|Location||Logan River from Rathdowney to mouth, south to near Southport; west to Boonah and slopes of the Dividing Range. Not to be confused with the Jukambal of the New England tableland. Note that the Jagara territory included the area near Cleveland along the Brisbane River. One horde, the Tjipara, claimed country as far north as Sandgate and the mouth of Pine River, an area otherwise said to belong to the Undanbi people. Seven or more hordes are recorded in the Winterbotham MS, one name given is Biri:n, and there is a suggestion that the Kitabal of northern New South Wales and the Jagara are only large hordes of this tribe with some differences of dialect. Kitabal men in 1938, however, supplied data that seem to indicate the Kitabal were distinct. It should be noticed that names of many tribes in northern New South Wales have the suffix -bal. This has been inferred to be a hordal suffix like -bara and -bura terms of southern Queensland but is probably not correct. Some aborigines stress the last syllable of the name i.e. ['Ju-kam'be]. Jampal is a valid alternative name. This has no known relationship with the Jambina (Jampa:l) of Logan Creek in central Queensland.|
|Co-ordinates||153°0'E x 27°55'S|
|Area||1,200 sq. m. (3,100 sq. km.)|
|References||ibson in Fison and Howitt, 1880; Gibson in Howitt, 1884; Howitt, 1884, 1888, 1904; Prior, Landsborough and White, and O'Connor in Curr, 1887; Meston, 1892; Lauterer, 1896, 1897; Small, 1898; Dutton, 1904; Mathews, 1909 (Gr. 6479); Radcliffe-Brown, 1931; Tindale, 1940; Winterbotham, 1956 MS; Sharpe, 1969.|
|Alternative Names||Jukam (['juka] = no), Yukum, Y÷gum, Yuggum, Yoocum, Jugambeir, Yugambir, Yugumbir, Tjipara (horde near Brisbane), Chipara, Chepara, Tjapera, Yoocumbah.|
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia
(1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.