on the northern side of the river to Fitzroy Crossing; north to Oscar Range, Kimberley Downs, and Meda; southwest to scarp of Edgar Ranges and Dampier Downs; on lower waters of Jurgurra (Wilson) Creek. The eastern hordes relied on ['Ilimbiri], a spring near Mount Percy for water in drought times, but in pre-European times were confronted here by hostile strangers, the Punaba, whom they fought; they had not met in friendly fashion. Some of the Tjaba hordes of the tribe today could understand Punaba and there has been some intermarriage. The, Njikena of the desert fringe visited ['Mandikara'kapo] (Dampier Downs) and the upper Tjirkali (Geegully) Creek for water, principally in times of drought, and there they had hostile contact with the Mangala.
Co-ordinates124°20'E x 18°10'S
Area11,300 sq. m. (29,400 sq. km.)
ReferencesMathews, 1900 (Gr. 6524, 6575); Bates, 1914; Mj÷berg, 1922-1923; Kaberry, 1937, 1939; Petri, 1939, 1952, 1956, 1960; Capell, 1939, 1940, 1952, 1955, 1960, 1965; Tindale, 1940, 1953 MS, 1956; Worms, 1950, 1952; Playford, 1960; Coate, 1966.
Alternative NamesNjigena (valid variant), Nigena, Njigina, Nyigina, Nyi-gini, Njikini (Mangala term), Njigana, Wanji (name for eastern hordes), Tjaba (language name for eastern hordes), Dja:ba, Wanji (Punaba name for eastern Njikena), Yeeda (place name).
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia (1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.

Collection AA338 Norman Barnett Tindale

Collection AA346 Board for Anthropological Research

Collection AA689 Joseph Benjamin Birdsell