Tindale's Catalogue of Australian Aboriginal Tribes
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Gunwinggu (NT)
LocationAn inland tribe south of Jungle Creek and on the headwaters of the East Alligator River. They do not practice circumcision. Inland horde or hordes north of Oenpelli are called Mangaridji, and it is likely that the Unigangk listed by Capell (1942) is a name for those who live on the upper waters of the East Alligator River. The Mangaridji at Oenpelli (n.n. Awunbelenja) were traditionally the occupiers of local rock-shelters and are said to have become extinct before 1951. It is claimed they were in fact responsible for the work in the Oenpelli painted caves. According to Capell, the Mangeri were the Geimbio of Spencer but the latter name seems to be a variant of Gambalang (which see). Capell records a few words of Mangaridji vocabulary.
Co-ordinates133°35'E x 12°20'S
Area2,800 sq. m. (7,300 sq. km.)
ReferencesMathews, 1900 (Gr. 6491); Spencer, 1914, 1928; Warner, 1937; Sweeney, 1939; Capell, 1940, 1942, 1956, 1965; Tindale, 1940; C. Berndt, 1951, 1965; Berndt and Berndt, 1951, 1964; Elkin, Berndt and Berndt, 1951; Sweeney in Berndt, 1951; Elkin, 1961; Lockwood, 1962; Oates, 1964; R. Berndt, 1965; Hamilton, 1970 pers. comm.; Harris, n.d.
Alternative NamesGunwingu, Gunwingo, Wengi, Wengei, Wengej, Gundeidjeme, Gundjeipmi (horde on upper Liverpool River), Kulunglutji, Kulunglutchi, Gundjeibmi, Gundjajeimi, Gundeijeme, Gundeidjeme, Margulitban (a group within the tribe), Unigangk, Urnigangg, Koorungo, Neinggu (of Maung tribe), Neinngu, Mangaridji, Mangeri.
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia (1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.

Collection AA338 Norman Barnett Tindale

Collection AA346 Board for Anthropological Research

Collection AA689 Joseph Benjamin Birdsell