|Location||Headwaters of Hamilton, Alberga, Wintinna, and Lora rivers north to Kulgera in central Australia; south to Mount Willoughby, Arckaringa, and the Stuart Range north of Coober Pedy which is in Kokata country. Their boundary with the Matuntara falls generally at the northern margin of the blue-bush covered plains; they do not venture into the more wooded hilly country farther north; at their southern boundary the country drops away to gibber plains. They are said to speak ['Aluritja] by the Aranda, with rude implications. Another general term for their language is Aluna a term that they share with the Jangkundjara and Matuntara; it is a Pitjandjara or Kukatja-like speech. The data, ostensibly on this tribe, supplied by Giles in Taplin (1879) and again in Fison and Howitt (1880), relate to the southern Aranda. Movements since 1917 took a portion of the tribe southwest to Ooldea. Earlier movement was from west after massacre by them of some previous inhabitants of Mount Chandler district; they are closely related to the Jangkundjara. The tribal name has the general meaning of 'westerners' where ['andakara] = west. An alternative that may be more valid is Ngonde, but this term has been said by some aborigines to embrace also the Jangkundjara, being applied to two hordes in the Everard Range area. East of Mount Chandler the country is known as Ngondejana. Western people call them Punjuru. See farther discussion in main text.|
|Co-ordinates||134°0'E x 27°10'S|
|Area||24,500 sq. m. (63,700 sq. km.)|
|References||Giles in Taplin, 1879; Giles in Fison and Howitt, 1880; Howitt, 1885, 1891, 1904; Krichauff, 1886; Helms, 1896; Mathews, 1900 (Gr. 6506 and 6448), 1901 (Gr. 6453); Kirkham in Howitt, 1904; Bates, 1918; Elkin, 1931, 1940; Tindale in C. Fenner, 1936; Tindale, 1937, 1940, 1957 MS, 1966; Bemdt and Berndt, 1942, 1965; Berndt and Johnston, 1942; G. Gross, 1954 MS; Tindale in Condon, 1955; Condon, 1955; Berndt, 1959; Wurm, 1963; C. Berndt, 1965; T. Strehlow, 1965; A.I.A.S. report, 1966.|
|Alternative Names||Antakarinja, Antakerinya, Antakerrinya, Andagirinja, Andagarinja, Andekerinja (Aranda pronunciation), Andekarinja, Antekarinja, Andigarinya, Andigirinji, Antingari, Andigari, Andgari, Andegilliga, Andigarina, Antigari, Andigiri, Anjirigna, Anterrikanya, Antegarinya, Antakerrinya, Antigerinya, Andjirigna, Unterrgerrie (MS), Untergerrie, Aldolinga (i.e., Westerners), Ngonde, Tangara, Yandairunga, Njuntundjara (name applied by Jangkundjara), Walarangunja (horde name in eastern part of Everard Ranges), Walarenunga, Kadjilaranda (horde name north of eastern Everard Ranges), Aluna (language name of the southern hordes who speak like the Kokata).|
This information is reproduced from NB Tindale's Aboriginal Tribes of Australia
(1974). Please be aware that much of the data relating to Aboriginal language group distribution and definition has undergone revision since 1974. Please note also that this catalogue represents Tindale's attempt to depict Aboriginal tribal distribution at the time of European contact.