|Location||Southwestern half of Eyre Peninsula; west to Cape Radstock, north to beyond Minnipa; east to near Darke Peak; west of Cleve and halfway between Carrow and Franklin Harbor; at Port Lincoln, Mount Hope, Coffin Bay, and Elliston. They principally inhabited the coastal scrub gum tree (Eucalyptus) forest country. Pressure from Pangkala was causing a contraction to southwest at time of first white settlement; their protohistoric boundary ran from about the Gawler Ranges to Port Augusta; extinct; all my data from Wirangu and Pangkala informants.|
|Co-ordinates||135°30'E x 33°45'S|
|Area||8,000 sq. m. (20,100 sq. km.)|
|References||Grey, 1844; Schumann, 1844, 1846, 1879; Angas, 1847; Wilhemi, 1860; Bull, 1878; Clode in Taplin, 1879; East, 1889; Howitt, 1904; Strehlow, 1910; Tindale, 1940 and MS.|
|Alternative Names||Njau, Njao, Ngao (pronunciation of a Pangkala man in 1939), Nawo, Naua, Nowo, Gnowoo, Kadu (= man), Battara (['bat:ara] = scrubby gum), Wiljaru (of Pangkala tribe, means 'westerners'), Willuro, Hilleri (Howitt on his 1904 map at p. 44 placed the name Hilleri incorrectly; his text is more correct; the term had a derogatory meaning somewhat like the term Aluritja in central Australia and implied they came out of the Western Desert), Kartawongulta (name of language).|
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia
(1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.