Tindale's Catalogue of Australian Aboriginal Tribes
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Iliaura (NT)
LocationSandover, Bundey, Ooratippra, and Fraser creeks; Mount Swan, northern face of Hart Range, Plenty River north and west of Ilbala, Jervois Range, Mount Playford, Elkedra River; at MacDonald Downs and Huckitta. Yallop (1969) has adopted the northern pronunciation of their name (Aljawara), not the one used by the principal hordes studied in 1930. There has been a northward shift since that date, as detailed by Yallop. The boundaries shown here are as of the time of first contacts. The 16 mm films of the University of Adelaide Anthropological Expedition of 1930 shows these people at Macdonald Downs.
Co-ordinates135°30'E x 21°55'S
Area17,800 sq. m. (46,300 sq. km.)
ReferencesSpencer and Gillen, 1899; Mathews, 1900 (Gr. 6575), Eylmann, 1908; C. Strehlow, 1910; Brown, 1911; Basedow, 1925; Tindale, 1930 MS, 1932, 1940, 1951 MS, 1953 MS, 1963 MS; T. G. H. Strehlow, 1947; R. Underhill, 1953 MS; Meggitt, 1961; Yallop, 1969; Tindale and George, 1971.
Alternative NamesIl(l)iaura, Iljauara, Iljawara, Ilyauarra, Ilyowra, Illyowra, Illura (spelling in 1953 Northern Territory official document), Aliwara (Kaititj name), Aliawara, Aljawara (a Kaititj pronunciation), Alyawara, Ilawara (Ngalia term), Iliama (typographical error), Jaljuwara (western tribal pronunciation), Yalyuwara.
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia (1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.

Collection AA1 Aborigines' Friends' Association

Collection AA105 Henry Kenneth Fry

Collection AA108 Francis James Gillen

Collection AA124 Herbert Matthew Hale

Collection AA161 Thomas Harvey Johnston

Collection AA298 (South Australian Museum)

Collection AA338 Norman Barnett Tindale

Collection AA346 Board for Anthropological Research