AA 346  Board for Anthropological Research  Guide to Records
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Series AA346/09
Films recorded during the Board for Anthropological Research expeditions, 1926-1966.
Date Range1926 - 1966, date of expeditions
Quantity0.1 cm
ProvenanceBoard for Anthropological Research
Description

THIS SERIES CONTAINS RESTRICTED MATERIAL
This series comprises films documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expeditions throughout Australia between 1926-1966. These films record the scientific field research of the BAR members in their studies of Australian Aboriginal people, their culture, beliefs, relationship to the land and their environment.

Produced for educational purposes and commercially sold and loaned to individuals and institutions as a teaching tool, copies of these films exist in institutions throughout Australia and overseas. All permission to access or use BAR films should be directed to the South Australian Museum Archives (SAMA) Access Officer.

Numerous BAR members were the cinematographer of these films including: TD Campbell (AA 52), FA Jeffrey (AA 155), EO Stocker (AA 311), NB Tindale (AA 338), CP Mountord (AA 228), HK Fry (AA 105), EC Black (AA 31), FJ Fenner (AA 91), HJ Wilkinson (AA 370), JC Dobbie, J Simpson, MJ Barrett, R Edwards (AA 83), H Beyron and AA Abbie (AA 688). All BAR films previously accessioned into these collections have been transferred into the BAR film collection.

The film collection consists of 35mm nitrate film and 16mm acetate safety film. In 1979 the SAMA deposited its nitrate films with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The complex history of the nitrate films has been documented in Correspondence and Research folders (AA 346/9/27/9/1-3). The SAMA Master Preservation Tapes contains the best quality copies from both NFSA and SAMA film collections.

The film series has been ordered chronologically by BAR Expedition, with the exception of films made at Yuendumu and Haasts Bluff between 1951-1965. A number of the films produced by TD Campbell during these years includes footage shot between the years 1956-1958. Primary resource material on these films is very few so the decision was made to follow the old BAR film catalogue order of C1-C11, followed by partly processed films.

Note that not all BAR expeditions have films and that some BAR expeditons have numerous film titles.

Up until 1950 all BAR films are black and white, silent with intertitles. After 1950 all BAR films are colour, silent or colour with sound.

In the time coded summary all film intertitles have been italicised and are within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. Each expedition was assigned the symbol, and individuals recorded during that expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [C2]. Where possible the name and 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted and can be used to cross-reference information relating to a named individual across different Board for Anthropological Research series, expeditions and related collections.

To facilitate further research the film summaries also contain reference to associated SAMA collections, for example TD Campbell (AA 52), and SAM Registry numbers, for example the canoe made during the Harvard Adelaide film is noted as SAM Registry number (A27479).

ArrangedChronological by expedition (with the exception of film made at Yuendumu)

Inventory Listing

AA 346/9/1/1-6

Wilgena and Ooldea, South Australia, 1926. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 34189.'

  'Scenes of Aboriginal Life.'

BAR Expedition Symbol: B
 

This is the first of three film items and is the final film production 'Scenes of Aboriginal Life' documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Wilgena and Ooldea, South Australia during 7-21 May 1926. The expedition party included numerous BAR members.

The party visited localities including Quorn, Port Augusta, Wilgena, Tarcoola and Ooldea. See: TD Campbell 'Notes 1926 Ooldea Trip' (AA 52/1).

The cinematographer was TD Campbell (AA 52). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 34189.' In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9).

In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'B.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [B5]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

The summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/1/12)

00:00 'Ooldea, SA, 1926. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 34189.'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1926.'

01:43 'Scenes of Aboriginal Life - Recorded at Ooldea, SA, May 1926.'

01:46 'Photography by Dr TD Campbell. Film processed by FA Jeffrey SMPE, Adelaide.'

01:56 East-West steam train arriving at Ooldea.

01:58 People stand beside a stationary train at Ooldea siding.

02:14 'Ooldea Soak.'

02:17 Panorama of the Ooldea soak, buildings and shelters can be seen.

02:55 'General Views of Camp Life.'

03:00 Close up of shelters among mallee, an Australian Aboriginal child is running about, a woman carries branches to a shelter.

03:31 An Australian Aboriginal man approaches the camera with a spear and spear thrower in hand. Many people are sitting on the ground and standing watching the camera.

03:52 Close up view of a camp, many people sit beside fires and outside shelters.

04:35 An old Australian Aboriginal man possibly 'Old Charlie' See: TD Campbell (AA 52/1).

04:45 Two old Australian Aboriginal men beside a fire.

04:55 'A Native Wurley of Modern Type. Compare this with one built in true Native fashion.'

05:05 A shelter covered with branches and fabric.

05:25 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people selects branches and begins to construct the shelter. See: Campbell, TD & Lewis, AJ 'The Aborigines of South Australia: Anthropometric, Descriptive and other observations recorded at Ooldea' Trans RSSA 50 [1926] p. 184, Plate XXX. See also Campbell, TD 'Notes on 1926 Ooldea Trip [with] A Lewis.' (AA 52/1)

06:14 Placing leafy foliage against the frame of the shelter; until the entire structure is covered.

07:15 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people prepares the internal ground of the shelter by moving all sand to the edges of the structure.

07:29 A small fire has been lit at the entrance of the shelter, Charlie enters the shelter, sits down and tends the fire.

07:55 Two large mallee trees.

08:14 'Obtaining water from a mallee tree root.'

08:22 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people digs up a mallee tree root from the sand with a boomerang.

09:03 Once the whole root has been dug up he begins to break the root into segments, which he then rests vertically in a dish.

09:18 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people stands in front of the camera blowing into a section of mallee root to extract the water.

09:38 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people shows to the camera how much water was collected in the dish from the draining mallee roots. He proceeds to lift the water with his hand from the dish, then pours the water on the ground.

10:15 'The various stages of making fire.'

10:22 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people gathers suitable pieces of wood for fire making.

10:50 In front of the newly make shelter, Charlie prepares to make a fire by wedging dried grass into a crack in the wood, he then proceeds to make fire by the 'saw' method.

12:14 Close up of the dried grass and wood with a wedged groove in it, used to make a fire.

12:24 The embers are encouraged into flames by blowing.

13:00 The fire is lit and tended.

13:14 'Making string from wombat fur.'

13:19 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people demonstrates how to roll a spindle along the thigh to make wombat fur. Three children watch on.

13:49 Close up shot of the string on the spindle.

13:56 Gouging out a pirra.

13:59 An old man gouges out a pirra with a metal instrument.

14:07 'First stage of making a wommerah.'

14:14 A tree with a large portion of it's bark removed.

14:26 Dr Lewis recording vocabulary.

14:30 Dr AJ Lewis recording vocabulary with Tommy [B13] of the Jangkundjara people and another older Australian Aboriginal man. See: TD Campbell 'Notes 1926 Ooldea Trip' (AA 52/1).

14:59 'Amusing the children.'

15:03 Children listening to a gramophone record, Old Judy [B4] of the Jangkundjara people near by. See: See: TD Campbell 'Notes 1926 Ooldea Trip' (AA 52/1).

15:28 Women and children gather to listen to a gramophone record.

15:51 'Views of the natives.'

15:54 An older Australian Aboriginal woman stands in profile, at Ooldea siding.

16:00 Four young Australian Aboriginal boys, fourth from the left is 'Laurence.' See: Campbell, TD & Lewis, AJ 1926 Trans RSSA 50 p.191., plate XXXII.

16:04 Six young Australian Aboriginal women standing in group.

16:28 A young Australian Aboriginal boy 'Laurence.' See: Campbell, TD & Lewis, AJ 1926 Trans RSSA 50 p.191., plate XXXII.

16:37 A young Australian Aboriginal boy, two women stand in the background.

16:44 Bill [B24] of the Jangkundjara people stands facing the camera then turns 90 degrees to stand in profile.

16:49 An Australian Aboriginal woman stands facing the camera then turns 90 degrees to stand in profile.

17:04 An Australian Aboriginal man stands facing the camera then turns 90 degrees to stand in profile.

17:13 An Australian Aboriginal woman stands facing the camera then turns 90 degrees to stand in profile.

17:18 End of film [no intertitle].

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as noted in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/7).
Tindale Tribes: Jangkundjara; Ngalea.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Yankuntjatjara; Ngalea.

  1. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 34189,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 16 min. 00 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 34189'
  2. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 34189' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 16 min. 00 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/1
  3. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 34189' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 16 min. 00 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/2
  4. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 34189' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 16 min. 00 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/2
  5. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 34189' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 16 min. 00 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/3
  6. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 34189' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 16 min. 00 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD 'Notes on 1926 Ooldea Trip [with] A Lewis.' (AA 52/1)
  • Film summary by NB Tindale 'Ooldea film. Broad Track Taken by Dr Campbell and Dr A Lewis Entitled Scenes of Aboriginal Life.' (pp.2.) (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • Film summary by NB Tindale of the SAMA Reels K, J, B, taken at Ooldea, SA. 1926. (pp.5.) (AA 346/9/27/1).
  • Campbell, TD & Lewis, AJ 'The Aborigines of South Australia: Anthropometric, Descriptive and other observations recorded at Ooldea' Trans RSSA 50 [1926] pp. 183 - 191. Includes photos.
  • Anthropological Data Cards recorded during the expedition (AA 346/4/7)
  • Proof of photographic plates for Campbell & Lewis article (AA 346/3)
  • BAR photographs (AA 346/6)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/1/1-6
Date Range 7 May 1926 - 21 May 1926, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/1/1-6
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/1/7-13

Wilgena and Ooldea, South Australia, 1926. 'SAMA Reel K.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: B
 

This is the second of three film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Wilgena and Ooldea, South Australia during 7-21 May 1926. The expedition party included numerous BAR members.

The party visited localities including Quorn, Port Augusta, Wilgena, Tarcoola and Ooldea. See: TD Campbell 'Notes 1926 Ooldea Trip' (AA 52/1).

The cinematographer was TD Campbell (AA 52). 'SAMA Reel K' is a 16mm positive duplicate made in 1937 of the original 35mm nitrate film. In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The original nitrate is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33555.' The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9).

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'B.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [B5]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

The summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/1/6)

00:00 'Ooldea, SA, 1926. SAMA Reel K.'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1926.'

01:31 Panorama of the Ooldea soak, buildings and shelters can be seen.

01:56 Two large mallee trees.

02:07 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people digs up a mallee tree root from the sand with a boomerang.

02:30 Once the whole mallee tree root has been dug up he begins to break it into segments, which he then drains into a dish.

02:44 Dr AJ Lewis recording vocabulary with Tommy [B13] of the Jangkundjara people and another older Australian Aboriginal man. See: TD Campbell 'Notes 1926 Ooldea Trip' (AA 52/1).

03:02 An old Australian Aboriginal man possibly 'Old Charlie' See: TD Campbell (AA 52/1).

03:10 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people stands in front of the camera blowing into a section of mallee root to extract the water.

03:19 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people shows the camera how much water has collected in the dish from the draining mallee roots. He proceeds to lift the water with his hand from the dish, then pours the water on the ground.

03:44 Close up of the dried grass and wood with a wedged groove in it, used to make a fire.

03:50 Sequence of shots of the camp, an Australian Aboriginal man approaches the camera with a spear and spear thrower in hand. Many people are sitting on the ground and standing watching the camera.

04:28 Two old Australian Aboriginal men beside a fire.

04:35 An old man gouges out a pirra with a metal instrument.

04:41 End of film [No intertitle]

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as noted in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/7).
Tindale Tribes: Jangkundjara; Ngalea.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Yankuntjatjara; Ngalea.

  1. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. SAMA 'REEL K,' DUPLICATE POSITVE
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, duplicate positive of original 35mm nitrate, stuck in 1937.
    The original 35mm nitrate managed as 'NFSA, Title No. 33555. Adelaide University Field Expedition to Central Australia. [At the Camp] Can 1 of 2.' The nitrate has deteriorated considerably since 1937 and consequently the 16mm duplicate was transferred. All of this footage is found in the final film production 'Scenes of Aboriginal Life.' Reel K has been spliced with Reel B and J which are 16mm duplicates of 35 mm nitrates shot sequences which were included in the final film production. [Reel B, B&W silent; 157ft; Reel K, B&W silent 117ft.; Reel J, B&W silent 95ft.]
  2. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. SAMA 'REEL K,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 3 min. 10 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/7
  3. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. SAMA 'REEL K,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 3 min. 10 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/8
  4. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. SAMA 'REEL K,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min. 10 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/9
  5. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. SAMA 'REEL K,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min. 10 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/9
  6. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. SAMA 'REEL K,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min. 10 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/10
  7. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. SAMA 'REEL K,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min. 10 sec.
    Transfer Date 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/11

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD 'Notes on 1926 Ooldea Trip [with] A Lewis.' (AA 52/1)
  • Film summary by NB Tindale 'Ooldea film. Broad Track Taken by Dr Campbell and Dr A Lewis Entitled Scenes of Aboriginal Life.' (pp.2.) (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • Film summary by NB Tindale of the SAMA Reels K, J, B, taken at Ooldea, SA. 1926. (pp.5.) (AA 346/9/27/1).
  • Campbell, TD & Lewis, AJ 'The Aborigines of South Australia: Anthropometric, Descriptive and other observations recorded at Ooldea' Trans RSSA 50 [1926] pp. 183 - 191. Includes photos.
  • Anthropological Data Cards recorded during the expedition (AA 346/4/7)
  • Proof of photographic plates for Campbell & Lewis article (AA 346/3)
  • BAR photographs (AA 346/6)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/1/7-13
Date Range 7 May 1926 - 21 May 1926, dates of expedition
Quantity 16 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/1/7-13
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/1/14-19

Wilgena and Ooldea, South Australia, 1926. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33554.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: B
 

This is the third of three film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Wilgena and Ooldea, South Australia during 7-21 May 1926. The expedition party included numerous BAR members.

The cinematographer was TD Campbell (AA 52). This is a nitrate off cut that was not included in the final film production 'Scenes of Aboriginal Life.' It is managed as NFSA Title No. 33554. In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9).

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'B.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [B5]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/18)

00:00 'Ooldea, SA, 1926. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33554.'

01:30 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people demonstrates how to make a fire.

02:24 End of footage [No intertitle]

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as noted in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/7).
Tindale Tribes: Jangkundjara; Ngalea.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Yankuntjatjara; Ngalea.

  1. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33554,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 58 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33554.'
  2. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33554' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 58 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/14
  3. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33554' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 58 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/15
  4. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33554' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 58 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/15
  5. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33554' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 58 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/16
  6. WILGENA & OOLDEA, SA, 1926. COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33554' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 58 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/1/17

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD 'Notes on 1926 Ooldea Trip [with] A Lewis.' (AA 52/1)
  • Film summary by NB Tindale 'Ooldea film. Broad Track Taken by Dr Campbell and Dr A Lewis Entitled Scenes of Aboriginal Life.' (pp.2.) (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • Film summary by NB Tindale of the SAMA Reels K, J, B, taken at Ooldea, SA. 1926. (pp.5.) (AA 346/9/27/1).
  • Campbell, TD & Lewis, AJ 'The Aborigines of South Australia: Anthropometric, Descriptive and other observations recorded at Ooldea' Trans RSSA 50 [1926] pp. 183 - 191. Includes photos.
  • Anthropological Data Cards recorded during the expedition (AA 346/4/7)
  • Proof of photographic plates for Campbell & Lewis article (AA 346/3)
  • BAR photographs (AA 346/6)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/1/14-19
Date Range 7 May 1926 - 21 May 1926, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/1/14-19
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/1

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33558.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C

THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
 

This is the first of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33558.'

This film item also contains footage from the BAR expedition to Ooldea SA, 1926. This footage was inadvertently spliced with films from Macumba. See: (AA 346/9/27/1)

In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today in some circumstances.

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'C.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [C2]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/1/5)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT., 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33558'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 'University of Adelaide. University Field Expedition to Central Australia. Dec. 1926 Jan. 1927. Records of Australian Aborigines. Film published under the direction of The Board for Anthropological Research.'

01:52 'Photography by FA Jeffery. MRPS London. Member American Society of Motion Picture Engineers.'

02:10 'These records illustrate native life and customs of the Arunta tribe, whose original habitat in Central Australia covered a large area from Charlotte Waters to many miles north of Alice Springs.'

02:44 'Central Australia is mostly arid country consisting of immense "gibber" plains, tableland and sandhills.'

03:02 'Tablelands'

03:10 Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people demonstrates how to throw a spear with a spear thrower.

03:22 A hand writes in a notebook '[Hamilton?] Bore Temperature 117oF.'

03:37 'The nomadic habit of the natives in this country requires the frequent building of wurleys and shelters.'

03:59 Close up of an Australian Aboriginal man holding a spear and spear thrower.

04:11 Restricted Content Starts.

07:14 Restricted Content Ends.

07:14 BAR expedition members sit on and stand next to a stationary expedition vehicle. From left to right: TD Campbell (AA 52), CJ Hackett (AA 122), EW Holden (AA 135), JB Cleland (AA 60) sitting in vehicle and EH Davies (AA 70).

07:37 CJ Hackett takes a photograph of the expedition party standing against the vehicle.

07:49 The expedition vehicle drives across a vast plane.

08:02 '"Gibbers" are small, rounded, polished pebbles, derived from the hard capping "tablelands," which through countless years has been slowly disintegrated. The small fragments, polished by wind and sand, are strewn in wonderful mosaics over the plains.'

08:30 TD Campbell with a handful of "gibbers."

08:39 'Stretching in a SE direction are many rivers which flow only after heavy rains. Adjacent to the rivers are miles of sandhill country.'

08:58 Panorama of landscape.

09:40 Sunset.

10:01 Start of film relating to BAR expedition to Ooldea, South Australia. 1926. See (AA 346/9/1/5) Time Code In 16:00 - Time Code Out 17:18.

10:01 Children at Ooldea siding, South Australia. 1926.

10:05 Women at Ooldea siding, South Australia. 1926.

10:36 A series of portraits of Australian Aboriginal men and woman in profile and in portrait. Ooldea siding, South Australia. 1926.

11:13 End of film relating to BAR expedition to Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

11:13 'Building a Shelter.'

11:16 Two Australian Aboriginal men and three boys remove leafy branches from trees for the construction of a shelter.

11:50 The leafy branches are dragged to a clearing where the men and boys construct a shelter.

13:57 End of footage.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33558,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 12 min 27 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33558.'
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33558,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 12 min 27 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/1/1
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33558,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 12 min 27 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/1/2
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33558,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 12 min 27 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/1/2
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33558,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 12 min 27 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/1/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33558,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 12 min 27 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/1/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Program 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/1
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/1
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/2

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33494.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C

THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
 

This is the second of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33494.'

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/2/5)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33494.'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 The BAR expedition party leaves the Transcontinental Hotel, Quorn, South Australia.

01:45 The BAR expedition vehicle leaves Quorn, South Australia.

02:00 Panorama of the AIM Hostel where the BAR expedition members are bidding goodbye to a group of people. Oodnadatta, South Australia. See photographic print (AA 346/6)

03:00 At the expedition vehicle, BAR members prepare to leave, children and adults stand looking on.

03:08 BAR expedition members wave goodbye as the vehicle drives away.

03:22 Unloading the BAR expedition vehicle in a dry creek bed. Three older Australian Aboriginal men stand nearby. Macumba, South Australia.

03:32 Restricted Content Starts.

04:40 Restricted Content Ends.

04:40 CJ Hackett (AA 122) and EH Davies (AA 70) with a stick in his hand standing near the BAR expedition vehicle. See also: (AA 346/9/2/1) Time Code In 07:14 - Time Code Out 07:48.

04:41 Sunset.

04:55 An Australian Aboriginal man demonstrates how to throw a spear with a spear thrower.

05:22 Restricted Content Starts.

06:13 Restricted Content Ends.

06:13 End of footage.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33494,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 4 min 43 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33494.'
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33494,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 4 min 43 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/2/1
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33494,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 4 min 43 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/2/2
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33494,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 4 min 43 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/2/4
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33494,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 4 min 43 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/2/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33494,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 4 min 43 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/2/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/2
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/2
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/3

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33109.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C
 

This is the third of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33109.'

In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today in some circumstances.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/3/5)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33109.'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 'The Macdonnell Ranges, a happy hunting ground of the Aruntas in times past, present some magnificent scenic features.'

01:56 Camel train.

02:13 'Heavitree Gap near Stuart Town, and a useful means of transport frequently seen in Central regions.'

02:27 Close up of the camel train.

03:19 'A more modern and swifter method. In the Macdonnell Ranges.'

03:28 The BAR expedition vehicle drives past.

05:04 Panorama of Simpson's Gap.

05:37 'Simpson's Gap and portion of the Ranges.'

05:46 The BAR expedition vehicle drives towards Simpson's Gap.

06:04 'Crown Point.'

06:06 Distant view of Crown Point, the BAR expedition vehicle drives past.

06:31 'Crossing river and creek beds offers difficulties to modern means of transport.'

06:42 BAR member push the bogged expedition vehicle.

07:14 End of footage.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33109,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 5 min 44 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33109.'
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33109,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 5 min 44 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/3/1
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33109,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 5 min 44 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/3/2
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33109,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 5 min 44 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/3/2
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33109,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 5 min 44 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/3/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33109,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 5 min 44 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/3/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/3
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/3
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/4

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33557.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C

THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
 

This is the fourth of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33557.'

In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today in some circumstances.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/4/5)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33557.'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 'Crossing river and creek beds offer difficulties to modern means of transport.'

01:39 Start of film relating to BAR expedition to Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

01:39 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people lighting a fire outside a shelter. Ooldea, South Australia. 1926. See: (AA 346/9/1/5) Time Code In 10:50 - Time Code Out 13:13.

02:50 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people stands making string out of wombat fur. Ooldea, South Australia. 1926. See: (AA 346/9/1/5) Time Code In 13:19 - Time Code Out 13:55.

03:21 End of film relating to BAR expedition to Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

03:22 Restricted Content Starts.

08:19 Restricted Content Ends.

08:19 Start of film relating to BAR expedition to Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

08:19 Gathering wood for fire making, Ooldea, South Australia. 1926. See: (AA 346/9/1/5) Time Code In 10:22 - Time Code Out 10:49.

09:04 End of film relating to BAR expedition to Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

09:04 'The main sources of water are occasionally springs, waterholes and claypans, which, after floods, sometimes hold water for months. Failing these the natives make soaks in the beds of the creeks.'

09:29 Waterhole.

09:39 'A Typical Waterhole'

09:43 Water in a lagoon.

09:52 'A modern method of water supply is from bores, which tap the remarkable artesian basin of Central Australia.'

10:07 Water bore and bore drain.

10:13 'Hamilton Bore.'

10:15 Water flowing from bore drain, Dr Ray tests the temperature with a thermometer.

10:31 'The temperature of this bore is moderate compared with some. That at Goyder's Lagoon, for example, is 208 oF., only 4o below boiling point.

10:50 Water in a lagoon.

11:06 A camel drinks at the edge of a lagoon.

11:23 End of footage.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33557,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 9 min 53 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33557.'
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33557,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 9 min 53 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/4/1
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33557,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 9 min 53 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/4/2
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33557,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 9 min 53 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/4/2
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33557,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 9 min 53 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/4/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33557,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 9 min 53 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/4/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.'Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/4
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/4
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/5

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33106.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C

THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
 

This is the fifth of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33106.'

In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today in some circumstances.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/5/5)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33106'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 Restricted Content Starts.

05:40 Restricted Content Ends.

05:40 'By means of a stone knife, a shallow depression is made in the softer wood. From the depression a groove conveys the powdered wood tinder formed by the rubbing.'

06:11 'These records illustrate native life and customs of the Arunta tribe, whose original habitat in Central Australia covered a large area from Charlotte Waters to many miles north of Alice Springs.'

06:46 'A modern method of water supply is from bores, which tap the remarkable artesian basin of Central Australia.'

07:00 'Hamilton Bore.'

07:02 End of footage.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33106,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 5 min 32 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33106.'
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33106,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 5 min 32 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/5/1
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33106,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 5 min 32 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/5/2
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33106,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 5 min 32 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/5/2
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33106,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 5 min 32 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/5/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33106,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 5 min 32 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/5/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/5
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/5
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/6

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33492.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C
 

This is the sixth of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33492.'

In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today in some circumstances.

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'C.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [C2]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/6/5)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No.33492'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 Start of film relating to the BAR expedition to Koonibba, South Australia. 1928. This same footage is found in (AA 346/9/28/3) except digitised in reverse.

01:30 Bilili [D1] of the Wirrangu people straightens a spear on a raised platform of earth using ash from a nearby fire to assist the process. Koonibba, South Australia. 1928.

01:33 End of film relating to the BAR expedition to Koonibba, South Australia. 1928.

01:34 'Scraping down a spear shaft by means of a stone scraper mounted on the handle of a wommera.'

01:45 Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people scrapes down a spearshaft by means of a stone scraper mounted on the handle of a wommera.

02:08 'Spear throwing with a wommera.'

02:15 Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people demonstrates how to throw a spear with a spear thrower.

02:31 'How the native throws a boomerang.'

02:05 Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people demonstrates how to throw a boomerang.

02:56 Start of film relating to the BAR expedition to MacDonald Downs, Northern Territory. 1930. This same footage is found in (AA 346/9/4)

02:56 Women grinding seed and cooking bread, MacDonald Downs, Northern Territory. 1930.

01:33 End of film relating to the BAR expedition to MacDonald Downs, Northern Territory. 1930.

04:10 'Fire making by the sawing method.'

04:15 Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people walks past the camera carrying a piece of wood.

04:20 'A suitable piece of wood is selected and struck on a tree until split along portion of its length.'

04:35 The selected piece of wood is split by striking it against a tree. A second man holding a spear thrower joins the Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people.

05:02 'A chip is inserted into the split, into which dry grass is packed to hold the powdered wood tinder formed by rubbing the surface together.'

05:19 Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people packs dried grass into the split piece of wood.

05:59 Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people scraping down a spear shaft by means of a stone scraper mounted on the handle of a wommera. See also 01:45 - 02:27.

06:04 'Making a break to prevent undue drafts'

06:09 Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people and the second man construct a wind break, then sit down and commence fire making by the sawing method.

06:33 'Two men use the edge of a spear thrower in a sawing manner across the split of the stationary piece of wood the later is placed on dry grass.'

06:55 They use the spear thrower in a sawing motion against the of the piece of wood.

07:23 'The heat generated by friction ignites the tinder. The minute speck of smoldering material is watched until it can be blown so as to ignite the dry grass.'

07:47 The tinder is tended into a fire.

09:07 'In traveling short distances the native carries a firestick from one fire to another otherwise he has several methods of fire making.'

09:31 'Making fire by the rotary method.'

09:38 An Australian Aboriginal man walks towards the camera carrying several pieces of wood.

09:49 'Two sticks are selected one of hard and the other of much softer wood.'

10:03 An Australian Aboriginal man shows the camera the selected hard and soft wood sticks.

10:06 'By means of a stone knife, a shallow depression is made in the softer wood from the depression a grove conveys the powdered wood tinder formed by the rubbing.'

10:31 The stone knife is used to make a shallow depression in the soft wood, which he then demonstrate is the groove into which the hard wood stick is placed.

11:05 'In making fire the lower stick is placed on some dry grass the rounded end on the other stick is placed in the depression and quickly rotated.'

11:27 An Australian Aboriginal man begins the process of fire making by rotary method.

12:43 'The friction forms finely powered wood tinder which becomes ignited after smouldering a while. A few careful puffs of breath complete the operation.'

13:03 The tinder is tended into a fire.

14:12 End of footage.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33492,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 12 min 42 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33492'
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33492,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 12 min 42 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/6/1
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33492,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 12 min 42 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/6/2
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33492,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 12 min 42 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/6/2
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33492,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 12 min 42 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/6/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33492,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 12 min 42 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/6/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/6
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/6
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/7

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33110.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C
 

This is the seventh of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33110.'

In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today in some circumstances.

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'C.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [C41]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/7/6)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33110'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 'Manufacture of string from human hair.'

01:38 'Making the bobbin'

01:42 Jack [C41] of the Arunta [see Aranda] people makes a bobbin using straightened sticks.

01:54 'Large quantities of human hair string is used for belts, headbands, making ceremonial objects, etc. The women supply most of the raw material. '

02:16 Further preparations of the spindle.

02:23 'The raw material. This is first subjected to a teasing process.'

02:33 Jack [C41] of the Arunta [see Aranda] people holds a handful of hair then proceeds to tease it out.

02:48 'Forming the first strand, which is then attached to the bobbin.'

02:58 The first strand is made by rolling the teased hair on the leg.

03:17 'Spinning the bobbin.'

03:20 Spinning the bobbin.

03:29 'The bobbin is dissembled and the bundle released. The two ends of the string are then secured and respun into
two-ply.'

03:50 The string is then respun into two-ply.

04:54 End of footage.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 16mm duplicate of original nitrate film managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33110,' POSITIVE PRINT
  2. Characteristics: 16mm; B&W; silent; 100ft.
    Notes: This item was previously held in the TD Campbell collection (AA 52/2/1) Acc. No. 1738.

  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33110,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 3 min 24 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33110.'
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33110,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 3 min 24 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/7/2
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33110,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 24 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/7/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33110,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 24 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/7/3
  7. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33110,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 24 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/7/4
  8. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33110,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 24 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/7/5

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/7
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 16 cm, 7 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/7
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/8

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 428534.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C

THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
 

This is the eighth of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 428534.'

Note that the original nitrate film has deteriorated and the quality of the footage between time codes 01:54 - 02:32 is affected. This same footage without deterioration can be found in 'NFSA Title No. 33492.' (AA 346/9/2/6) Time Codes 02:08 - 02:55.

In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today in some circumstances.

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'C.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [C2]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/8/5)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 428534.'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 Restricted Content Starts.

01:54 Restricted Content Ends.

01:54 'Spear throwing with a wommera'

02:00 Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people demonstrates how to throw a spear with a spear thrower.

02:13 'How the native throws a boomerang'

02:19 Macumba Jack [C2] of the Kaitish [see Kaititja] people demonstrates how to throw a boomerang.

02:32 Restricted Content Starts.

03:27 Restricted Content Ends.

03:27 BAR Expedition members sit on and stand next to a stationary expedition vehicle. From left to right: TD Campbell (AA 52), CJ Hackett (AA 122) holding a camera, EW Holden (AA 135), JB Cleland (AA 60) sitting in the vehicle and EH Davies (AA 70).

03:48 CJ Hackett takes a photograph of the expedition party standing against the vehicle.
BAR Expedition members in car. The footage from Time codes 03:27 - 03:57 is also in 'NFSA Title No. 33558' (AA 346/9/2/1) Time codes 07:14 - 07:48.

03:58 Culturally Sensitive Content Starts.

04:30 Culturally Sensitive Content Ends.

04:30 End of footage.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 428534,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 3 min 00 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 428534.'
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 428534,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 3 min 00 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/8/1
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 428534,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 00 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/8/2
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 428534,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 00 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/8/2
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 428534,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 00 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/8/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 428534,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 00 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/8/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/8
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/8
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/9

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33104.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C

THIS FILM IS RESTRICTED.
 

This is the ninth of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33104.'

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/9/5)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33104.'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 Restricted Content Starts.

05:26 Restricted Content Ends.

05:26 End of footage.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33104,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 3 min 56 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33104.'
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33104,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 3 min 56 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/9/1
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33104,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 56 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/9/2
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33104,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 56 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/9/2
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33104,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 56 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/9/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33104,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 56 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/9/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/9
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/9
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/10

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33107.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C

THIS FILM IS RESTRICTED.
 

This is the tenth of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33107.'

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/10/5)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33107.'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 Restricted Content Starts.

04:40 Restricted Content Ends.

04:40 End of footage.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33107,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 3 min 10 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33107.'
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33107,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 3 min 10 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/10/1
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33107,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 10 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/10/2
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33107,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 10 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/10/2
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33107,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 10 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/10/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33107,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min 10 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/10/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/10
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/10
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/11

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs Northern Territory, 1926-1927. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33555.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C

THIS FILM IS RESTRICTED.
 

This is the eleventh of eleven film items documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). The original nitrate film is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33555.'

Note that the original nitrate film has deteriorated and the quality of the footage between time codes 01:30 - 05:45 is affected. 'SAMA Reel K' is a 16mm positive duplicate made in 1937 of the original 35mm nitrate film, managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33555.' This film was shot during the BAR expedition to Ooldea, South Australia, 1926, and unlike the 35mm nitrate the 16mm copy did not deteriorate and was digitally transferred. See: (AA 346/9/1). This footage was according to a film summary (AA 346/9/27/1) inadvertently spliced with films from the BAR expedition to Macumba.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/2/11/5)

00:00 Start of Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, 1926-1927, Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33555.'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia 1926-1927.'

01:30 Start of film relating to BAR expedition to Ooldea, South Australia. 1926. See (AA 346/9/1/6) Time Code In 01:30 - Time Code Out 04:41.

01:30 Panorama of the Ooldea soak, buildings and shelters can be seen. Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

02:03 Two large mallee trees. Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people digs up a mallee tree root from the sand with a boomerang. Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

03:06 Dr AJ Lewis recording vocabulary with Tommy [B13] of the Jangkundjara people and another older Australian Aboriginal man. See: TD Campbell 'Notes 1926 Ooldea Trip' (AA 52/1). Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

03:34 An old Australian Aboriginal man possibly 'Old Charlie' See: TD Campbell (AA 52/1). Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

03:34 Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people stands in front of the camera blowing into a section of mallee root to extract the water. Charlie [B5] of the Jangkundjara people shows the camera how much water has collected in the dish from the draining mallee roots. He proceeds to lift the water with his hand from the dish, then pours the water on the ground.
Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

04:34 Close up of the dried grass and wood with a wedged groove in it, used to make a fire. Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

04:43 Sequence of shots of the camp, an Australian Aboriginal man approaches the camera with a spear and spear thrower in hand. Many people are sitting on the ground and standing watching the camera. Two old Australian Aboriginal men beside a fire. Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

05:45 An old man gouges out a pirra with a metal instrument. Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

05:45 End of film relating to the BAR expedition to BAR expedition to Ooldea, South Australia. 1926.

05:46 Ceremonial Content Starts.

08:17 Ceremonial Content Ends.

08:17 End of footage

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kaititja; Arabana; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri; Wongkanguru.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Kaytej; Luritja; Arabana; Warlpiri.

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33555,' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 6 min 47 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of original nitrate managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33555.'
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33555,' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 6 min 47 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/11/1
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, COPY OF 'NFSA Title No. 33555,' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 6 min 47 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/11/2
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'COPY OF NFSA Title No. 33555,' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 6 min 47 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/11/2
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'COPY OF NFSA Title No. 33555,' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 6 min 47 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/11/3
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'COPY OF NFSA Title No. 33555,' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 6 min 47 sec
    Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/2/11/4

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • BAR Photographs (AA 346/6)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/11
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/11
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/2/12

Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs Northern Territory, 1926-1927. 16mm copies of 35mm

  BAR Expedition Symbol: C

THESE FILMS CONTAIN SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
 

These 13 film items document the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, during 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.

The expedition party made base camps at 'Ross Waterhole, on Macumba Station, and about 40 miles north-east of Oodnadatta; [and] Stuart Town, [Alice Springs] Central Australia.' Campbell, TD and Hackett, CJ. 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.

The cinematographer was FA Jeffery (AA 155). The original film shot during the Macumba, SA, & Alice Springs, NT, expedition was 35mm nitrate. With the knowledge of the instability of nitrate film all early expedition films were copied to 16mm safety film in 1937. In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in Series Report (AA 346/9). See (AA 346/9/2/1 - AA 346/9/2/6, AA 346/9/2/8 - AA 346/9/2/11).

It should be noted that numerous SAMA Reels are contained within some of the NFSA Titles, for example 'NFSA Title No. 33492' contains SAMA Reels H, P and A. See: (AA 346/9/2/1). It was not always possible to identify SAMA Reels definitively with NFSA Titles, the exception to this is 'SAMA Reel C' which is a 16mm duplicate of 'NFSA Title No. 33110' (AA 346/9/2/7).

  1. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL A' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  2. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL C' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  3. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL F' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  4. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL H' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  5. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL I' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  6. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL L' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  7. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL M' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  8. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL N' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  9. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL O' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  10. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL P' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  11. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL Q' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  12. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL S' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
  13. MACUMBA, SA, & ALICE SPRINGS, NT, 1926-1927, 'SAMA REEL XX' DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.

    REFERENCES

  • Campbell, TD and Hackett CJ 'Adelaide University field anthropology: Central Australia.' No. 1. Introduction, descriptive and anthropometric observations.' Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 51 (1927), 65-75.
  • Adelaide University Programmed 'Exhibition of Still and Motion Photography,' 'Pictures taken on the University Expedition to Central Australia January, 1927.' (AA 346/9/3)
  • Film boxes with annotations, SAMA Reels A-XX, 16mm duplicate of the 35mm nitrates (AA 346/9/27/15)
  • Film summaries, typed with annotations by NB Tindale (AA 346/9/27/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/8)
  • FA Jeffrey photographs (AA 155)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/2/12
Date Range 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927, dates of expedition
Quantity 45.5 cm, 13 film items. Formats: 16mm
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/2/12
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/28

Koonibba, South Australia, 1928.

  BAR Expedition Symbol: D
 

This film was taken during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Koonibba, South Australia during 13-25 August 1928. The expedition party included numerous BAR members.

This film was previously though not to have survived but in May 2006 this item was located during the digitisation of an unpublished film from the MacDonald Downs Expedition, titled 'A.624 81ft.' (AA 346/9/4/7)

This item contains two segments of footage relating to the Koonibba expedition, and between them is a sequence from the BAR expedition to MacDonald Downs NT, 1930, of a woman winnowing grass seeds. This MacDonald Down's footage has been cut out of the Koonibba Preservation and Access DVDs, consequently the time codes jump from 30:58 - 31:48. The 16mm film relating to the Koonibba expedition was processed, and remains within the MacDonald Downs expedition film inventory (AA 346/9/4).

'A.624 81ft.' (AA 346/9/4/7) is a 16mm positive duplicate made in 1937 of the original 35mm nitrate film. In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The original 35mm nitrate film taken at Koonibba did not survive, and is not held by NFSA. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9).

Much about the Koonibba expedition film remain uncertain. Cinematography is mentioned in 'Study of Aborigines: A Successful Trip.' The Advertiser 28.8.28. (See list of References at the end of the inventory), but not in the report 'Board for Anthropological Research Expedition to West Coast of South Australia.' (AA 346/3)

NB Tindale in his unpublished manuscript 'Natives of Central Aust[ralia] and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board for Anthropological Research' (AA 346/9/27/2) p.2, states that 'active filming' of the BAR expeditions did not begin until MacDonald Downs, 1930, which is the first expedition represented in BAR film catalogue.

The quantity of film taken at Koonibba, and the cinematographer are both unknown. There is no available evidence to suggests it was taken by TD Campbell, and NB Tindale does not list it as part of this duties. The expedition party included numerous BAR members. See the 'BAR Guide' through the Archives Access Officer for a list of personnel and their roles.

Currently this film is the entirety of footage to be identified with the BAR expedition to Koonibba in 1928.

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'D.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [D2]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/28/3)

00:00 'Koonibba, S. A. 1928.'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1928.'

30:15 Start of 'A.624 81ft'

30:18 The camera pans Koonibba Oval. In the far background amongst the vegetation can be seen Koonibba Church and other mission buildings. A group of people are standing and walking around in the mid background. They are shooting rifles, smoky plumage is seen occasionally and a lizard runs into the foreground.

30:33 The camera pans the Koonibba scrub.

30:43 A man with a stick traces the direction of a Mallee tree root on the ground. An Australian Aboriginal man digs and pulls out a Mallee tree root.

30:58 End of Mallee tree root sequence on 'A.624 81ft.'

31:48 Continuation of Koonibba, 1928 Sequence on 'A.624 81ft.'

31:48 Bilili [D1] of the Wirrangu people, demonstrating how to hold a spear in a spear-thrower. He prepares to throw his spear in profile and then aims towards the camera.

32:04 Bilili [D1] with a the spear and spear-thrower and an older man, Mingaritja (also 'Mingaritcha') [D2] of the Wirrangu people who holds a boomerang.

32:13 Bilili straightens a spear on a raised platform of earth using ash from a nearby fire to assist the process.

32:27 End of MacDonald Downs C. A. 1930. 'A.624 81ft'.

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/9)
Tindale Tribes: Kokata; Mirning; Wirangu.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Kokatha; Mirning; Wirangu.

  1. KOONIBBA, SA, 1928. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 01 min. 23 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/4/13
  2. KOONIBBA, SA, 1928. PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 01 min. 23 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA/346/9/4/14
  3. KOONIBBA, SA, 1928. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 01 min. 23 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/28/1
  4. KOONIBBA, SA, 1928. ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 01 min. 23 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/28/2

    REFERENCES

  • 'Study of Aborigines: A Successful Trip.' The Advertiser 28.8.28. Where it states that Australian Aboriginal participants were 'photographed in full face and profile views. Some additional cinema views of native customs were obtained.' Enclosed in 'Field Notes and Journal on the Anthropological Expedition to Koonibba on the West Coast of South Australia by Norman B Tindale. August 1928. Adelaide, S. Australia'. (AA 338/1/5) p.78. It should be noted that NB Tindale's Journal records the dates of the expedition as 12 - 27 August 1928. See: p. iv.
  • 'Copy of Research data on aboriginal tribes in Australia gathered by Norman B Tindale. Chiefly from South, West and Central Australia. Period 1924 to 1936' which contains Tindale's draft of a 'Board for Anthropological Research Expedition to West Coast of South Australia' report dated August 1928. (AA 338/4/45), pp. 53-54.
  • Unpublished manuscript. 'Natives of Central Australia and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board for Anthropological Research.' by NB Tindale. 1937. Multiple typewritten copies with annotations. Commenced in 1937, final annotations 1974. Incomplete. (AA 346/9/27/2) Note that the Koonibba expedition film is not summarised, but pages pp.1-2 relate to films prior to 1930.
  • 'Report to the Board for Anthropology, The University, Adelaide' contained in 'Papers relating to Expedition D, Koonibba, South Australia, 13-25 August 1928.' (AA 346/3)
  • NB Tindale's 'Photographs relating to the Anthropological Expedition to Koonibba, August 1928.' (AA 338/5/5); BAR photographs 'Koonibba, South Australia' (AA 346/6).

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/28
Date Range 13 August 1928 - 25 August 1928, dates of expedition
Quantity 6 cm, 4 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/28
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/3/1-7

Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1929. 'SAMA Reel R' 16mm copy of 35mm nitrate ['NFSA Title No. 33493.']

  BAR Expedition Symbol: E

THIS FILM IS RESTRICTED.
 

These film items were taken during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory] during 4-23 August 1929. The expedition party included numerous BAR members.

The BAR expedition travelled 'north on the inaugural railway train of the then new service to Alice Springs,' and visited localities in South Australia: Quorn, Farina, Marree, Coward Springs, Oodnadatta; and localities in the Northern Territory: Heavitree Gap, Alice Springs, Jay Creek, Hermannsburg and Glen Helen. See: NB Tindale 'Diary of Researches 1922-1930.' (AA 338/1/2), pp.298-306, Tindale in Twindale, p.241.

The filming was concentrated around Hermannsburg and Glen Helen, Northern Territory.

The cinematographer was NB Tindale (AA 338) who gives good account of the sequences of filming in his journal (AA 338/1/2). The film taken during this expedition does not appear to have been produced into a 'final film production' like later expedition films. NB Tindale in his unpublished manuscript 'Natives of Central Aust[ralia] and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board for Anthropological Research' (AA 346/9/27/2), p.2, states that 'active filming' of the BAR expeditions did not begin until MacDonald Downs, 1930, which is the first expedition represented in BAR film catalogue. The BAR report of this expedition does not discuss cinematography as an activity (AA 346/3).

The films were screened during the end of 1929, at the University of Adelaide. The administrative body of the South Australian Museum (The Board of Governors of the Public Library, Museum, and Art Gallery of South Australia) registered the copyright of a cinematic production entitled 'Natives of Central Australia; Arunta and Luritya [Kukatja (NT)] Tribes' on 11th of November 1929.

The BAR Hermannsburg film items are managed under three titles:
Hermannsburg, CA [Northern Territory], 1929. SAMA 'Reel R' 16mm copy of 35mm nitrate 'NFSA Title No. 33493.' (AA 346/9/3/1-7).
Hermannsburg, CA [Northern Territory], 1929. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33113.' (AA 346/9/3/8-13).
Hermannsburg, CA [Northern Territory], 1929. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 34105' (AA 346/9/3/14-17).

These three film titles represent the entirety of known footage from the BAR expedition to Hermannsburg, 1929, held across SAMA and NFSA. Total duration of all three titles: 12 minutes 55 seconds.

The original film shot during the Hermannsburg expedition was 35mm nitrate. With the knowledge of the instability of nitrate film, all early expedition films were copied to 16mm safety film in 1937. In 1979 the South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) deposited its nitrate film collection with the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) for cold storage. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9). In some cases, the 16mm duplicates made in 1937 suffered less deterioration than the original nitrates. See 'Notes' for item 1 of this inventory.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes.

This summary is of the first of three film titles relating to the BAR expedition to Hermannsburg, Northern Territory, 1929. This title relates to items (AA 346/9/3/1-7). Duration 3 minutes 37 seconds.

Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/3/6)

00:00 Start of SAMA 'Reel R' 16mm copy of 35mm nitrate [NFSA Title No. 33493]

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1929.'

01:30 Restricted Content Starts.

05:07 Restricted Content Ends.

05:07 End of SAMA 'Reel R' 16mm copy of 35mm nitrate [NFSA Title No. 33493]

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/10)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Luritja; Warlpiri.

  1. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929. 'Reel R', DUPLICATE POSITIVE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent. 100ft.
    Notes: The original nitrate from which the 16mm positive was struck in 1937, was placed in cold storage in 1979, by which time it had deteriorated considerably. At NFSA this item is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33493. The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979, has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9).
  2. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929. 'Reel R', MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 3 min. 37 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/3/1
  3. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929. 'Reel R', DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 3 min. 37 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/3/2
  4. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929. 'Reel R', PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min. 37 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/3/3
  5. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929. 'Reel R', PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min. 37 sec.
    Transfer Date: 01/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/3/3
  6. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929. 'Reel R', ACCESS DVD 3 [TIMECODED]

    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min. 37 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/3/4
  7. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929. 'Reel R', Access DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 3 min. 37 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005.
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/3/5

    REFERENCES

  • NB Tindale's 'Journal on Anthropological Expedition to Hermannsburg, Central Australia' in 'Diary of Researches 1922-1930' (AA 338/1/2), pp.296-352.
  • Tindale, NB, 'Anthropology' in Twidale, CR; Tyler MJ & Davies M (eds) 1986, Ideas and Endeavours - The Natural Sciences in South Australia Royal Society of South Australia, Adelaide. Pp.241-243.
  • Film summary of 'Hermannsburg Ceremony' 'Reel R' (AA 346/9/27/1), 3pp.
  • BAR expedition photographs, Hermannsburg, 1929. (AA 346/6)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/3/1-7
Date Range 4 August 1929 - 23 August 1929, dates of expedition
Quantity 16 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/3/1-7
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/3/8-13

Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1929. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33113.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: E

THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
 

This is the second of three film titles relating to the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory] during 4-23 August 1929. The expedition party included numerous BAR members. This title relates to items (AA 346/9/3/8-13). Duration 7 minutes 22 seconds.

NB Tindale in his journal entry for 12 August 1929 records that after 'lunch started to take a series of photos of cats-cradles. Took a party of girls over to the white sand of the Finke River bed, and secured about 80 feet of exposure.' He records that 'the principle girls from whom specimens were obtained were' Veronica, Afa, Ita, Claudie, Eugenie, Etheda and Elsie Butler. Tindale's journal entry for the 14 August 1929 continues that after 'lunch took the cats-cradle girls over to the river bed and took further interesting series of cats cradles on the motion picture; also a series of stills. [HM] Hale noted the names of the string games depicted in his diary.' See (AA 338/1/2) pp.318-320.

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'E.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [E87]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

Note that the original nitrate film has deteriorated and the quality of the footage between the time codes 07:59 - 08:52 is affected.

The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/3/12)

00:00 Start of Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1929. Copy of [NFSA Title No. 33113]'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1929.'

01:30 Aldingita [E1] of the Luritja [Kukatja (NT)] people demonstrating the method of stalking with a spear and spear thrower. See: NB Tindale's Journal (AA 338/1/2), p.337.

01:46 Aldingita [E1] of the Luritja [Kukatja (NT)] people demonstrating the method of stalking and throwing a spear with and spear thrower. Shot close up.

02:16 Aldingita [E1] of the Luritja [Kukatja (NT)] people demonstrating the method of fire making using the friction of a spear-thrower against a soft wood dish. A second man stands beside him.

02:46 Restricted Content Starts.

03:44 Restricted Content Ends.

03:44 Aldingita [E1] of the Luritja [Kukatja (NT)] people demonstrating the method of stalking with a spear and spear thrower.

04:01 Restricted Content Starts.

05:18 Restricted Content Ends.

05:19 Claudie [E56] of the Aranda people demonstrating a series of string games. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/2), pp.318-319.

05:44 A different girl demonstrating a series of string games.

06:09 Ifa [E87] of the Aranda people demonstrating a series of string games.

06:38 View of river gorge. See: NB Tindale's Journal (AA 338/1/2), p.333.

06:55 View of river gorge. In the far distance five individual can be seen crossing the river to the far bank. In the middle foreground a man can be see watching or photographing the same scene.

07:05 View of river gorge.

07:18 View of river gorge from the top of the top of the gorge.

07:29 Several views of the surrounding landscape from the top of the gorge.

07:58 Two girls demonstrating a series of string games.

08:11 Two different girls, one of whom is Elsie Butler demonstrating a series of string games.

08:31 Claudie [E86] of the Aranda people demonstrating a series of string games.

08:52 End of 'Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1929. [NFSA Title No. 33113]'

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/10)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Luritja; Warlpiri.

  1. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929: COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33113.' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 7 min. 22 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of SAMA Nitrate Film 'Title No. 33113, held at NFSA
    Notes: At National Film and Sound Archive this item is managed as 'NFSA Title No. 33113.' The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979, has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9).
  2. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929: COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33113.' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 7 min. 22 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/8
  3. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929: COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33113.' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 7 min. 22 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/3/9
  4. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929: COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33113.' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 7 min. 22 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/3/9
  5. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929: COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33113.' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 7 min. 22 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/3/10
  6. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929: COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 33113.' Access DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 7 min. 22 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/3/11

    REFERENCES

  • NB Tindale's Journal on Anthropological Expedition to Hermannsburg, Central Australia' in 'Diary of Researches 1922-1930' (AA 338/1/2), pp.296-352. Particular references relating to this film item can be found on pp.318-320, 337.
  • BAR Sociological photographs (AA 346/4/10/1)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/10/3)
  • BAR expedition photographs, Hermannsburg, 1929 (AA 346/6)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/3/8-13
Date Range 4 August 1929 - 23 August 1929, dates of expedition
Quantity 12.5 cm, 6 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/3/8-13
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/3/14-17

Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1929. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 34105.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: E
 

This is the third of three film titles relating to the during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory] during 4-23 August 1929. The expedition party included numerous BAR members. This title relates to items (AA 346/9/3/14-17). Duration 2 minutes 34 seconds, with intertitles.

NB Tindale in his journal records that he took '160 feet of motion film of various scenes in the Gap looking north, and from various points on the western top of the gap. Also took pictures and stills of the upper reaches of the Finke, Mt Sonder in the NW and various shots to the E NE and one very fine one looking down Glen Helen towards Horn Valley.' See: (AA 338/1/2) p.333.

Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/3/16)

00:00 Start of Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1929. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 34105'

00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1929.'

44:38 'GLEN HELEN AUGUST 1929'

44:49 Numerous views of landscape. Some of these sequences are shot from an elevated height.

45:56 View of a gorge.

46:02 View of landscape.

46:04 End of Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1929. Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 34105' [No Intertitle]

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/10)
Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Kukatja (NT); Walpiri.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Arrernte; Luritja; Warlpiri.

  1. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929, COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 34105.' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 2 min. 34 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/4/13
    Notes: The Master Preservation and Dubbing tapes relating to this item are within the MacDonald Downs Expedition films (AA 346/9/4). The film portion 'Glen Helen, 1929.' was spliced with MacDonald Downs 1930 films. This Hermannsburg film item is Time Codes: 44:38 - 46:04 of the Dubbing Loan Copy (AA 346/9/4/12).
  2. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929, COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 34105.' PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 2 min. 34 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/4/14
  3. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929, COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 34105.' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 2 min. 34 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/3/14
  4. HERMANNSBURG, NT, 1929, COPY OF 'NFSA TITLE NO. 34105.' ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 2 min. 34 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/3/15

    REFERENCES

  • NB Tindale's Journal on 'Anthropological Expedition to Hermannsburg, Central Australia' in 'Diary of Researches 1922-1930' (AA 338/1/2), p.333.

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/3/14-17
Date Range 4 August 1929 - 23 August 1929, dates of expedition
Quantity 9 cm, 4 film items. Formats: Betacams, DVDs
Formats Notebooks
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/3/14-17
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/4

MacDonald Downs, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1930. SAMA and Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 34105.'

  BAR Expedition Symbol: F

THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
 

This film documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to MacDonald Downs, Central Australia [Northern Territory] during 17 August - 11 September 1930. The expedition party included numerous BAR members.

The expedition party travelled by train to Alice Springs, passing through localities including Peterborough, Quorn, Farina, Coward Springs, Boorthanna (South Australia) and Rodinga Station (Northern Territory). From Alice Springs the party drove two cars and a truck North East to MacDonald Downs station. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/6) pp.1-3.

NB Tindale (AA 338) in his unpublished manuscript 'Natives of Central Aust[ralia] and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board for Anthropological Research' (AA 346/9/27/1-3) p.2, states that 'active filming' of the BAR expeditions did not begin until MacDonald Downs, 1930.

The cinematographers were NB Tindale and TD Campbell (AA 52). The final film production consists of Reels 1-2 which were processed in the BAR film catalogue as #B1 and #B2. During the expedition both 35mm nitrate and 16mm safety films were shot, both of which were silent and black and white.

The South Australian Museum Archives (SAMA) Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/4/11) consists of the Travelogue (AA 346/9/4/1), the final film production Reels 1-2 (AA 346/9/4/3 - AA 346/9/4/4) followed the previously unpublished reels 'A624' and 'A624-1' (AA 364/9/4/7) followed by National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) 'Title No. 34105' (AA 346/9/4/10), total duration 44 minutes 34 seconds, with intertitles. Currently the SAMA Master Preservation Tape represents the entirety of know footage to be identified with the BAR expedition to MacDonald Downs, NT, 1930.

The 35mm nitrate film held in NFSA managed as 'NFSA Title No. 34105'. This nitrate film and all other SAMA nitrate films were deposited with NFSA in 1979. See: the Series Report (AA 346/9). Note that the original nitrate film has deteriorated and the quality of the footage between Time Code In 35:57 - Time Code Out 37:10 is affected.

During the digitization process it was noted that footage from the BAR expedition to Koonibba (South Australia) August 1928, was found amongst a previously unpublished item 'A624. 81ft' thought to be exclusively of MacDonald Downs. Consequently the Time Code In 30:18, Time Code Out 32:27 represent footage that was afterwards spliced together with footage from MacDonald Downs.

In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research (for example: [F33]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in the film have been noted.

Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes.

Formats Held: 16mm B&W Silent; SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded) Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/4/15)

00:00 'MacDonald Downs, C.A. 1931.'

00:00 Cultural Sensitivity Warning.

00:00 The Museum Board of South Australia © 1930.

01:30 Start of 'MacDonald Downs, CA, 1930.' Travelogue Reel.

01:30 'University of Adelaide film produced by the Board for Anthropological Research Central Australian Expedition. Aug - Sept 1930.'

01:38 Gate post sign, of the University of Adelaide.

01:43 Sign on the gate post 'The University of Adelaide.'

01:50 Facade of Mitchell Building, The University of Adelaide.

01:56 Mitchell Building, Elder Hall and Goodman Crescent, The University of Adelaide.

02:07 Map of Australia.

02:10 A pencil points out the journey to MacDonald Downs via Oodnadatta and Alice Springs.

02:35 'Railway Dam at Beresford.'

02:38 View of the Beresford Dam.

03:02 'Crossing Algebuckina Bridge - Near Oodnadatta.'

03:05 Train goes over Algebukina Bridge.

03:22 'Approaching Heavitree Gap, MacDonald Ranges - view from train.'

03:26 View of landscape from the train.

04:24 'Ernest Allchurch - Best known man in Centralia.'

04:28 Ernest Allchurch, Alice Springs Telegraph Stationmaster, smiles for the camera.

04:33 'Negotiating a "creek" en route to MacDonald Downs.'

04:37 A car drives through a dry creek bed.

04:53 'Natives working a well "whip" - A common station scene.'

04:57 Two Australian Aboriginal people use a horse to pull a winch which draws water from the well, this water is then poured off into a holding tank located next to the well.

05:47 'Disturbers of the outback silence - galahs!'

05:51 A flock of galahs fly from a tree.

06:01 'Some life at MacDonald Downs.'

06:04 Sheering a sheep using a pair of hand sheers.

06:27 A herd of goats in a pen.

06:42 A tame wallaby. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/6) pp.4-5

06:53 Group of Aboriginal Australian men, in the foreground a man is preparing to make damper.

07:06 A general view of our camp and "dormitory."

07:10 View of the BAR expedition camp in the creek bed.

07:54 'Meet the Expedition personnel - all very camera shy!'

07:58 BAR expedition members walk out of a tent carrying physical anthropological apparatus, TD Campbell (AA 52) followed by JB Cleland (AA 60), T Harvey Johnston (AA 161), HM Hale (AA 124), RH Pulleine (AA 259), NB Tindale (AA 338), HK Fry (AA 105), HG Gray and HJ Wilkinson.

08:36 'But have a closer look at them.'

08:40 'Dr TD Campbell, Expedition organizer Physical Anthropology.'

08:44 TD Campbell talks in front of the camera, country in the background.

08:48 'Professor JB Cleland, Blood grouping and pathological observations.'

08:52 JB Cleland talks in front of the camera, city in the background.

09:00 'Professor Harvey Johnston, Blood grouping and parasitology.'

09:04 T Harvey Johnston talks in front of the camera, country in the background.

09:11 'Herbert M Hale, Photography and plaster cast work.'

09:15 HM Hale talks in front of the camera, in the background is the State Government 'Archives' building at the University of Adelaide. [This building is presently the Art Gallery of South Australia's auditorium.]

09:21 'Dr RH Pulleine, Physiological observations.'

09:25 RH Pulleine, talks in front of the camera, the University of Adelaide in the background.

09:32 'Norman B Tindale, Ethnologist.'

09:35 NB Tindale, country in the background.

09:43 'Dr H Kenneth Fry, Physiological and intelligence tests.'

09:47 HK Fry, talks in front of the camera, hedge in the background.

09:49 'J Hugo Gray Physical Anthropology.'

09:53 J Hugo Gray laughing, talks in front of the camera, in the background the State Government 'Archives' building at the University of Adelaide. [This building is presently the Art Gallery of South Australia's auditorium.]

09:58 'Professor HJ Wilkinson, Physical Anthropology.'

10:01 HJ Wilkinson, the University of Adelaide in the background.

10:06 'Uncle Robert discussing the weather with a neighbour.'

10:10 RH Pulleine discussing the weather with an Australian Aboriginal man, near the BAR expedition camp in MacDonald Downs.

10:20 'Now interested in our precious water supply.'

10:24 RH Pulleine at the expedition parties water supply, a 44 gallon drum.

10:32 'Same old business - some could not get away from it.'

10:38 BAR Expedition members washing, shaving etc.

10:48 'Glimpses of some of the serious work undertaken.'

10:52 'Hale and Tindale at plaster cast work face and hand moulds.'

10:58 NB Tindale and HM Hale under the shade of a tent, making a plaster cast mould of an Australian Aboriginal man's face.

11:38 HM Hale outside a tent making an plaster cast mould of an Australian Aboriginal man's hand.

11:50 NB Tindale and HM Hale at the University of Adelaide showing the completed plaster casts of Australian Aboriginal faces.

12:08 'Tindale gathering information from the natives.'

12:12 NB Tindale sits with four Australian Aboriginal men recording vocabulary.

12:33 A shot of NB Tindale using a cinematographic camera to film the process of axe making demonstrated by an Australian Aboriginal man. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/6), pp.14-15.

12:39 NB Tindale is seen operating a cine camera on a tripod.

12:42 End of 'MacDonald Downs, C.A. 1930.' Travelogue.

12:52 Start of 'MacDonald Downs, C.A. 1930.' Reel 1.

12:52 'University of Adelaide MacDonald Downs Expedition Natives of the Iliaura Tribe and their customs.'

12:57 'Typical natives of the Iliaura Tribe.'

13:00 Several close up views of men of the Iliaura people, seated in the creek bed at Lilatara, on Fraser Creek. Alata [F12] an old man with a white beard is seated next to a younger man who smokes a cigarette, then playfully pretends he is asleep. Further shots of Iliaura men.

13:48 Angurukua [F14] Iliaura people turns around to face the camera.

13:55 Tjalbudaduda [F52] and old woman of the Iliaura people sits beside a fire, children play in the background. Sequence of shots of several children.

14:31 'Observe the consolidated locks of this native's hair.'

14:35 Alatja [F16] of the Iliaura people displays his coiffure.

14:47 'And these mourning scars, cut with stone knives.'

14:51 The scared back of Tjalbudaduda [F52] of the Iliaura people. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/6), pp.17.

14:57 Native games: Gum leaves are used as whistles.'

15:01 A little boy plucks a gum-tree (Eucalyptus) leaf and, folding it over, blows through it, making a shrill whistling sound.

15:11 Ngar'engur'engura - The spinning leaf game Gum leaves are heated and bent into propeller shape.

15:19 A boy warms a gum-tree (Eucalyptus) leaf over a fire. As it wilts he bends it in the middle and it sets in a propeller-shaped toy. He makes several ngar'engur'engura while he is seated beside his fire. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/6), pp. 20-21

15:34 And spun into an upwards hot air current.

15:39 Several boys are seen spinning the ngar'engur'engura in heated air over the fire. The leaves rise upwards of twenty feet into the air before their spinning ceases and they tumble to earth. The boys demonstrate the method of holding the ngar'engur'engur leaf so as to impart the twist and flick with which to dispatch the spinning leaves.

16:12 'Tjebudja - primitive marionettes. Pieces of bark represent human beings and camp happenings.'

16:18 Two children seated on the ground place leaves and sticks in circles to represent a native camp. They move the stick and leaves about in accordance with the story they are enacting. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/6), pp.24-25.

16:43 'Imitating Tracks of Animals - Kangaroo, Dog, Emu.'

16:47 We see a boy making first the mark of a kangaroo on the ground, followed by the tracks of a dog and an emu.

17:26 'Watch this boy climb - Knees are not used.'

17:31 A boy of about five years approaches a sapling, which he climbs using only his hands and feet.

17:53 'Aboriginal Stone implements making Stone Axes.'

17:57 'Selecting suitable pieces of stone.'

18:00 Two men, Aratuaruta [F5] and Urpmanwiljunka [F10] go to the axe factory site at Ilappa (also called 'Ilappateila') situated on the headwaters of Irukaru Creek to obtain stone for new axes. The men pick out large boulders from the weathered outcrop and break them against neighboring slabs of stone. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/6), pp.14-15.

18:15 'The "Blanks" are first chipped into shape.'

18:19 Having secured a suitable sized piece of stone they sit down and strike the sides and thus trim the selected stone into an axe shape. Several shots in the process of making an axe, some of which is filmed in slow motion.

18:48 'And then subjected to the initial sharpening process.'

18:52 Axe making process continues.

19:05 'Another old factory site, note the numerous chippings.'

19:09 Pan of the rocks and blanks which litter the ground.

19:29 Restricted Content Starts.

21:12 Restricted Content Ends.

21:12 End of MacDonald Downs, CA 1930. Reel 1. [No intertitle]

21:17 Start of MacDonald Downs, CA 1930. Reel 2. [No intertitle]

21:17 'Gathering and preparation of native foods.'

21:20 'Boys cooking and eating lizards.'

21:23 Three boys cook lizards in a fire and share it among themselves.

22:11 'Collecting that delicacy - The witchetty grub, Alpalaita.'

22:15 A youth is clinging to the trunk of gum with his feet and chipping a hole in the tree-trunk in search of witchetty grubs. He uses a metal tomahawk to assist him in his search. Breaking off a twig from a nearby branch he makes a hook with which he draws a grub from its tunnel within the wood of the trunk. He comes down the tree and holds the grub up for us to see. He then prepares a small fire and cooks the grub.

23:23 'Gathering honey of the tiny stingless native bee.'

23:27 Searching for Imbana - minute droppings of the bees.'

23:31 Men search for bush honey, squatting on the ground they scan the ground carefully in the vicinity of lofty gum-trees. Once they discover the fresh droppings of the bees they track the bees to their home in the branches.

23:49 'Tapping and searching for hollows in suspected trees.'

23:53 With his fingers a man taps at the trunk of the tree in search of hollows. The tree he is tapping on has two scars indicating where bark dishes have been removed when honey has been gathered on previous occasions. This tree often possesses a hive of bees.

24:03 'Note methods of climbing and of carrying axe.'

24:07 A man climbs a tree using his hands and feet. Sometimes he carries his axe in his left hand, and at other times he places it on his left shoulder and grips it by bending his head to one side. A small youth climbs a big tree and inspects every inch of the hollow trunk of the tree for the entrance of the bees nest. When the nest is located he uses the axe to chip an entrance. He tastes the honey and then breaks off a piece of bark from an adjoining branch. Using this improvised dish the man bales out the honey, and carefully descends to the ground.

25:39 'Eagerly enjoying the spoils - honey, comb and bees.'

25:43 Four men and boys share the honey they have gathered.

26:22 'Ants gather grass seed - This is collected by women.'

26:27 Two women gather grass seed in places on the flood plane. They gather the grass seeds by sweeping it up with a handful of dried grass stalks. Ants have carefully piled it up around the margins of their nests, which are abundant within these grassy patches. Tindale records that the principle women involved were Albambaka [F33] Akakuk [F41] and 'Rosie'[F50] of the Iliaura people. See: NB Tindale's Journal (AA 338/1/6) pp.25-26.

26:39 'Preliminary winnowing separates the lighter waste material.'

26:43 A close up view shows the women sweeping together the accumulation of grass seeds around one of these ant's nests.

26:55 'The seed is then subjected to a primitive threshing.'

26:59 The gathered grass seed has been placed in a pit in the ground at the base of a tree. The woman grasps the tree with her hands and moves her feet over the contents of the hole in such a way as to thread and thresh the grain. This rotary motion is continued until the threshing is complete.

27:21 'And skilful manipulation results in further cleansing.'

27:24 The next stage of cleaning the grass seed is carried out by means of a flat wooden dish. A quantity of the grain is placed in it, and the dish is vigorously rocked from side to side. Several different motions are used in the different stages. In the first stage the woman holds the dish rather high in the air and moves both hands simultaneously in such a way that the dish is rocked through a figure of eight. After this preliminary rocking, dust is winnowed from the grain by lifting the grain into the air and allowing the dust to blow away. There are two dishes of grain on the ground before the woman. After the greater part of the dust has been removed, further rocking takes place, with an entirely different motion. The dish is moved upwards into the air, with a jerky motion, both hands moving simultaneously. The grain is thus thrown into the air. Under this treatment the grain and heavier particles separate and we see the woman sweeping the rubbish from one end of the dish. The clean grain is placed on a separate wooden dish. A third method is employed to clean the grain, the dish is rocked from side to side, and every little while it is bumped against the right thigh with a jerky outward motion. This again results in the separation of good grain at the end of the dish nearest the right hand. The dish is rotated and the cleaned grain allowed to fall into the other dish.

27:58 'The seed is then ground with water on stone mills.'

27:03 A woman sits in front of a large grinding stone with a wooden dish of water to her left. She rests her left knee on the stone to hold it in position. She places grain on the right margin of the mill stone and grins the grain to meal. Between the stone and her left knee, and passing partially underneath the stone there is a short wooden dish. As the meal is formed, the movement of the stone push it over the edge of the mill stone into the dish below, where it accumulates as a mixture of meal and water. At each successive forward movement of the grinding stone, the woman takes a small additional quantity from the pile of grain on the dry part of the stone, and at one end of each forward movement she causes a quantity of meal to fall into the dish. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/6), pp. 9-10

28:20 'And the floury liquid is baked to a damper on hot ashes.'

28:26 A hole is scooped in the hot ashes of a fire and the liquid meal is poured in so that it comes to occupy a long basin within the ashes of the fire. The pouring is done careful in such a way that few or no ash float upwards into the liquid meal. Sticks are placed over the surface of the small pool of liquid meal, and as the surface bakes and hardens it is gradually covered up with hot ashes and the whole left until it is cooked right through. It sets as an unleavened bread. When the cooking is complete the ashes are carefully raked from around the loaf as it is easily broken. The bread is brushed clean with a blade of grass. The final stages of cleaning the bread are done by blowing. She then tastes a sample of her cooking. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/6), p. 26.

29:47 'All this is warm work, so one must cool off.'

29:52 A woman drinks water from a dish and then cools down her body using the remaining water.

30:06 Close up of NB Tindale operating an cinematographic camera.

30:09 End of 'MacDonald Downs, C.A. 1930.' Reel 2 [No Intertitle]

30:15 Start of 'A624. 81ft' [No Intertitle]

30:18 The camera pans Koonibba Oval. In the far background amongst the vegetation can be seen Koonibba Church and other mission buildings. A group of people are standing and walking around in the mid background. They are shooting rifles, dust from rifle shots hitting the ground rises in the air and a lizard runs into the foreground. Koonibba, South Australia, 1928.

30:33 The camera pans the Koonibba scrub.

30:43 A man with a stick traces the direction of a Mallee tree root on the ground. An Australian Aboriginal man digs and pulls out a Mallee tree root.

30:58 Woman grinding grass seed [as per MacDonald Downs Reel 2.] Close up of the mill stone and the process of grinding the seed to meal. Cooking of the meal in the ashes of a fire.

31:48 Continuation of Koonibba Sequence on 'A624. 81ft.'

31:48 Bilili [D.1] of the Wirrangu people, demonstrating how to hold a spear in a spear-thrower. He prepares to throw his spear in profile and then aims towards the camera. Koonibba, South Australia. 1928.

32:04 Bilili with a the spear and spear-thrower and an older man, Mingaritja (also 'Mingaritcha') [D.2] of the Wirrangu people who holds a boomerang. Koonibba, South Australia. 1928.

32:11 Bilili straightens a spear on a raised platform of earth using ash from a nearby fire to assist the process. Koonibba, South Australia, 1928.

32:27 End of 'A624. 81ft'. [No Intertitle]

32:31 Start of MacDonald Downs CA 1930. 'A624-1. 90ft.' [No Intertitle]

32:31 A woman with a child beside her, is gathering nut-grass (Cyperus) bulbs in a dish. She takes ashes from the fire she rocks the hot ashes and the nut-grass bulbs together in a dish. From time to time she rubs them in the dish to free the bulbs from their outer husks. Her child walks up and stands by to her.

33:02 The same woman, with her child, digs vigorously in the ground search for yelka. The woman's cooking process continues. We see her cooking the cleaned yelka in the ashes. She samples one to see whether they are properly cooked.

33:16 Restricted Content Starts.

33:17 Restricted Content Ends.

33:17 An over-exposed portion of film showing children running about.

33:24 An Aboriginal Australian man kneels down on the ground searching for honey ant droppings. A close portrait of an Aboriginal Australian men smiling. Further shots in the search for honey, a man in the tree chops vigorously at a branch which then falls to the ground.

33:48 The branch is searched for bees. Shot of an Aboriginal Australian man eating honey. A young boy in the tree.

34:03 End of MacDonald Downs CA 1930. 'A624-1. 90ft.' [No Intertitle]

34:11 Start of 'NFSA Title No. 34105.'

34:11 'MacDonald Downs, 1930'

34:23 'Children digging Lyrids.' [Lizards]

34:40 Four young boys dig for and catch a small lizard.

35:39 Cooking the lizard in hot ashes.

35:57 A possum in the branches of a tree.

36:30 Two men, Aratuaruta [F5] and Urpmanwiljunka [F10] at the axe factory site at Ilappa making stone axe heads. See also: Time Code In 18:00 Time Code Out 19:04.

37:11 'MacDonald Downs winnowing and grinding ngilyana seed.'

37:23 Threshing the seed using the feet. The next stage of cleaning the grass seed is carried out by means of a flat wooden dish. A quantity of the grain is placed in it, and the dish is vigorously rocked from side to side. After this preliminary rocking, dust is winnowed from the grain by lifting the grain into the air and allowing the dust to blow away.

38:39 Two women walk around with their dishes searching and gathering grass seeds.

39:24 Three women with their dishes full of gathered grass seed stand stationary.

39:35 The seed has been placed in a pit in the ground at the base of a tree. The woman grasps the tree with her hands and moves her feet over the contents of the hole in such a way as to thread and thresh the grain. This rotary motion is continued until the threshing is complete. See also Time Code In 26:59 - Time Code Out 27:20.

39:58 'MacDonald Downs. Children Playing Tjebudja.'

40:21 Two children play on the ground with sticks and leaves. This is the same scene [See: Time Code In 16:12 - Time Code Out 16:42] shot from a different angle.

41:02 Restricted Content Starts.

41:38 Restricted Content Ends.

41:38 'MacDonald Downs axe making at Illuppa.'

42:03 Men at the axe factory site at Ilappa making stone axe heads. See also: Time Code In 18:00 - Time Code Out 19:04, and Time Code In 36:30 - Time Code Out 37:10.

43:19 Blank film.

43:20 An Australian Aboriginal boy warms a gum-tree (Eucalyptus) leaf over a fire to make ngar'engur'engur. As it wilts he bends it in the middle and it sets as a propeller-shaped toy.

43:45 Several boys are seen spinning the ngar'engur'engur in heated air over the fire. The leaves rise upwards of twenty feet into the air before their spinning ceases and they tumble to earth.

44:34 The boys demonstrate the method of holding the ngar'engur'engur leaf, so as to impart the twist and flick with which to dispatch the spinning leaves. See also: Time Codes 15:11-16:11.

44:38 'Glen Helen August 1929.'

44:49 Various views of landscapes around Glen Helen, CA [Northern Territory].

46:04 End of 'NFSA Title No. 34105.'

Tribal / language groups recorded during the BAR expedition to MacDonald Downs as noted in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/12).
Tindale Tribes: Iliaura; Aranda.
AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Alyawarre; Arrernte

  1. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. MASTER POSITIVE, TRAVELOGUE
    Characteristics: 16mm positive, B&W, silent, 400 ft.
    Notes: This film was a privately funded by BAR members.
    Annotations on item: 'Macdonald Downs Travelogue subscribed privately Board members Only Copy Made.' This item was previously accessioned within the TD Campbell Collection. AA 52/6/7. Acc No. 1042.
  2. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 1
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  3. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 2
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
  4. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 1
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    Notes: New Digital Transfer taken from this item as the Master Positive Reel 1 was previously screened.
  5. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 2
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
  6. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 2, Copy 2
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
  7. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. 'EXTRA' NEGATIVES, ITEMS 'A624' and 'A624-1'
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 171ft.
    Notes: This item consists of two items which were thought to be exclusively MacDonald Downs.

    Reel: 'A624. 81ft.' '?16neg of 35mm film taken at Macd Ds.' TDC [TD Campbell].
    This item contains some footage relating to the winnowing sequence in MacDonald Downs R2, but predominately relating to the BAR expedition to Koonibba, S.A. 1928. (AA 346/9/28).

    Reel: A624-1. 90ft.' 'MacDonald Downs.' Annotation on the box reads 'Described. MacDonald Downs wide track not titled yelka cooking, portion of honey ant picture, could be inserted with a neg. of MacDonald Downs when one is done.' Notes from film summary state that 'This film was taken at MacDonald Downs and is the 32mm [35mm] portion of the Macdonald Downs negative. A reduction negative has been made - It has never been printed.' Film description typewritten, annotated in NB Tindale's hand. (AA 346/9/27/2)

  8. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 1
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  9. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 2
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
  10. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. NFSA Title No. 34105, MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 11 min 53 sec
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of SAMA Nitrate Film 'Title No. 34105,' held at NFSA
    Notes: The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979 has been documented in the Series Report AA 346/9.
  11. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 44 min 34 sec
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/4/1, AA346/9/4/3, AA346/9/4/4, AA346/9/4/7, AA346/9/4/10
  12. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 44 min 34 sec
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA/346/9/4/11
  13. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 44 min 34 sec
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA/346/9/4/12
  14. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 44 min 34 sec
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA/346/9/4/12
  15. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 44 min 34 sec
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/4/13
  16. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 44 min 34 sec
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA/346/9/4/14
  17. MACDONALD DOWNS, NT, 1930. OPEN ACCESS DVD 5
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 46 min 4 sec
    Transfer Date: 28/2/2012
    Generation: Copy of AA/346/9/4/15

    REFERENCES

  • Travelogue film summary written by TD Campbell (See AA 346/9/27/2)
  • NB Tindale's film summary 'Natives of Central Aust[ralia] and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board of Anthropological Research' Multiple copies with annotations. Incomplete manuscript. Unpublished. (AA 346/9/27/2-3)
  • 'Anthropological Expedition to MacDonald Downs, Central Australia. Journal and field notes by Norman B Tindale. Aug - Sept 1930.' (AA 338/1/6)
  • NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/6)
  • BAR Sociological Data Cards recorded at MacDonald Downs (AA 346/4/12/1-2)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards at MacDonald Downs (AA 346/4/12/3-4)
  • Narration tapes made by NB Tindale relating to Board for Anthropological Research films. Relevant tapes (AA 346/9/26/1), (AA 346/9/26/7) and (AA 346/9/26/8-9)

  Creator Board for Anthropological Research
Control AA 346/9/4
Date Range 17 August 1930 - 11 September 1930, dates of expedition
Quantity 47.5 cm, 16 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/4
Series AA346/09

AA 346/9/5

Cockatoo Creek, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1931. SAMA and Copy of 'NFSA Title No. 33556.'

  'Life in Central Australia.'

BAR Expedition Symbol: G

THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
 

'Life in Central Australia' is the final film production documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Cockatoo Creek, Central Australia [Northern Territory] during 6-27 August 1931. The film was shot by a cinematographer EO Stocker (AA 311) with the assistance of BAR member HJ Wilkinson (AA 370). The expedition party included numerous BAR members.

The exhibition party passed through localities including: Quorn, South Australia; and the following locations in the Northern Territory: Finke, Rodinga, Alice Springs, Aileron and Cockatoo Creek. The filming was largely concentrated on Cockatoo Creek, [NT] Latitude: 21o 50' S. Longitude: 132o 02' E.

During this expedition 'special attention was given to cinematography, and it was hoped that several thousand feet of motion picture film exposed would produce many records of unique interest and value.' Source: 'Important Expedition' The Advertiser 28/8/1931. Copy enclosed in NB Tindale's Cockatoo Creek Journal (AA 338/1/7) p.81-82.

Approximately 1,400 feet of 35mm nitrate film and 2,400 feet of 16mm safety film was shot. Both the 35mm and 16mm films were black and white, silent. The final film production 'Life in Central Australia' consists of Reels 1-6 (duration 60:00 minutes) with intertitles and corresponds to items (AA 346/5/1-20). It appears that none of the 35mm nitrate film footage was incorporated within this final film production. The 35mm nitrate film held in the National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA), managed as 'NFSA Title No. 333556' consists of the same scenes and events but shot from a different angles to the 16mm film. This nitrate film and all other South Australian Museum Archive (SAMA) nitrate films were deposited with NFSA in 1979. See: 'Notes 1' at the end of this inventory and the Series Report (AA 346/9).

The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/5/22) consists of Reels 1-6 (AA 346/9/5/1 - AA 346/9/5/6) followed by 'NFSA Title No. 333556' (AA 346/9/5/21) which contains material that did not make it to the final film production Cockatoo Creek Expedition film 'Life in Central Australia.' The SAMA Master Preservation Tape represents the entirety of known film footage from the Cockatoo Creek expedition, duration 76 minutes 48 seconds, with intertitles.

The original master copies of the Cockatoo Creek expedition films were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as B#3 - B#8. This expedition film was previous held in the EO Stocker collection (AA 311) and was transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005.

In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'G.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [G75]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

The time coded summary is in hours, minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

Summary (Time Coded) Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/5/26)

00:00:00 'Cockatoo Creek, CA [NT] 1931.'

00:00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

00:00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1931.'

00:01:30 'Life in Central Australia, Reel 1.'

00:01:40 'As seen by the Members of the Adelaide University and Museum Anthropological Expedition, August 1931.'

00:01:50 'Leaving Adelaide for Alice Springs.'

00:01:52 Expedition party on the Adelaide rail platform before the train's departure. TD Campbell (AA 52), HK Fry (AA 105) and HJ Wilkinson on the platform, NB Tindale (AA 338) looks out of the railway carriage door.

00:02:12 Departure of the train.

00:02:19 'Settling down. Some to work, some to sleep.'

00:02:22 Expedition members on the train. HK Fry smokes a pipe whilst studying psychological test diagrams, HJ Wilkinson sleeps.

00:02:30 'While others -'

00:02:32 TD Campbell eats an apple.

00:02:36 'The Fortnightly "Unlimited" from Quorn to Alice Springs. Unlimited time to cross unlimited deserts.'

00:02:43 Views of the train and of landscape from the train, along the southern shores of Lake Eyre.

00:03:06 'Where Wings and Hoofs are the popular means of communication.'

00:03:10 An Afghan pigeon loft.

00:03:21 Camels behind fencing.

00:03:28 'Natural soaks occur here and there along the way. Beresford Dam.'

00:03:33 View of Beresford Dam, an artificially constructed water storage which provides water for the North-South Railway line.

00:03:40 Coward Springs train station, a typical railway station along the line.

00:03:46 Footage of a slow moving train, with the dam the foreground.

00:04:07 Expedition members observe the water welling up from the depths below through a bore pipe. The water is hot and full of gases. The train is stationary in background.

00:04:14 'It takes many gibbers to make a desert.'

00:04:18 View of landscape of gibber rocks.

00:04:38 'On the Banks of the waterless Finke.'

00:04:41 From the side of the railway track we see the train approaching the crossing over the River Finke.

00:05:51 After recent flooding the ground is carpeted with dense growth of wild flowers, chiefly everlastings.

00:05:16 'Aptly named are the mountains of Rumbalara.'

00:05:19 Mountains in the background shot from the train.

00:05:32 'The gateway to the Centre. "The Gap" through the MacDonnell Ranges.'

00:05:37 Landscape shot from the train.

00:05:50 'Beneath their shelter nestles -'

00:05:52 The town sign, ALICE SPRINGS.

00:05:58 'Setting out for the North West'

00:06:00 Expedition party load several cars with their equipment. JB Cleland (AA 60) walks around carrying an overcoat, other members of the expedition may be noted including T Harvey Johnston (AA 161), JH Gray (AA 111), RH Pulleine. In the background is the brush-covered home of F Colson, driver and cook for the expedition. One of the expedition's informants, Wheeler, is seen tying equipment to the side of a loaded truck.

00:06:33 'Along the track to Darwin.'

00:06:35 For the first part of the journey, as far as the Hann Range, Northern Territory, the expedition party followed the 'Darwin Track.' This scene is shot from the top of Mount Boothby where members of the expedition party are seen looking northwards along the track which is clearly distinguished from the mulga scrub.

00:06:51 'Other travellers.'

00:06:53 Pack horses and mules being lead through scrub.

00:07:11 'The going was heavy at times after leaving the Darwin track.'

00:07:15 Expedition members pushing a heavily loaded truck over the sandy bed of Warburton Creek. The tuck strikes firmer ground it races ahead, leaving the expedition members to walk through the sand to the waiting truck. TD Campbell and CS Hicks discuss the situation as they trudge across the sandy river bed.

00:07:26 'The Heart of Australia.'

00:07:28 Landscape of Central Australia. Mulga scrub with thin lines of gum trees mark the position of the Lander Creek. The panorama moves in an arc around from Mount Finnis in the South-East to Mount Stafford (north by west). We then see Mount Thomas, situated near at hand towards the South-West. The camera again scans the direction of Mount Stafford and continues its view of the country in the north-westerly direction. We look down Lander Creek, the bare flood plain of which may be seen in the foreground, and the final scene shows the mountainous country westwards towards Mount Gardiner.

00:08:10 'The country was the colour of a camel, and was almost as rough.'

00:08:14 The camel team attached to the expedition loaded with stores on its journey to the expedition's base camp. Views of the country in the vicinity of Cockatoo Creek. The camel team reaches the base camp at Aknatalja, Cockatoo Creek, where three young Australian Aboriginal children watch their arrival.

00:09:13 'The end of the journey.'

00:09:14 'The end of the journey. Cockatoo Creek.'

00:09:16 Camels tended too after the journey.

00:09:28 View of the expedition camp which is situated in the bed of the Cockatoo Creek and on the low banks of its flood plain.

00:10:12 'What is home without a mother?'

00:10:15 F Colson makes pancakes and prepares bread.

00:10:52 'Yes, the bread was fine, but every man to his taste.'

00:10:55 Australian Aboriginal man sitting in profile, eating witchetty grubs.

00:11:25 'The real Australians.'

00:11:27 A group of the Walpiri, Ngalia, and Anmatjera people seated in little groups about their fires at Cockatoo Creek.

00:11:37 'Here are a few types.'

00:11:39 Three Australian Aboriginal men eating.

00:11:57 One of the men who is eating, conveys to us in sign language, by using his hands the information that the food is good.

00:12:02 'End of Reel 1.'

00:12:25 'Life in Central Australia, Reel 2.'

00:12:27 'The Medicine Man: A power in the land.'

00:12:30 Kakuta [G57] of the Walpiri people sits with another man.

00:12:43 A woman with her child on her shoulder. [See also: Time Code: 01:08:25]

00:12:52 Girl of fifteen, Welinjia [G72] of the Walpiri people, laughing.

00:13:07 Two babies asleep in wooden dishes.

00:13:13 'So this is where they go in the Wintertime.'

00:13:16 Several close-ups of babies asleep.

00:13:32 'Each in his own style, members of the party fraternising with the natives.'

00:13:36 Sequence of shots where T Harvey Johnston is offering boiled lollies to children in return for hair parasites. RF Matters, physiologist to the party, walks about with a group of children. CS Hicks, physiologist, talks with an old man, Wanman tjurkurpa [G.46] of the Walpiri people. Both laugh and imitate the movements of the camel. JH Gray attends to the foot injuries of an Australian Aboriginal man.

00:14:44 Still shot of EO Stocker with a cinematographic camera.

00:14:52 In the camp we see a great many children who are waiting to receive their share of food that Ernest Kramer is distributing. They play as they wait.

00:15:08 'Aboriginal pastimes.'

00:15:10 Children are playing at spear fighting, using shafts of cane grass as spears.

00:15:27 'Shafts of Mitchell grass become shafts of flight.'

00:15:30 The movements of throwing a grass stem spear, shown in slow motion.

00:16:31 'The Ball is made of opossum string.'

00:16:34 Others play at a ball game in which an opossum fur ball is thrown from one to another while a third individual attempts to retrieve it from them. Occasionally the ball is kicked.

00:16:58 Restricted Content Starts.

00:20:34 Restricted Content Ends.

00:20:44 'After the ball is over.'

00:21:09 One of the performers is observed removing from his foot one of the many three-spiked weed seeds (known as prickle-jacks) which lie on the ground. A man is seen lying asleep.

00:20:17 'But all pastimes are not so hilarious.'

00:20:20 Two Australian Aboriginal men make imitations of animal and bird tracks on the ground. The first track is that of an emu, followed by the tracks of a baby, the tracks of a sheep that he has seen at Mamba [Coniston Station] in the eastern country. He then makes the tracks of the wallaby and then the Australian bustard.

00:22:01'The primitive crafts of these Stone Age People.

00:22:05 ' The primitive crafts of these Stone Age People. The Pubic Tassel is made from human hair.'

00:22:08 Making and attaching the pubic tassel.

00:23:01 'On retiring, the suit is hung on the back of the bedroom door.'

00:23:06 Man hangs his pubic tassel on a branch and lays down to sleep.

00:23:28 'End of Reel 2.'

00:23:41 'Life in Central Australia, Reel 3.'

00:23:42 'Man's first great discovery.'

00:23:45 Two men are seen to be lighting a fire by the sawing method, using a bean wood shield as the base or hearth, and a spear-thrower made of mulga wood which is to saw across it.

00:23:52 'The hard, long grain of the spear thrower is rubbed against the shield's soft cross grain.'

00:23:57 A close view shows us the shield is an old and broken one used many times before in the kindling of fires and many transverse saw grooves remain as scars on its face. It may be noticed that the longitudinal groove has been cut down the middle of the shield. This forms a convenient trap for the hot bean wood dust which is engendered by the friction of the spear-thrower. Soon the smouldering mass is tipped out on to a bundle of grass, and waved in the wind until a flame appears.

00:24:34 'A weapon of War and Ceremony. The Boomerang.'

00:24:38 A Walpiri man is roughly trimming a boomerang with the aid of a adze. We then see him at close quarters cutting with the same implement but using more care as he prepares the final cutting surface of the boomerang. He then demonstrates the use of one of the finished boomerangs. Some slow motion shots.

00:25:43 A man stalks a rose-breasted galah which is perched in a tree. He walks carefully towards the object of his attack, keeping his eye always on the game. The weapon is thrown with a flick of the wrist which causes it to spin rapidly as it travels though the air. The hunter watches its fight until it falls again. The birds escape, for bird-killing by boomerang is not an easy task. A series of slow motion pictures demonstrates the spin imparted buy the boomerang when thrown high into the air.

00:27:06 'The shield is hewn from the Bean tree.'

00:27:08 A Walpiri man uses a metal axe in the manufacture of a shield from the soft wood of the Bean tree. He fells the tree and proceeds to manufacture the shield. The whole of the unwanted log is chopped away from the log, leaving the shield on the ground. In chopping both hands are used. Some of this process are shot in slow motion.

00:28:58 'Finishing-off is an old man's privilege.'

00:29:01 The roughed out shield is given to an older man who completes it, using an adze in order to complete the wide longitudinal grooves which adorn the finished article. After the grooving on the surface of the shield has been completed the old man turns over it over and cuts down the inner surface until he has obtained the correct thickness. From time to time the piece of iron in his adze is reset. He uses a mulga digging stick to dig a cavity in the shield, to make a handle.

00:30:15 While preparing the shield, another man is seen to take another segment from the trunk of the felled Bean tree, to prepare a wooden dish, using similar methods. The older man drinks from the recently completed dish, and offers water to his child.

00:31:20 'The art of spear making and throwing.'

00:31:23 Men heat and shape a green wood of the witchetty bush, by placing the shifts over a fire then straightening them by applying pressure with their feet against the ground.

00:31:59 Kakuta [G57] a Walpiri man demonstrates the use of a spear as a hand thrown implement. Some of this process are shot in slow motion.

00:32:13 'Let us examine the warrior's walk.'

00:32:16 The man throwing the spear is filmed in slow motion as he walks to retrieve his spear. When he hurls the spear towards the camera we see that the throwing motion is such as to impart a spin to the weapon.

00:32:34 'Ingenious aids for surprise attacks and stalking.'

00:32:37 Restricted Content Starts.

00:32:48 Restricted Content Ends.

00:32:48 'A study of poise and caution.'

00:32:50 A Walpiri man re-enacts an episode in his day's hunting for an audience. He walks briskly through the open mulga scrub on his way to hunt. He comes upon a kangaroo feeding and stalks to within seven yards without being seen, he carefully steadies his feet and throws the spear. The animal is transfixed, and is killed with a few blows from the spear-thrower. The young kangaroo is brought back to camp, and we see the first stage in its preparation cooking.

00:34:25 'End of Reel 3.'

00:34:38 'Life in Central Australia, Reel 4'

00:34:40 'Nothing is wasted.'

00:34:42 The cooking of the kangaroo is continues. The animal is gutted, fire is prepared, fur is singed and rubbed off, the animal placed in the pit and covered with the hot ashes from the fire. After cooking the men divide the meat between themselves. It is the hunters privilege to make a division of six pieces, one for each man present, excluding the hunter; each recipient removes about one third of his share and returns it to the hunter. He is then seen eating his portion of the animal.

00:37:42 'A portion of the bag is saved for families in camp - a welcome variation from the usual yelka, or onion grass bulb.'

00:37:50 The hunters return to camp after a successful day's game hunting after wallabies.

00:38:12 An Australian Aboriginal boy uses a boomerang to turn over the soil of the dry riverbed in his search for bulbs. He holds out a yelka bulb for the camera.

00:38:26 Restricted Content Starts.

00:45:50 'End of Reel 4'

00:46:04 'Life in Central Australia, Reel 5'

00:46:06 Continuation of Restricted Content.

00:47:30 Restricted Content Ends.

00:47:30 The BAR Expedition members stand and talk to each other as the camera pan's the party [from left to right] JB Cleland, leader of the expedition. On his right is HJ Wilkinson, followed in turn by HK Fry, RF Matters, CS Hicks, RH Pulleine, T Harvey Johnston, NB Tindale, TD Campbell (wearing a cap), JH Gray, A Rau and HM Hale (AA 124).

00:47:46 'The Expedition at work.'

00:47:48 ' The Expedition at work. NB Tindale collecting ethnological data.'

00:47:51 NB Tindale is seated amongst a group of Walpiri men recording a vocabulary. He asks for their language's terms for teeth and tongue.

00:47:59 Professors Cleland and Harvey Johnston engaged in serological work.

00:48:03 Serological tests conducted with participating Australian Aboriginal individuals.

00:48:37 'Professor Hicks and Dr Matters at Basal Metabolism tests.'

00:48:41 Basal Metabolism tests with participating Australian Aboriginal individuals.

00:49:23 'Replenishing the oxygen supplies by an emergency outfit.'

00:49:27 CS Hicks and RF Matters preparing their equipment for testing.

00:49:57 'Professor Wilkinson collecting dermagraphs.'

00:50:00 HJ Wilkinson making hand prints with participating Australian Aboriginal individuals.

00:50:27 'Doctors Fry and Pulleine conducting sense and intelligence tests.'

00:50:31 Sense and intelligence testing with participating Australian Aboriginal individuals.

00:51:13 'HM Hale and NB Tindale making plaster face moulds.'

00:51:17 HM Hale and NB Tindale making plaster face moulds with participating Australian Aboriginal individuals.

00:51:32 'The organiser of the expedition Dr TD Campbell and NB Tindale recording songs.'

00:51:38 An Edison gramophone is used to obtain a wax cylinder recording of songs. Time is kept by striking together two boomerangs. Owing to the limited range of the gramophone pick up, only the voice of the individuals singing into the horn is recorded.

00:51:54 'After a little washing HJ Gray was able to chart hair tracts.'

00:51:58 HJ Gray charts the hair tracks with participating Australian Aboriginal Individuals.

00:52:25 'Photographs'

00:52:27 A woman sits for her individual subject photograph.

00:52:53 'The Adelaide Museum benefited by A Rau's excursions.'

00:52:57 SAM taxidermist, A Rau and other men on camels return to the BAR camp after a collecting excursion.

00:53:42 'Here is a rare species, the rabbit-footed Bandicoot.'

00:53:45 Footage of the rabbit-footed Bandicoot.

00:54:12 'Too soon came the day to break camp.'

00:54:15 Footage of BAR Expedition members breaking camp, loading up camels.

00:54:35 Sign nailed to a tree 'ADELAIDE UNIVERSITY AND S.A. MUSEUM ANTHROPOLOGICAL EXPEDITION CAMPED HERE AUG. 1931.'

00:54:39 Campfire at night.

00:54:47 'The natives take to the bush.'

00:54:50 View across the dry river bed where the Australian Aboriginal people are returning to their camping grounds, carrying gifts of food to help them on their journey.

00:55:06 A tame camp dingo looks at the camera before walking away.

00:55:12 'And then - back to the South through the portals of Central Australia.'

00:55:17 Footage taken of the landscape of the MacDonnell Ranges from the back of a train.

00:55:50 End of Reel 5. [No Intertitle]

00:55:51 Start of Reel 6 [No Intertitle]

00:55:51 Scene on the banks of Cockatoo Creek showing the red river gums some of which bear scars indicating the removal of bark dishes from their trunks. Members of the expedition party stand and scan the country.

00:56:26 Shot of termite mounds which are abundant in this part of Central Australia.

00:56:32 Well and tank at Aileron, Northern Territory, on the North-South Telegraph line.

00:56:39 HK Fry and another member of the expedition are seen walking towards a white wash gum tree. In the tree is an eagle's nest.

00:57:26 The expedition party is stopped to repair a tyre that has been damaged by a piece of mulga branch lying on the rough road.

00:57:37 Nests of ants are common on the mulga tree plains and we see one of their nests.

00:57:43 Restricted Content Starts.

01:00:29 Restricted Content Ends.

01:00:30 Portrait of three girls, Ngarnbula and Orokuiya [G69] of the Anmatjera people with Kinmaŋgala [G62] of the Ngalia people.

01:00:55 End of Reel 6 [No Intertitle]


01:01:17 Start of 'NFSA Title No. 33556' [No Intertitle]

01:01:17 Car drives down the 'Darwin Track.'

01:01:27 Two expedition party members walk towards homestead buildings, stopping by a tree along the way to observe something.

01:01:42 Expedition party at Alice Springs loading cars with equipment. The departure of the expedition party's cars.

01:02:20 Scene at Connor's Well, Northern Territory.

01:02:34 Australian Aboriginal girl on a camel. Camel team walking.

01:03:18 Ant-hill country, mulga in the background.

01:03:39 Expedition members pushing their car truck over sandy terrain.

01:03:47 Two Australian Aboriginal men coming back from a hunting expedition.

01:04:04 An Australian Aboriginal man wearing a nose-peg, stands in a tree breaking off a bark dish with a stone implement.

01:04:23 Restricted Content Start.

01:07:09 Restricted Content Ends.

01:07:09 RH Pulleine and HM Hale assist in the removal of sticks from an Australian Aboriginals man's foot.

01:07:20 Scene of the camp at Cockatoo Creek. NB Tindale sitting with a large group of men recording genealogies and vocabulary.

01:08:02 HJ Wilkinson taking individual subject photographs.

01:08:23 A woman having her individual subject photograph taken.

01:08:25 An Australian Aboriginal woman holds her daughter on her shoulder. [See also: Time Code: 00:12:43]

01:08:34 An older Australian Aboriginal woman having her photograph taken.

01:08:46 TD Campbell and JH Gray are shown taking anthropometric measurements, matching the skin colour of the individual to a skin colour chart and examining the individual's teeth.

01:09:29 JH Gray studies hair tracts patterns. HJ Wilkinson is makes dermagraphs of hands.

01:10:04 T Harvey Johnston and JB Cleland conduct serological tests with participating Australian Aboriginal individuals.

01:10:56 RH Pulleine examines the nose and throat of an Australian Aboriginal boy.

01:11:33 HK Fry conducts the 'pull-strength' tests.

01:11:52 RH Pulleine stands near a line of pegs in the dry creek which are placed to conduct visual acuity tests.

01:12:04 RH Pulleine and HK Fry conduct intelligence tests with an Australian Aboriginal girl.

01:12:47 An Australian Aboriginal man drawing with crayon on paper.

01:12:58 A man makes hand prints in the sand depicting the footprints of a baby, followed by the tracks of an emu and a dog.

01:13:49 RF Matters and CS Hicks conducting basal metabolism tests with participating Australian Aboriginal individuals.

01:15:14 HM Hale and NB Tindale make a plaster face-cast with a participating Australian Aboriginal boy.

01:17:26 TD Campbell and NB Tindale record songs on to a wax cylinder using the Edison gramophone.

01:18:18 End of 'NFSA Title No. 33556' [No intertitles]

Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as noted in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/13).
Tindale Tribes: Walpiri; Ngalia; Anmatjera; Kukatja (NT); Aranda; Jumu.

  1. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 1
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  2. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 2
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  3. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 3
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  4. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 4
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  5. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 5
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
  6. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 6
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 200ft.
    Notes: The Original Master Positive film was shot in Kodachrome; this original colour film is not held. For further information see 'NOTES 2' at the end of this inventory.
  7. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. DUPLICATE POSITIVE, REEL 1
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  8. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 1
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  9. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 2
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  10. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 3
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  11. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 4
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  12. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 5
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
  13. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 6
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 200ft.
  14. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 4, COPY 2

    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  15. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 1
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  16. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 2
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  17. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 3
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  18. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 4
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
  19. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 5
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
  20. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 6
    Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 200ft.
  21. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. 'NFSA Title No. 33556.' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 17 min. 00 sec.
    Transfer Date: 23/06/2005
    Generation: Copy of SAMA Nitrate Film 'Title No. 33556' held at NFSA
    Notes: The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979, has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9).
  22. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
    Format: SP Betacam
    Duration: 76 min. 48 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/5/1 - AA346/9/5/6 and AA 346/9/5/21.
  23. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
    Format: Digital Betacam
    Duration: 76 min. 48 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/5/22
  24. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 76 min. 48 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/5/23
  25. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. PRESERVATION DVD 2
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 76 min. 48 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/5/23
  26. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 76 min. 48 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/5/24
  27. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. ACCESS DVD 4
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 76 min. 48 sec.
    Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/5/25
  28. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931.OPEN ACCESS DVD 5 [TIME CODED]
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 60 min.
    Transfer Date: 22/04/2013
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/5/26
  29. COCKATOO CREEK, NT, 1931. OPEN ACCESS DVD 6
    Format: DVD
    Duration: 60 min.
    Transfer Date: 22/04/2013
    Generation: Copy of AA346/9/5/27

NOTES 1
In 1979 the SAMA deposited its nitrate film collection with the NFSA for cold storage. Among this deposit was 'NFSA Title No. 333556' '[Adelaide University Field Expedition to Central Australia]', which contains footage that was not included in the final film production of the Cockatoo Creek Expedition film 'Life in Central Australia.' The history of the SAMA nitrate film deposit at NFSA in 1979, has been documented in the Series Report (AA 346/9).

NOTES 2
Reel 6 of 'Life in Central Australia' previously referred to as BAR Negative B#8, was originally shot in kodacolour. It was not technically possible to duplicate colour film and so black and white screening copies were made of this film, and original was screened on special occasions. The original kodacolour film did not survive, and all black and white copies which were made of this film possess multiple vertical black lines running through each frame.

REFERENCES

  • 'Expedition G. Expedition to Cockatoo Creek, Central Australia. August 6-27, 1931. Journal and field notes by Norman B Tindale. 1931'. (AA 338/1/7)
  • NB Tindale's film summary 'Natives of Central Aust. And the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board of Anthropological Research' Multiple copies with annotations. Incomplete manuscript. Unpublished. (AA 346/9/27/2-3)
  • Cleland, JB 1931 'Anthropological Expedition to Central Australia', The Medical Journal of Australia, December 1931, pp.793-796. Reprint enclosed in NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/7)
  • Notes from the 'Rex Theatre' and 'Description of the 35mm Cockatoo Creek' film pp.2 (AA 346/9/27/1) which relates to 'NFSA Title No. 33556' (AA 346/9/5/21).
  • BAR Sociological Data Cards recorded at Cockatoo Creek (AA 346/4/13/1-3)
  • BAR Anthropological Data Cards at Cockatoo Creek (AA 346/4/13/4-5)
  •   Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/5
    Date Range 6 August 1931 - 27 August 1931, dates of expedition
    Quantity 39.7 cm, 27 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/5
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/6

    Mt Liebig, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1932.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: H

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the final film production documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Mt Liebig, Northern Territory during 4-25 August 1932.

    The cinematographer was EO Stocker (AA 311). The expedition party included numerous Board for Anthropological Research members. The expedition party was accompanied by the informant and interpreter Tjungala ('Wheeler') of the Aranda people who also participated in the BAR expedition to Cockatoo Creek (NT), 1931 (AA 346/9/5), as well as Theo, Tom, Mick, and Rolf. See report on the BAR expedition by Max Lamshed, 'The Advertiser,' 26 August 1932.

    The expedition travelled by train to Alice Springs via Quorn, Farina, Marree, Oondnadatta, Abminga, and Finke crossing. From Alice Springs the BAR party journeyed westward by motor vehicles along the northern side of the MacDonnell Ranges to Mt Liebig, Haasts Bluff. See: (AA 338/1/8), pp.20-21.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation tape (AA 346/9/6/35) consists of Reels 1-8 (AA 346/9/6/1 - AA 346/9/6/7 and AA 346/9/6/15), duration 1 hour 25 minutes 32 seconds, with intertitles.

    The original master copies of the Mt Liebig expedition were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as B#9 - B#16. This expedition film was previous held in the EO Stocker collection and was transferred into the BAR collection in December 2005.

    In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'H.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [H11]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    The time coded summary is in hours, minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/6/39)

    00:00 Mt Liebig, NT, 1932.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1932.'

    Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Reel 1

    00:01:00 'University of Adelaide and South Australian Museum Field Anthropological Research.'

    00:01:06 'Records of the fifth Anthropological Expedition to Central Australia. Mount Liebig, 1932.'

    00:01:12 'These investigations were aided by a grant from the Australian National Research Council.'

    00:01:17 'Photographed and arranged by EO Stocker. '

    00:01:21 Typical Central Australian scene, photographed near Haasts Bluff, with a whitewash gum (Eucalyptus Papuana.)

    00:01:29 A map outlines the route taken by the BAR expedition party, Adelaide to Alice Springs.

    00:01:45 Heavitree Gap, in the MacDonnell Ranges, with the Alice Springs Express train in the background.

    00:01:51 'Stanley Chasm, near Alice Springs.'

    00:01:55 A panorama of Stanley Chasm.

    00:02:13 A map outlines the route taken by the BAR expedition party, from Alice Springs to the MacDonnell Ranges.

    00:02:16 'Haasts Bluff.'

    00:02:20 The eastern (Injala) peak of Haasts Bluff.

    00:02:28 A map outlines the location of the BAR expedition party at the MacDonnell Ranges.

    00:02:31 Haasts Bluff from a point about five miles North-west of Injala.

    00:02:48 Two Australian Aboriginal men looking into the distance. Four Australian Aboriginal men carrying spears and spear throwers.

    00:03:10 'Central Mount Wedge in the distance.'

    00:03:12 A distant view of Central Mount Wedge.

    00:03:22 'The expedition's camp at Mount Liebig.'

    00:03:25 The BAR expedition camp on the eastern end of Mount Liebig.

    00:03:46 'A Native Map of the district.'

    00:03:49 A Pintubi man draws a map in the sand.

    00:04:01 'A member of the Expedition returns to camp from a far Western trip in search of natives.'

    00:04:07 TGH Strehlow (AA 316) returns with a string of camels to the BAR expedition camp after visiting the country towards the Western Australian border, as far west as Mount Leisler, to invite Australian Aboriginal people in the region to visit the BAR expedition camp. He is accompanied by numerous Australian Aboriginal men one of whom is Makubardu [H16] of the Ngalia people. TGH Strehlow is assisted in unsaddling his camels by E Kramer (AA 669) a missionary associated with the Aborigines' Friends' Association (AFA) (AA 1). HK Fry (AA 105) and JB Cleland (AA 60) are seen nearby. NB Tindale's (AA 338) film summary (AA 346/9/27/2-3) states that Lilatjukurupa of the Pintubi people, acted as Strehlow's interpreter and assisted with the camels. See also: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/8), p.55.

    00:05:16 'Some of the Pintubi Natives Locate the camp.'

    00:05:21 The Pintubi people arrived from their camp at Alala (Thomas Reservoir, also called Ullala on the map), many miles to the south-west of Mt Liebig.

    00:06:21 'The Ngalia tribe were already in camp and greeted the visitors with ceremony.'

    00:06:29 The Pintubi men approach Mt Liebig, sitting down for nearly two hours at a distance of several hundred meters from the main camp. After preparations they set off at a quick run in a loose formation towards the camp of the Ngalia people, who are already established, having arrived several days previously. Approaching the cleared camping spot, the Pintubi men group themselves together into a close formation with raised spears. At the conclusion of the demonstrations by both the Pintubi and Ngalia peoples, the Pintubi men sit down and are approached by the older Ngalia men. Shortly afterwards the whole group of Ngalia men walk over to where the Pintubi men are seated and all stand up in a closed circle. They converse and exchange information regarding class names.

    00:08:24 'The Pintubi women came in an hour later.'

    00:08:28 As sundown approaches the Pintubi women several of them carrying children arrived at the BAR expedition camp. Several close up portraits of Pintubi women and children.

    00:10:10 'Their meagre belongings were carried in bark wrappings.'

    00:10:15 When their welcome is assured, the women return and bring into camp their wooden dishes, which contains food, which they have hidden in a nearby bush. Close up of a bark dish with food.

    00:10:21 The Pintubi women and children sit down and eat.

    00:10:29 End Part One.

    00:10:34 Mt Liebig Part Two.

    00:10:37 'Women spend all their days in search of roots, grubs and small mammals.'

    00:10:42 A party of Pintubi women and children are shown leaving the camp at Mt Liebig in order to gather food.

    00:11:15 Pintubi women use digging sticks to obtain the grubs of the Scarabid and Buprestid beetles. Some footage is shot in slow motion. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/8), p.46.

    00:13:00 'The "Ingoneunga Grub" found at the Roots of dead Gum Trees.'

    00:13:04 Close up of the collected grubs.

    00:13:10 The Pintubi women and children sit and share the collected grubs.

    00:13:16 Close up of children eating grubs.

    00:14:01 'The collection and preparation of Yams (Yala).'

    00:14:04 A Pintubi woman digs up the seedling and root of the Sturt bean-tree (Erythrina vespertilio).

    00:14:32 Mintun Mintun ('Comet') [H11] of the Pintubi people discovers a seedling of the Sturt bean-tree (Erythrina vespertilio), he uses the butt of his spear to dig out the root. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/8), p.43a.

    00:15:01 'Yala are cooked before eating.'

    00:15:04 A Ngalia man starts a fire by the rotary method. Close up shots of this process. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/8), p.90.

    00:16:52 Mintun Mintun ('Comet') [H11] of the Pintubi people cooks the Sturt bean-tree (Erythrina vespertilio) root in the fire, after which the root is pealed and eaten. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/8), p.44.

    00:18:10 'The entrails of animals are also slightly cooked in ashes.'

    00:18:14 The entrails of a kangaroo are cooked in hot ash and eaten.

    00:18:43 'Leaves of the Ipalu (Marsdenia Australis) are greatly relished.'

    00:18:48 Close up of the foliage and fruit of the Bush Banana (Marsdenia Australis). See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/8), p.46.

    00:18:55 Mallitjukurupa [H9] of the Ngalia people eats the foliage of the Bush Banana (Marsdenia Australis).

    00:19:05 'The men hunt the larger mammals such as Rock Wallabies.'

    00:19:09 A group of men discuss the plan for the hunt before setting off.

    00:19:32 'Some of the hunters crouch on the hillside, while others endeavour to head the game towards the ambush.'

    00:19:38 An Australian Aboriginal man waits in ambush, keeping a lookout for progress of the hunt.

    00:19:56 'The native is ever watchful for any kind of food.'

    00:20:00 An Australian Aboriginal man has discovered a nest of honey ants.

    00:20:19 'Collecting honey ants (Yeramba).'

    00:20:24 Two Australian Aboriginal men dig up the earth under a tree, scooping the earth with a small wooden dish.

    00:21:17 Close up of honey ants (Melophorus) in the earth.

    00:21:23 Six men gather around the honey ant nest and assist in the digging.

    00:22:03 Close up of collected honey ants (Melophorus).

    00:22:12 Close up of one honey ant (Melophorus) on the end of a stick.

    00:22:18 Ngoritjukurupa [H51] of the Luritja [Kukatja (NT)] and Yumu peoples eats honey ants.

    00:22:30 Mt Liebig 'End Part Two.'

    00:22:34 Mt Liebig Part Three.

    00:22:37 'The manufacture of weapons. The Boomerang.'

    00:22:40 Mintun Mintun ('Comet') [H11] of the Pintubi people, uses a metal tomahawk to chop a suitably curved branch from a mulga tree. After the branch is felled he then chops off the curved portion, and then begins to make the boomerang. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/8), p.47.

    00:25:29 'Chipping Stone implements.

    00:25:32 Restricted Content Starts.

    00:27:00 Restricted Content Ends.

    00:27:00 'Making the Spear thrower.'

    00:27:03 Mintun Mintun ('Comet') [H11] of the Pintubi people, uses a stone axe to chop a piece of wood from a mulga tree. A notch is made in the tree into which he drives a wooden wedge. A metal tomahawk is used to drive the wedge under this section until the slab of mulga wood splits off. See: NB Tindale Journal. (AA 338/1/8), p.47.

    00:28:32 Mintun Mintun ('Comet') [H11] of the Pintubi people, commences to trim the spear thrower with the repaired stone axe. Once the rough shape has been formed an adze is used for finishing the spear thrower. Some footage is shot in slow motion.

    00:29:34 'A carefully selected Fragment of Quartzite is mounted on the handle of the spear thrower.'

    00:29:39 An Australian Aboriginal man searches for the correct fragment of quartzite.

    00:29:53 Attaching the quartzite fragment to the end of his spear thrower. He heats the spinifex gum on the end of the handle and in which to secure the quartzite adze.

    00:31:07 'The Spear.'

    00:31:09 Mintun Mintun ('Comet') [H11] of the Pintubi people, selects a suitable branch from the witchetty bush (Acacia Kempeana) in order to make a spear. Once he removes a branch he trims away the twigs with a stone adze. He then places it in the fire where the moisture within the witchetty bush stem softens the wood enough for straightening. By levering the wood with his hands against the weight of his foot the stem is straightened. Sand is used to protect his hands from being burnt. The bark is peeled off. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/8), p.47.

    00:33:36 A man holding a spear and a spear thrower gesturing into the distance.

    00:33:44 Wakulyari Tjukurupa [H6] of the Ngalia people, demonstrates the method of holding and throwing a spear.

    00:33:51 Mt Liebig 'End Part Three.'

    00:33:56 Mt Liebig Part Four.

    00:33:58 'An analysis of walking and running.'

    00:34:02 A woman followed by two children and a man climb an embankment.

    00:34:12 A Pintubi man demonstrates the method of moving from a standing position into a sitting posture. Some footage is shot in slow motion.

    00:35:03 A Pintubi man demonstrates the method of walking over smooth sandy ground and then rocky ground.

    00:36:28 A Pintubi woman demonstrates methods of picking up and carrying children.

    00:36:38 'Generally, babies are picked up with one hand.'

    00:36:43 A Pintubi woman demonstrates the method of picking up a child with one hand.

    00:37:00 'The native has a highly developed sense for making and recognising tracks.'

    00:37:04 A Pintubi man imitates the track of a snake followed by the tracks of the wallaby.

    00:37:21 Koneiya [H31] of the Ngalia people follows the tracks of Yalbayurunga Nalkiti [H3] of the Ngalia people who has walked over different terrains. See: NB Tindale (AA 338/1/8), p.48.

    00:39:12 'Stoney country is read with apparent ease.'

    00:39:16 Koneiya [H31] of the Ngalia people follows tracks over rocky ground.

    00:39:43 'Native children.'

    00:39:46 Women and children shelter behind a break-wind.

    00:40:05 A portrait of a Pintubi woman and her child.

    00:40:53 A young boy plays, seating himself in a wooden dish.

    00:41:09 A young boy climbs a leaning tree trunk.

    00:41:49 A small Pintubi girl plays pick-a-back with a baby.

    00:41:59 'Their games fit them for their strenuous after life.'

    00:42:02 A small group of Pintubi and Ngalia boys playing at hunting with bark discs. They hold one piece of stick as a shield in the left hand and another to represent a boomerang in their right hand. The boys throw their bark boomerangs at the disk when is rolled near them.

    00:42:32 'The reaction of native children to civilized toys.'

    00:42:37 HK Fry sits with a group of Pintubi and Ngalia children, and an arrangement of European manufactured toys which include many figures, dolls and a cow.

    00:43:50 The children excitedly play at chasing a small rock wallaby which has been captured by their parents.

    00:44:22 '2 Young Girls.'

    00:44:25 A portrait of two Pintubi girls.

    00:44:47 'Like father like son.'

    00:44:50 A group of Pintubi boys have borrowed their father's shields and are playing at defending themselves from flying bark disks thrown by their friends.

    00:45:23 Mt Liebig 'End Part Four.'

    00:45:28 Mt Liebig Part Five.

    00:45:28 Restricted Content Starts.

    00:55:41 Restricted Content Ends.

    00:55:41 Mt Liebig 'End Part Five.'

    00:55:46 Mt Liebig Part Six.

    00:55:46 Restricted Content Starts.

    01:06:48 Restricted Content Ends.

    01:06:48 Mt Liebig 'End Part Six.'

    01:06:52 Mt Liebig. Part Seven. [No Intertitle]

    01:06:52 'The Native is fond of adornment.'

    01:06:55 A boy greases the face and chest of another.

    01:07:10 Two Australian Aboriginal men, Mallitjukurupa [H9] of the Ngalia people walk and find a fungi which they pick.

    01:07:15 'Powder Puff Fungi are used to blacken the face.'

    01:07:20 Mintun Mintun ('Comet') [H11] of the Pintubi people and Mallitjukurupa [H9] of the Ngalia people decorate their faces with the black powery spores of the fungi. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/8), p.43a.

    01:08:09 'The use of milk weed.'

    10:08:13 Restricted Content Starts.

    01:08:43 Restricted Content Ends.

    01:08:43 'Wild flowers for the hair'

    01:08:47 Mintun Mintun ('Comet') [H11] of the Pintubi people and Mallitjukurupa [H9] of the Ngalia people gather Cassia sturtii flowers to adorn their hair. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/8), p.43a.

    01:09:08 'Animal grease coloured with clay is smeared over the face.'

    01:09:12 Portrait of Walia [H25] of the Pintubi people. A series of portraits of men.

    01:09:53 'Pintubi Fashions in Hairdressing.

    01:09:57 Portrait of Walia [H25] of the Pintubi people and two other Pintubi men. In the background is Amunurunga Range.

    01:10:23 'The Pintubi Chignon.'

    01:10:26 Walia [H25] of the Pintubi people undoing his hair and rearranges his chignon.

    01:12:27 Portrait of Walia [H25] of the Pintubi people.

    01:12:42 Walia [H25] of the Pintubi people throwing a spear using a spear thrower.

    01:12:50 'A fair haired woman.'

    01:12:53 Portrait of a woman of the Luritja [Kukatja (NT)] people.

    01:13:15 'The Ngalia male coiffure.'

    01:13:19 A Ngalia man is shown doing up his hair

    01:14:06 'The reaction of male adults to toys.'

    01:14:10 A young man bounces a kookaburra puppet.

    01:15:06 A group of men one of whom is Mallitjukurupa [H9] of the Ngalia people, examine and discuss with each other the group of European manufactured toys presented by HK Fry.

    01:14:54 'Natives lie passive under abnormal conditions.'

    01:14:58 CS Hicks and E Eldridge conduct Basal Metabolism tests with participating Australian Aboriginal individuals.

    01:15:53 'Natives are fond of play.'

    01:15:57 An Australian Aboriginal man walks about pretending he is being hunted. He walks up to two other men who are hiding in bushes. The three of them wrestle each other in play, laughing.

    01:16:32 'Sunset over Liebig.'

    01:16:35 Sunset, Mt Liebig.

    01:16:16 'Towards evening wood is collected for the night fires.'

    01:16:51 Fire wood is carried into camp.

    01:16:59 'The men rest in camp and chew "Pitjuri" after the days hunting.'

    01:17:18 An Australian Aboriginal man prepares a Pitjuri quid for chewing. The twigs of the wattle (Acacia) are burnt and the ashes collected. The Pitjuri is then rolled in the ashes and consumed.

    01:17:34 'The women collect their children.'

    01:17:38 Women and children shelter behind a break-wind.

    01:17:45 Portraits of young babies and children.

    01:18:11 'The evenings are devoted to singing and dancing around the camp fires.'

    01:18:17 Night-time scene around a campfire. A group of Ngalia women and children dance towards a group of Ngalia men who are singing and clapping boomerangs. 'In evening went over to camp and organised a play dance. Got the women to dance as well as the men, Stocker took a few feet of film with flares.' (AA 338/1/8), p.34.

    01:18:45 Close up of the men who are singing and clapping boomerangs. A flare has been placed in the campfire which sheds an enormous amount of light on the men.

    10:20:17 'Finis.' Mt Liebig. End Part Seven.'

    01:20:22 Mt Liebig Part Eight.

    01:20:22 Restricted Content Starts.

    01:25:32 Restricted Content Ends.

    01:25:32 Mt Liebig 'End Part Eight.'

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/14 )
    Tindale Tribes: Pintubi; Ngalia; Jumu; Luritja [Kukatja (NT)].

    1. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Positive, Reel 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    2. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Positive, Reel 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 430ft.
    3. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Positive, Reel 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    4. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Positive, Reel 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    5. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Positive, Reel 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    6. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Positive, Reel 6
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    7. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Positive, Reel 7
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 450ft.
    8. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Positive, Reel 8
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
    9. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Positive, Reel 8, Copy 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the EO Stocker collection (AA 331) Acc. No. 1079 (8A)
    10. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Negative, Reel 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    11. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Negative, Reel 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    12. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Negative, Reel 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    13. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Negative, Reel 6
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    14. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Negative, Reel 7
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 450ft.
    15. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Master Negative, Reel 8
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
    16. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Duplicate Negative, Reel 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    17. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Duplicate Negative, Reel 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 430ft.
    18. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Duplicate Negative, Reel 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    19. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Duplicate Negative, Reel 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    20. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Duplicate Negative, Reel 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    21. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Duplicate Negative, Reel 6
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    22. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Duplicate Negative, Reel 7
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 450ft.
    23. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Duplicate Negative, Reel 8
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
    24. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the EO Stocker collection (AA 331) Acc. No. 1072 (1B)
    25. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 1, Copy 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    26. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 430ft.
    27. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    28. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the EO Stocker collection (AA 331) Acc. No. 1075 (4A)
    29. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 4, Copy 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the EO Stocker collection (AA 331) Acc No. 1076 (5B)
    30. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    31. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 5, Copy 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    32. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 6
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    33. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 7
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 450ft.
    34. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. Screening Print, Reel 8
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
    35. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 1 hour 25 min 32 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/6/1-7 and AA346/9/6/15
    36. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 1 hour 25 min 32 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/6/35
    37. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 1 hour 25 min 32 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/6/36
    38. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 1 hour 25 min 32 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/6/36
    39. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 1 hour 25 min 32 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/6/37
    40. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 1 hour 25 min 32 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/6/38
    41. Mt Liebig, NT, 1932. ACCESS DVD 5
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 58 min 5 sec
      Transfer Date: 28/2/2012
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/6/39

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale 'Journal of an Expedition to Mt Liebig, Central Australia to do Anthropological Research.' (AA 338/1/8)
    • 'Report on the Ethnological Results of the Mt Liebig Expedition, August 1932, By Norman B Tindale.' Typed report pasted to journal (AA 338/1/8), pp.101-103.
    • NB Tindale's film summary 'Natives of Central Aust. And the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board of Anthropological Research' Multiple copies with annotations. Incomplete manuscript. Unpublished. (AA 346/9/27/2-3)
    • Narration tapes made by NB Tindale relating to Board for Anthropological Research films. Relevant tapes (AA 346/9/26/1 - AA 346/9/26/3) and (AA 346/9/26/12)
    • NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/8)
    • BAR Sociological photographs (AA 346/4/14/1)
    • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/14/3)
    • BAR expedition photographs, Mt Liebig, NT, 1932 (AA 346/6)
    • M Lamshed, Reports from the expedition, The Advertiser, 26 - 31 August 1932, and from other newspaper journalists. Enclosed in NB Tindale's Journal (AA 338/1/8), pp.287-341

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/6
    Date Range 4 August 1932 - 25 August 1932, dates of expedition
    Quantity 72 cm, 40 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/6
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/7

    Mann Range, Central Australia [South Australia], 1933.

      'Incidents from Daily Life of Aborigines in the Mann Ranges.'

    BAR Expedition Symbol: I

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    'Incidents from Daily Life of Aborigines in the Mann Ranges' is the final film production documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Mann Range, South Australia during 25 May - 6 August 1933.

    The BAR party consisting of NB Tindale (AA 338) and CJ Hackett (AA 122) who travelled by rail to Oodnadatta and then the 280 miles to Ernabella by truck. There the party was met by the leaseholder S Ferguson, whose nephew, A Brumby (AA 42), was secured as cameleer and guide. The party departed Ernabella on 13 June with a string of camels, loaded with equipment and food for two months journey along the Musgrave Ranges and on to the Mann Range. For a detailed itinerary and locations visited by the party see Tindale, NB & Hackett, CJ 'Preliminary report on field work among the aborigines of North-West of South Australia, May 31 to July 30th, 1933. Oceania, IV (1) 1933, pp.101-105.

    During this time the BAR expedition members met and journeyed with members of the Pitjandjara and Jankunkjadjara peoples. Film shot by NB Tindale during this expedition was made into a final film production entitled 'A day in the Life of the natives of the Mann Range' which comprises footage shot on three successive days of a journey across the Mann Range and in the sand desert south of it. This production consists of Reels 1 - 3, and in addition Reel 4 consists an 'Initiation Ceremony' held at Konapandi. In total of 1,500 ft of film was exposed during the Mann Range expedition.

    Tindale, Hackett and their party return to Ernabella on 30 July 1933 where they awaited the arrival of the Board for Anthropological Research party for the 'Ernabella' expedition which took place from 6-24 August 1933. See: Tindale's journal (AA 338/1/9), pp. 628, 663.

    The original master copies of the Mann Range expedition films were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as B#17 - B#20. This expedition film was previous held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) and was transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation tape consists of (AA 346/9/7/1 - AA 346/9/7/4). Duration 39 minutes 05 seconds, with intertitles.

    Note that film taken during the Mann Range and Ernabella (AA 346/9/8) expeditions have been used in both final film productions. Where possible this footage has been cross referenced with the corresponding time codes.

    In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'I.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [I27]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/8/45)

    00:00 'Mann Range, SA, 1933.'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1933.'

    01:30 'Mann Range, 1933. Reel One.'

    01:35 'Adelaide University Anthropological Expedition. Native Reserve, May-June, 1933.'

    01:44 'Incidents from Daily Life of Aborigines in the Mann Ranges.'

    01:49 'Photography and Arrangement by Norman B Tindale Ethnologist SA Museum.'

    01:54 Scene of the vicinity of Mann Range showing the mountain ranges and a distant view of the plains.

    02:11 'Summary of events in winter when one hundred Pitjandjara natives moved across Mann Ranges towards sandhills near Tomkinson Range.'

    02:17 Fade in as dawn breaks on the camp where people sleep around their low burning fires.

    02:32' Chill of the clear night, with temperature of 22o Fahr. makes the old man restless; talk leads to a quarrel.'

    02:38 Distant view of camp, men are seen walking excitedly around.

    02:49 'DAYBREAK. An old man has been accused of incest and is parading his wrath.'

    02:55 Distant view of camp, movement of persons from fire to fire. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.463.

    03:16 'Children are only mildly interested in adult quarrels.'

    03:20 Two girls watch the quarrel.

    03:38 'SUNRISE. Women stir, carrying suggestions for the day's journey from camp to camp.'

    03:42 Women walk from one camp to another.

    03:55 Children warm themselves at a fire shelter behind a breakwind.

    03:59 'Cold keeps them huddled by the fires even in their play.'

    04:03 Further shot of children sheltering behind a breakwind.

    04:22 'No food remains from yesterday; a woman brings water from rockhole for thirsty ones.'

    04:26 A woman carries water back to camp.

    04:36 'MORNING. Torn between desire for warmth and necessity of day's journey in search of food.'

    04:42 An Australian Aboriginal man sits warming himself by a fire, his spears lay beside him.

    04:52 The camp prepares to move.

    05:18 'Forenoon is spent in traveling towards the next water.'

    05:22 'Ten miles is normal journey for family parties.'

    05:25 About 120 men, women and children leave camp on a ten mile journey lighting many fires along the route to keep warm. Firesticks are also carried.

    05:30 'For warmth each person carries a fire stick.'

    05:33 Families walk with their possessions and dogs.

    05:59 'The cold breeze causes a halt to replenish firesticks.'

    06:04 The group stops to replenish their firesticks, they then gather their possessions and continue on their journey.

    06:37 'Women burdened with almost all the family possessions.'

    06:41 Women walk carrying children as well as loaded bark dishes and digging sticks.

    06:55 'Crossing a rocky pass in the ranges (Trew Gap).'

    06:59 The group negotiates the rocky ground.

    07:43 'FORENOON. Another pass; children show signs of thirst.'

    07:48 Footage of a rocky pass.

    07:55 'No water remains in the rocky crevice.'

    07:59 A child searches for water amongst the crevices.

    08:06 'One man remembers a small temporary water catchment.'

    08:10 A man walks up a hill.

    08:19 'His signals means "there is no water."'

    08:23 The man signals from the hill.

    08:31 The group continues on their journey.

    08:52 'Another rockhole yields a copious draught.'

    08:55 Children drink from a waterhole.

    09:23 'Figs (Ficus platypods) grow among rocks about the pool.'

    09:28 Fig tree and its fruit. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.515.

    09:40 'NOON. Scattering in sandhill country to gather food.'

    09:44 The group spreads out over the sandhills in search of food. (AA 346/1/9), p.475.

    10:17 'Preparing a firestick to aid in the hunt.'

    10:22 The preparation of firesticks, carried by a man and a boy.

    10:44 'Wild dingo tracks claim attention.'

    10:48 A man and boy follow dingo tracks.

    11:25 'Tame representative of the animal they hunt.'

    11:29 A tame dingo.

    11:33 'Burning the twig mound of the house-building rat (Leporillus conditor).'

    11:39 Fire consumes the twig mound. See: (AA 338/1/9), pp.539-541.

    11:46 'Dogs capture the native rat.'

    11:50 The fire drives the rat from its nest, which is then caught by dogs.

    11:59 Man looks into a burrow .

    12:05 Mann Range 1933. End of Reel One.

    12:23 Mann Range 1933. Reel Two.

    12:25 Hunting euro (a species of rock-frequenting kangaroo).

    12:32 'Fire aids men in driving euro along the range.'

    12:35 Australian Aboriginal men follow the euro's escaping the fire.

    12:54 'Racing towards escaping euro; an animal is speared.'

    12:58 Men ambush and spear the euro.

    13:20 'Children collect smaller game while men are hunting.'

    13:24 A young Australian Aboriginal boy pushes over a dead tree in search of food.

    13:41 'Dead native poplar trees (Cononocarpus) yield borer grubs.'

    13:46 The boy continues his search for food.

    14:00 'A lad catches a wren (Amytornis) a porcupine grass.'

    14:04 An Australian Aboriginal boy runs past the camera. See: (AA 338/1/9) p.509.

    14:07 An Australian Aboriginal man holds the wren in his hand.

    14:10 'Another has unearthed a blind marsupial mole (Notoryctes).'

    14:14 A boy holds a marsupial mole (Notoryctes typhlops). See: (AA 338/1/9), pp. 297- 301, 426.

    14:24 The marsupial mole walks on the surface then burrows itself into the ground.

    14:36 'Obtaining desert kurrajongs seed pods (Brachychiton); water shortage prevents systematic gathering.'

    14:41 An Australian Aboriginal woman and boy approach a Kurrajong tree, where the boy throws sticks to dislodge the seeds. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.565.

    14:59 'Kurrajong tree: - crows (Corvus cecilae) feed upon the seeds.'

    15:04 Crows rise from the kurrajong tree. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.541.

    15:21 'Child discovers quantities of undigested kurrajongs seeds deposited by crows beside rockhole.'

    15:26 Boy with kurrajongs seeds. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.525.

    15:44 'He plays at milling the seeds.'

    15:47 Playing with the seed.

    15:52 'His mother winnows and prepares seed for grinding.'

    15:56 Women winnowing seed at camp. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.535.

    16:33 'After milling it is cooked as a damper toasted seeds are relished.'

    16:39 Scenes at the woman's camp.

    16:52 'Un-ground seeds clog the teeth.'

    17:07 Further scene with women and children.

    17:08 'AFTERNOON. Footsore hunters journey towards the new camp.'

    17:12 The men return to a new camp with what they have captured from their day's hunting.

    17:23 'Thirsty ones drink at soakage; others wait for women to fetch water to camp.'

    17:30 Men drinking at a water soakage.

    17:39 'Some hunters cook and dismember their kill (note broken spear).'

    17:44 The men return to new camp with the animals caught in the hunt.

    18:19 'Early arrival on lookout for newcomers.'

    18:22 Men and children await the arrival of others, and signal their whereabouts.

    18:34 'Obtaining a firestick, he commences cooking a dingo.'

    18:38 A Pitjandjara man removes the tail and scalp from the dingo, then prepares the dingo for cooking. See: (AA 346/1/9), p.405.

    19:06 'Breaking limbs and singeing fur while the oven is being warmed.'

    19:12 Further preparations of the dingo for cooking.

    20:05 'LATE AFTERNOON. Feeding becomes general; women have not yet arrived.'

    20:10 Men eat the cooked meat.

    20:31 'One sleeps after his meal; another strolls about.'

    20:34 Man asleep beside a fire.

    20:45 A Pitjandjara man walks towards the camera outstretching his arm.

    21:11 'Others commence to make and repair their weapons.'

    21:16 Men commence to grease and repair their spears.

    21:26 'Mann Range 1933. End of Reel Two.'

    21:38 'Mann Range 1933. Reel Three.'

    21:41 'Burning a design on a man's wooden hair-pin.'

    21:45 A Pitjandjara man burns designs on a hair-pin. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.403.

    22:03 'Repairing the broken spear.'

    22:06 The broken spear ends are prepared.

    23:22 'Spear-thrower handle yields store of gum for splice.'

    23:26 Further preparations of the broken spear ends.

    23:39 'Softening kangaroo sinews to lash the junction.'

    23:43 Softening the sinew by chewing, applying spinifex gum to the broken spear ends, then lashing the spear ends together with the softened sinew. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.385.

    24:42 'Some children arrive and obtain meat from their elders.'

    24:48 Children eating. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.419.

    25:14 'Marrow is a delicacy.'

    25:17 A child uses a rock to crush the bone and to obtain the marrow.

    25:46 'Food and play go together.'

    25:50 Children play and eat. Children playing pickaback and swaying from tree branches. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.465.

    27:21 'Women folk are sent to the rockhole for water.'

    27:26 'Younger children play while mothers bale out water.'

    27:29 Women gather water with children nearby. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.419.

    27:51 'Radiating from the rockhole are lines of stepping stones along which to play.'

    27:57 A child runs along the stepping stones. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.527.

    28:09 'Water-carriers return.'

    28:11 Women return to camp carrying water in wooden dishes. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.419.

    28:21 A child drinks water from a dish.

    28:35 'Mulga grass keeps the water from splashing.'

    28:39 Close up of the mulga grass in the dish full of water.

    28:48 'DUSK. Firewood is an essential for the cold night.'

    28:53 Bringing firewood to camp, an old man prepares his night camp behind a break-wind.

    29:23 'Preparing a sleeping place behind break-wind.'

    29:25 A woman brings water to her camp and prepares a place to sleep.

    29:45 'Chill of evening draws everyone to the fire; only dogs are restless.'

    29:50 People gather close around the fires.

    30:16 'NIGHT. Fires burn bright.'

    30:18 Multiple camp fires burn as the sun goes down.

    30:27 'Mann Range 1933. End of Reel Three.'

    30:31 Start of footage taken during the Harvard Adelaide Expedition film: 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Tableland.' 1938-1939.

    30:31 An Australian Aboriginal man on the far bank of a river poles a raft closer to the camera, he smokes a pipe.

    31:03 On his raft he has an axe and some wood which he picks up.

    31:05 End of footage relating to the Harvard Adelaide Expedition film 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Tableland.' 1938-1939. See: (AA 346/9/13/1) Time Codes 11:26 - 11:53.

    31:08 'Initiation Ceremonies 1933.' Reel Four.

    31:08 Restricted Content Starts.

    40:04 Restricted Content Ends.

    40:04 'Initiation Ceremonies 1933. End of Reel [Four]'

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/15).
    Tindale Tribes: Jangkundjara; Pitjandjara; Antakirinja; Ngalea; Ngadadjara; Kukatja (NT).
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Yankuntjatjara; Pitjantjatjara; Antakarinja; Luritja; Ngatatjara.

    1. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 380ft.
    2. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    3. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    4. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
    5. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 380ft.
    6. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    7. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    8. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
    9. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE POSITIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 380ft.
    10. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE POSITIVE, REEL 1 COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 380ft.
    11. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 380ft.
    12. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    13. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    14. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
    15. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 380ft.
    16. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 1, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 380ft. Acc. No: 1054.
    17. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    18. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 2, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    19. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    20. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 3, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    21. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
    22. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 4, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft. Acc. No. 1057.
    23. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 39 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
      Generation of AA 346/9/7/1-4
    24. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 39 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
      Generation of AA 346/9/7/23
    25. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 39 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
      Generation of AA 346/9/7/24
    26. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 39 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
      Generation of AA 346/9/7/24
    27. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 39 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
      Generation of AA 346/9/7/25
    28. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 39 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
      Generation of AA 346/9/7/26
    29. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. OPEN ACCESS DVD 5 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 28 min. 54 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
      Generation of AA 346/9/7/27
      Notes: Includes Reels 1- 3 only. Time Codes 00:00-30:27
    30. MANN RANGE, SA, 1933. OPEN ACCESS DVD 6
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 28 min. 54 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/11/2005
      Generation of AA 346/9/7/28
      Notes: Includes Reels 1- 3 only. Time Codes 00:00-30:27

      REFERENCES

    • Tindale, NB & Hackett, CJ 'Preliminary report on field work among the aborigines of North-West of South Australia, May 31st to July 30th, 1933. Oceania, IV (1) 1933, pp.101-105.
    • NB Tindale's film summary 'Natives of Central Aust. and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board of Anthropological Research' Multiple copies with annotations. Incomplete manuscript. Unpublished. (AA 346/9/27/2-4)
    • Tindale, NB Draft '1933 Anthropological Expedition to the North West of South Australia.' 3pp in BAR (AA 346/1)
    • Tindale, NB Anthropological Society of South Australia Journal 1(2) April 1963 (2).
    • Tindale, NB, (1937) 'Natives of the Western Desert of Australia,' Man 37:33.
    • 'Journal of an Anthropological Expedition to the Mann and Musgrave Ranges, North West of South Australia, May - June 1933, and a personal record of the Anthropological expedition to Ernabella, August 1933 by Norman B Tindale.' (AA 338/1/9) pp.1-662 relate to the present expedition.
    • Narration tapes made by NB Tindale relating to Board for Anthropological Research films. Relevant tapes (AA 346/9/26/1 - AA 346/9/26/3) (AA 346/9/26/7) (AA 346/9/26/12)
    • NB Tindale photographs Mann Range, SA, 1933. (AA 338/5/9)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/7
    Date Range 25 May 1933 - 6 August 1933, dates of expedition
    Quantity 54 cm, 30 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/7
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/8/1-20,35-42

    Ernabella, South Australia, 1933.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: I

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the first of two final film productions documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Ernabella, South Australia during 7-24 August 1933. This film title relates to film items (AA 346/9/8/1-20).

    The expedition party included numerous Board for Anthropological Research members.
    The main BAR party left Adelaide on 3 August and reached Ernabella on 7 August were they met the advance BAR party of NB Tindale (AA 338) and CJ Hackett (AA 122) who had returned to Ernabella on 31 June from the Mann Range Expedition. See: Tindale's journal (AA 338/1/9), pp. 628, 663. and Tindale NB 'Anthropological Expedition to the North-West of South Australia,' p.99.

    At Ernabella the BAR expedition members met and conducted physical anthropological tests on participating Australian Aboriginal people. These included groups who had gathered at Ernabella and those that Tindale and Hackett had encouraged them to join them to Ernabella.

    The cinematographers were NB Tindale and HK Fry (AA 105). The original master copies of the expedition films were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as B#21 - B#25. This expedition film was previous held in the NB Tindale and HK Fry collections and were transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation tape consists of (AA 346/9/8/1 - AA 346/9/8/5). Duration 45 minutes 45 seconds, with intertitles

    Note that film taken during the Mann Range (AA 346/9/7) and Ernabella expeditions have been used in both final film productions. Where possible this footage has been cross referenced with the corresponding time codes.

    In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'I.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [I27]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/8/39)

    00:00 'Ernabella, SA, 1933'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1933.'

    01:00 'Ernabella, 1933. Reel One.'

    01:02 'Topical Scenes and Incidents.'

    01:05 'Photography by HK Fry.'

    01:08 Glimpse of Southern Lake Eyre from the train.

    01:13 Landscape of Southern Lake Eyre from a moving train.

    01:20 'Oodnadatta. Where the Expedition left the Northern Railway for the 300 miles motor journey west to Ernabella.'

    01:28 View of houses at Oodnadatta.

    01:34 'Moorilyanna. Leaving camp on a frosty morning.'

    01:39 Expedition members driving to Ernabella.

    02:00 'Ernabella. Scenes and incidents about the Expedition Camp.'

    02:04 Series of landscape shots.

    02:17 TH Johnson (AA 161) and JB Cleland (AA 52) conducting physical anthropology tests with a participating Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara woman.

    02:21 A large flock of sheep, followed by a dozen or so Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara children.

    02:30 Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara children play and climbing trees.

    02:49 A group of Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara children play with European manufactured toys which include a doll, figurines, animals, a snake and puppet.

    02:58 Close up shot of a Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara boy.

    03:14 At the BAR expedition camp a Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara man does vigorous squatting exercises after which he lies on the ground and has his blood pressure taken.

    03:32 Three Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara men exchange dingo scalps with BAR expedition member Alan Brumby for flour, tobacco and a pipe, Kunapanti.

    04:15 Two Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara women mock fight with digging sticks and by hand, laughing all the while. Children look on with excitement.

    04:58 A group of women walk some carry firesticks.

    05:07 Paddy Conlay's patent camel buggy built from the chassis of an old motor car with a long central pole fixed to the front wheel and two camels tied in harness abreast. Footage of the buggy in motion and stationary. See: (AA 338/1/9), pp.97-99.

    05:31 Camels fighting near the BAR expedition camp.

    05:37 Expedition vehicles leave the BAR expedition camp.

    05:45 'Return Journey. Exceptional rains make travelling precarious.'

    05:50 Expedition vehicles leave the BAR expedition camp, members wave at the camera as they pass.

    06:03 Distant views of homesteads.

    06:21 'Lambina Station and the Alberga River.'

    06:24 Buildings and the gardens at Lambina Station.

    06:48 'The rain-soaked Tableland, known locally as "Central Australia Plain."'

    06:53 BAR expedition members stand beside their bogged vehicle.

    07:02 Driving around vast pools of water.

    07:14 'The expedition arrives safely at Oodnadatta.'

    07:18 BAR expedition members stand beside the vehicles.

    07:28 End of Ernabella, 1933. Reel One [No intertitle]

    07:30 'Ernabella, 1933. Reel Two.'

    07:32 'Adelaide University Anthropological expedition. Ernabella, August, 1933.'

    07:36 Children's Games and Pastimes.

    07:39 A Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara man stands with a young child. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.711.

    07:45 A group of Pitjandjara / Jangkundjaral children some of whom jump around and play in the sand.

    07:49 Two Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara children sit on a large boulder looking with interest at the camera.

    07:55 A young Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara woman demonstrates ways of picking up and carrying young children.

    08:26 Two young Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara girls one with gumnuts adorning her hair.

    08:56 Sequence of shots of Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara children.

    09:57 'Apara-waltji, popular boys game with bark disc.'

    10:01 An Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara boy chops a circular bark disc from a tree with a metal tomahawk, watched by other boys.

    10:06 'Cutting disc from the bark of red gum.'

    10:11 Precise chopping of the disc into a circle.

    10:19 'His toy spear is made from ti-tree.'

    10:23 An Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara boy fashions his toy spear.

    10:34 'One throws the disc, others "kill" it with cods and spears.'

    10:39 Two young Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara boys throw their toy spears at the bark disc, which is set in motion by a third boy. See also Time Codes 46:32-6:33 in this film for additional footage.

    11:17 'Sham fighting with toy spears blunted against a stone.'

    11:20 Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara boys turn from spearing the bark disc to each other.

    11:45 'Sham fighting with tjambi, or porcupine grass spears.'

    11:49 Group of young Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara boys next to a porcupine bush on fire.

    11:55 'Sharp point of grass blade is fixed in stem of flowering stalk.'

    12:01 A Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara boy sharpens the point of his spear, and a group of boys playfully spear each other with porcupine grass blades.

    12:22 'Spearing one another indiscriminately; when they strike they stick.'

    12:26 Boys show the porcupine spears that hang from their legs.

    12:37 'Follow the leader.'

    12:40 A group of Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara children play follow the leader in a dry creek bed.

    12:46 'Native boys like climbing.'

    12:49 A young boy climbing a tree uses a tomahawk to detach some bark.

    13:04 Witchetty grub shown to the camera.

    13:06 'Baby playing with a piece of rubbish.'

    13:09 A young boy excitedly plays.

    13:22 'Rushes twisted into an axe-shaped mode, then thrown away.'

    13:27 Two Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara children one of whom is Njinota nja (Tjinota) [I165] of the Pitjandjara people makes an axe shaped object.

    14:03 'Kalpi manikunani, girls' game with leaves representing men and women.'

    14:09 Three girls play Kalpi manikunani separately.

    14:19 'Warmed, rubbed in sand, paired and beaten with sticks.'

    14:23 Close up shot of the leaves in the sand, further shots of girls playing Kalpi manikunani together.

    14:53 'They play and quarrel like children elsewhere in the world.'

    14:58 A group of Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara children playing in numerous ways, jumping in the sand, playing with dingo pups and spearing each other with porcupine grass.

    17:06 Ernabella, 1933. End of Reel Two.

    17:11 'Ernabella, 1933. Reel Three.'

    17:13 Technology.

    17:15 'Tjewere makes a mimbu or wooden dish.'

    17:19 Taldalpanu (Talpapanu) [I29] of the Pitjandjara people walking around and looking.

    17:23 'Searching for a tree with a suitable limb.'

    17:27 Taldalpanu (Talpapanu) [I29] of the Pitjandjara people with a second man discuss the suitability of a tree limb for their purpose.

    17:33 'He cuts through to hollow centre of branch.'

    17:37 Taldalpanu (Talpapanu) [I29] of the Pitjandjara people finds a suitable tree limb from which he extracts a portion of bark with a tomahawk. A second man and boy look on.

    18:45 'Using a digging stick to lever it off.'

    18:49 Using a digging stick to leaver the bark portion away from the tree.

    19:06 'Shaped roughly with tomahawk, and finished with an adze.'

    19:11 Roughly shaping the bark piece with a tomahawk and later an adze more precision.

    20:19 One of the men lights a fire using spear-thrower.

    20:34 Taldalpanu (Talpapanu) [I29] of the Pitjandjara people with another man and the newly fashioned bark dish.

    20:39 'Carried to camp, moistened and buried in hot sand beneath the fire.'

    20:45 Water is sprinkled on the dish and it is placed in the hot sands beneath a fire to be baked.

    21:04 'After baking it is stayed and decorated with red ochre.'

    21:20 Two stick are placed across the inside to keep it in shape while it dries. Decorating the dish with red ochre. 'Fry secured cinema photographs of the making of a wooden dish. When finished Taldalpanu (Talpapanu) [I29] places two sticks across the inside to keep it in shape while it was drying.' See: (AA 338/1/9), p.723.

    21:58 Demonstrating how the finished article is used.

    22:02 'Spear Manufacture.'

    22:05 Two Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara men walk with their dog.

    22:12 'Orutjan, (Tecoma doratoxylon) from which spears are made.'

    22:17 A Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara man removes a long branch of Urtjanpa Tecoma doratoxylon.

    22:27 The foliage of this bush.

    22:30 'Long stems are broken off near the ground.'

    22:34 Several Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara men demonstrate how they reach into the centre of the bush to remove the stems near the ground. All leaves are then removed and the initial bending is begun to straighten the stem.

    22:57 'After heating and straightening, the bark is peeled off'.

    23:03 Wangenga [I35] of the Pitjandjara people, softens the stem over a fire, then removes the bark.

    23:29 Footage of a Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara man digging in a burrow. See also Mann Range, SA, (AA 346/9/8/7) Time Codes 11:59-12:05.

    23:31 Further preparations of the stem.

    23:40 'Incised lines and ochre paint form the decoration.'

    23:45 Further preparations of the stem.

    23:58 'A ti-tree peg fixed with kangaroo tendon forms the barb.'

    24:03 Fashioning and fixing the peg.

    24:07 'Obtaining tendons from the tail of a wallaby.'

    24:11 'The terminal joint is broken with the fingers.'

    24:15 Drawing tendons from a wallaby tail.

    24:24 'Drawing tendons from a more proximal joint.'

    24:28 Further drawing of tendons.

    24:41 'Making string, puturu, of wallaby fur.'

    24:44 Removing fur from wallaby.

    25:05 'Fur is beaten with a stick on firm wetted ground.'

    25:10 Restricted Content Starts.

    25:15 Restricted Content Ends.

    25:15 The fur is beaten on firm wetted ground.

    25:40 'Cross sticks form spindle and winder for the string.'

    25:44 Preparing the spindle, teasing out the fur and starting the hair string. Attaching the hair string to the spindle and spinning the spindle to make string.

    26:42 'The string may break and the fur requires further beating.'

    26:47 Further beating of the wallaby fur.

    27:11 'Making a Pubic Tassel, Maranga, with string.'

    27:15 A Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara man demonstrates how to make a pubic tassel with hair string.

    27:49 Restricted Content Starts.

    28:22 Restricted Content Ends.

    28:22 'Ernabella, 1933. End of Reel Three.'

    28:27 'Ernabella, 1933. Reel Four'

    28:29 Restricted Content Starts.

    32:37 Restricted Content Ends.

    32:37 'Decorating large wooden hairpins with a live coal.'

    32:42 Man burning designs in a hairpin. See also Mann Range, SA (AA 346/9/8/7) Time codes 21:41-21:45.

    33:19 'Building wet-weather hut, Kanko (note completed example in background).'

    33:24 Two men construct a wet-weather hut.

    33:57 'Piling branches, sticks and leaves on ti-tree bushes to form the hut.'

    34:03 Further construction of the wet-weather hut.

    34:37 'Striking flakes from a stone to make lancets.'

    34:42 Stone flaking sequence.

    34:47 'Women sharpening digging sticks: burning one side of extremity.'

    34:52 Women use a stone to sharpen the charred end of a digging stick.

    35:08 'Charred wood is rubbed away on a stone.'

    35:11 Further sharpening of the digging stick with a stone.

    35:16 'Toilette.'

    35:19 'A man's chignon based on emu feather pad over which the hair is bound.'

    35:26 Men prepare their hair.

    36:07 'Grooming the beard.'

    36:10 A man grooms his beard. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.693.

    36:30 'Using a stick to clean the teeth.'

    36:33 A child with a stick in her mouth, a man cleans his teeth with a small stick.

    36:51 Restricted Content Starts.

    37:08 Restricted Content Ends.

    37:08 'Women and girls adorn their hair with gum-nuts.'

    37:14 Young Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara girls prepare gum-nuts for adorning their hair.

    37:19 'After drilling nut with a stick the tip of a lock of hair is wedged in.'

    37:25 Attaching the gum-nut to the hair.

    37:30 'A second nut may be added to same lock.'

    37:34 Further attachment of gum nuts, a Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara girl with a fringe of gum-nuts.

    37:44 'Ernabella, 1933. End of Reel Four.'

    37:49 'Ernabella, 1933. Reel Five.'

    37:52 'Sign Language.'

    37:53 'No Water Here.'

    37:57 A Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara man signals from the top of a hill that there is no water. See also Mann Range, SA (AA 346/9/8/7) Time Codes 08:10-8:30.

    38:04 'I claim a wife intention announced by carrying meru under arm. Girl then seized by arm.'

    38:11 Man stands with a spear thrower under his arm.

    38:15 'Dog - Papa.'

    38:18 Sign.

    38:22 'Spear - Katji.'

    38:24 Sign.

    38:27 'Spear thrower - Meru.'

    38:29 Sign.

    38:32 'Wooden dish - Mimbu.'

    38:34 Sign.

    38:37 'Digging stick - Wana.'

    38:40 Sign.

    38:43 'Rabbit - Rabita.'

    38:46 Sign.

    38:49 'Pussy Cat - Putji kata.'

    38:52 Sign.

    38:56 'Grass seed - Wanganu.'

    38:59 Sign.

    39:01 'Fig - Ili.'

    39:03 Sign.

    39:07 'A circumcision ceremony was held here.'

    39:10 Sign.

    39:20 'Snake - Wami.'

    39:23 Sign.

    39:26 'Man - Wati.'

    39:29 Sign.

    39:31 'Woman - Kunka.'

    39:34 Sign.

    39:37 'Child - Tjitji.'

    39:40 Sign.

    39:43 'Fire - Waro.'

    39:45 Sign.

    39:51 'Water - Kapi.'

    39:54 Sign.

    39:59 'Emu - Kalaia.'

    40:02 Sign.

    40:03 'Kangaroo - Malu.'

    40:06 Sign.

    40:09 'Wallaby - Waro.'

    40:12 Sign.

    40:15 'Bandicoot - Windaru.'

    40:17 Sign.

    40:20 'Physiology.'

    40:22 'Analysis of walking and running in women and men.'

    40:27 Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara women and men walking back and forth, then running back and fourth. Some slow motion shots.

    42:19 'Shuffling gait when walking over prickly ground.'

    42:23 Two men walk over prickly ground.

    42:29 'Characteristic postures.'

    42:31 Standing and sitting postures.

    42:43 'Lifting and carrying children.'

    42:46 Demonstrating the lifting and carrying of children.

    43:26 A Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara man walks around carrying his dog behind his back. See: (AA 338/1/9), p.693.

    44:01 'Articulation.'

    44:03 'Oua (meaning yes).'

    44:06 Close up of a man articulating.

    44:08 'Tjanamiltjan.'

    44:11 Close up of a man articulating.

    44:13 'Nganandaruka.'

    44:15 Close up of a man articulating.

    44:17 Restricted Content Starts.

    45:04 Restricted Content Ends.

    45:04 'Ernabella, 1933. End of Reel Five.'

    45:08 'Episodes in life history of the camel.'

    45:12 Camels mating.

    45:35 A Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara man walks then aims his spear at a burrow in the ground and walks around in a circle.

    45:54 Scenes from the morning camp. See also Mann Range, SA (AA 346/9/8/7) Time Code 2:38- 2:48.

    46:01 Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara children eating meat. See also Mann Range, SA (AA 346/9/8/7) Time Code 25:50-27:20.

    46:22 Children running after a woman who carries a small tin can. Footage appears to be shot during the Mann expedition but not included in the final film production.

    46:27 Still image of a Pitjandjara / Jangkundjara mother carrying a child on her back.

    46:32 Children throwing toy spears at a rolling bark disc. See also Time Code 10:39-11:16 in this film for additional footage.

    46:34 Restricted Content Starts.

    46:40 Restricted Content Ends.

    46:40 Playing on stones arranged in lines near a waterhole.

    46:44 End of 'Ernabella, 1933. Reel Five.' [No Intertitle]

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/15).
    Tindale Tribes: Antakirinja; Jangkundjara; Kukatja (NT); Ngadadjara; Ngalea; Pitjandjara .
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Antakarinja; Luritja; Ngatatjara; Pitjantjatjara; Yankuntjatjara.

    1. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
    2. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    3. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    4. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    5. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
    6. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
    7. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    8. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    9. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    10. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
    11. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
    12. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    13. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    14. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    15. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
    16. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
    17. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    18. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    19. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    20. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.

    1. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 45 min. 45 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/1 - AA 346/9/8/5
    2. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 45 min. 45 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/35
    3. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 45 min. 45 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/36
    4. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 45 min. 45 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/36
    5. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 45 min. 45 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/37
    6. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 45 min. 45 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/38
    7. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. OPEN ACCESS DVD 5 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 34 min. 00 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/39
    8. ERNABELLA, SA, 1933. OPEN ACCESS DVD 6
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 34 min. 00 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/40

      REFERENCES

    • Tindale, NB, 'Anthropological Expedition to the North-West of South Australia,' 1933. Oceania, IV (1) 1933, pp.99-101.
    • 'Journal of an Anthropological Expedition to the Mann and Musgrave Ranges, North West of South Australia, May-June 1933, and a personal record of the Anthropological expedition to Ernabella, Aug 1933, by Norman B Tindale.' (AA 338/1/9) pp. 663-746.
    • HK Fry, Man XXXV, 1935 No. 114.
    • NB Tindale's film summary 'Natives of Central Aust. and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board of Anthropological Research' Multiple copies with annotations. Incomplete manuscript. Unpublished. (AA 346/9/27/4).
    • Series of reports from the expedition by M Lamshed journalist for 'The Advertiser' 7 August - 8 September 1933.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/8/1-20,35-42
    Date Range 7 August 1933 - 24 August 1933, dates of expedition
    Quantity 50.5 cm, 28 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/8/1-20,35-42
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/8/21-34,43-48

    Ernabella Ceremonies, South Australia, 1933.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: I

    THIS FILM IS RESTRICTED.
     

    This film is the second of two final film productions documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Ernabella, South Australia during 7-24 August 1933. 'Ernabella Ceremonies' relates to film items (AA 346/9/8/21-34).

    The cinematographers were NB Tindale (AA 338) and HK Fry (AA 105). The original master copies of the expedition films were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as B#26-B#29. This expedition film was previous held in the NB Tindale and HK Fry collections and were transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation tape consists of (AA 346/9/8/21 - AA 346/9/8/24). Duration 26 minutes 53 seconds, with intertitles.

    Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/8/45)

    00:00 'Ernabella Ceremonies, 1933.'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1933.'

    01:02 'Ernabella Ceremonies, Reel 1'

    01:02 Restricted Content Starts.

    11:13 Restricted Content Ends.

    11:13 End of 'Ernabella Ceremonies, Reel 1'

    11:17 'Ernabella Ceremonies, Reel 2'

    11:17 Restricted Content Starts.

    20:51 Restricted Content Ends.

    20:51 'Ernabella Ceremonies, Reel 2'

    20:55 Ernabella Ceremonies, Reel 3 [No Intertitle]

    20:55 Restricted Content Starts.

    23:34 Restricted Content Ends.

    23:34 Ernabella Ceremonies, Reel 3 [No Intertitle]

    23:36 Ernabella Ceremonies, Reel 4 [No Intertitle]

    23:36 Restricted Content Starts.

    27:53 Restricted Content Ends.

    27:53 Ernabella Ceremonies, Reel 4 [No Intertitle]

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/15).
    Tindale Tribes: Antakirinja; Jangkundjara; Kukatja (NT); Ngadadjara; Ngalea; Pitjandjara.
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Antakarinja; Luritja; Ngatatjara; Pitjantjatjara; Yankuntjatjara.

    1. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    2. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    3. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 100ft.
    4. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 150ft.
    5. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    6. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    7. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 100ft.
    8. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 150ft.
    9. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    10. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 1, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    11. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    12. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 100ft.
    13. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 150ft.
    14. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 4, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 150ft.

    1. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 26 min. 53 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/21- AA 346/9/8/24
    2. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 26 min. 53 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/43
    3. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 26 min. 53 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/44
    4. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 26 min. 53 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/44
    5. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. RESTRICTED ACCESS DVD 3
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 26 min. 53 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/45
    6. ERNABELLA CEREMONIES, 1933. RESTRICTED ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 26 min. 53 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/46

      REFERENCES

    • 'Journal of an Anthropological Expedition to the Mann and Musgrave Ranges, North West of South Australia, May - June 1933, and a personal record of the Anthropological expedition to Ernabella, Aug 1933, by Norman B Tindale.' (AA 338/1/9)
    • NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 4 (AA 346/9/26/5) Relates to Reels 1, 2, 4.
    • NB Tindale's film summary 'Natives of Central Aust. And the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board of Anthropological Research' Multiple copies with annotations. Incomplete manuscript. Unpublished. (AA 346/9/27/4)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/8/21-34,43-48
    Date Range 7 August 1933 - 24 August 1933, dates of expedition
    Quantity 37 cm, 20 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/8/21-34,43-48
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/9

    Diamantina, South Australia, 1934.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: J

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the final film production documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Diamantina, South Australia during 10-28 August 1934. The expedition party included numerous BAR members.

    The party visited localities including: Quorn, Marree, Hawker, Mernmerna, Nantowarpunna, Dulkaninna Station, Cannuwaukaninna, Etadunna, Kopperamanna, Mulka, Ooroowilanie, Mungeranie Bore, Mirra Mitta, Goyder Lanoon, Pandie Pandie and Minnie Downs.

    The cinematographers were NB Tindale (AA 338) and HK Fry (AA 105), the final film production was arranged by FJ Fenner (AA 91). The original master copies of the expedition film was processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as B#30 - B#32. This expedition film was previously held in the HK Fry collection and was transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation tape consists of (AA 346/9/9/1 - AA 346/9/9/3). Duration: 35 minutes 05 seconds, with intertitles

    In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'J.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [J5]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/9/14)

    00:00 'Diamantina, SA, 1934.'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1934.'

    01:00 'Diamantina, 1934. Reel One.'

    01:02 'Adelaide University Anthropological Expedition, Diamantina, August 1934.'

    01:06 'Photography by NB Tindale and HK Fry. Arranged by FJ Fenner.'

    01:11 'Journey across the arid Lake Eyre basin.'

    01:15 'Skirting the Flinders Range on the Journey to Marree.'

    01:19 Footage of the Flinders Ranges.

    01:47 Map of South Australia with a progressive dotted line outlining the route taken by the BAR expedition.

    02:03 'Marree: Loading Up '

    02:07 BAR expedition members load up vehicles with equipment.

    02:14 People gather outside the Marree Hotel to watch the expedition party depart. The cars are crank started and the party drives off.

    02:43 'Children - white, mixed blood and Afghan - watch the departure.'

    02:47 A group of children gather by the side of the road to watch the departure of the expedition party. See: (AA 338/1/12), p.9.

    02:57 Close up shot of the children.

    03:05 'Travelling northwards over vast "gibber" tableland - Illusion Plains.'

    03:10 The expedition vehicles drives through "gibber" tablelands.

    03:38 'Camels provide transport across the desert.'

    03:42 A camel buggy is driven across the "gibber" tablelands just north of Marree.

    03:50 Close up of the two harnessed camels.

    03:52 The camel buggy continues across the "gibber" tablelands.

    03:58 'Cannuwaukaninna Bore, hot water (170o Fahr.) from the Great Artesian Basin.'

    04:03 The expedition party stand and observes the hot water.

    04:31 'Recent desiccation has left trail of deserted homes and stations.'

    04:35 'Etudunna - an abandoned German Mission Settlement.'

    04:40 Expedition members inspect the buildings of the deserted settlement.

    05:05 'Moving sandhills invade the lifeless ruins.'

    05:09 Sands collect within the buildings.

    05:24 'Towards Cooper Creek - waterless since 1917.'

    05:29 The expedition vehicles leave the abandoned German Settlement.

    05:40 'Screeching cockatoos throng dead trees along Cooper Creek.'

    05:45 Crested cockatoos perch in dead trees.

    06:04 'Arid belt necessitates driving Queensland fat cattle foodless to Marree.'

    06:07 Cattle being driven through arid land just north of Mirra Mitta.

    06:54 'At long intervals bore-head oases promise shelter.'

    06:58 Buildings in the distance.

    07:07 'George Aiston - host at Mulka - a typical desert "caravanserai."'

    07:12 George Aiston (AA 3) talks to the camera. See: (AA 338/1/12), pp.17-19.

    17:19 'Second day struggling across parallel lines of sand dunes.'

    07:25 An expedition vehicle drives with speed at a sand hill where three expedition members wait to push it over the ridge. Series of shots of the difficulties of driving through sandhills.

    09:27 'Sand-choked creek-bed causes a breakdown - transferring gear.'

    09:32 Expedition members unload the vehicle.

    10:00 'Welcome relief - Goyder Lagoon Bore - deepest South Australian (4850 ft.) yields boiling water.'

    10:05 Boiling water from the Goyder Lagoon Bore.

    10:42 'Sturt's Stony Desert - long continued erosion reduces tent hills to gibbers.'

    10:47 Gibber planes.

    11:01 'Approaching sandstorm - red dust pall obscures the sun.'

    11:05 Dust obscuring the sun.

    11:12 'The storm breaks - shrieking wind and blinding dust.'

    11:16 Footage of fast moving dust and sand on the ground.

    11:44 'After the storm - sand mounds bank the vegetation.'

    11:49 Vegetation covered in sand.

    12:05 'Approaching Pandi Pandi: a last sandhill bars progress.'

    12:08 Expedition members dig their bogged vehicle out of the sand.

    13:05 'The Diamantina flood plane - our destination.'

    13:08 Shots of the Diamantina flood plane.

    13:23 'Diamantina 1934. End of Reel One.'

    13:29 'Diamantina 1934. Reel Two.'

    13:31 'Life and Work at Pandi Pandi August 1934.'

    13:35 'Diamantina flood plane.'

    13:39 Diamantina flood plane.

    13:46 'After floods native hollyhock (Lavatera) grows everywhere.'

    13:51 Hollyhock (Lavatera) shrubs.

    14:01 'Marsilia fern spores yield the famed nardoo as food.'

    14:07 Marsilia fern spores.

    14:16 'The Diamantina river flows in a deeply entrenched meander.'

    14:21 The Diamantina river flowing.

    14:26 'Birdlife is plentiful - egrets and hawks.'

    14:29 Egrets on the Diamantina river. See: (AA 338/1/12), p.117.

    15:31 'Native hens (Tribonyx) race to water while hawks soar overhead.'

    15:36 Native hens (Tribonyx) running.

    15:52 An eagle sores overhead.

    16:07 'Emus frequent the flood plain.'

    16:10 Emus on the flood plain. See: (AA 338/1/12), pp.43-45.

    16:46 'A few natives survive.'

    16:46 An older Australian Aboriginal man sits on the bank of the Diamantina river.

    16:59 A young Australian Aboriginal child crawls in the sand.

    17:19 'The Expedition Camp.'

    17:22 The BAR expedition camp buffeted by strong winds.

    17:33 The expedition party has lunch with Mrs Bell, wife of pastoralist, Dulkaninna Station. See: (AA 338/1/12), p.12.

    17:50 'Leslie Wilkie painting portraits.'

    17:53 Three Australian Aboriginal women sit while Leslie Wilkie (AA 369) paints a portrait.

    18:01 Close up shot of the Australian Aboriginal woman sitting for her portrait.

    18:09 Leslie Wilkie sketching out the portrait of Keidanankara [J5] of the Wongkanguru people.

    18:29 Keidanankara [J5] of the Wongkanguru people poses for her portrait.

    19:00 'T Harvey Johnston taking palm prints.'

    19:04 T Harvey Johnson (AA 161) makes palm prints with an older Australian Aboriginal man.

    19:29 'Association with Europeans has demoralised and decimated the natives.'

    19:32 A group of Australian Aboriginal people play cards.

    20:10 'Attempting to retrieve a forgotten bag making technique.'

    20:13 A man starts the beginning stages of a string bag.

    21:41 'String games are almost forgotten.'

    21:44 An older Australian Aboriginal woman plays string games. See: (AA 338/1/12), pp.171-177.

    22:18 Restricted Content Starts.

    22:44 Restricted Content Ends.

    22:44 'Demonstrating the making of once important ngardu (nardoo) bread.'

    22:48 'Gathering spores of the fern Marsilia - nardu.'

    22:53 An Australian Aboriginal woman gathers fern spores. See: (AA 338/1/12), p.43.

    23:32 'Winnowing and cleaning the spores by rocking in a dish.'

    23:37 Preliminary separation of the lighter waste material from the spores.

    24:07 Winnowing the spores in a bark dish.

    24:35 'Diamantina 1934. End of Reel Two.'

    24:40 Diamantina 1934. Reel Three. [No Intertitle]

    24:40 'Pounding the nardoo between stones.'

    24:44 Pounding the nardoo on a stone. See: (AA 338/1/12), pp.53-55.

    25:49 'Separating the meal from the husk.'

    25:52 The bark dish is wetted and the nardoo is winnowed to separate the husks from the meal.

    26:49 'Kneading meal to form a loaf.'

    26:52 Adding water and kneading the meal.

    27:24 'Cooked in ashes - the loaf must be cleaned.'

    27:27 Cooking the loaf in hot ashes.

    27:44 Cleaning ashes from the loaf. The finished loaf if shown to the camera.

    28:03 'Yelka: cleaning bulbs of nutgrass (Cyperus rotundus).'

    28:07 Cleaning yelka (Cyperus rotundus) bulbs by pounding then with a stone then separating the lighter waste material.

    28:32 Winnowing the yelka (Cyperus rotundus) bulbs.

    28:49 'Water supplies from Needlebush - Hakea leucoptera.'

    28:53 Two women gather water from the roots of the Needlebush (Hakea leucoptera). See: (AA 338/1/12), p.45.

    29:06 Digging out the roots of Needlebush (Hakea leucoptera).

    29:25 An Australian Aboriginal woman uses a metal tomahawk to remove the bark from the root.

    29:32 'By striking she tests the water content.'

    29:35 Needlebush root is struck and water droplets fall onto an outstretched hand.

    29:41 Two women draining the water content of the Needlebush root into a tin.

    30:01 'Preparing native flax for string making.'

    30:04 An older Australian Aboriginal man gathers stems from a hibiscus bush. He then strips the foliage from the stems.

    30:28 Lying out the hibiscus stems to dry in the sun.

    30:35 Close up of flax stems on the ground.

    30:40 The Australian Aboriginal man takes the stems to the river where he wets them.

    30:54 The bundle of stems is then rolled to extract the water.

    31:17 Close up of fibers being stripped from the stems.

    31:21 'Preparation of ngarungaru (Polygonum) stems for eating.'

    31:25 Ngarungaru (Polygonum) foliage on the ground.

    31:35 'Hot ashes cook the stems within a few minutes.'

    31:39 Women beside a fire prepare the Ngarungaru (Polygonum) for eating.

    31:50 Ngarungaru stems are cooked in hot ash, then removed and beaten clean.

    32:23 Young Australian Aboriginal girl eats the cooked Ngarungaru stems.

    32:53 'Pitjuri Preparation of the chewing narcotic used along the Diamantina.'

    32:57 'Note: Atalaya leaves were used for the first part of demonstration.'

    33:00 'Wilting freshly gathered leaves and stems in warm ashes.'

    33:06 Wilting leaves in hot ashes. See: (AA 338/1/12), p.89-93.

    33:57 'Burning firestick rites - the man sing - "Cook it and pack it into bags."'

    34:00 A stick is placed into the hot ashes where the Pitjuri is being wilted.

    34:09 'Old Ngaltjagintata preparing a pitjuri (Duboisia Hopwoodii) chewing quid.'

    34:11 Ngalrjagintata [J.13] of the Aranda people prepares and chews the quid. See: (AA 338/1/12), p.63.

    34:36 'Burning Acacia leaves yield ash to mix with the pitjuri.'

    34:41 Covering acacia leaves in hot ash. Collecting the burning acacia ash in a piece of bark.

    35:09 'Combining the ash and pitjuri.'

    35:23 Rolling the wetted pitjuri quid in acacia ash. Showing the quid before chewing.

    36:05 'Diamantina 1934. End of Reel Three.'

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/16)
    Tindale Tribes: Antakirinja; Arabana; Aranda; Dieri; Jandruwanta; Kujani; Ngameni; Wadikali; Wongkanguru.
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Antakarinja; Arabana; Arrernte; Dieri; Kuyani; Ngamini; Wadigali; Wangkangurru; Yandruwandha.

    1. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    2. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    3. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    4. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    5. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    6. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    7. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    8. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    9. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    10. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 35 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/9/1-AA 346/9/9/3
    11. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 35 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/9/10
    12. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 35 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/9/11
    13. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 35 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/9/11
    14. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 35 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/9/12
    15. DIAMANTINA, SA, 1934. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 35 min. 05 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/9/13

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale 'Journal of the Anthropological Expedition to Diamantina, North-East of South Australia, August 1934. (AA 338/1/12)
    • Fenner, FJ 1936, 'Adelaide University Field Anthropology, Central Australia, No. 13, Anthropometric Observations on South Australian Aborigines of the Diamantina and Cooper Creek Regions', Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia vol. 60: 46-54.
    • Typescript notes with annotations for the editing of the Diamantina film (AA 346/9/27/5) (58pp.)
    • TD Campbell Field Diary to 'Pandy Pandy' (AA 52/1)
    • Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/16/3)
    • Sociological Photographs (AA 346/4/16/1)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/9
    Date Range 10 August 1934 - 28 August 1934, dates of expedition
    Quantity 33.5 cm, 15 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/9
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/10

    Warburton Range, Western Australia, 1935.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: K

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the final film production documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Warburton Range, Western Australia during 26 July - 6 September 1935. The expedition party included numerous BAR members.

    The expedition party travelled on the East-West rail line to Laverton and the remaining 360 miles from Laverton to the Warburton Range (Latitude: 26o 5' Longitude: 126o 30') by motor vehicle. The BAR expedition base camp was situated at Warupuju. The film was shot by the cinematographer EO Stocker (AA 311). The expedition party included numerous BAR Members as well as two Australian Aboriginal informants Pitawara and Jack. See: 'Anthropological Expedition to Warburton Range, Western Australia by Norman B Tindale. July-September 1935.' (AA 338/1/14), p.25.

    EO Stocker was the cinematographer and exposed approximately 3,900 feet of 16mm film, including 500 feet of colour film. The final film production consists of 2,475 feet of film, with intertitles. Tindale writes that it was hoped a sound track commentary of the film would be added at a later date, this did not eventuate.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/10/29) consists of Reels 1 - 8 (AA 346/9/10/1 - AA 346/9/10/8), duration 1 hour 20 minutes 13 seconds.

    The original master copies of the Warburton Range expedition film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as #B33 - #B40, and were previously held in the EO Stocker collection (AA 311) and was transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'K.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [K27]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/10/33)

    00:00:00 Warburton Range, WA, 1935.

    00:00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1935.'

    00:01:00 'University of Adelaide [#]33. Warburton Range Expedition Reel 1.'

    00:01:04 '[#]33 End of Reel 1. Warburton Range Expedition.'

    00:01:09 'Natives of the Warburton Range, Western Australia. 1935.'

    00:01:14 'Recorded for Board of Anthropological Research, University of Adelaide by EO Stocker.'

    00:01:22 Map of Australia.

    00:01:28 Map of Australia with a progressive line outlining the BAR expedition route from Adelaide to the Warburton Ranges.

    00:01:33 Expedition members walk next to their heavily loaded vehicle, near Minnie Creek.

    00:01:37 Map of Australia, continuing to outline the route take by the BAR expedition to the Warburton Ranges.

    00:01:40 BAR expedition members dig out their bogged vehicle, removing equipment to lighten the load.

    00:02:23 The BAR vehicle continues on its journey.

    00:02:33 Australian Aboriginal men remove small trees in the mulga scrub to assist the BAR expedition vehicles passage.

    00:02:55 Pinkari [K27] of the Ngadadjara people helps clear the track of trees.

    00:03:18 A large group of Australian Aboriginal men push the BAR vehicle up a steep embankment.

    00:04:09 Restricted Content Starts.

    00:04:36 Restricted Content Ends.

    00:04:36 An Australian Aboriginal man draws with crayon on paper. See: (AA 338/5/14/145)

    00:05:33 CJ Hackett (AA 122) give a group of Australian Aboriginal women mirrors.

    00:05:59 A typical camp scene at evening near Warupuju waterhole. Women and children play with a litter of dingo pups they are rearing. See: (AA 338/1/14), p.189.

    00:06:33 A group of Australian Aboriginal women drink at a waterhole.

    00:06:48 Series of portraits of Australian Aboriginal women.

    00:07:19 The women walk away from the waterhole.

    00:07:27 'Juvenile hunters of birds.'

    00:07:31 Australian Aboriginal children hiding in ambush near Warupuju Spring.

    00:07:42 Birds (including finches, two species of doves, cockatoos and pigeons) come to drink at a pool of water.

    00:08:58 A young Australian Aboriginal boy takes aim and throws a stick.

    00:09:01 Three young Australian Aboriginal boys gather the two birds that they have killed.

    00:09:08 The boys build a fire, pluck the feathers from the birds and proceed to cook them.

    00:10:16 The birds are removed from the fire, cleaned, portioned and eaten.

    00:11:03 'Gathering mako tjilka tjilka grubs from roly poly bushes (Salsola kali).'

    00:11:09 The boys dig under roly poly bushes searching for mako tjilka tjilka grubs. See: (AA 338/1/14), p. 181.

    00:11:37 One of the boys holds up a mako tjilka tjilka grub for the camera.

    00:11:42 End of Warburton Range Reel 1 [No Intertitle]

    00:11:44 'University of Adelaide. [#]34. Warburton Range Expedition Reel 2.'

    00:11:48 'Kangaroo hunting.'

    00:11:53 A group of Australian Aboriginal men set out in the early morning in search of kangaroo (Macropus giganteus).

    00:12:11 Two Australian Aboriginal men discuss the plan for the hunt.

    00:12:34 Pausing in the hunt to eat the berries of the species Solanum.

    00:12:44 The hunt continues.

    00:12:54 A kangaroo is spotted.

    00:13:05 The men manoeuvre to a better position, where they stalk and spear the kangaroo.

    00:14:36 Two men lift and carry the kill.

    00:14:57 Making flakes of quartzite to prepare the carcass for transport.

    00:15:07 The intestines are removed and the body cavity is trussed up with a wooden peg. The carcass is lashed for transport.

    00:16:50 The carcass is carried to camp.

    00:17:21 A narrow trench is dug and over which a fire is lit. See: (AA 338/1/14), p.207.

    00:17:28 The tendons are cut and removed from the legs of the carcass.

    00:18:28 The carcass is placed on the fire which has been lit over the trench.

    00:18:48 The carcass is taken out of the fire, the singed fur removed and the tail and hind feet cut off.

    00:19:15 The carcass is placed in the trench and covered with hot ashes.

    00:20:50 The carcass is removed from the fire and placed on a bed of leaves where it is portioned.

    00:21:38 The portions of meat are carried into the main camp, where further sharing takes place.

    00:22:55 Women and children eating meat.

    00:23:28 A young child is shown cutting open his portion of meat with an adze.

    00:23:46 '[#]34. End of Reel 2. Warburton Range Expedition.'

    00:23:52 'University of Adelaide. [#]35. Warburton Range Expedition. Reel 3.'

    00:23:56 'Opossum hunting.'

    00:24:01 Two Australian Aboriginal youths set out in search of opossum (Trichosurus vulpecular). They find a hollow gum tree bearing scratched on the bark. The hand signal for opossum is given. See: (AA 338/1/14), p.189.

    00:24:15 One of the youths climbs up the tree with a metal tomahawk and proceeds to open a hole in the trunk. A fire is lit at the base of the truck to smoke out the opossum.

    00:25:16 Two opossums are removed from the tree trunk and killed.

    00:25:43 A fire is made, an adze sharpened and the carcasses prepared for cooking.

    00:27:05 The fur is singed off.

    00:28:07 The carcasses are placed in a shallow trench and covered with hot ashes.

    00:28:32 Removing and portioning the food.

    00:29:23 'Method of cooking the goanna.'

    00:29:28 Njipiri [K31] of the Ngadadjara people prepares to light a fire using the sharpened edge of a spear-thrower. He places shavings and animal dried dung in the split of a piece of native peach tree wood, which he proceeds to ignite by the friction of his spear-thrower.

    00:30:22 A large goanna (Varanus) carcass.

    00:30:25 The large lizard and another carcass is placed on the fire. See: (AA 338/1/14), pp.263-365.

    00:30:51 Pealing the singed skin of the goanna.

    00:31:12 Trussing up the carcass and placing it back in the ashes.

    00:31:54 Removing and portioning and the food.

    00:32:44 '[#]35 End of Reel 3. Warburton Range Expedition. '

    00:32:52 'University of Adelaide. [#]36. Warburton Range Expedition Reel 4.'

    00:32:56 'Native women in their daily search for food.'

    00:33:02 Two Australian Aboriginal women and their children set out to obtain food in the Warupuju soak. One of the women finds a species of red scaled-insects (Coccidae) on a mulga tree (Acacia aneura). She gathers a quantity of braches which a covered with these insects.

    00:33:43 The branches are rolled in a bark dish filled with water. This makes a sugary liquid which she drinks. See: (AA 338/1/14), p.129.

    00:34:37 An Australian Aboriginal woman breastfeeds her child.

    00:34:31 'The manufacture of yam sticks and their use.'

    00:34:37 An Australian Aboriginal woman chops down a small mulga tree with a metal tomahawk borrowed from the expedition party. All small branches are removed from the main stick. See: (AA 338/1/14), pp.127-129.

    00:35:40 Obtaining a second small mulga tree for a digging stick.

    00:35:53 On returning to camp the women start to prepare the digging stick. The lower extremity of the stick is placed against burning coals. The charred end is then rubbed off using a metal tomahawk. The digging stick is tapered to a sharp point.

    00:37:09 An Australian Aboriginal woman with her finished digging stick.

    00:37:14 Women using their digging sticks to obtain the roots of a plant called wirtuka, and the small round bulbs of the nut grass (Cyperus rotundatus).

    00:37:47 Close up of the gathered wirtuka roots.

    00:37:52 Children dig where the women have previously searched.

    00:38:16 A young boy holds out bulbs of nut grass he has collected which he then eats.

    00:38:29 The women and children walk back to camp, children playing.

    00:38:41 Back at camp, an Australian Aboriginal man cooks the wirtuka roots. Once they are cooked they are left to cool, then dusted, peeled and eaten.

    00:39:22 'Preparation of Kurupau seed.'

    00:39:27 Jupunja [K40] of the Ngadadjara people with a full bark dish of kurupau seeds. Separating the dust from the seed by winnowing. See: (AA 338/1/14), pp.107-111.

    00:41:05 The prepared grain is milled dry on a stone. The rocking motion imparted to the upper stone is characteristic of this district.

    00:41:31 The ground kurupau flour is mixed into a paste with water, rolled into a ball and buried in the ashes of the fire. The woman samples the cooked seed cake then shares it among her children.

    00:42:17 '[#]36. End of Reel 4. Warburton Range Expedition.'

    00:42:23 'University of Adelaide. [#]37. Warburton Range Expedition. Reel 5.'

    00:42:27 ' Mode of decorating the spear thrower.'

    00:42:32 The man carves a kuri kuri or concentric spiral mark on the back of his spear-thrower with the aid of an opossum's lower jaw. Several men sit in the warm sunshine.

    00:43:32 'Repairing a broken spear thrower.'

    00:43:37 A stone auger is made and used to drill a hole on the edge of the broken spear-thrower. The man makes a sharp point on a piece of quartzite in order to drill the hole. A rotary motion is sufficient to drill through the wood. A stick is passed through and assists in enlarging the hole the drill has made. Kangaroo sinew is chewed in preparation for splicing the broken spear-thrower. The softened sinew is passed several times through and around the hole. A second hold is now drilled. The repaired spear thrower is tested in the spearhold.

    00:47:44 An Australian Aboriginal man throws a spear to illustrate the use of the spear thrower. Some footage in slow motion.

    00:48:01 End of Warburton Range, Reel 5. [No Intertitle.]

    00:48:03 'University of Adelaide [#]38. Warburton Range Expedition. Reel 6.'

    00:48:07 'Circumcision.'

    00:48:11 Women and children sit in a group.

    00:48:24 Men sitting in a group holding spears and spear throwers.

    00:48:42 Women and children sit in a group.

    00:48:49 Men sitting in a group holding spears and spear throwers.

    00:48:52 A young boy playing at spearing a bark disc.

    00:49:11 A group of men standing holding spears and spear throwers

    00:49:47 A man demonstrates how to throw a spear with a spear thrower.

    00:49:56 Sunset.

    00:50:01 Restricted Content Starts.

    00:59:46 Restricted Content Ends.

    00:50:46 'End of University of Adelaide [#]38. Warburton Range Expedition. Reel 6.'

    00:59:02 Restricted Content Starts.

    01:00:12 'University of Adelaide [#]39. Warburton Range Expedition. Reel 7.'

    01:10:51 Restricted Content Ends.

    01:10:51 'End of University of Adelaide [#]39. Warburton Range Expedition. Reel 7.'

    01:10:57 'University of Adelaide [#]40. Warburton Range Expedition. Reel 8.'

    01:10:57 Restricted Content Starts.

    01:21:13 Restricted Content Ends.

    01:21:13 'End of University of Adelaide [#]40. Warburton Range Expedition. Reel 8.'

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as noted in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/17)
    Tindale Tribes: Mandjindja; Ngadadjara; Pitjandjara.
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Mandjindja; Ngatatjara; Pitjantjatjara.

    1. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm; B&W; silent; 400ft.
    2. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm; B&W; silent; 425ft.
    3. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm; B&W; silent; 325ft.
    4. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm; B&W; silent; 350ft.
    5. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 5
      Characteristics: 16mm; B&W; silent; 200ft.
    6. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 6
      Characteristics: 16mm; B&W; silent; 400ft.
    7. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 7
      Characteristics: 16mm; B&W; silent; 350ft.
    8. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 8
      Characteristics: 16mm; B&W; silent; 375ft.
      Notes: Warburton Range, Reel 8 previously referred to in the BAR Film Catalogue as Negative B#40 was originally shot in kodacolour. It was not technically possible to duplicate colour film and so black and white screening copies were made of this film, and original was screened on special occasions. The original kodacolour film did not survive, and all black and white copies which were made of this film possess multiple vertical black lines running through each frame.
    9. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft
    10. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 425ft.
    11. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
    12. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    13. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 200ft.
    14. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 6
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    15. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 7
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    16. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 8
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 375ft.
    17. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    18. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 425ft.
    19. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 325ft.
    20. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    21. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 200ft.
    22. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 6
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    23. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 6 COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    24. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 7
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    25. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 7 COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    26. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 7 COPY 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
    27. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 6 & 7 COMPOSITE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 750ft.
      Notes: This film was previously accessioned in the EO Stocker collection (AA 311) Acc. No. 1051
    28. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 8
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 375ft.
    29. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 1 hour 20 min. 13 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/10/1 - AA346/9/10/8
    30. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 1 hour 20 min. 13 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/10/29
    31. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 1 hour 20 min. 13 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/10/30
    32. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 1 hour 20 min. 13 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/10/30
    33. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 1 hour 20 min. 13 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/10/31
    34. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 1 hour 20 min. 13 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/10/32
    35. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. OPEN ACCESS DVD 5 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 42 min. 36 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/10/33
    36. WARBURTON RANGE, WA, 1935. OPEN ACCESS DVD 6
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 42 min. 36 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/10/34

      REFERENCES

    • Tindale, NB 1936, 'General Report of the Anthropological Expedition to Warburton Range, Western Australia, July-Sept.' Oceania, IV, 1936: 481-485. Includes a map of BAR expeditions.
    • 'Anthropological Expedition to Warburton Range, Western Australia by Norman B Tindale. July-September 1935. Journal. Adelaide, S. A. 1935'. (AA 338/1/14)
    • NB Tindale photographs Expedition to Warburton Range, Western Australia, 1935. (AA 338/5/14)
    • BAR sociological photographs (AA 346/4/17/1-3)
    • BAR anthropological data cards (AA 346/4/17/4-6)
    • NB Tindale Narration Tapes (AA 346/9/26/2-4 and AA 346/9/26/8)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/10
    Date Range 26 July 1935 - 6 September 1935, dates of expedition
    Quantity 68 cm, 36 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/10
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/11/1-22

    The Granites, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 1936.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: L

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the final film production documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to The Granites, Central Australia [Northern Territory] during 6-27 August 1936. The expedition party included numerous BAR members.

    JB Cleland (AA 60) in his report on the expedition states that 2,100 feet of 16mm black and white film as well as 150 feet of 16mm colour film was exposed. The cinematographers were HK Fry (AA 105) and CP Mountford (AA 228). The final film production consists of Reels 1-5 containing approximately 1,760 feet with intertitles.

    Cleland reports that 'Mountford carried out special investigations on the customs, the art and rock paintings of the native, obtaining cinema records of how the later work is done.' This footage is not found in the BAR 'final film production,' it is possible that additional film relating to this expedition can be found in the CP Mountford collection at the State Library of South Australia.

    In addition EC Black (AA 31) shot a quantity of 9.5mm nitrate film that was not included in the 'final film production.' Access DVDs (AA 346/9/11/25 - AA 346/9/11/26) are edits of the footage relating to The Granites expedition from the Couper Black Collection (AA 31/10).

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/11/17) consists of Reels 1- 5 (AA 346/9/11/1 - AA 346/9/11/5), duration 50 minutes 23 seconds. These films were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as B#41 - B#45. This expedition film was previous held in the HK Fry collection (AA 105) and was transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'L.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [L27]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

    The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/11/21)

    00:00 'The Granites, CA, [NT] 1936.'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1936.'

    01:00 'Reel 1. Granites Expedition. 1936.'

    01:05 'Board for Anthropological Research, University of Adelaide, GRANITES EXPEDITION. AUGUST, 1936. Photography by CP Mountford and HK Fry.'

    01:13 Map of Australia, a progressive line outlines the route from Adelaide to The Granites, Northern Territory.

    01:19 'ALICE SPRINGS'

    01:23 Expedition car drives past.

    01:34 'A Ghost Gum (Eucalyptus Papuana).'

    01:37 An expedition member walks on foot to examine a ghost gum tree.

    01:42 Map of Australia, a progressive line continues to outline the route taken by the expedition party.

    01:43 'Across the 200 miles of desert.'

    01:46 Two expedition cars drive past, views of vegetation from the moving car.

    02:05 'Parakeelya (Calandrinia sp.)'

    02:07 Shot of Parakeelya (Calandrinia sp.)

    02:10 Map of Australia, a progressive line continues to outline the route taken by the expedition party.

    02:11 'The Granites. Borgidji.'

    02:12 Mining operation, Australian Aboriginal and white workers.

    02:20 Restricted Content Starts.

    12:42 Restricted Content Ends.

    12:42 'End of Reel 1. Granites Expedition, 1936.'

    12:49 'Reel 2. Granites Expedition. 1936.'

    12:51 'Smoke Signals.'

    12:55 'Where there is smoke there must be fire.'

    12:59 Two Australian Aboriginal men make fire by the rotary method.

    13:12 'Smouldering wood dust, powdered manure and grass are coaxed into flame.'

    13:18 The fire is lit.

    13:27 'Large areas of lighted Triodia are used to signal neighbouring tribes. '

    13:31 Footage of the spreading grass fire and rising smoke.

    14:13 'Making Pitjuri the Chewing Narcotic.'

    14:18 Plants are gathered.

    14:22 'A True Tobacco, (Nicotiana benthamiana) grows in the Granite Outcrops.'

    14:28 Plants are gathered.

    14:37 'Acacia Leaves provide the necessary ash.'

    14:41 The plants are passed over a fire and the leaves removed.

    15:18 'With which the Nicotiana leaves are mixed by chewing.'

    15:22 The pitjuri is mixed with the acacia ash and chewed.

    15:50 'Boomerang Throwing.'

    15:54 'An Australian Aboriginal man throws a boomerang.'

    16:02 'Slow Motion. Notice Freedom of Action.'

    16:06 Throwing of a boomerang in slow motion.

    16:18 'Fire Making by the "Saw" Method.'

    16:23 A suitable log is gathered.

    16:29 'Splitting the Log with a Boomerang.'

    16:32 Using a boomerang to split the log.

    16:41 'The Wedged Open to provide a Space for the Dry Grass.'

    16:46 Making a wedge and packing it with dry grass.

    17:14 Two Australian Aboriginal men make fire by the 'saw' method.

    17:31 'The now smouldering Wood Dust is carefully Tipped on Grass.'

    17:35 The fire is made.

    17:32 Restricted Content Start.

    18:46 Restricted Content End.

    18:46 'Hand Signals.'

    18:51 These are used in gesture language or when hunting.

    18:56 'Mountain Devil.'

    18:58 Hand signal.

    19:00 'Kangaroo.'

    19:02 Hand signal.

    19:05 'Opossum.'

    19:07 Hand signal.

    19:09 'Emu.'

    19:11 Hand signal.

    19:14 'Bustard.'

    19:15 Hand signal.

    19:17 'Dingo.'

    19:19 Hand signal.

    19:21 'Rabbit.'

    19:23 Hand signal.

    19:28 'Yam.'

    19:30 Hand signal.

    19:32 'Snake'

    19:33 Hand signal.

    19:35 'Small Lizard.'

    19:37 Hand signal.

    19:42 'Camel.'

    19:44 Hand signal.

    19:48 'Water.'

    19:50 Hand signal.

    19:52 'The aborigine is also an expert at imitating tracks.'

    19:57 'Human Being.'

    19:58 Tracks.

    20:07 'Camel.'

    20:09 Tracks.

    20:13 'Kangaroo.'

    20:15 Tracks.

    20:21 'Small Lizard.'

    20:23 Tracks.

    20:28 'Opossum.'

    20:30 Tracks.

    20:35 'Emu.'

    20:37 Tracks.

    20:48 'Dingo.'

    20:49 Tracks.

    20:56 'Snake.'

    20:57 Tracks.

    21:01 'Mountain Devil.'

    21:03 Tracks.

    21:08 'Rabbit.'

    21:09 Tracks.

    21:14 End of Reel 2. Granites Expedition. 1936.

    21:20 Start of Reel 3. Granites Expedition. 1936. [No intertitle]

    21:20 'Lizard Catching and Cooking.'

    21:23 'Children Supplement their Food Supply by capturing Small Game.'

    21:28 Two young Australian Aboriginal boys search for small game.

    22:01 An Australian Aboriginal boy with a lizard.

    22:05 'Preparing the meal.'

    22:08 The lizard is cooked on a fire and eaten.

    22:51 'Now for a Drink.'

    22:54 An Australian Aboriginal boy drinks water from a rock-hole.

    23:05 'Satisfaction.'

    23:06 An Australian Aboriginal boy smiles at the camera.

    23:08 'Snake Cooking and Eating.'

    23:13 Preparation of the snake and cooking in hot ashes.

    25:01 'Extracting the Eggs.'

    25:05 Further preparations before eating.

    25:00 'Seed Gathering and Grinding.'

    25:26 An Australian Aboriginal woman gathers leaves from a tree.

    25:41 'The Gum Tree yields a dish.'

    25:44 An Australian Aboriginal woman removes a large piece of bark from a tree. Then shapes into an even dish shape.

    26:25 An Australian Aboriginal woman gathers grass seed which she carries in her bark dish.

    26:29 She uses her heel to remove the husks from the seed.

    26:41 'Grinding with the heel removes the husk of the Grass Seed.'

    26:48 Using the heel to remove the husks from the seed.

    27:01 'Winnowing.'

    27:04 An Australian Aboriginal woman winnows grass seed

    27:40 A group of Australian Aboriginal women sit under the shade of tree and winnow seed. The seed is then placed on a grinding stone.

    28:09 'Grinding the Seed.'

    28:12 Water is used to grind the seed. The meal is moved off the grind stone to the bark dish.

    29:48 The meal is poured from the bark dish into hot ashes

    30:07 'Hardening the Surface by the heat of burning Triodia Stalks.'

    30:12 Placing burning triodia stalks over the dough, and once the top of the bread is
    cooked it is covered with hot ash.

    30:54 Removing the cooked bread from the ashes.

    31:10 'End of Reel 3. Granites Expedition. 1936.'

    31:18 Start of Reel 4. Granites Expedition. 1936.' [No intertitle]

    31:18 'Adelaide University Anthropological Expedition to the Walpiri Tribe at The Granites August 1936.'

    31:25 'Tjungarai makes hair string (Jumaru) and a pubic tassel (Mudjari)'

    31:30 'The string is spun by twirling the spindle forwards on the thigh.'

    31:37 Tjungarai (also 'Tapanjari') [L27] of the Walpiri people makes hair string with a spindle.

    31:47 'The beginning and the end of the string are brought together and the double thread wound into a ball.'

    32:55 Removing the spindle, tying both end and winding the hair string into a ball.

    32:25 'The double thread is spun into twine. Note that the direction of the twist is reversed.'

    34:33 The double thread is spun.

    35:37 'The twine is wound into a small skein. Each loop of this is removed and rolled forwards on the thigh to make one strand of the tassel, the direction of the twist being reversed once more.'

    35:51 Making of the tassel.

    37:47 End of Reel 4. Granites Expedition. 1936.' [No intertitle]

    37:54 Start of Reel 5. Granites Expedition. 1936.' [No intertitle]

    37:54 'Adelaide University Anthropological Expedition to the Walpiri Tribe at The Granites August 1936.'

    38:02 Restricted Content Starts.

    51:23 Restricted Content Ends.

    51:23 End of Reel 5. Granites Expedition. 1936.' [No intertitle]

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/18)
    Tindale Tribes: Ngardi; Walpiri.
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Ngarti; Warlpiri.

    1. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    2. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 300ft.
    3. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    4. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 210ft.
    5. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 450ft.
    6. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    7. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 300ft.
    8. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    9. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 210ft.
    10. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. DUPLICATE NEGATIVE, REEL 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 450ft.
    11. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. SCREENING PRINT. REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    12. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 1, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    13. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 300ft.
    14. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
    15. The Granites, NT, 1936. SCREENING PRINT, Reel 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 210ft.
    16. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. SCREENING PRINT, REEL 5
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 450 ft.
    17. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 50 min. 23 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/11/1 - AA 346/9/11/5.
    18. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 50 min. 23 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/11/17
    19. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 50 min. 23 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/11/18
    20. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 50 min. 23 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/11/18
    21. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 50 min. 23 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/11/19
    22. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 50 min. 23 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/11/20
      1. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. OPEN ACCESS DVD 5 [TIME CODED]
        Format: DVD
        Duration: 27 min. 10 sec.
        Transfer Date: 28/2/2012
        Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/11/21

      REFERENCES

    23. Cleland, JB 1937, 'Report of the tenth anthropological expedition, August 1936,' Oceania, 7 No. 4; 523.
    24. Cleland, JB, 1936, 'Scientists in Central Australia.' Advertiser 23 October 1936. SAMA Newspaper Clipping Book 5.
    25. The Granites [Northern Territory] Sociological Data Cards, Photos (AA 346/4/18/1)
    26. The Granites [Northern Territory] Anthropological Data Cards, (AA 346/4/18/3)
    27. BAR photographs The Granites (AA 346/6)
    28. BAR photographs The Granites (AA 346/6)
    29. CP Mountford Journal to The Granites, CA, 1936. (PRG 1218/7), pp. 197-201
    30. /ul>

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/11/1-22
    Date Range 6 August 1936 - 27 August 1936, dates of expedition
    Quantity 44 cm, 22 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/11/1-22
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/11/23-24

    Additional footage from The Granites, Northern Territory, 1936. Edit from EC Black Compilation.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: L

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This film item is edited footage taken during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to The Granites, Central Australia [Northern Territory] during 6-27 August 1936. This film was shot by EC Black (AA 31/10) and was not included in the final film production.

    Access DVD 5 (AA 346/9/11/23) and Access DVD 6 (AA 346/9/11/24) are edits of the EC Black film compilation which have been identified as footage from the BAR expedition to The Granites, NT, 1936. This edit comprises of Time Codes 07:55 - 10:35; 25:50 - 28:11 and 29:06 - 29:43. A two second interlude has been placed between each of the segments. Further information about the EC Black compilation see (AA 31/10).

    Please note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded):Taken from Access DVD 5 (AA 346/9/11/23)

    00:00 'BAR Expedition to The Granites, NT, 1936. Edited copy from EC Black Collection'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1936.'

    07:55 Restricted Content Starts.

    08:26 Restricted Content Ends.

    08:27 BAR expedition members conduct physical anthropological measurements and take blood samples.

    09:38 Group of Australian Aboriginal men sit around eating what looks like fruit.

    10:00 An Australian Aboriginal woman with her child.

    10:16 HK Fry (AA 105) speaking with some women and children.

    10:19 An Australian Aboriginal woman with her child.

    10:35 End of footage of an Australian Aboriginal woman with her child.

    Interlude

    25:50 Australian Aboriginal men make crayon drawings with a BAR expedition member

    26:16 Making hair string for pubic tassel.

    26:33 Two Australian Aboriginal men running, probably hunting but they don't carry spears or boomerangs.

    27:04 An Australian Aboriginal man throws a boomerang.

    27:05 An Australian Aboriginal man during the preparation of Pitjuri.

    27:08 BAR expedition members filming the preparation of Pitjuri.

    27:28 BAR expedition member Olive Pink and two Australian Aboriginal men holding Pitjuri.

    27:34 Australian Aboriginal men spread a grass fire so as to signal neighbouring groups.

    27:39 Two Australian Aboriginal children in a tree.

    27:50 Three Australian Aboriginal children walk towards the camera.

    27:53 Four Australian Aboriginal children sit on the roof of an expedition vehicle.

    27:59 Mining operation with Australian Aboriginal and white workers.

    28:11 End of footage.

    Interlude

    29:06 Restricted Content Starts.

    29:43 Restricted Content Ends.

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/18)
    Tindale Tribes: Ngardi; Walpiri.
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Ngarti; Warlpiri.

    1. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. ACCESS DVD 5 [TIME CODED]
      EDIT OF EC BLACK COMPILATION RELATING TO THE GRANITES, NT, 1936.
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 5 min. 36 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/08/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 31/10/3
    2. THE GRANITES, NT, 1936. ACCESS DVD 6
      EDIT OF EC BLACK COMPILATION RELATING TO THE GRANITES, NT, 1936.
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 5 min. 36 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/08/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 31/10/4

      REFERENCES

    • EC Black Photographs (AA 31/6)
    • Cleland, JB 1937, 'Report of the tenth anthropological expedition, August 1936,' Oceania, 7 No. 4; 523.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/11/23-24
    Date Range 6 August 1936 - 27 August 1936, dates of expedition
    Quantity 3 cm, 2 film items. Formats: DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/11/23-24
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/12

    Nepabunna, South Australia, 1937. Edit from EC Black Compilation.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: M
     

    This film item documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Nepabunna, South Australia, during 22 May - 3 June 1937. The expedition party included numerous BAR members, who were met by Mr and Mrs Eaton of the United Aborigines Mission (AA 624), Nepabunna, South Australia.

    EC Black (AA 31) and CP Mountford (AA 228) both shot film but no 'final film production' of the BAR expedition was made.

    Access DVD 1 (AA 346/9/12/1) and Access DVD 2 (AA 346/9/12/2) are edits of the EC Black film compilation which have been identified as footage from the BAR expedition to Nepabunna, SA. This edit comprises of Time Codes 28:12 - 29:05. Further information about the EC Black compilation see (AA 31/10). There are no intertitles. The duration of this item is 54 sec.

    For film items shot by CP Mountford during this expedition see the Mountford-Sheard collection at the State Library of South Australia.

    Please note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: Access DVDs.

    Time Coded Summary: Taken from Access 1 (AA 346/9/12/1)

    00:00 'BAR Expedition to Nepabunna, SA, 1937. Edited Copy of (AA 31/10/3) EC Black Collection.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1937.'

    28:12 Four BAR expedition members making plaster casts of rock engravings at Red Gorge, Deception Creek, SA. See EC Black's diary entry 27 May 1937 (AA 31/1 Notebook 2)

    28:54 Women and children gathered outside a building at Nepabunna mission.

    29:05 End of footage.

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/19)
    Tindale Tribes: Pangkala; Wailpi.
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Adnyamathanha; Banggarla.

    1. NEPABUNNA, SA, 1937. ACCESS DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 54 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/06
      Generation: AA 31/10/3
    2. NEPABUNNA, SA, 1937. ACCESS DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 54 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/06
      Generation: AA 31/10/4

      REFERENCES

    • EC Black photographs (AA 30/6)
    • BAR photographs, Nepabunna (AA 346/6)
    • Contact print from the T Harvey Johnston (AA 161) photographic collection held at AIATSIS (N3841, N3852-N3853, N3855), taken during the BAR expedition to Nepabunna, SA, 1937.
    • EC Black, Expedition Notebook to Nepabunna, SA, 1937. (AA 31/2) Notebook 2.
    • Cleland, JB 1937, 'Evidence of Great Australian Native Trade Route.' Advertiser 14 June 1937. Copy enclosed in NB Tindale journal 'Notes on the Kaurna or Adelaide Tribe and the natives of Yorke Peninsula and the Middle North of South Australia by Norman B Tindale 1935.' (AA 338/1/35), pp.140-141.
    • 'Notes from HM Hale after May 1937 Exped. To Nepabunna, Flinders Ranges.' In NB Tindale (AA 338/1/35), pp.142-144.
    • Mountford, CP 1937, 'Why the Crow is Black - Legends and Customs of Flinders Ranges Natives.' Advertiser 29 June 1937. In NB Tindale (AA 338/1/35), pp.145-147. This article outlines localities visited by the expedition party.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/12
    Date Range 22 May 1937 - 3 June 1937, dates of expedition
    Quantity 3 cm, 2 film items. Formats: DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/12
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/1/1-10

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' 1938.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the first of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' 1938 is a final film production documenting the BAR expedition's visit to Queensland during August to December 1938.

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale (AA 338) with possible involvement from both DM Tindale and BG Birdsell who stating that they were 'looking forward to interesting experiments with a small movie camera,' 'Women Look Forward to Year's Camping Trip.' Advertiser 5 May 1938, clipping in NB Tindal Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.xi.

    The Harvard Adelaide films were made for the South Australian Museum's (SAM) Children's Museum, however due to the onset of the Second World War and the prohibitive costs of bringing film to a final production stage, these films except the present item, remained unfinished. During 1974 NB Tindale wrote a report on the unfinished BAR films. See: (AA 346/9/27/8).

    The South Australian Museum Archive Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/13/1/5) consists of Reels 1-2 (AA 346/9/13/1/1-2), duration 22 minutes 49 seconds, with intertitles. This expedition film was previously held in the NB Tindale collection and was transferred into the BAR collection in December 2005.

    Additional footage not included in the final film production was found spliced to the end of Mann Range, 1933, Reel 3, See: Access copy (AA 346/9/13/1/11-12), Time Codes 11:26-11:53, duration 34 seconds.

    This film has been titled, additional titles not included in the final film production are found in (AA 346/9/13/8) Time Codes 05:39-06:05.

    In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'N'. All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [N419]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references

    Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/13/1/9)

    00:00 Harvard-Adelaide Expedition Film: 'Pygmoid Natives of The Atherton Pleateau, Queensland.'1938.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1938.'

    01:30 'Pygmoid Natives of The Atherton Plateau, Queensland. I' Film title overlaid on a photograph of a group of Australian Aboriginal people from Millaa Millaa, Queensland, c.1890. Photographed by Alfred Atkinson.

    01:36 'Photography and Arrangement by Norman B Tindale Ethnologist SA Museum.'

    01:41 'Hinchinbrook Island - southern limit of Queensland's largest rain jungle.'

    01:46 An Australian Aboriginal man wades through a river carrying an tomahawk and other items above his head. He then returns to the far bank of the river. Palm Island, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.611-613, and related footage (AA 346/9/13/1/11) Time Codes 11:26-11:53.

    02:00 Hinchinbrook Island channel viewed from the mountains that overlook Cardwell, Queensland.

    02:11 Sign for 'Russell River.'

    02:15 The Russell River with Mt Bartle Frere in the background, Queensland.

    02:23 Sign for 'Barron Falls' with the falls in the background.

    02:29 Barron Falls near Cairns, Queensland.

    02:40 'Atherton Tableland - formally home of many pygmoid tribes.'

    02:45 Rain forest near Mona Mona, Queensland.

    02:53 ' Many pygmoid natives now congregate about Mona Mona'

    02:55 Map of Queensland showing the Cairns Hinterland, a hand points out Mona Mona, Queensland.

    03:02 People gather at the communal tap, Mona Mona Mission, Queensland.

    03:13 Children playing. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland.

    03:46 A group of women carry large planks of timber. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland.

    03:58 'Anthropologist JB Birdsell talks to a Bararam man.'

    04:02 'NB Birdsell speaks to Starlight Street [N444] of the Tjapukai people. Mona Mona Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.325.

    04:20 Cecil Brim [N479] of the Tjapukai and Buluwai peoples walks towards the camera. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland. See NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.329.

    04:33 Toby Brim [N428] of the Tjapukai people. See: NB Tindale film summary (AA 346/9/27/6) p.3.

    04:39 BG Birdsell speaking with and Maggie Davis [N435]. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland.

    05:03 Cyril Hobson [N433] of the Tjapukai people. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland. See NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.325.

    05:19 Gwen (Gwene) Molloy [N581] of the Buluwai and Muluritji peoples. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland. See: Photographs (AA 338/5/15/46-47) and NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.369.

    05:35 Young daughter of 'Ollie Carroll.' See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.353, and NB Tindale photograph (AA 338/5/15/36-37, 44)

    05:45 An Australian Aboriginal woman holding her young child. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland.

    05:51 A group of children. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland.

    06:06 An Australian Aboriginal man poses for the camera, laughing.

    06:25 JB Birdsell speaks with a Nora Mont [N464] of the Tjapukai people. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland. See: Photographs (AA 338/5/15/24) and NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp. 326-327.

    06:38 Mary Ann Lawrence [N475] of the Tjapukai people. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland. See: Photographs (AA 338/5/15/28) and NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.328.

    07:01 Night shot of Bob Rose [N488] of the idindji people speaking his traditional language. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.339, and NB Tindale's film summary (AA 346/9/27/6) p.4, Reel 10.

    07:30 'Newly-born pygmoid infant with pink skin'

    07:35 A nurse and an Australian Aboriginal woman with her newborn baby. Close up of several newborn babies. Yarrabah, Queensland.

    08:36 'Giant figtrees mark age-old camping places of aborigines.'

    08:41 DM Tindale and BG Birdsell examine figtrees.

    09:16 DM Tindale, BG Birdsell and JB Birdsell crossing log bridges in the rainforest, Lake Barrine, Queensland.

    09:40 'Volcanic crater lakes in the jungle.'

    09:44 Wild ducks fly over a large lake in the rainforest. Lake Barrie, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.417.

    10:00 Great expanses of rainforest vegetation on the edge of Lake Barrie, Queensland.

    11:00 'Cassowaries and tree kangaroos live in the jungle.'

    11:05 A cassowarie chick. Oombundgie, Queensland.

    11:22 'A dozen small tribes roam these jungles.'

    11:26 An Australian Aboriginal man on the far bank of a river, standing on a raft. The man poles the raft across the river towards the camera, smoking a pipe. The man picks up a tomahawk and other items from the raft. Palm Island, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.611-613, and related footage (AA 346/9/13/1/11) Time Codes 11:26-11:53.

    11:54 Photographic still of a group of Australian Aboriginal people from Millaa Millaa, Queensland. Photograph by Alfred Atkinson c.1890. See: NB Tindale photograph (AA 338/5/15/87).

    12:02 'Tree-climbing, a daily necessity for jungle dwellers.'

    12:06 Tall trees at the edge of the forest. Lake Barrie, Queensland.

    12:19 An idindji man prepares a cane loop by tying knotted hand grips. Lake Barrie, Queensland.

    12:26 An idindji man demonstrates how to climb a tree using a cane loop. Lake Barrie, Queensland. See: Photos (AA 338/5/15/57) and NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.419-421.

    13:17 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland, II' Film title overlaid on a photograph of 'Idindji tribes people near Babinda, Cairns District, 1893.' Taken by Alfred Atkinson. See: NB Tindale photograph (AA 338/5/15/85).

    13:23 A Tjapukai man demonstrating spear holding method. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.543.

    13:36 Close up of spear holding method.

    13:42 'Tjapukai man making wax-hafted quartz knives.'

    13:47 George Kuranda [N429] of the Tjapukai people demonstrating pressure flaking. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.340-341.

    14:47 Placing bees-wax on the stone flake.

    15:01 Two women carry firewood through grassland. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland.

    15:18 'Staple diet of bush yams pounded and milled.'

    15:23 Mrs Carroll of the Tjapukai people grinding yams for food. In the background are various baskets used by the local people. A rolling motion is used on the grindstone to prepare the yams, which are first hammered, pounded and then rolled. The stone mills are in the SAM collection. Mona Mona Mission, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.351-353, 359.

    16:03 'Nets, spears and poisons are used in fishing.'

    16:00 Women and children walk with fishing nets.

    16:17 Restricted Content Starts.

    17:27 Restricted Content Ends.

    17:27 'Basket-making methods follow those of extinct Tasmanians.'

    17:31 Mrs Carroll of the Tjapukai people weaving baskets. The grass is split and flattened, then the initial arrangement and first movements of the weaving process are demonstrated. Mona Mona, Queensland, 1938. See: Photographs (AA 338/5/15/42-44) and NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.353.

    18:52 An Australian Aboriginal man uses his teeth to strip the cane into lengths. The final stages of lashing the handle onto the basket. Mrs Carroll places the basket on her head to show the manner of carrying. A young child sits by her side.

    19:51 'Flat tree-buttresses yield large Idindji fighting shields.'

    19:55 An idindji man uses a tomahawk to outline the shape of the shield in a fig tree. Oombundgie, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.471.

    20:08 Fred Mandraby [N611] of the idindji people making a shield. Yarrabah, Queensland. NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.462. The shield is SAM Registry No. A27377.

    20:46 Shield being smoked over a fire. Yarrabah, Queensland. NB Tindale Photographs (AA 338/5/15/62).

    20:58 Scraping the shield smooth with a rasp stone. Yarrabah, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.461.

    21:19 Using coals to burn through the handle of the shield. Yarrabah, Queensland.

    21:33 Preparation of turtle designs for the shield. Yarrabah, Queensland.

    21:40 Fred Mandraby [N611] and Charles Hyde [N704] of the idindji people decorating shields. Yarrabah, Queensland. See NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.461, 541, NB Tindale photograph (AA 338/5/15/67). Additional footage is found in Harvard Adelaide: Film Offcuts (AA 346/9/13/12/6), Time Codes 01:57-02:04.

    21:53 'Placing turtle and fish designs on these shields.'

    21:58 Fred Mandraby [N611] of the idindji people painting turtle and fish designs on a shield.

    22:32 Charles Hyde [N704] of the idindji people painting himself.

    22:44 Fred Mandraby [N611] and Charles Hyde [N704] of the idindji people with their painted shields and a broadsword. Oombundgie, Queensland.

    22:49 'A wooden broadsword is the principle fighting weapon'

    23:54 Fred Mandraby [N611] and Charles Hyde [N704] of the idindji people with their painted shields, close up of the designs.

    23:16 Restricted Content Starts.

    24:17 Restricted Content Ends.

    24:17 Sill photograph 'Idindji tribes people near Babinda, Cairns District, 1893.' Taken by Arthur Atkinson. No Intertitle.

    24:19 End of footage

    Tindale Tribes: Tjapukai; Idindji; Muluritji.

    1. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1044 [Negative 3A]
    2. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. MASTER NEGATIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1043. [Negative 3B]
    3. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. DUPLICATE POSITIVE, REEL 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1044 [Positive 3A]
    4. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. DUPLICATE POSITIVE, REEL 2
      Characteristics 16mm, B&W, silent, 400 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1043. [Positive 3A]
    5. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 22 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/1/1-2
    6. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 22 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/1/5
    7. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 22 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/1/6
    8. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 22 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/1/6
    9. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 22 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/1/7
    10. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 22 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/1/8

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939.' (AA 338/1/15/1).
    • NB Tindale's notes for the editing of the Harvard Adelaide films (AA 346/9/27/6).
    • NB Tindale 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm films, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974.' (pp.4) (AA 346/9/27/8).
    • NB Tindale annotations on the edges of the 16mm film regarding subjects, dates and locations.
    • Mai, Larry L et al ed. 'The Perception of Evolution: Essays Honouring Joseph B. Birdsell.' Anthropology UCLA, Volume 7, Numbers 1 & 2, 1981. University of California, Los Angeles.
    • Tindale, NB and Birdsell, JB. 'Results of the Harvard-Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, 1938-1939. Tasmanian Tribes in North Queensland.
    • BAR Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: Sociological photographs (AA 346/4/20/1).
    • BAR Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: Anthropological data cards (AA 346/4/20/2) JB Birdsell set (AA 689/9/16).
    • NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/15/1-2).
    • Alfred Atkinson photograph used in Reel 1 title. See: (AA 338/5/15/87) and (AA 689/4/3/1/41-42).
    • Alfred Atkinson photograph used in Reel 2 title. See: (AA 338/5/15/85) and (AA 689/4/3/1/24).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/1/1-10
    Date Range August 1938 - December 1938, dates of expedition
    Quantity 26 cm, 10 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/1/1-10
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/1/11-12

    Additional footage from Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' 1938.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N
     

    This item is additional footage not included in the final film production, found spliced to the end of Mann Range, 1933, Reel 3 (AA 346/9/7/23), Time Codes 30:31-31:05. This footage is further shots from a scene filmed at Palm Island, Queensland. See: 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' 1938 (AA 346/9/13/1/9), Time Codes 11:26-11:53.
    Formats Held: DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/13/1/11)

    00:00 Harvard Adelaide: 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland.' 1938-1939. Additional footage found spliced with Mann Range, SA, 1933. (AA 346/9/7/23) Time Codes: 30:31-31:05.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1938.'

    30:31 Two Australian Aboriginal men on the far banks of a river, one of who appears to be removing a raft from the reeds. The man on the raft poles his way across the river towards the camera, smoking a pipe. The man picks up a tomahawk and other items from the raft. Palm Island, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.611-613.

    31:05 End of footage

    1. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. ACCESS DVD 5 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 34 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/7/27
    2. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'PYGMOID NATIVES OF THE ATHERTON PLEATEAU, QUEENSLAND' 1938. ACCESS DVD 6
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 34 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/7/28

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/1/11-12
    Date Range August 1938 - December 1938, dates of expedition
    Quantity 3 cm, 2 film items. Formats: DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/1/11-12
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/2

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Mixed Bloods of Cape Barren Island' Tasmania, 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N
     

    This is the second of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    'Tasmanian Mixed-Bloods on Cape Barren Island' is a unfinished film documenting the BAR expedition to Cape Barren Island, Tasmania, however it should be noted that this film also includes footage from Lake Tyers (Victoria), Yarrabah (Queensland), Point Pearce (South Australia), Mount Margaret (Western Australia), Boggabilla and Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga) (New South Wales), Koonibba (South Australia).

    Footage from Cape Barren Island, Tasmania is between Time Codes 01:30-05:31, followed by additional footage from many different missions and stations from throughout Australia. NB Tindale's (AA 338) annotations on the edge of film, which usually records the subject, location and occasionally the date of filming have been used to identify the many different locations found in this film.

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale with possible involvement from both DM Tindale and BG Birdsell. See: (AA 346/9/13/1).

    The Harvard-Adelaide films were made for the South Australian Museum's (SAM) Children's Museum, however due to the onset of the Second World War and the prohibitive costs of bringing film to a final production stage, these films, remained unfinished. According to NB Tindale's 1974 report on the unfinished BAR films he states that that this film 'ready to print.' See: (AA 346/9/27/8).

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/13/2/3) consists of (AA 346/9/13/2/1), duration 8 minutes 56 seconds, with initial title but no intertitles. Intertitles for this film were produced but never added, these are located in (AA 346/9/13/8), Time Codes 01:30-02:08.

    This expedition film was previous held in the NB Tindale collection and was transferred into the BAR collection in December 2005.

    In this summary intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'N.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [N1611]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film
    have been noted.

    The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references.

    Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/13/2/7)

    00:00 Harvard-Adelaide Expedition Film: 'Tasmanian Mixed Bloods on Cape Barren Island.'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia, © 1938-1939.'

    01:30 'Tasmanian Mixed Bloods on Cape Barren Island.' Film title overlaid on a group photograph of [from left to right] Phyllis Amada Thomas [N1611], Gladys Maynard [N1704], Stanley Summers [N1700], Ernest Fred Julian Mansell [N1630] and Erwin Maynard [N1583]. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania. See: NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/15/110).

    01:35 At Flinders Island showing the plane 'Lepena' ready to depart. Flinders Island, Tasmania.

    02:00 Pilots in the cabin of the plane 'Lepena.'

    02:08 Aerial views from plane of the fires along the Tasmanian coast. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/2), pp. 61, 147.

    02:46 Police launch Cape Barren Island. Three men and a uniformed policeman in a small boat rowing to shore. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 24b.

    02:58 Small boat with a mast, Cape Barren Island, Tasmania.

    03:20 DM Tindale and BG Birdsell in a boat with two unidentified men. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania.

    03:34 Still photograph of [from left to right] Phyllis Amada Thomas [N1611], Gladys Maynard [N1704], Stanley Summers [N1700], Ernest Fred Julian Mansell [N1630] and Erwin Maynard [N1583]. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania. See: NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/15/110)

    03:42 Lewis John Mansell [N1652] mounts a horse and gallops down the road. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania.

    03:58 Distant view of an unidentified man riding a bike and two women walking across a bridge. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania.

    04:06 Children in their classroom, then leaving the schoolhouse, Cape Barren Island, Tasmania. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/36), p.66.

    04:36 Erwin Maynard [N1583] and Stanley Summers [N1700] walk towards the camera. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania.

    04:41 Matilda Florence Mansell [N1692], Gladys Maynard, Aileen Maynard [N1702] get ready for a group photograph. Wife, daughter, and granddaughter of William Henry Mansell [N1597]. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/36), p.135. JB Birdsell walks over to them and removes a chair from the scene.

    04:49 JB Birdsell taking to Andrew Armstrong Maynard [N1669]. Framed photographs of his father, James Maynard and his grandfather rest against the rainwater tank. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/36), p.133-135. See photographic print (AA 689/4/3/1/69)

    04:56 Close up of the photograph of Andrew Armstrong Maynard's [N1669] grandfather [?]. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania.

    05:01 Close up of the photograph of Andrew Armstrong Maynard's [N1669] father [?]. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania.

    05:05 Close up of Andrew Armstrong Maynard [N1669]. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania.

    05:23 Close up of Lewis John Mansell [N1652]. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania.

    05:32 View from the far bank of Lake Tyers Mission Station, Victoria. 1939.

    05:44 Mission buildings at Yarrabah. This footage is shot from a distance and is overexposed. In the background can be seen buildings, in the foreground children are performing domestic duties. Yarrabah Mission, Queensland. 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 17a.

    06:08 View of the expedition trucks near mission buildings, children playing near the expedition vehicles. Point Pearce Mission, South Australia. 1939.

    06:18 A group of children playing. A girl pushes another in a toy car. Point Pearce Mission, South Australia. 1939.

    06:24 A boy runs towards the camera rolling a tire. Point Pearce Mission, South Australia. 1939.

    06:29 Another boy runs, rolling a tire along. Point Pearce Mission, South Australia. 1939.

    06:31 A woman and a girl who is pushing a pram, walks away from the camera. Point Pearce Mission, South Australia. 1939.

    06:39 A boy [see also: Time Code 06:29] and a girl push prams. Point Pearce Mission, South Australia. 1939.

    06:51 A boy stands minding a baby in a pram. Point Pearce Mission, South Australia. 1939.

    06:55 A girl stands sucking a lollipop. Point Pearce Mission, South Australia. 1939.

    07:05 A woman, man a group of children stand looking at the camera. Point Pearce Mission, South Australia. 1939.

    07:09 A boy rolls a car tire. He wears a cloth bag over his head which hangs down to his back. He stops rolling the wheel, sits inside, and sets the wheel in motion by kicking off the ground. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939.

    07:31 Young children playing, two boys jump onto the ground. Boggabilla, New South Wales. 1938.

    07:32 Boys playing rugby. Mission buildings and the church in the background. Koonibba, South Australia. 1939.

    07:40 Girls playing a game, Koonibba Mission. South Australia. 1939. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15), p.1023.

    07:45 Four boys play in front of the camera. Two of these boys run up to the camera, followed shortly by another. Boggabilla, NSW, 1938. See also: Time Codes: 07:31-07:32.

    08:08 Portrait of a young girl and boy. Boggabilla, NSW, 1938.

    08:11 Portrait of young girl. Boggabilla, New South Wales. 1938.

    08:15 Portrait of young boy. Boggabilla, New South Wales. 1938.

    08:18 Portrait of young boy. Boggabilla, New South Wales. 1938.

    08:22 Portrait of John Binge [N302]. Boggabilla, New South Wales. 1938.

    08:26 Distributing rations. Lake Tyers Station, Victoria 1939.

    08:39 Three men dig up vegetables, Lake Tyers Station, Victoria. 1939.

    08:47 A group of people stand near the vegetable gardens, Lake Tyers Station, Victoria. 1939.

    08:51 A boy digs up vegetables, Lake Tyers Station, Victoria. 1939.

    09:00 A man hands vegetables over the garden fence to two women, Lake Tyers Station, Victoria. 1939.

    09:05 A woman walks towards a group of houses, carrying a large bunch of vegetable. Lake Tyers Station, Victoria. 1939.

    09:11 Cattle walking in to be feed. Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga), New South Wales, 1938.
    See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 2d.

    09:23 A man drives a horse and cart to the gathering cattle, where he distributes hay. Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga), New South Wales, 1938.

    09:40 Harrowing or planting a field with the aid of a diesel tractor. Point Pearce Mission Station, South Australia, 1939. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 26b.

    10:09 Close up shots of the man riding on the harrow/planter. Point Pearce Mission Station, South Australia, 1939.

    10:14 Close up shot of the tractor driver. Point Pearce Mission Station, South Australia, 1939.

    10:28 End of footage.

    1. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TASMANIAN MIXED BLOODS ON CAPE BARREN ISLAND.' 1938-1939. MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 300ft
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale Collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1022. [Master Negative 4A]
    2. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TASMANIAN MIXED BLOODS ON CAPE BARREN ISLAND.' 1938-1939. DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 300 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale Collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1022. [Duplicate Positive 4A]
    3. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TASMANIAN MIXED BLOODS ON CAPE BARREN ISLAND.' 1938-1939. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 8 min 56 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/2/1
    4. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TASMANIAN MIXED BLOODS ON CAPE BARREN ISLAND.' 1938-1939. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 8 min 56 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/13/2/3
    5. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TASMANIAN MIXED BLOODS ON CAPE BARREN ISLAND.' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 8 min 56 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/13/2/4
    6. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TASMANIAN MIXED BLOODS ON CAPE BARREN ISLAND.' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 8 min 56 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/13/2/4
    7. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TASMANIAN MIXED BLOODS ON CAPE BARREN ISLAND.' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 8 min 56 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/13/2/5
    8. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TASMANIAN MIXED BLOODS ON CAPE BARREN ISLAND.' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 8 min 56 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/13/2/6

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939.' (AA 338/1/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale Journal 'Tasmanian and the Part Aborigines of the Bass Straight Islands, and Kangaroo Island, and some field notes on stone implements and general field observations on Lepidoptera. 1936-1965+' (AA 338/1/36), pp.54-155
    • NB Tindale notes for the editing of the Harvard Adelaide films (AA 346/9/27/6).
    • NB Tindale 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm film, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974.' (pp.4) (AA 346/9/27/8)
    • NB Tindale annotations on the edge of the 16mm film regarding subjects, dates and locations.
    • JB Birdsell Harvard-Adelaide Anthropological Data Cards (AA 689/689/16/33-34)
    • BAR Sociological photographs (AA 346/4/20/1)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/2
    Date Range May 1938 - June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 19 cm, 8 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/2
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/3

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Woorabinda' Queensland, 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the third of twelve titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    'Woorabinda' is an unfinished film documenting the BAR expedition's journey through Woorabinda (Queensland), Boggabilla, Pilliga, Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga) (New South Wales); Lake Tyers (Victoria); Nullarbor (Western Australia); and Lake Alexandrina (South Australia).

    NB Tindale's annotations on the edge of 16mm film, which usually records the subject, location and the date of filming have been used to identify the many different locations found in this film.

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale with possible involvement from both DM Tindale and BG Birdsell. See: (AA 346/9/13/1).

    The Harvard-Adelaide films were made for the South Australian Museum's (SAM) Children's Museum, however due to the onset of the Second World War and the prohibitive costs of bringing film to a final production stage, these films remained unfinished. According to NB Tindale's 1974 report on the unfinished BAR films he states that that this film was 'ready to print,' presumably after the addition of the films intertitles which are located in (AA 346/9/13/8), Time Codes 02:25-03:37. See report: (AA 346/9/27/8).

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/13/3/3) consists of (AA 346/9/13/3/1), duration 10 minutes 24 seconds, with no title or intertitles.

    This expedition film was previously held in the NB Tindale collection and was transferred into the BAR collection in December 2005.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'N.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [N256]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references.

    Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/13/3/7)

    00:00 Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Woorabinda' 1938-1939.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1938-1939.'

    01:30 River flowing. Woorabinda, Queensland, 1938.

    01:39 Restricted Content Starts.

    04:06 Restricted Content Ends.

    04:06 Distant view of Boggabilla Mission, New South Wales.

    04:13 A grove of gum trees.

    04:18 Charlie Dennison [N256] aged 84 years, of the Kamilaroi people, selects a suitable tree for making a canoe, 200 yards downstream from the mission. MacIntyre River, Boggabilla, New South Wales. See: NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/15/6-9), and NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15), p.231.

    04.27 Charlie Dennison [N256] of the Kamilaroi people, assisted by a group of men, uses a tomahawk to outline the canoe shape in the bark. Lengths of bark are stripped from surrounding trees to wedge the bark off the tree.

    05:03 Charlie Dennison [N256] of the Kamilaroi people, using a tomahawk to outline the canoe to a height of some 14 feet above ground. Wooden wedges are used to prize the bark from the tree. His grandson assists him.

    06:07 A group of men remove the large piece of bark from the tree.

    06:31 The inner surface of the bark canoe.

    06:35 A large crack appeared throughout the piece of bark and proved unsuitable for planed the large canoe. Two pieces of bark are laid out on the ground near a smoking fire.

    06:48 Charlie Dennison [N256] of the Kamilaroi people demonstrates with the back of his old canoe how the end of the canoe is blocked with a piece of bark held in place with mud. See: NB Tindale journal (AA 338/1/15), p.233.

    07:04 Charlie Dennison [N256] of the Kamilaroi people with the help of the young girl pushes his old canoe down the bank into the river.

    07:15 Charlie Dennison's grandson paddling the finished canoe. McIntyre River, Boggabilla, NSW. See: NB Tindale photograph (AA 338/5/15/170) and NB Tindale journal (AA 338/1/15), p.233. (The finished canoe is SAM Registry number A27479).

    07:52 Dudley Dennis demonstrating two Weliwan string games from Brewarrina that he as been taught. Pilliga, New South Wales. See: NB Tindale photograph (AA 338/5/15/2-3) and NB Tindale journal (AA 338/1/15), p.139.

    08:06 Boomerang throwing by four men of the Jotijota people. Cumeroogunga, New South Wales. 1938. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.89.

    08:40 Dan Cortwine [N1547] of the Bunganditj people, holds a sign 'Last Bunandaitj man Dan Courtwine.' Lake Tyers, Victoria. 1939.

    09:02 Hector Bull [N1532] of the 'Kiernai' [Kurnai] people. Lake Tyers, Victoria.

    09:15 Noel Hood [N1538] and his son, Jack Hood [N1539] of the Kurnai people. Lake Tyers, Victoria.

    09:25 Jack Hood [N1539] of the Kurnai people. Lake Tyers, Victoria.

    09:33 Kitty [N2345] of the Mirning people and DM Tindale dancing to a gramophone record. Watched on by Rupert [N2344] and Jelan [N2343] of the Mirning people. Nullabor Station, Western Australia. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15), pp.1014-1017. See also: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6). Reel 29c.

    10:00 Mrs Susie Glennie (Jaranda) one of the last of the Pangkala people. Port Augusta, South Australia. See: NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/15/146-147) and NB Tindale journal (AA 338/1/15), p.408.

    10:15 Milerum (Clarence Long) [N1829] of the Tanganekald people, walking through sand dunes. Brighton Beach, South Australia. December 1937. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/33/2), pp. 223-228, 236. See the complete final film production of 'Basket-making, Coorong, South Australia.' 1937. (AA 338/25/2).

    10:35 'Shells as implements among the Jarildekald, Lake Alexandrina, South Australia.'

    10:40 'Mussell (Unio shells) as knife and scraper.'

    10:44 Mark Wilson [N1830] of the people Tanganekald people, in a possum skin cloak using a shell as a scraper. South Australia. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/33/2), pp.102-103.

    10:53 'Verconis shell as a scraper and chopper.'

    10:58 Close up of Mark Wilson [N1830] of the Tanganekald people, using a shell as a scraper. Slow motion footage. South Australia. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/33/2), pp.102-103.

    11:18 Recording Jarildekald texts with Albert Karloan [N1823] of the Jarildekald people. Murray River, South Australia. Possibly during March 1940. See: NB Journal (AA338/1/33/3), pp.31-107, and Speech and Sound Recordings (AA 338/11/14/1-4).

    11:55. End of footage.

    1. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'WOORABINDA,' 1938-1939. MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1305. (Negative 1A).
    2. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'WOORABINDA,' 1938-1939. DUPLCIATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1305. (Positive 1A)
    3. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'WOORABINDA,' 1938-1939. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 10 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/3/1
    4. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'WOORABINDA,' 1938-1939. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 10 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/3/3
    5. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'WOORABINDA,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/3/4
    6. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'WOORABINDA,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/3/4
    7. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'WOORABINDA,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/3/5
    8. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'WOORABINDA,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/3/6

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939.' (AA 338/1/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale Photographs (AA 338/5/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale 'Note on Partly Processed 16mm film, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/8)
    • NB Tindale notes for the editing of the Harvard Adelaide films (AA 346/9/27/6)
    • NB Tindale annotations on the edge of the 16mm film regarding subjects, dates and locations.
    • NB Tindale notes for final film production of 'Basket-Making, Coorong, SA.' 1937. (AA 338/25/2/15)
    • 'Journal of Researches in the South East of S[outh] Australia by Norman B Tindale. Volume II. 1934-[1940]' (AA 338/1/33/2)
    • 'Journal of Researches in the South East of S[outh] Australia by Norman B Tindale. Volume III. 1938-1956 with index and sundry notes.' (AA 338/1/33/3)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/3
    Date Range May 1938 - June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 19 cm, 8 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/3
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/4

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Lake Tyers' Victoria, 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N
     

    This is the fourth of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    'Lake Tyers' is an unfinished film item documenting the BAR expedition to Lake Tyers, Victoria, however it should be noted that this film also includes footage from Yarrabah and Woorabinda (Queensland) as well as footage from Mount Margaret (Western Australia), Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga) and Boggabilla (New South Wales).

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale (AA 338) with possible involvement from both DM Tindale and BG Birdsell. See: (AA 346/9/13/1).

    NB Tindale's annotations on the edge of the 16mm film, which usually records the subject, location and the dates of filming have been used to identify the many different locations found in this film.

    This expedition film was previous held in the NB Tindale collection and was transferred into the BAR collection in December 2005.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'N.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [N1313]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references.

    Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/13/4/6)

    00:00 Harvard Adelaide Expedition: 'Lake Tyers,' 1938-1939

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1938-1939.'

    01:30 An Australian Aboriginal man sharpens an axe on a rotating grindstone. Lake Tyers, Victoria, 1939.

    01:46 A man works out the front of mission houses, trimming timber planks with an axe. Lake Tyers, Victoria. 1939.

    01:56 An Australian Aboriginal woman with her two children standing outside her house. Lake Tyers, Victoria, 1939. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 35b.

    02:06 An Australian Aboriginal woman and her children walk through the interior of the house. Lake Tyers, Victoria. 1939.

    02:13 Close up of the woman and her two children, Lake Tyers, Victoria. 1939.

    02:25 Distant view of the large wedding party. Yarrabah, Queensland, 1939.
    See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 16c.

    02:31 The couple are congratulated by the community who line up to shake their hands. Yarrabah, Queensland. 1939.

    02:56 Five flower girls from the wedding party. Yarrabah, Queensland. 1939.

    03:02 DM Tindale and BG Birdsell congratulate the bride and groom. Yarrabah, Queensland. 1939.

    03:17 DM Tindale and BG Birdsell walk into the maternity hospital. Lake Tyers, Victoria. 1939.

    03:26 A woman is tucked into in bed. Two nurses, one holding a new born baby. Lake Tyers, Victoria. 1939.

    03:37 Close up of the nurse and new born. Lake Tyers, Victoria. 1939.

    03:47 Nora Mullett [N1578] of the Kurnai people leaves the maternity hospital carrying her new born baby. Lake Tyers, Victoria. 1939.

    03:58 Girls and boys line up for a school parade, Woorabinda, Queensland. 1938.

    04:01 Close up of children as they stand in file. Woorabinda, Queensland. 1938.

    04:27 Garfield Reid [N1313] of the Koren Goren people, holds a sign 'Woorabinda, 1312 Doreen Boson, 1309 Gwen Doyle, 1313 Garfield Reid.' Woorabinda, Queensland. 1938.

    04:30 Portrait of Gwen Doyle [N1309] of the Jiman and Kungari peoples, and Doreen Boson [N1312] of the Kangulu people. Woorabinda, Queensland, 1938. See: NB Tindale photograph (AA 338/5/15/78).

    04:41 Portrait of Gwen Doyle [N1309] of the Jiman and Kungari peoples. Woorabinda, Queensland. 1938.

    04:50 Portrait of Doreen Boson [N1312] of the Kangulu people. Woorabinda, Queensland. 1938.

    04:59 Portrait of Garfield Reid [N1313] of the Koren Goren people. Woorabinda, Queensland. 1938.

    05:08 A group of children outside the schoolhouse. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939.

    05:13 The school principle, Mrs Mary Bennett, at the entrance of the schoolhouse. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.909.

    05:18 Close up of school principle, Mrs Mary Bennett. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939.

    05:25 Inside the schoolhouse, the children work while Mrs Bennett and her assistant help the children. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939.

    05:36 Children at the blackboard conducting multiplications. They randomly point with a stick at a grid which is numbered 1-12 and write down on the blackboard a multiplication of the picked number. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 27c.

    06:39 Playing tennis. Mount Margaret, Western Australia.

    07:24 Close up of a woman bouncing a tennis ball on her racket. Mount Margaret, Western Australia.

    07:29 Australian rules football. Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga), New South Wales. 1938. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.89.

    07:43 A man shovels earth into a stamping battery. Gold mining operation Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.909-913.

    07:55 Close up of the stamps crushing the ore. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939.

    08:01 Steam stamping machine, with five stampers, in operation. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939.

    08:05 The crushed ore slurry is washed over copper plates. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939.

    08:20 Applying mercury to copper plates. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939.

    08:28 Smelting operations. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 28b.

    09:27 The gold nugget. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 27a.

    09:35 Smelting operations continued. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939.

    09:57 Washing the gold nugget. Mount Margaret, Western Australia. 1939.

    10:07 A procession of children in military uniforms followed by cars and floats. Children dressed as the nationalities of the British Empire. Cars and floats with paper streamers. A gum leaf band. Children pulling rickshaws and children riding bicycles made to look like a boat and an air craft. Empire Day Parade, Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga), New South Wales. 24 May 1938. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.89. See also: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), 2b.

    10:52 An Australian Aboriginal man stands with four children. Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga), New South Wales. 1938.

    10:57 Empire Day Parade. Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga), New South Wales. 1938.

    11:08 An Australian Aboriginal family fishing MacIntyre River. Boggabilla, New South Wales. 1938.

    11:41 End of footage.

    1. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'LAKE TYERS,' 1938-1939. MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale (AA 338) collection as [Master Negative 6A]
    2. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'LAKE TYERS,' 1938-1939. MASTER PRESERVATION
      COPY

      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 10 min 10 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/4/1
    3. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'LAKE TYERS,' 1938-1939. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 10 min 10 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/13/4/2
    4. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'LAKE TYERS,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 10 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/4/3
    5. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'LAKE TYERS,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 10 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/4/3
    6. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'LAKE TYERS,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 10 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/4/4
    7. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'LAKE TYERS,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 10 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/4/5

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939.' (AA 338/1/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale Photographs (AA 338/1/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm film, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974, (AA 346/9/27/8)
    • NB Tindale notes for the editing of Harvard Adelaide film (AA 346/9/27/6)
    • NB Tindale annotations on the edge of the 16mm film regarding subjects, dates and locations.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/4
    Date Range May 1938 - June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 15.5 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/4
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/5

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Extra' 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N
     

    This is the fifth of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    'Extra' is an unfinished film documenting the BAR expedition's journey through Laverton and Madura Pass (Western Australia), Echuca (Victoria), Gogango Range, Lake Barrine and Palm Island (Queensland), Talawanta and Boggabilla (New South Wales), Point Pearce Mission (South Australia) and Cape Barren Island (Tasmania).

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale (AA 338) with possible involvement from both DM Tindale and BG Birdsell. See: (AA 346/9/13/1)

    NB Tindale's annotations on the edge of the 16mm film, which usually records the subject, location and the dates of filming have been used to identify the many different locations found in this film.

    This expedition film was previous held in the NB Tindale collection and was transferred into the BAR collection in December 2005.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/13/5/3) consists of (AA 346/9/13/5/1). Duration 06 minutes 13 seconds.

    Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/13/5/7)

    00:00 Harvard Adelaide Expedition: 'Extra,' 1938-1939.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1938-1939.'

    01:30 Journey of the Harvard Adelaide Universities' Expedition, 1938-39.' Title overlaid on a photograph taken of the expedition party making anthropological party working a group of 1 mile east of Laverton, Western Australia. 23 May 1939. See: NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/15/137)

    01:45 The Birdsell's car drives along a road. Central Queensland, 1938.

    02:00 View of the dirt track, filmed from the car.

    02:09 An expedition car. North of Babinda, Queensland, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6). Reel 13bb.

    02:23 An expedition car crossing a creek. North Queensland, 1938.

    02:28 Expedition car negotiating Madura Pass, Western Australia, 1938.

    02:47 Rainforest, shot from a moving car. Eastern Victoria, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6). Reel 22d.

    03:08 Rounding up sheep. Talawanta, New South Wales, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 4c.

    03:37 Water boring operation. Talawanta, New South Wales, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 4d.

    04:37 Hand cranked river punt. River Murray, Echuca, Victoria, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6). Reel 3a.

    05:06 Driving through Gogango Range, Central Queensland, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 8e.

    05:13 Prickly pears. Gogango Range, Central Queensland, 1938. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.295, 297. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 8d.

    05:23 Rainforest. Queensland. 1938.

    05:38 House on the edge of Lake Barrine, Queensland, 1938.

    05:46 JB Birdsell smoking. Talawanta, New South Wales, 1938.

    05:55 JB Birdsell walking with a butterfly net. North Queensland, 1938.

    05:57 The expedition party going for a swim. Palm Island, Queensland, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 30b.

    06:07 DM Tindale and BG Birdsell on horseback. Palm Island. Queensland, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 30d.

    06:06 An Australian Aboriginal girl breaking a coconut against the trunk of the coconut tree. Queensland. 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 18.

    06:19 DM Tindale writing up notes. Boggabilla, New South Wales, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 5e.

    06:27 Obtaining honey from a tree trunk. Boggabilla, New South Wales, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 7c

    06:58 DM Tindale tasting honey. Boggabilla, New South Wales, 1938.

    07:03 BG Birdsell paddling canoe. MacIntyre River. Boggabilla, New South Wales, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 6b.

    07:18 Mixed doubles tennis match with the BG and JB Birdsell, DM Tindale and an unidentified man. Point Pearce Mission, South Australia, 1939.

    07:34 JB Birdsell and a Police Constable playing poker. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania. 1939. Shot at a slow film speed.

    07:42 End of footage.

    1. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'EXTRA,' 1938-1939, MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale (AA 338) collection as [Negative 2A]
    2. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'EXTRA,' 1938-1939, DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale (AA 338) collection as [Positive 2A]
    3. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'EXTRA,' 1938-1939. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 06 min 13 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/5/1
    4. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'EXTRA,' 1938-1939. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 06 min 13 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/5/3
    5. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'EXTRA,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 06 min 13 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/5/4
    6. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'EXTRA,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 06 min 13 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/5/4
    7. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'EXTRA,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 06 min 13 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/5/5
    8. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'EXTRA,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 06 min 13 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/5/6

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939.' (AA 338/1/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale's notes for the editing of the Harvard Adelaide films (AA 346/9/27/6).
    • NB Tindale Photographs (AA 338/1/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm film, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974, (AA 346/9/27/8)
    • NB Tindale notes for the editing of Harvard Adelaide film (AA 346/9/27/6)
    • NB Tindale annotations on the edge of the 16mm film regarding subjects, dates and locations.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/5
    Date Range May 1938 - June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 19 cm, 8 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/5
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/6

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Fossil' 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the sixth of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    'Fossil' is an unfinished film item documenting the BAR expedition to Talgai, Mona Mona, Palm Island, Lake Barrie, Yarrabah (Queensland), Cohuna (Victoria), Cape Barren Island (Tasmania), Brewarrina (New South Wales) and Mount Schank (South Australia).

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale (AA 338) with possible involvement from both DM Tindale and BG Birdsell. See: (AA 346/9/13/1).

    NB Tindale's annotations on the edge of the 16mm film, which usually records the subject, location and the dates of filming have been used to identify the many different locations found in this film.

    This expedition film was previous held in the NB Tindale collection and was transferred into the BAR collection in December 2005.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/13/6/2) consists of (AA 346/9/13/6/1). Duration 5 minutes 23 seconds.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'N.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [N611]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    Please note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/13/6/6)

    00:00 Harvard Adelaide Expedition: 'Fossil,' 1938-1939

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1938-1939.'

    01:00 Dalrymple Creek. Talgai, Queensland.

    01:05 JB Birdsell (AA 689) examining the Talgai fossil site. Talgai, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.239-247.

    01:14 Views of the terrain around the Talgai fossil site. Talgai, Queensland.

    01:28 JB Birdsell examines the creek walls further evidence of fossils. Talgai, Queensland. See: NB Tindale journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.242a. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 8a.

    01:41 Fresh-water shells discovered in the Cohuna beds. Cohuna, Victoria. 1938.

    01:50 JB Birdsell speaks with GA Gray, discover of the Cohnua fossil. Cohuna, Victoria. 1938. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp84-88.

    01:57 GA Gray and a second man digging a drain by driving a five horse plough and scoop. Cohuna, Victoria. 1938. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.85.

    02:15 JB Birdsell, BG Birdsell and GA Gray, search the ground for evidence of fossils. Cohuna, Victoria, 1938.

    02:21 JB Birdsell examining a fragment, DM Tindale and GA Gray stand alongside. Cohuna, Victoria, 1938.

    02:35 BG Birdsell searching amongst reeds on the river bank.

    02:46 JB Birdsell measuring and examining the Cohuna skull, Institute of Anatomy, Canberra. 1938. Shot at a slow film speed. See further list of references at the end of this inventory. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.115-117.

    03:04 JB Birdsell examines flint implements. Cape Barren Island, Tasmania. 1939.

    03:14 BG Birdsell finds a quartzite chopper [A27501] in situ. 'There were great jubilations and we filmed the site & the re-enactment of the finding of it.' Cape Barren Island, Tasmania. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/36), p.85. See also: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 31a.

    03:28 Close up of the quartzite chopper [A27501] in the hand of BG Birdsell. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/36), p.86.

    03:37 Stone fish traps in the river. Brewarrina, New South Wales, 1938. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.150-151, and NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/15/4-5) and NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 3e.

    04:06 BG and JB Birdsell examine a campsite Mount Schank, South Australia. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.787, 789, also NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), 25b.

    04:26 Close up of a quartzite chopper found by JB Birdsell.

    04:38 Close up of spear holding method. This footage has been included in 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' (AA 346/9/13/1), Time Codes 13:36-13:42.

    04:45 A Tjapukai man demonstrating spear holding method, Mona Mona Mission. Queensland. This footage has been spliced to the reel up side down. This footage has been included in 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' (AA 346/9/13/1), Time Codes 13:23- 13:36. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.543.

    04:58 Two Australian Aboriginal men on the far banks of a river, one of whom appears to be removing a raft from the reeds. Palm Island, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp.611-613. This footage has been included in the item Additional footage relating to Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' 1938.' (AA 346/9/13/1/11) Time Codes 30:31-31:05.

    05:03 Rainforest vegetation on the edge of Lake Barrie, Queensland. This footage has been included in 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' (AA 346/9/13/1).

    05:31 Map of Queensland showing the Cairns Hinterland, a hand points out Mona Mona, Queensland. This footage has been included in 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' (AA 346/9/13/1).

    05:36 An Australian Aboriginal woman with her new born child. Possibly at Yarrabah maternity hospital, Queensland. This footage is damaged and was not used in any final film productions.

    05:43 Views of the Cohuna skull. Institute of Anatomy, Canberra. 1938.

    06:04 A rat-kangaroo (Aepyprymnus rufescens ) Woorabinda, Queensland.

    06:17 Fred Mandraby [N611] and Charles Hyde [N704] of the idindji people decorating shields. Yarrabah, Queensland. This footage has been included in 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' (AA 346/9/13/1/9). Time Codes 21:40-21:52. Additional footage can be found in Harvard Adelaide: Film Offcuts (AA 346/9/13/12/6), Time Codes 01:57-02:04. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp. 461, 541, NB Tindale photograph (AA 338/5/15/67).

    06:23 End of footage.

    1. HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'FOSSIL,' 1938-1939. MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 200 ft.
      Notes: This item was incorrectly accessioned into the TD Campbell (AA 52) collection Acc. No. 1738.
    2. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'FOSSIL,' 1938-1939. MASTER PRESERVATION
      COPY

      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 05 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/6/1
    3. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'FOSSIL,' 1938-1939. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 05 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/6/2
    4. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'FOSSIL,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 05 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/6/3
    5. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'FOSSIL,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 05 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/6/3
    6. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'FOSSIL,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 05 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/6/4
    7. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'FOSSIL,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 05 min 24 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/6/5

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939.' (AA 338/1/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale Journal 'Tasmanian and the Part Aborigines of the Bass Straight Islands, and Kangaroo Island, and some field notes on stone implements and general field observations on Lepidoptera. 1936-1965+' (AA 338/1/36), pp.54-155
    • NB Tindale annotations on the edge of the 16mm film regarding subjects, dates and locations.
    • NB Tindale 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm film, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974, (AA 346/9/27/8)
    • NB Tindale Photographs (AA 338/1/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale notes for the editing of Harvard Adelaide film (AA 346/9/27/6)
    • JB Birdsell 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1)
    • JB Birdsell Journal, Comparison of measurements between JB Birdsell's data and other morphometric data (AA 689/1/13)
    • JB Birdsell 'Cohuna Skull et. Al.' Journal (AA 3689/1/15)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/6
    Date Range May 1938 - June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 15.5 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/6
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/7

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Transport' 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N
     

    This is the seventh of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    This film contains footage from Charters Towers, Atherton, Mona Mona, Oak Forest and Russell River (Queensland) as well as Nullabor Plain, Port Germein, Port Victoria and the Murray River (South Australia), Talawanta (New South Wales) and Lake Tyers (Victoria).

    This unfinished film was intended to be produced as 'Some Methods of Transport in Australia' and be shown in the South Australian Museum's (SAM) Children's Museum, however due to the onset of the Second World War and the prohibitive costs of bringing film to a final production stage, these films remained unfinished.

    NB Tindale's (AA 338) annotations on the edge of 16mm film, which usually records the subject, location and the date of filming have been used to identify the many different locations found in this film. Intertitles for this film were produced but never added, these are located in (AA 346/9/13/8), Time Codes 03:30-04:29.

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale with possible involvement from both DM Tindale and BG Birdsell. See: (AA 346/9/13/1).

    Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes.

    Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded) Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/13/7/6)

    00:00 'Some Methods of Transport in Australia. Harvard Adelaide Expedition, 1938-1939.'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1939.'

    01:30 Stock men with grazing cattle. Charters Towers, Queensland. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.298. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 13a.

    01:59 Using a horse-drawn sledge to cart firewood. Lake Tyers, Victoria. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 23a.

    03:21 Two Australian Aboriginal men driving a camel buggy. Nullarbor Plain, South Australia. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 34b.

    03:58 A team of bullocks are harnessed in smoky conditions following a local bush fire. Lake Tyers, Victoria.

    04:17 Bullock team hauling logs. Oak Forest, Queensland.

    05:05 Felled trees, Mona Mona Mission, Queensland.

    05:14 Old steam wagon used to transport timber. Oak Forest, Mona Mona, Queensland. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 9b.

    05:32 A steam train shunting carriages loaded with sugar cane. Russell River, Queensland.
    See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 19e.

    06:04 A motor truck towing large longs. Mona Mona, Queensland.

    06:20 Bales of wool being transported to market by motor truck. Near Talawanta, New South Wales. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 4e.

    06:26 The last of the ocean sailing ships at sea. Port Victoria, South Australia.

    06:51 Wheat stacks. Men use a mechanical loader to transport the bags of wheat to an adjoining cart. Port Germein, South Australia.

    07:15 Transferring the bags of wheat from the horse and cart to a rail carriage. Port Germein, South Australia.

    07:46 Loading bags of wheat into ships. Port Victoria, South Australia.

    08:00 The bags of wheat are shown sliding down the shoots into the holds of the ketches.

    08:18 The paddle steamer 'Murrabit' towing two barges. Murray River, South Australia.

    08:59 Speed boats with internal combustion motors. Murray River, South Australia.

    09:44 End of film.

    1. HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'TRANSPORT,' 1938-1939. MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 300 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1041, [Negative 5a] and was transferred to the BAR collection (AA 346/9) in April 2005.
    2. HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'TRANSPORT,' 1938-1939. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 8 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/7/1
    3. HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'TRANSPORT,' 1938-1939. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 8 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/7/2
    4. 'HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'TRANSPORT,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 8 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/7/3
    5. HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'TRANSPORT,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 8 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/7/3
    6. HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'TRANSPORT,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 8 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/7/4
    7. HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'TRANSPORT,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 8 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/7/5

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939.' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).
    • NB Tindale's notes for the editing of the Harvard Adelaide films (AA 346/9/27/6).
    • NB Tindale 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm films, examined by NB Tindale, July, 1974.' (pp.4) (AA 346/9/27/8).
    • NB Tindale annotations on the edges of the 16mm film regarding subjects, dates and locations.
    • Harvard Adelaide 'Film Titles' (AA 346/9/13/7/8).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/7
    Date Range 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 15.5 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/7
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/8

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Titles' 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the eighth of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    These film titles were made but not included in the Harvard-Adelaide expedition films, with the exception of 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' 1938, which was fully titled, according to NB Tindale's (AA 338) report on the unfinished BAR films (AA 346/9/27/8). Where possible titles have been matched to the proposed final film productions.

    In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today.

    Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes.

    Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded) Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/13/8/6)

    00:00 Harvard Adelaide Expedition: 'Titles' 1938-1939.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1939.'

    Titles for the film 'Mixed Bloods of Cape Barren Island,' and possibly others.

    01:30 'By plane and launch to Cape Barren Island.' Tasmania

    01:34 'Tasmanian mixed-bloods are elusive camera subjects.'

    01:39 'An Islander with his father's portrait (F1 Tasmanian hybrid).'

    01:45 'Typical scenes on mixed-blood settlements.'

    01:49 'A well-organised ration store.' Lake Tyers, Victoria.

    01:53 'Third generation Tasmanian mixed bloods.'

    01:57 'Agriculture work.' Point Pearce, South Australia.

    02:00 'Mixed-bloods trained as plough men.'

    02:04 'The best type of housing.' Mona Mona, Queensland.

    02:08 'Near-white children (¼ Aus.)'

    Titles for the films 'Woorabinda' and 'Lake Tyers,' possibly others.

    02:12 'A profitable avenue of employment - gold-mining.' Mount Margaret, Western Australia.

    02:16 'Empire Day Celebrations.' Cumeroogunga, New South Wales.

    02:21 'For some the old way die hard.'

    02:25 Restricted Content Starts.

    02:41 Restricted Content Ends.

    02:41 'Apple-gum bark for Kamilaroi canoe, MacIntyre River, NSW.'

    02:47 'Unnamed Weilwan string game from Brewarrina, NSW.'

    02:51 'Boomerang - throwing by survivors of Joti-Jota, (Cummeragunja), NSW.'

    02:56 'Kurnai father and son, Lake Tyers, VIC N1538-1539.'

    03:02 'Last Survivor of Buandik tribe, Dergholm, VIC N1547.'

    03:08 'Survivors of the Mining, Nullarbor Plain, SA N2343-2348.'

    03:15 'Last survivor of the Pangkala, Whyalla, SA (1939).'

    03:17 'Recording Jarildekald texts with Karloan, Murray River, SA.

    03:23 'Jarildekald man demonstrates shell-chopper (Eucrassatella verconis) Lake Alexandrina, SA.'

    03:28 'Fresh water mussel, (Hyridella australis) as scraper.'

    03:32 'Tanganekald man hunting among the sand-dunes, Coorong, SA.'

    Titles for the 'Transport' film.

    03:38 'Stock riders in Central Queensland.' Charters Towers, Queensland.

    03:41 'Horse-drawn sledge at Lake Tyers, Victoria.'

    03:46 'Camel buggies on Nullarbor Plain, SA'

    03:50 'Bullock team in Atherton rain jungle, Queensland.'

    03:54 'Old steam wagon at oak Forest, Queensland.'

    03:58 'Steam trams carry sugar cane, Russell River, Queensland.'

    04:07 'Motor vehicles superseding oxen and steam.'

    04:10 'Fast transport moves by plane, Tasmania to Flinders Island.'

    04:16 'Paddle steamers carry goods along the Murray. ' Murray River, South Australia.

    04:21 'Loading wheat ships, Port Victoria, SA.'

    04:25 'Last of the ocean sailing ships, 1939.' Port Victoria, South Australia.

    04:29 'With internal combustion motors, great speeds are possible.'

    Titles for the 'Fossil' film.

    04:33 'Site of discover of first human fossil, Talgai, Queensland.'

    04:38 'JB Birdsell examines washout creek walls for further relics.'

    04:44 'Fossil kangaroo and diprotodon bones from the same beds.'

    04:49 'Meeting GA Gray, finder of human fossil at Cohuna, Vic.'

    04:55 'Drain-digging team which unearthed the fossil skull.'

    04:59 'Fresh-water shells discovered in the Cohuna beds.'

    05:03 'Examining Cohuna cranium at Institute of Anatomy, Canberra.'

    05:08 'The Talgai skull.'

    05:11 'The Cohuna skull.'

    05:14 'Cape Barren Island: discovery of first ancient implement.' Tasmania.

    05:19 'Ancient aboriginal stone fish-trap at Brewarrina, NSW.'

    05:23 'The crocodile carving at Panaramittee, SA (Photograph CP Mountford).'(AA 228)

    05:29 'Northward to tropical Queensland: westward to Perth.'

    05:33 'Finding aboriginal stone implements beneath the volcanic ash of Mt Schank, SA.'

    Titles for 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' not included in the final film production, and possibly others.

    05:39 'Sojourn at Palm Island.' Queensland.

    05:42 'Angry aborigine defying station authorities.' Palm Island, Queensland.

    05:45 'Glimpses of expedition members at work.'

    05:49 'Diversions.'

    05:53 'Prickly pear forest on the Gogango Range, Queensland.'

    05:56 'Water-boring in Great Artesian Basin, Weilmoringle, NSW.'

    06:01 'Tree nests of termites, Boggabilla, NSW.'

    06:05 'Native women carrying timber, Mona Mona, Queensland.'

    Titles for 'Native Mammals' and 'Birds' films

    06:10 'The Emu, (Dromaius novaehollandiae).'

    06:13 'The native companion [Brolga] (Grus rubicundus).'

    06:18 'Australian cassowary (Casuarius casuarius) a rain-jungle dweller.'

    06:24 'Galah (Kakatoe roseicapilla).'

    06:28 'Glossy Starling (Aplonis metallica) a communal nest-builder.'

    06:33 'Flocks move south into Queensland jungles to breed.'

    06:37 'Mynahs, Brewarrina, NSW.'

    06:40 'Plumed Pigeon (Lophophaps plumifera) Quantambone, NSW.'

    06:45 'Australian Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeate) Woodenbong, NSW.'

    06:49 'Rat-kangaroo (Aepyprymnus rufescens) Woorabinda, Qnsld.'

    06:53 'Yellow-footed pouched mouse, (Phascogale flavipes) Willunga, SA.'

    06:57 'Honey Mouse (Tarsipes Spenserae) from Kendenup, WA.'

    07:02 'Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) at Flaggy Creek, Nth Qnsld. (northernmost record).

    07:07 'Burrowing frog (Heleioporus albopunctatus) at Borden, WA.'

    07:12 'Spiny Devil (Moloch horridus) Nullabor Plain, SA.'

    07:16 'SOME METHODS OF TRANSPORT IN AUSTRALIA'

    07:21 'AUSTRALIAN MIXED-BLOODS AND THEIR LIFE. I.'

    07:25 'AUSTRALIAN MIXED-BLOODS AND THEIR LIFE. II.'

    07:30 'RECORDS OF AUSTRALIAN NATIVE MAMMALS.'

    07:34 'SOME CULTURAL SURVIVALS AMONG SOUTH EASTERN AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINIES.'

    07:39 'SOME AUSTRALIAN BIRDS.'

    07:45 End of footage

    1. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TITLES,' 1938-1939. MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 210ft.
      Notes: This item was not previously accessioned.
    2. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TITLES,' 1938-1939. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 6 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/1
    3. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TITLES,' 1938-1939. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 6 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/2
    4. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TITLES,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 6 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/3
    5. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TITLES,' 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 6 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/3
    6. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TITLES,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 06 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/4
    7. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: 'TITLES,' 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 06 min. 14 sec.
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/8/5

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/8
    Date Range May 1938 - June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 15.5 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/8
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/9

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Birds' 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N
    Alternative Title: 'Some Australian Birds.'
     

    This is the ninth of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    This unfinished film was intended to be produced as 'Some Australian Birds' to be shown in the South Australian Museum's (SAMA) Children's Museum. See: (AA 346/9/13/1). This film was unfinished and has not been digitally transferred. Annotations by NB Tindale (AA 338) on the edge of the film and intertitles produced but not added were used in the making of this summary. See: (AA 346/9/13/8), Time Codes 06:10-06:40. The intertitles were left as originally spelt, however in this film summary only the current common and scientific names have been included. This film has not been digitally transferred.

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale with possible involvement from both DM Tindale and BG Birdsell. See: (AA 346/9/13/1).


      This film contains footage of birds filmed at the following locations:
    • Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae). Woorabinda and Brisbane, Queensland. Quantombone, New South Wales.
    • Brolga (Grus rubicundus). Townsville, Queensland.
    • Southern Cassowary (Casuarius casuarius). Location unknown.
    • Galah [Rose-breasted cockatoo] (Kakatoe roseicapilla). Quantambone, New South Wales.
    • Metallic Starling (Aplonis metallica). Oombundgie, Queensland.
    • Noisy Miner (Manorina melanocephala). Brewarrina, New South Wales.
    • Plumed Pigeon (Lophophaps plumifera). Quantambone Station, New South Wales.
    • Apostlebird (Struthidea cinerea). Location unknown.
    • Willy Wagtail (Rhipidura leucophrys). Devon Downs, South Australia.

    1. HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'BIRDS,' 1938-1939. MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 200ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No.1304. [Master Negative 7A]

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale's notes for the editing of the Harvard Adelaide films (AA 346/9/27/6).
    • Annotation on the edge codes of the film.
    • Harvard Adelaide: Titles (AA 346/9/13/5) Time Codes 06:10-06:40.
      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/9
    Date Range May 1938 - June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 3.5 cm, 1 film item. Formats: 16mm.
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/9
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/10

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Platypus & Echidna' 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N
     

    This is the tenth of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    This unfinished film was possibly intended to be produced as 'Records of Australian Native Mammals' to be shown in the South Australian Museum's (SAMA) Children's Museum. See: (AA 346/9/13/1). Annotations by NB Tindale (AA 338) on the edge of the film and intertitles produced but not added were used in the making of this summary. See: (AA 346/9/13/8), Time Codes 07:02-07:30. The intertitles were left as originally spelt, however in this film summary only the current common and scientific names have been included. This film has not been digitally transferred.

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale with possible involvement from both DM Tindale and BG Birdsell. See: (AA 346/9/13/1).

      This film contains footage of Australian mammals filmed at the following locations:
    • Echidna (Tachyglossus aculeate). Woodenbong, New South Wales.
    • Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus). Flaggy Creek, Queensland. (Northernmost record).

    1. HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'PLATYPUS & ECHIDNA,' 1938-1939. MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 350 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) but unaccessioned.

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale's notes for the editing of the Harvard Adelaide films (AA 346/9/27/6)
    • Harvard Adelaide: Titles (AA 346/9/13/5) Time Codes 07:02-07:30.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/10
    Date Range May 1938 - June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 3.5 cm, 1 film item. Format: 16mm.
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/10
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/11

    Harvard-Adelaide Expedition: 'Mammals & Reptiles' 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N
     

    This is the eleventh of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    This unfinished film was possibly intended to be produced as 'Records of Australian Native Mammals' to be shown in the South Australian Museum's (SAMA) Children's Museum. See: (AA 346/9/13/1). This film was unfinished and has not been digitally transferred. Unlike the other films there are no annotations by NB Tindale (AA 338) on the edge of the film. Intertitles produced but not added were used in the making of this summary. See: (AA 346/9/13/8), Time Codes 06:49-07:33. The intertitles were left as originally spelt, however in this film summary only the current common and scientific names have been included. This film has not been digitally transferred.

      This film contains footage of mammals and reptiles from the following locations:

    • Rat-kangaroo (Aepyprymnus rufescens). Woorabinda, Queensland.
    • Mouse, Yellow-footed Antechinus (Antechinus flavipes). Willunga / Normanville, South Australia.
    • Honey Mouse (Tarsipes Spenserae). Kendenup, Western Australia
    • Western Spotted Frog (Heleioporus albopunctatus). Borden, Western Australia.
    • Spiny Devil (Moloch horridus). Nullarbor Plain, South Australia.

    1. HARVARD ADELAIDE: 'MAMMALS, REPTILES,' 1938-1939. MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 320 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1147.

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale's notes for the editing of the Harvard Adelaide films (AA 346/9/27/6)
    • Harvard Adelaide: Titles (AA 346/9/13/5) Time Codes 06:49-07:33.
      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/11
    Date Range May 1938 - June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 3.5 cm, 1 film item. Format: 16mm
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/11
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/13/12

    Harvard Adelaide Expedition: Film Offcuts 1938-1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: N
     

    This is the twelfth of twelve film titles documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) Harvard-Adelaide Universities expedition, during 13 May 1938 - 30 June 1939.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1938-1939' (AA 689/1/1) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939' (AA 338/1/15/1-2).

    These are film offcuts document the BAR expedition's journey through Sydney, Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga) (New South Wales), Boggabilla (New South Wales), Yarrabah, Russell River, Woorabinda, Townsville, Oombundgie (Queensland), Cape Barren Island (Tasmania), Lake Tyers (Victoria) and Quantambone (New South Wales).

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale (AA 338) with possible involvement from both DM Tindale and BG Birdsell. See: (AA 346/9/13/1)

    NB Tindale's annotations on the edge of the 16mm film, which usually records the subject, location and the dates of filming have been used to identify the many different locations found in this film.

    This expedition film was previous held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) and was transferred into the BAR collection in December 2005.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/13/12/2) consists of (AA 346/9/13/12/1). Duration 05 minutes 05 seconds.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'N.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [N611]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    The time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/13/12/6)

    00:00 Harvard Adelaide Expedition: Film Offcuts 1938-1939

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1938-1939.'

    01:00 Preparations for trip. NB Tindale, DM Tindale and JB Birdsell standing next to the expedition truck with a photographer in the foreground. Adelaide. See: NB Tindale photograph (AA 338/5/15/1-2/), p.229. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 1a.

    01:00 BG Birdsell and DM Tindale preparing a meal at their expedition kitchen.

    01:06 End of footage.

    01:08 HJ Tindale, father of NB Tindale, walks towards the camera in his garden. Sydney, New South Wales. 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 3c.

    01:17 End of footage.

    01:19 Tree with a large colony of termites. Boggabilla, New South Wales, 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 5a.

    01:55 End of footage.

    01:57 Fred Mandraby [N611] and Charles Hyde [N704] of the idindji people decorating shields, surrounded by a large group of children. Yarrabah, Queensland. This footage has been included in 'Pygmoid Natives of the Atherton Plateau, Queensland' (AA 346/9/13/1), Time codes 6:17-6:23. Footage is also found in Harvard-Adelaide 'Fossil' (AA 346/9/13/6), Time codes 06:17-6:23. See NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), pp. 461, 541 and NB Tindale photograph (AA 338/5/15/67).

    02:04 End of footage.

    02:06 Scene at Russell River with Mt Bartle Frere in the background, Queensland. 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 19e

    02:10 End of footage.

    02:12 An Australian Aboriginal man attracting the attention of an emu by agitating the dust with his hand. Woorabinda, Queensland. 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 20c.

    02:31 End of footage.

    02:33 Two Australian Aboriginal boys. Woorabinda, Queensland. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 22c.

    02:44 End of footage.

    02:46 Death Adder (Acanthophis antarcticus). Cape Barren Island, Tasmania. 1939. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 24e.

    03:12 End of footage.

    03:14 A string ray with large (possibly shark) bites removed.

    03:25 End of footage.

    03:27 Sea plane. Townsville, Queensland. 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 30g.

    03:54 End of footage.

    03:56 DM Tindale and BG Birdsell enter the Maternity Hospital, Lake Tyers, Victoria.
    See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 32f.

    04:01 End of footage.

    04:03 Lyre bird [?]

    04:07 Satin Bower bird. Quantambone, New South Wales. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.203.

    04:38 End of footage.

    04:40 Crested Cockatoo, Quantambone, New South Wales. 1938. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 33d.

    04:44 End of footage.

    04:46 Mallee foul being fed by hand. Quantambone, New South Wales. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/15/1-2), p.203. See also: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 33e

    04:51 End of footage

    04:53 Vegetable garden.[?] Oombundgie, Queensland. See: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 36a.

    04:56 End of footage.

    04:58 A large flock of glossy starlings. Oombundgie, Queensland. See also: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 36a.

    05:09 End of footage.

    05:11 Bees swarm around their nest at the South Australian Museum, Adelaide. See also: NB Tindale's film notes (AA 346/9/27/6), Reel 38d.

    05:32 End of footage.

    05:54 Truck with men travelling in the back. Cumeragunja (Cumeroogunga), New South Wales. 1938.

    05:41 End of footage.

    05:43 Small boat on the water. Lake Tyers. Victoria. 1938.

    05:53 End of footage.

    05:55 Close up of a butterfly.

    06:00 End of footage.

    06:02 Barron Falls, Queensland. 1938.

    06:05 End of footage.

    1. HARVARD ADELAIDE: FILM OFFCUTS, 1938-1939. MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 200 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale (AA 338) collection. Acc. No. 1122.
    2. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: FILM OFFCUTS, 1938-1939. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 05 min 05 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/12/1
    3. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: FILM OFFCUTS, 1938-1939. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 05 min 05 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/12/2
    4. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: FILM OFFCUTS, 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 05 min 05 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/12/3
    5. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: FILM OFFCUTS, 1938-1939. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 05 min 05 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/12/4
    6. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: FILM OFFCUTS, 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 05 min 05 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/12/4
    7. HARVARD-ADELAIDE: FILM OFFCUTS, 1938-1939. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 05 min 05 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/13/12/5

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale Journal 'Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition, Australia, 1938-1939.' (AA 338/1/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale Photographs (AA 338/1/15/1-2)
    • NB Tindale 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm film, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974, (AA 346/9/27/8)
    • NB Tindale notes for the editing of Harvard Adelaide film (AA 346/9/27/6)
    • NB Tindale annotations on the edge of the 16mm film regarding subjects, dates and locations.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/13/12
    Date Range May 1938 - June 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 15.5 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/13/12
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/14/1-7

    'Film Notes from Ooldea,' South Australia, 1939.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: O

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This film documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Ooldea, South Australia during 15-26 August 1939. The expedition party included numerous BAR members, see the 'BAR Guide' through the Archives Access Officer for a list of personnel and their roles. The BAR party was met by Mr and Mrs Harry Green (AA 113) of the United Aborigines Mission (AA 624), Ooldea, South Australia.

    The film was shot by EC Black (AA 31) and consisted of 3 x 100 feet reels of 16mm film which was not compiled into a 'final film production.' The South Australian Museum Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/14/1) consists of (AA 346/9/14/1) duration 7 minutes 59 seconds. There are no intertitles.

    In addition EC Black shot a quantity of 9.5mm nitrate film. Access DVDs (AA 346/9/14/8 - AA 346/9/14/9) are edits of the footage relating to the BAR expedition to Ooldea, SA, from the EC Black Compilation (AA 31/10).

    Please note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes.

    Formats Held: 16mm, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/14/6)

    00:00 'Film Notes from Ooldea, [SA], 1939.'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1939.'

    01:30 An Australian Aboriginal man demonstrates the throwing of a spear with spear thrower.

    01:32 BAR Expedition members stand beside railway tracks next to a stationary train.

    01:41 JB Cleland examines flowers and botanical specimens.

    02:02 FJ Fenner (AA 91), A Harvey (AA 127), EC Black and JB Cleland (AA 60) search for and sort microlith implements.

    03:36 FJ Fenner and JB Cleland demonstrate how much water is contained within Mallee tree roots by blowing through a section of root.

    04:18 A Mallee tree root is removed from the sand by three Australian Aboriginal men. The water from the root is blown into a cup held by an expedition member.

    04:59 Restricted Content Starts.

    09:28 Restricted Content Ends.

    09:28 End of 'Film Notes from Ooldea, [SA], 1939.'

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/21)
    Tindale Tribes: Wirangu.
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Wirangu.

    1. OOLDEA, SA, 1939. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 300ft.
      Notes: Original boxes contain annotations. See: (AA 346/9/27/15)
      'Reel 1: 'Moonta. etc' Acc. No. 1032. Dr Black. 3378.'
      'Reel 2: 'Water from roots' 'Making headdress.' Acc. No.1030. Dr Black. A3125.'
      'Reel 3: 'Decoration & Dance.' Acc. No.1031. Dr Black. A3125.'
    2. OOLDEA, SA, 1939. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 7 min. 59 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/14/1
    3. OOLDEA, SA, 1939. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 7 min. 59 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/14/2
    4. OOLDEA, SA, 1939. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 7 min. 59 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/14/3
    5. OOLDEA, SA, 1939. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 7 min. 59 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/14/3
    6. OOLDEA, SA, 1939. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 7 min. 59 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: AA 346/9/14/4
    7. OOLDEA, SA, 1939. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 7 min. 59 sec.
      Transfer Date: 01/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/14/5

      REFERENCES

    • Berndt, RM & Berndt, CH, 1942-45, 'A preliminary report of field work in the Ooldea region, western South Australia,' Oceania, 12;13;14;15, pp. 305-30; 51-70, 143-69, 243-80, 362-75; 30-66, 124-58, 220-49, 338-58; 49-80, 154-65, 239-75.
    • Typewritten film summary (1p) with annotated in NB Tindale's hand. (AA 346/9/27/6) This summary was part of the T Harvey Johnston collection (AA 161) before being moved to the BAR collection in December 2005.
    • Harvey Johnston, T and Cleland, JB 'Native Life at Ooldea, Finding Water In The Desert' Chronicle Adelaide 7 September 1939. See: SAMA Newspaper Book 5.
    • EC Black photographs of the expedition to Ooldea, South Australia, 1939. (AA 31/10/11)
    • Correspondence from RM Berndt to EC Black 7 Sept 1950 (AA 31) regarding the ceremonial film and Berndt's discussion of this in his Oceania articles.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/14/1-7
    Date Range 15 August 1939 - 26 August 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 15.5 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/14/1-7
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/14/8-9

    Additional footage from Ooldea, South Australia, 1939. Edit from EC Black Compilation.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: O
     

    This film was shot by EC Black during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Ooldea, South Australia during 15-26 August 1939. This film was shot by EC Black (AA 31/10) and was not included in 'Film Notes from Ooldea, 1939.'

    Access DVD 5 (AA 346/9/14/8) and Access DVD 6 (AA 346/9/14/9) are edits of the EC Black film compilation which have been identified as footage from the BAR expedition to Ooldea, SA, 1939. This edit comprises of Time Codes 16:23 - 18:08. There are no intertitles. Duration 1 min 44 sec. Further information about the EC Black compilation see (AA 31/10).

    Please note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/14/8)

    00:00 'BAR Expedition to Ooldea, SA, 1939. Edit Copy of (AA 31/10/3) EC Black Compilation'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1939.'

    16:23 Landscape from train.

    16:28 Camp scene with Australian Aboriginal women and children.

    16:35 BAR expedition members JB Cleland (AA 60) and TH Johnson (AA 161) distributing currants to a group of women and children.

    16:40 Camp scene with Australian Aboriginal women and children.

    16:45 Further shots of the distribution of currants to a group of women and children.

    16:53 Snake in the sand.

    16:54 Children at midday meal, Ooldea mission. These children are identified in EC Black photograph (AA 31/6)

    17:23 Australian Aboriginal women walk up sand dunes carrying large tins on their heads, a large number of dogs accompany them.

    17:27 Landscape from train.

    18:08 End of footage.

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/21)
    Tindale Tribes: Wirangu.
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Wirangu.

    1. OOLDEA, SA, 1939. ACCESS DVD 5 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 1 min. 44 sec.
      Transfer Date: 07/08/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 31/10/3
    2. OOLDEA, SA, 1939. ACCESS DVD 6
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 1 min. 44 sec.
      Transfer Date: 07/08/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 31/10/4

      REFERENCES

    • EC Black Photographs (AA 31/6)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/14/8-9
    Date Range 15 August 1939 - 26 August 1939, dates of expedition
    Quantity 3 cm, 2 film items. Formats: DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/14/8-9
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/1

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'Minjena's Lost Ground' 1951

      BAR Expedition Symbol: P
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory during 13 August - 1 September 1951.

    The expedition party flew to Alice Springs from where they drove a bus to Yuendumu where they were met by the Superintendent at Yuendumu, Mr Langdon. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/4/30), pp.1-2.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'P.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [P16]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    'Minjena's Lost Ground' is a final film production relating the story of Minjena Tjakamara [P16] a respected elder of the Ngalia people. He remembers the life of his people before European contact and observes the contrast between traditional life and the radical changes to social structure, occupation, diet and health since the arrival of white men in his country.

    Locations: Hermannsburg Mission, Yuendumu Baptist Mission Settlement (Northern Territory).

    Keywords: Weapons - Spears / Spear throwers, Hunting - Kangaroo, Fire-making, Food Gathering - Grass seed, Bulbs, Cattle droving, Domestic service, Dog scalps, Settlements, Missions, Vegetable gardens, Rations, Children at school, Motor vehicles, Radio communication, The Royal Flying Doctor Service, Aircraft.

    Script / Director: TD Campbell (AA 52)
    Cinematographer: J Campbell Dobbie
    Narration: JG Cornell
    Produced by: The University of Adelaide, BAR
    Series: Aspects of Aboriginal Life in Central Australia.
    Individuals: Old Minjena Tjakamara [P16] of the Ngalia people.

    Tindale Tribes: Ngalia.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/1/5) is a new Digital Interpositive consisting of (AA 346/9/15/1/2-3). Duration 14 minutes 02 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#1.

    1. 'MINJENA'S LOST GROUND,' 1951. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 540ft.
    2. 'MINJENA'S LOST GROUND,' 1951. SOUND MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, optical sound, 540ft.
    3. 'MINJENA'S LOST GROUND,' 1951. DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 540ft.
    4. 'MINJENA'S LOST GROUND,' 1951. SCREENING PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 540ft.
    5. 'MINJENA'S LOST GROUND,' 1951. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 14 min 02 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/1/2 - AA 346/9/15/1/3
    6. 'MINJENA'S LOST GROUND,' 1951. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 14 min 02 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/1/5
    7. 'MINJENA'S LOST GROUND,' 1951. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 02 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/1/6
    8. 'MINJENA'S LOST GROUND,' 1951. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 02 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/1/6
    9. 'MINJENA'S LOST GROUND,' 1951. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 02 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/1/7
    10. 'MINJENA'S LOST GROUND,' 1951. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 02 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/1/8

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale Journal made on Expedition to Yuendumu, Central Australia, 1951, (AA 338/4/30). Typescript copy with annotations.
    • NB Tindale Expedition to Central Australia, 1951, Supplementary papers (AA 338/2/40)
    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11 (AA 346/9/27/14).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/1
    Date Range 13 August 1951 - 1 September 1951, date of expedition
    Quantity 26.5 cm, 10 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/1
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/2

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'In the Beginning: An Aboriginal Creation Story.' 1951.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: P

    THIS FILM IS RESTRICTED.
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory during 13 August - 1 September 1951.

    'In the Beginning: An Aboriginal Creation Story' is a final film production documenting aspects of aboriginal art, ceremony, dreaming tracks and creation stories.

    Locations: Yuendumu, Ngama, Yukiuta, Mt Liebig, Macdonnell Ranges (Northern Territory) and Winbarku / Mount Webb (Western Australia).

    Script/Director: CP Mountford (AA 228)
    Cinematographer: J Campbell Dobbie
    Narration: FS Johnson
    Produced by: The University of Adelaide, BAR

    Tindale Tribes: Ngalia.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/2/8) is a new Digital Interpositive consisting of (AA 346/9/15/2/3-4). Duration 10 minutes 55 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#2.

    1. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 525ft.
    2. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. SOUND MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 525ft.
    3. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. SOUND MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 525ft.
    4. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 525ft.
    5. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 525ft.
    6. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 525ft.
    7. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 525ft.
    8. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 10 min 55 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/2/3-4
    9. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 10 min 55 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/2/8
    10. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 55 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/2/8
    11. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 55 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/2/8
    12. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 55 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/2/10
    13. 'IN THE BEGINNING: AN ABORIGINAL CREATION STORY,' 1951. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 55 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/2/11

      REFERENCES

    • 'Copy of Journal made on Expedition to Yuendumu, Central Australia. 13 August - 1st September 1951. By Norman B Tindale.' (AA 338/4/30). Typescript copy with annotations.
    • NB Tindale Expedition to Central Australia, 1951, Supplementary papers (AA 338/2/40)
    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11 (AA 346/9/27/14).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/2
    Date Range 13 August 1951 - 1 September 1951, date of expedition
    Quantity 30 cm, 13 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/2
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/3

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'So They Did Eat' 1953.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: T

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory during August 1953.

    'So They Did Eat' is a final film production documenting the daily search for foods by the Walpiri people.

    Note: Restricted Sequence Starts at 00:04:23:20 Restricted Sequence Ends 00:04:30:00.

    Keywords: Nomadism, Water - Rockholes, Water - Soak, Drought, Food - Witchetty Grubs, Food - Gathering, Technology - Digging Sticks, Honey Ants, Hunting - Lizards / Goannas, Food - Fruits and Flowers, Children throwing grass spears, Children imitating animal and bird tracks, Winnowing, Grinding and cooking grass seed, Hunting - Turkey Bustard, Tracking, Hunting - Kangaroo, Burning off Spinifex Grass, Food - Preparation and Cooking.

    Director: TD Campbell (AA 52)
    Narration: Not stated.
    Cinematographer: J Simpson
    Produced by: The University of Adelaide, BAR
    Series: Aspects of Aboriginal Life in Central Australia.
    The Warlpiri people.

    Tindale Tribes: Walpiri.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/3/6) is a new Digital Interpositive consisting of (AA 346/9/15/6/2-3). Duration 25 minutes 50 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#3.

    1. 'SO THEY DID EAT,' 1953. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 880ft.
    2. 'SO THEY DID EAT,' 1953. SOUND MASTER NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, optical sound, 880ft.
    3. 'SO THEY DID EAT,' 1953. DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 880ft.
    4. 'SO THEY DID EAT,' 1953. SCREENING PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 880ft.
    5. 'THE FOOD PROBLEMS OF PRIMATIVE PEOPLE.'
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, optical sound, 400ft.
      Notes: BBC TV Edit of 'So They Did Eat,' 1953.
    6. 'SO THEY DID EAT,' 1953. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 22 min 52 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/3/2-3
    7. 'SO THEY DID EAT,' 1953. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 22 min 52 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/3/6
    8. 'SO THEY DID EAT,' 1953. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 22 min 52 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/3/7
    9. 'SO THEY DID EAT,' 1953. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 22 min 52 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/3/7
    10. 'SO THEY DID EAT,' 1953. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 22 min 52 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/3/8
    11. 'SO THEY DID EAT,' 1953. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 22 min 52 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/3/9

      REFERENCES

    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11 (AA 346/9/27/14).
    • BAR paperwork (AA 346/1) Minutes 2 July 1957. Item V, Regarding: BBC version of "And So They Did Eat."

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/3
    Date Range August 1953 - August 1953, date of production
    Quantity 30 cm, 11 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/3
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/4

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'The Boomerang' 1958

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AD

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory in August 1958.

    'The Boomerang' is a final film production documenting the making of various uses of the ordinary type of boomerang in Central Australia. Note: Restricted sequence Starts at 00:05:12:23 Restricted Sequence Ends 00:05:34:23.

    Script/Director: TD Campbell (AA 52)
    Cinematographer: MJ Barrett
    Narration: JG Cornell
    Series: Aspects of Aboriginal Life in Central Australia
    Craftsman: Yaningi Djungerai of the Warlpiri people.
    The Warlpiri people.

    Tindale Tribes: Walpiri.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/4/6) consists of (AA 346/9/15/4/1). Duration 11 minutes 20 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#4.

    1. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. INTERPOSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 420ft.
    2. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. EDIT PRINT, COPY 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 420ft.
    3. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. EDIT PRINT, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 420ft.
    4. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 420ft.
    5. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 420ft.
    6. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 11 min 20 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/4/1
    7. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 11 min 20 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/4/6
    8. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 11 min 20 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/4/7
    9. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 11 min 20 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/4/7
    10. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 11 min 20 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/4/8
    11. 'THE BOOMERANG,' 1958. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 11 min 20 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/4/9

      REFERENCES

    • TD Campbell film paperwork, correspondence, notes (AA 52/5)
    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11 (AA 346/9/27/14).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/4
    Date Range August 1958, date of expedition
    Quantity 30 cm, 11 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/4
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/5

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'The Woomera' 1958.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AD
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory in August 1958.

    'The Woomera' is a final film production documenting the stages of the making of the spear thrower and the many uses it serves.

    Keywords: Weapons- Spear thrower making, Fire-making, Hunting - Kangaroo / Wallaby, Food - Preparation.

    Script/Director: TD Campbell (AA 52)
    Cinematographer: MJ Barrett
    Narration: JG Cornell
    Produced: The University of Adelaide, BAR
    Series: Aspects of Aboriginal Life in Central Australia.
    Craftsman: Yaningi Djungerai of the Warlpiri people.
    The Warlpiri people.

    Tindale Tribes: Walpiri.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/5/8) is a new Digital Interpositive consisting of (AA 346/9/15/5/3-4). Duration 14 minutes 25 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#5.

    1. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT A
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 560ft.
    2. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT B
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 560ft.
    3. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. SOUND MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 560ft.
    4. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 560ft.
    5. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 560ft.
    6. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 560ft.
    7. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 3
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 560ft.
    8. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 14 min 25 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/5/3-4
    9. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 14 min 25 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/5/8
    10. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 25 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/5/9
    11. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 25 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/5/9
    12. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 25 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/5/10
    13. 'THE WOOMERA,' 1958. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 25 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/5/11

      REFERENCES

    • TD Campbell film paperwork, correspondence, notes (AA 52/5)
    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11 (AA 346/9/27/14).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/5
    Date Range August 1958, date of expedition
    Quantity 37 cm, 13 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/5
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/6

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'Narbarula: A Story of an Aboriginal Girl' 1958.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: X, AC, AD,
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expeditions to Yuendumu, Northern Territory in August 1956, August 1957 and January 1958.

    'Narbarula: A Story of an Aboriginal Girl' is a final film production which constructs various aspects of the life of an Aboriginal girl, from her babyhood in the bush, schooling and domestic life in a settlement, up to her adult years and motherhood.

    Keywords: Food - Gathering, Food - Witchetty Grubs, Food - Fruits, Hunting - Lizard / Goanna, Children imitating animal and bird tracks, String games, Settlements, Cattle, Stockmen, Rations, Schools, Goats, Vegetable Gardens, Shelters, Gathering firewood and water, Domestic Service, Marriage, Food - Making Damper, Motherhood.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'P.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [P52]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    Script/Director: TD Campbell (AA 52)
    Cinematographer: MJ Barrett
    Narration: JC Cornell
    Series: Scenes from Aboriginal Life in Central Australia.
    Production Assistants: TJ & D Flemming, Rose Nangala [P82] of the Ngalia people.
    Titles Drawn By: Lynette Nambidjinba [P57] of the Ngalia people.
    Lead Actor: Jill Nagamara [P52] of the Ngalia people.
    Other Actors: Farlap and others of Ngalia and Warlpiri people.

    Tindale Tribes: Ngalia, Walpiri.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/6/5) consists of (AA 346/9/15/6/4). Duration 25 minutes 50 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#6.

    1. 'NABARULA: A STORY OF AN ABORIGINAL GIRL,' 1958. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT A
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 900ft.
    2. 'NABARULA: A STORY OF AN ABORIGINAL GIRL,' 1958. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT B
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 900ft.
    3. 'NABARULA: A STORY OF AN ABORIGINAL GIRL,' 1958. SOUND NEGATIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, optical sound, 900ft.
    4. 'NABARULA: A STORY OF AN ABORIGINAL GIRL,' 1958. SCREENING PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 900ft.
    5. 'NABARULA: A STORY OF AN ABORIGINAL GIRL,' 1958. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 25 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/6/4
    6. 'NABARULA: A STORY OF AN ABORIGINAL GIRL,' 1958. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 25 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/6/5
    7. 'NABARULA: A STORY OF AN ABORIGINAL GIRL,' 1958. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 25 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/6/6
    8. 'NABARULA: A STORY OF AN ABORIGINAL GIRL,' 1958. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 25 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/6/6
    9. 'NABARULA: A STORY OF AN ABORIGINAL GIRL,' 1958. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 25 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/6/7
    10. 'NABARULA: A STORY OF AN ABORIGINAL GIRL,' 1958. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 25 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/6/8

      REFERENCES

    • TD Campbell field diaries 1956-1958 (AA 52/1)
    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11 (AA 346/9/27/14).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/6
    Date Range August 1956 - January 1958, date of expedition
    Quantity 26.5 cm, 10 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/6
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/7

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'Aboriginal Stone Axes' 1963.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AP
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory in 20 May - 9 June 1963.

    'Aboriginal Stone Axes' is a final film production documenting the making and use of the ground edge stone axe. The axe "blank" is ground to a suitable shape and then mounting onto an handle.

    Keywords: Stone axe quarry, Stone axe making, Pressure flaking, Stone axe grinding, Palya, Hair string.

    Script/Director: TD Campbell (AA 52)
    Cinematographer: MJ Barrett
    Narration: JG Cornell
    Series: Scenes from Aboriginal Life in Central Australia.
    Individuals: Darby, Jumbo and Farlap of the Warlpiri people.

    Tindale Tribes: Walpiri.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/7/9) consists of (AA 346/9/15/7/3). Duration 9 minutes 50 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#7.

    1. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT A
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 500ft.
    2. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT B
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 500ft.
    3. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. INTERPOSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 500ft.
    4. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. SOUND POSITIVE B
      Characteristics: 16mm, optical sound, 500ft.
    5. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 500ft.
    6. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 1
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 500ft.
    7. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 2
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 500ft.
    8. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. EDIT PRINT
    9. Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 500ft.

    10. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 09 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/7/3
    11. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 09 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/7/9
    12. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 09 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/7/10
    13. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 09 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/7/10
    14. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 09 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/7/11
    15. 'ABORIGINAL STONE AXES,' 1963. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 09 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/7/12

      REFERENCES

    • TD Campbell Field Diary 'Yuendumu - Filming Expedition 1963' (AA 52/1)
    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11. (AA 346/9/27/14).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/7
    Date Range 20 May 1963 - 9 June 1963, date of expedition
    Quantity 30 cm, 14 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/7
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/8

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'Palya: Preparing Spinifex Gum' 1963.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AP
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory from 20 May - 9 June 1963.

    'Palya: Preparing Spinifex Gum' is a final film production documenting the collection, cleaning, preparation and heating of the grass resin used to make palya, also some examples of its use.

    Keywords: Spinifex, Technology - Tools, Termite mound, Technology - Weapons.

    Script/Director: TD Campbell (AA 52)
    Cinematographer: MJ Barrett
    Narration: JG Cornell
    Series: Aspects of Aboriginal Life in Central Australia.
    Individuals: Darby, Jumbo, Old Billy, Old Billy's wife and others of the Warlpiri people.

    Tindale Tribes: Walpiri.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/8/9) is a new Digital Interpositive consisting of (AA 346/9/15/8/3-4). Duration 14 minutes 25 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#8.

    1. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT A
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 420ft.
    2. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT B
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 420ft.
    3. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. SOUND NEGATIVE (B)
      Characteristics: 16mm, optical sound, 420ft.
    4. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 420ft.
    5. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. SCREENING PRINT(COPY 1)
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 420ft.
    6. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. SCREENING PRINT(COPY 2)
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 420ft.
    7. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. SCREENING PRINT(COPY 3)
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 420ft.
    8. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. EDIT PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 420ft.
    9. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 10 min 12 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/8/3-4
    10. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 10 min 12 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/8/9
    11. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 12 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/8/10
    12. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 12 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/8/10
    13. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 12 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/8/10
    14. 'PALYA: PREPARING SPINIFEX GUM,' 1963. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 10 min 12 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/8/10

      REFERENCES

    • TD Campbell Field Diary 'Yuendumu - Filming Expedition 1963' (AA 52/1)
    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11. (AA 346/9/27/14).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/8
    Date Range 20 May 1963 - 9 June 1963, date of expedition
    Quantity 26.5 cm, 14 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/8
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/9

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'Aboriginal Spears' 1963.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AP
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory from 20 May - 9 June 1963.

    'Aboriginal Spears' is a final film production documenting the making of two types of spears.
    This includes the selection of a suitable branch, straightening the shaft, making and mounting a composite spear head, repair of a broken spear shaft and hunting demonstration.

    Script / Direction: TD Campbell (AA 52)
    Photography: MJ Barrett
    Narration: JG Cornell
    Series: Aspects of Aboriginal Life in Central Australia.
    Individuals: Darby, Farlap, LH Jack, Tim and Billy of the of the Ngalia and Warlpiri people.

    Tindale Tribes: Ngalia, Walpiri.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/9/9) is a new Digital Interpositive consisting of (AA 346/9/15/9/3-4). Duration 15 minutes 54 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#9.

    1. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT A
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 650ft.
    2. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT B
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 650ft.
    3. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. SOUND POSITIVE(B)
      Characteristics: 16mm, optical sound, 650ft.
    4. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 650ft.
    5. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. SCREENING PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 650ft.
    6. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 15 min 54 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/9/3-4
    7. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 15 min 54 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/9/6
    8. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 15 min 54 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/9/7
    9. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 15 min 54 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/9/7
    10. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 15 min 54 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/9/8
    11. 'ABORIGINAL SPEARS,' 1963. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 15 min 54 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/9/9

      REFERENCES

    • TD Campbell Field Diary 'Yuendumu - Filming Expedition 1963' (AA 52/1)
    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11. (AA 346/9/27/14).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/9
    Date Range 20 May 1963 - 9 June 1963, Date of expedition
    Quantity 30 cm, 11 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/9
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/10

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'Aboriginal Hair String' 1963.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AP

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory from 20 May - 9 June 1963.

    'Aboriginal Hair String' is a final film production documenting the making of hair string. First is shown the industrial manufacture of string in a factory and then using a spinning wheel. The manufacture and uses of human hair string is shown, from processing the raw material, construction and use of the spindle-bobbin, teasing and spinning the thread.

    Keywords: Decoration, String games.

    Note: Restricted Sequence Starts at 00:16:05:00 Restricted Sequence Ends 00:16:23:00.
    Restricted Sequence Starts at 00:19:02:10 Restricted Sequence Ends 00:22:30:00.

    Script/Director: TD Campbell (AA 52)
    Cinematographer: MJ Barrett
    Narration: JG Cornell
    Series: Aspects of Aboriginal Life in Central Australia.
    Individuals: Tim and other men, Jill, Pansy of the Warlpiri people.

    Tindale Tribes: Walpiri.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/10/6) is a new Digital Interpositive consisting of (AA 346/9/15/10/3-4). Duration 15 minutes 54 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#10.

    1. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT A
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 800ft.
    2. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT B
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 800ft.
    3. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. SOUND POSITIVE (B)
      Characteristics: 16mm, optical sound, 800ft.
    4. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 850ft.
    5. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. SCREENING PRINT (COPY 1)
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 900ft.
    6. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. SCREENING PRINT (COPY 2)
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 900ft.
    7. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 21 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/10/3-4
    8. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 21 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/10/7
    9. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 21 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/10/8
    10. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 21 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/10/8
    11. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 21 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/10/9
    12. 'ABORIGINAL HAIR STRING,' 1963. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 21 min 49 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/10/10

      REFERENCES

    • TD Campbell Field Diary 'Yuendumu - Filming Expedition 1963' (AA 52/1)
    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11. (AA 346/9/27/14

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/10
    Date Range 20 May 1963 - 9 June 1963, date of expedition
    Quantity 33.5 cm, 12 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/10
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/11

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'Ngoora: The Camping Place' 1965.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AR
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory from 13 - 28 August 1965.

    'Ngoora: The Camping Place' is an enactment of the movement of a small group of Walpiri people to a new camping site. Various activities on the journey and the preparation of the new camp are depicted.

    Keywords: Nomadism, Fire sticks, Water - Carrying, Dingoes, Digging Sticks, Hunting - Lizards / Goannas, Food Gathering, Preparation and Cooking, Water - Soak, Smoke Signals, Building Shelters, Children playing, Pitjuri, Nose pegs, Leaf game played by girls, String games, Hunting - Kangaroo, Rain Shelter, Hunting - Frogs, Weapons - Boomerang, Weapons - Spear thrower, Weapons - Hunting Spear, Weapons - Fighting Spear, Mulga Ants Nests, Hair string, Stone Axe, Stone Axe Quarry, Grinding and cooking grass seed, Spinifex, Hunting - Mice, Burning off Spinifex Grass, Children throwing toy spears.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'P.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [P82]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    Script/Editing /Director: TD Campbell (AA 52)
    Cinematographer: MJ Barrett
    Cinematographic Assistant: R Edwards (AA 83)
    Narration: JG Cornell
    Song Recording: MJ Barrett
    Field Assistants: AJ Bloomfield, TJ Flemming, EM Flemming, Rose Nangula [P82] of the Ngalia people, the Wailbri [Warlpiri] people.
    Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies Film
    Produced by: The University of Adelaide, BAR.
    Individuals: Yaningi Djungerai and others of the Warlpiri people.

    Tindale Tribes: Ngalia; Walpiri.

    The South Australian Museum Archives Master Preservation Tape (AA 346/9/15/11/11) is a new Digital Interpositive consisting of (AA 346/9/15/11/6-8). Duration 49 minutes 50 seconds.

    The original master copies of this film were processed in the BAR Film Catalogue as C#11.

    1. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. REEL 1: MASTER POSITIVE PRINT A
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 1120ft.
    2. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. REEL 1: MASTER POSITIVE PRINT B
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 1120ft.
    3. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. REEL 1: MASTER POSITIVE PRINT [Copy 2]
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 1120ft.
    4. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. REEL 2: MASTER POSITIVE PRINT A
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 785ft.
    5. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. REEL 2: MASTER POSITIVE PRINT B
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 785ft.
    6. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. REEL 1: SOUND POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, optical sound, 1120ft.
    7. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. REEL 2: SOUND POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, optical sound, 785ft.
    8. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. Reel 1&2: DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 1905ft.
    9. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. Reel 1&2, SCREENING PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, optical sound, 1905ft.
    10. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. EDIT PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent. 200ft.
    11. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 49 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/11/6-8
    12. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 49 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/11/11
    13. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 49 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/11/12
    14. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 49 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/11/12
    15. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 49 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/11/13
    16. 'NGOORA: THE CAMPING PLACE,' 1965. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 49 min 50 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/15/11/14

      REFERENCES

    • TD Campbell Field Diary 'Yuendumu Filming Expedition' 1966 (AA 52/1) and Film Correspondence (AA 52/5)
    • NB Tindale Expedition to Central Australia, 1951, Supplementary papers (AA 338/2/40)
    • BAR Film Catalogue of the colour films C1-C11. (AA 346/9/27/12).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/11
    Date Range 13 August 1965 - 28 August 1965, date of expedition
    Quantity 54.5 cm, 18 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/11
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/12

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] Stone Implement Making, 1951.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: P

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    These films were made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory from 13 August - 1 September 1951.

    The expedition party flew to Alice Springs from where they drove a bus to Yuendumu where they were met by the Superintendent at Yuendumu, Mr Langdon. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/4/30), pp.1-2.

    Cinematographer: NB Tindale.
    Craftsmen: Old Minjena Tjakamara [P16] of the Ngalia people and Norrie of the Pintubi people.
    Due to a camera malfunction the films were of poor quality and have not been digitally transferred.

    References to stone implement work, see: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/4/30), Transcript pp.7, 21-23, 25-27. See also NB Tindale's film summary (AA 346/9/27/6).

    Tindale Tribes: Ngalia; Pintubi.

    1. YUENDUMU, NT, 1951. STONE IMPLEMENT MAKING, REEL 1, MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 250 ft.
      Notes: Previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338). Annotations on leader in NB Tindale's hand 'Stone Implement Making [Jundumu] stone mine.'
    2. YUENDUMU, NT, 1951, 'REEL 2,' MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 100 ft.
      THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED
      Location: Ngama, Mt. Eclipse, Northern Territory.
      Notes: Previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1114.
    3. YUENDUMU, NT, 1951. STONE IMPLEMENT MAKING. REEL 3, MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 100 ft.
      Notes: Previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1110.
    4. YUENDUMU, NT, 1951. EDIT PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, positive, B&W, silent, 250 ft.
      Notes: Edit print of (AA 346/9/15/12/1) Previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Acc. No. 1121.

    REFERENCES

  • NB Tindale Journal made on Expedition to Yuendumu, Central Australia, 1951. (AA 338/4/30). Typescript copy with annotations.
  • NB Tindale Expedition to Central Australia, 1951, Supplementary papers (AA 338/2/40)
  • Annotations on original boxes (AA 346/9/27/15).
  •   Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/12
    Date Range 13 August 1951 - 1 September 1951, date of expedition.
    Quantity 14 cm, 4 film items. Formats: 16mm.
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/12
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/15/13

    Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 'The Dynamics of Mastication' 1958.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AD
     

    This film was made during the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Yuendumu, Northern Territory, 7-18 January 1958.

    Direction: TD Campbell
    Cinematographer: Henry Beyron
    This film has not been digitally transferred.

    1. YUENDUMU, NT, 'THE DYNAMICS OF MASTICATION,' 1958, MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250 ft.
    2. YUENDUMU, NT, 'THE DYNAMICS OF MASTICATION,' 1958, DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250 ft., with intertitles.
    3. YUENDUMU, NT, 'THE DYNAMICS OF MASTICATION,' 1958, SCREENING PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 250 ft., with intertitles.

    REFERENCES

  • TD Campbell Field Diary to Yuendumu 1958. (AA 52/1)
  •   Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/15/13
    Date Range 7 January 1958 - 18 January 1958, date of expedition
    Quantity 10.5 cm, 3 film items. Formats: 16mm.
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/15/13
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/16/1

    UCLA 'North Western Australia, 1953' Reels 1-10

      University of California Los Angeles and the University of Adelaide (UCLA) Expedition
    BAR Expedition Symbol: R

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This film item documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) University of California Los Angeles and the University of Adelaide (UCLA) expedition, during 18 October 1952 - 10 September 1954.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1953-1954' (AA 689/1/2) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Anthropological Field Notes on the University of California at Los Angeles - University of Adelaide Anthropological Expedition, North West Australia. Volume 1-2.' (AA 338/1/19/1-2).

    UCLA 'North Western Australia 1953' Reels 1-10 is the Master Positive footage documenting the BAR expedition to Moola Bulla, Pilgangoora and Mandora, Western Australia. See: NB Tindale's 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films,' July 1974. (AA 346/9/27/6).

    The film was shot by NB Tindale. See: NB Tindale's 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films,' July 1974. (AA 346/9/27/6).

    This expedition film was previous held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) as UCLA item [1A] and was transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'R.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [R1018]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes.

    Formats Held: 16mm, B&W, Silent, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/16/1/6)

    00:00 'UCLA, North Western Australia, 1953.'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1933.'

    01:30 'UCLA, North Western Australia, 1953.'

    01:30 Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people demonstrating pressure flaking. Moola Bulla, Western Australia. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), pp. 945-955, 999-1002.

    01:56 Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people demonstrating pressure flaking, watched on by Dilly Dilinu [R1022] of the Djaru people. Moola Bulla, Western Australia.

    02:15 Close up of Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people, using a kangaroo bone compressor (A45327) to shape a stone spear head. Moola Bulla, Western Australia. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), pp.947-949.

    04:23 Australian Aboriginal men, women and children in various stages of processing and separating the metal columbite from dirt. Pilgangoora Bore Camp, Western Australia. This footage has been rearranged into logical sequence in (AA 346/9/16/2) Time Codes 1:30 4:15.

    07:18 Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people using spinifex gum to mount a stone spear head. 'We filmed the making of the hafter spears using one of the heads made on 25 September but not the actual one made when filming the pressure flaking.' See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), pp.1023-1025.

    08:38 'Roland demonstrated the spear in use, stalking the camera until his eye was only 1 foot from the lens; he seems to be a born actor and entered into the spirit of it.' See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), p.1025.

    09:53 Close up of the stone spear head mounted in spinfex gum.

    10:11 Dilly Dilinu [R1022] of the Djaru people demonstrating pressure flaking. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), pp. 954-955, 993-999.

    13:03 Close up of Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people using a wire compressor (A45328) to shape a stone spearhead. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), pp.947-949.

    14:45 Close up of the finished stone spear point.

    15:04 Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people softens spinfex gum by a fire and begins to secure the stone spear head.

    15:48 End of footage.

    15:53 Dilly Dilinu [R1022] of the Djaru people demonstrating pressure flaking. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), pp. 954-955, 993-999.

    16:09 Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people walks towards the camera, painted and holding spears.

    16:21 Dilly Dilinu [R1022] of the Djaru people and Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people sit together demonstrating pressure flaking methods.

    16:36 End of footage.

    16:45 Unidentifiable footage.

    16:54 Close up of Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people using a wire compressor (A45328) to shape a stone spearhead. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), pp.947-949.

    16:59 Close up Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people, using a kangaroo bone compressor (A45327) to shape a stone spear head. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), pp.947-949. Note: The section of film from Time Codes 17:30 - 18:09 is double exposed.

    18:10 Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people secures the mounted stone spear head with spinfex gum.

    18:40 End of footage.

    18:45 Several Australian Aboriginal women sitting beside a shelter winnowing columbite. Kuli Kuli Camp, near Pillgangoora, Western Australia. This the original picture positive that has been rearranged into logical sequence in (AA 346/9/16/2) Time Codes 04:16 05:49. Note that the master positive has sufferer deterioration not evident in the duplicate positive (AA 346/9/16/2).

    20:24 Restricted Content Starts.

    21:34 Restricted Content Ends.

    21:39 Close up Roland Palungwadj [R1018] of the Kitja people using a kangaroo bone compressor (A45327) to shape a stone spear head.

    25:19 Dilly Dilinu [R1022] of the Djaru people using a wire compressor (A45328) and a kangaroo bone compressor (A45327) to shape a stone spearhead.

    26:54 Dilly Dilinu [R1022] of the Djaru people shows the finished stone spear point.

    27:16 End of footage.

    27:22 Restricted Content Starts.

    29:03 Restricted Content Ends.

    29:03 End of footage.

    In the BAR data cards 'Tindale Tribes' and groups recorded at the locations of:
    Pilgangoora (Western Australia), R418 - R724, on the dates of 6 May to 23 June 1953.
    Badjar, Bailgar, Bailgu, Indibandi, Jauar, Karadjari, Kardadjeri, Kardjeri, Kardudjara, Kariara, Mandjiljara, Mangala, Nagamada, Nanjamada, Ngalibarda, Ngalibardu, Ngarla, Ngerla, Niabali, Njamal, Njamarda, Padjima, Potidjara, Swan River Tribe, Talandji, Wanman.

    Mandora (Western Australia), R781 - R809, on the dates of 12 to 15 July 1953.
    Julbaritja, Mangala, Nangamada, Wanman.

    Moola Boola [Moola Bulla] (Western Australia), R1008 - R1175, on the dates of 9 to 18 September 1953.
    Bugai, Djaru, Jalharitja, Jawaru, Kitja, Konegandis, Konejandi, Malngin, Mandjildjara, Mangala, Miwa, Nardi, Ngandi, Ola, Potidjara, Walbaridj, Walmadjari, Walpiri, Wanman, Wardaman, Witjari (Whadjak).

    1. 'UCLA, NORTH WESTERN AUSTRALIA, 1953.' MASTER POSITIVE PRINT, REEL 1-10
      Characteristics: 16mm, Kodachrome, silent, 1,000ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held of the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) as UCLA Positive 1A. This item is stored across two carriers.
    2. UCLA: 'PRESSURE FLAKING, MOOLA BULLA, WA, 1953.' EDIT PRINT, REELS 1 - 4
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W Edit Print, silent, 400 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously part of the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Positive 1C. Annotations on leader 'Moola Bulla WA Nov. 1953.' NBT Photo.
    3. UCLA: 'PRESSURE FLAKING, MOOLA BULLA, WA, 1953.' EDIT PRINT, REELS 5 - 8
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W Edit Print, silent, 400 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously part of the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Positive 1D. Annotations on leader 'Moola Bulla WA Nov. 1953.' NBT Photo.
    4. UCLA: 'STONE TOOLS,' 1953, SCREENING PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 1,087 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously part of the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Positive 1E.
    5. UCLA: 'PRESSURE FLAKING, MOOLA BULLA, WA, 1953.' EDIT PRINT, REELS 5 - 8
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 200 ft.
      Notes: This item was previously part of the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) Positive 1F.
    6. 'UCLA, NORTH WESTERN AUSTRALIA, 1953.' MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 29 min 37 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/16/1/1
    7. 'UCLA, NORTH WESTERN AUSTRALIA, 1953.' DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 29 min 37 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/16/1/6
    8. 'UCLA, NORTH WESTERN AUSTRALIA, 1953.' PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 29 min 37 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/16/1/7
    9. 'UCLA, NORTH WESTERN AUSTRALIA, 1953.' PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 29 min 37 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/16/1/7
    10. 'UCLA, NORTH WESTERN AUSTRALIA, 1953.' ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 29 min 37 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/16/1/8
    11. 'UCLA, NORTH WESTERN AUSTRALIA, 1953.' ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 29 min 37 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/16/1/9

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale 'Anthropological Field Notes on the University of California at Los Angeles - University of Adelaide Anthropological Expedition, North West Australia. Volume II. Pp.1-692a' (AA 338/1/19/1)
    • NB Tindale 'Anthropological Field Notes on the University of California at Los Angeles - University of Adelaide Anthropological Expedition, North West Australia. Volume II. Pp.692a-1250' (AA 338/1/19/2)
    • NB Tindale 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films examined by NB Tindale July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/6)
    • NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/19/2-8)
    • BAR Sociological photographs (AA 346/4/22/1)
    • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/22/2)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/16/1
    Date Range 18 October 1952 - 10 September 1954, dates of expedition
    Quantity 19.5 cm, 11 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/16/1
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/16/2

    UCLA: 'Pilgangoora Rare Earth Mining & Mandora Playabout Dance.' 1953

      University of California Los Angeles and the University of Adelaide (UCLA) Expedition
    BAR Expedition Symbol: R

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This film item documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) University of California Los Angeles and the University of Adelaide (UCLA) expedition, during 18 October 1952 - 10 September 1954.

    This expedition travelled through South Australia, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. For a listing of the locations visited by the expedition party see: JB Birdsell's 'Australian Daily Field Journal 1953-1954' (AA 689/1/2) and NB Tindale's Journal 'Anthropological Field Notes on the University of California at Los Angeles - University of Adelaide Anthropological Expedition, North West Australia. Volume 1-2' (AA 338/1/19/1-2).

    'Pilgangoora Rare Earth Mining & Mandora Playabout Dance' is a unfinished film documenting the BAR expedition to Pilgangoora and Mandora, Western Australia. See: NB Tindale's 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films,' July 1974. (AA 346/9/27/6).

    The film was shot by NB Tindale (AA 338) and was previously held in the NB Tindale collection as UCLA item [1B] until was transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'R.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [R472]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes.

    Formats Held: 16mm, B&W, Silent, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/16/2/6)

    00:00 'UCLA: 'Pilgangoora Rare Earth Mining & Mandora Playabout Dance.' 1953.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1953.'

    01:30 Australian Aboriginal men, women and children engaged in various stages of processing and separating the metal columbite from dirt. 'In the afternoon took a cine film of 100ft in Kodachrome to show the columbite alluvial diggings at Pilgangoora Bore camp being worked by the 70 odd natives we have measured here. The digging out, spreading to dry winnowing, and the yandying processes were filmed.' NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), p.367.

    01:57 Maildu [R472] of the Mandjildjara people winnows metals from the dirt. In the foreground are several young girls of the 'Jigalong group (Kartupjara) [See: Kardudjara] who are playing.' NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), p.367. Tindale notes that those in the mining operations are predominantly Njangamarda people. See: 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films examined by NB Tindale July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/6).

    02:46 An Australian Aboriginal man using a pick axe to loosen the ground of a dry river bed.

    02:56 An Australian Aboriginal man places into a dish, dirt that has been dried in the sun. He then pours the contents of the dish from a height to separate the lighter waste material. 'They dig the old creek bed deposits 3-4 feet deep and take the six inches of so of alluvial above bed rock, dry it on swept places on the bank, then winnow it to remove dust, yandy it in wooden, or more often metal dishes, shaped like their old wooden dishes.' See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), p.245.

    03:21 An Australian Aboriginal man who was previously digging in the dry river bed, carries a wooden dish of dirt to Maildu [R472] of the Mandjildjara people who winnows the dirt to separate out the collumbite.

    03:40 Columbite is poured from one tin can into another. A handful is shown to the camera.

    03:55 Distant view of the workers taking a break and of the area around the mining operation.

    04:16 Several Australian Aboriginal women sitting beside a shelter winnowing columbite. NB Tindale in his journal records that at Kuli Kuli he took film of 'the processing of columbite. In the first section large pieces were being shifted to the right and small pieces to a heap at the left of the woman yandier. In the second process dust and the lighter extraneous rubbish was being removed.' See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1) UCLA Journal Vol 1. p.493.

    05:13 In the final stage of processing columbite, a woman uses a large magnet to separate out the iron ore. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1) UCLA Journal Vol 1. p.493.

    05:50 Restricted Content Starts.

    09:46 Restricted Content Ends.

    09:46 End of footage.

    In the BAR data cards 'Tindale Tribes' and groups recorded at the locations of:
    Pilgangoora (Western Australia), R418 - R724, on the dates of 6 May to 23 June 1953.
    Badjar, Bailgar, Bailgu, Indibandi, Jauar, Karadjari, Kardadjeri, Kardjeri, Kardudjara, Kariara, Mandjiljara, Mangala, Nagamada, Nanjamada, Ngalibarda, Ngalibardu, Ngarla, Ngerla, Niabali, Njamal, Njamarda, Padjima, Potidjara, Swan River Tribe, Talandji, Wanman.

    Mandora (Western Australia), R781 - R809, on the dates of 12 to 15 July 1953.
    Julbaritja, Mangala, Nangamada, Wanman.

    1. UCLA: 'PILGANGOORA RARE EARTH MINING & MANDORA PLAYABOUT DANCE.' 1953. DUPLICATE POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, B&W, silent, 400ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held of the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) as UCLA Positive 1B. Tindale notes that the mining 'processes were filmed, in reverse order to logical so that cutting will be necessary.' See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/19/1), p.367. This print in an uncompleted edit of the mining process in correct order.
    2. UCLA: 'PILGANGOORA RARE EARTH MINING & MANDORA PLAYABOUT DANCE.' 1953. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 08 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/16/2/1
    3. UCLA: 'PILGANGOORA RARE EARTH MINING & MANDORA PLAYABOUT DANCE.' 1953. DUBBING / LOAN
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 08 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/16/2/2
    4. UCLA: 'PILGANGOORA RARE EARTH MINING & MANDORA PLAYABOUT DANCE.' 1953. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 08 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/16/2/3
    5. UCLA: 'PILGANGOORA RARE EARTH MINING & MANDORA PLAYABOUT DANCE.' 1953. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 08 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/16/2/3
    6. UCLA: 'PILGANGOORA RARE EARTH MINING & MANDORA PLAYABOUT DANCE.' 1953. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 08 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/16/2/4
    7. UCLA: 'PILGANGOORA RARE EARTH MINING & MANDORA PLAYABOUT DANCE.' 1953. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 08 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA346/9/16/2/5

      REFERENCES

    • NB Tindale 'Anthropological Field Notes on the University of California at Los Angeles - University of Adelaide Anthropological Expedition, North West Australia. Volume II. Pp.1-692a' (AA 338/1/19/1)
    • NB Tindale 'Anthropological Field Notes on the University of California at Los Angeles - University of Adelaide Anthropological Expedition, North West Australia. Volume II. Pp.692a-1250' (AA 338/1/19/2)
    • NB Tindale 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films examined by NB Tindale July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/6)
    • NB Tindale photographs (AA 338/5/19/2-8)
    • BAR Sociological photographs (AA 346/4/22/1)
    • BAR Anthropological Data Cards (AA 346/4/22/2)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/16/2
    Date Range 18 October 1952 - 10 September 1954, dates of expedition
    Quantity 16 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/16/2
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/17

    'Stone Implement Techniques,' Haasts Bluff, Northern Territory, 1956-1957.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: Y & AB
     

    These films document the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Haasts Bluff, Northern Territory, in 11 August - 1 September 1956 and during unknown dates in August 1957.

    The expedition party visited locations around Alice Springs, Haasts Bluff, Palm Valley. See: Copy of 'Journal of a visit to Haasts Bluff, Central Australia. 11 August - 1 September, 1956. By Norman B Tindale.' (AA 338/4/34), pp.4-83.

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale (AA 338). Due to a camera malfunction parts of this film are of poor quality. These films have not been digitally transferred. See: NB Tindale 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films examined by NB Tindale July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/6)

    1. HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956, REEL 1, MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, silent, colour, 100ft.
      Notes: This item was preciously held in the NB Tindale collection, Acc. No. 1118.
      Annotations on the box 'Stone implement techniques (out of focus inferior).' See: (AA 346/9/27/15)
    2. HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956, REEL 2, MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 100ft.
      Notes: This item was preciously held in the NB Tindale collection, Acc. No. 1112.
      Annotations on box 'Putting a resin handle on a knife, using a stone axe.' 'Poor shots out of focus. Relatively poor because of Camera Malfunction.' See: (AA 346/9/27/15)
    3. HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956, REEL 3, MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 100ft.
      Notes: This item was preciously held in the NB Tindale collection, Acc. No. 1119.
      Annotations on box 'Hafting a resin handle onto a stone knife' See: (AA 346/9/27/15)
    4. HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956, REEL 4, MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 100ft.
      Notes: This item was preciously held in the NB Tindale collection, Acc. No. 1111.
      'Stone Implement Techniques Relatively poor through camera malfunction.'
      See: (AA 346/9/27/15)
    5. HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956, REEL 5, MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 100ft.
      Notes: This item was preciously held in the NB Tindale collection, Acc. No. 1120.
      Title shots for 'Stone Implement Film' sand written titles, 'STONE KNIVES,' 'GUM HANDELS,' 'PRESSURE FLAKING.' Annotations on leader: 'Palm Valley[?], boy using a millstone.' No box.
    6. HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1957, REEL 1, MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 100ft.
      Notes: This item was preciously held in the NB Tindale collection, Acc. No. 1303.
      Annotations on leader: 'Getting Stone for Implement Making.' Witchetty-grub getting and eating. See also 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films examined by NB Tindale July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/6)

      REFERENCES

    • Copy of 'Journal of a visit to Haasts Bluff, Central Australia. 11 August - 1 September, 1956. By Norman B Tindale'. (AA 338/4/34)
    • 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films examined by NB Tindale July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/6)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/17
    Date Range 11 August 1956 - c. August 1957, dates of expedition
    Quantity 7 cm, 4 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/17
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/18/1

    'Central Australian Scenes' Haasts Bluff, Northern Territory 1956-1957.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: Y & AB
     

    This is the first of two final film productions documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expeditions to Haasts Bluff, Northern Territory, 11 August - 1 September 1956 and during unknown dates in August 1957.

    The cinematographer was AA Abbie (AA 688) with assistance from GD Walsh.

    The party visited localities in the Northern Territory including: Alice Springs, MacDonnell Ranges, Mount Conway, Stanley Chasm, Mount Gillen, Simpson's Gap, Mount Quinn, Mount Conner, Curtain Springs, Uluru - Ayers Rock, Mount Olga, Derwent Creek, Glen Helen Gorge, Finke River, Mount Wedge, Papunya, Yulumbara, Haasts Bluff, Mt Liebig, Mungaraka, Blanch Tower, Tulliputta, Gosse Bluff, Areyonga, Palm Valley, The Amphitheatre, Battleship Rock, Jay Creek.

    Keywords: Flynn Memorial Church, John Flynn's Grave, Radio Communication, Settlements, Homesteads, Shelters, Kangaroos, WE Harney, Constructing Papunya Settlement, Wildflowers, Aircraft, Cattle.

    Tindale Tribes: Pitjandjara; Pintubi .

    1. 'CENTRAL AUSTRALIA SCENES,' HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956-1957, SCREENING PRINT, COPY 1.
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 800ft.
    2. 'CENTRAL AUSTRALIA SCENES,' HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956-1957, SCREENING PRINT, COPY 2.
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 800ft.
    3. 'CENTRAL AUSTRALIA SCENES,' HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956-1957, OFFCUTS & TITLES.
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 350ft.
    4. 'CENTRAL AUSTRALIA SCENES,' HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956-1957, MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 19 min 41 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/18/1/1
    5. 'CENTRAL AUSTRALIA SCENES,' HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956-1957, DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 19 min 41 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/18/1/4
    6. 'CENTRAL AUSTRALIA SCENES,' HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956-1957, PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 19 min 41 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/18/1/5
    7. 'CENTRAL AUSTRALIA SCENES,' HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956-1957, PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 19 min 41 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/18/1/5
    8. 'CENTRAL AUSTRALIA SCENES,' HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956-1957, ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 19 min 41 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/18/1/6
    9. 'CENTRAL AUSTRALIA SCENES,' HAASTS BLUFF, NT, 1956-1957, ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 19 min 41 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/18/1/7

      REFERENCES

    • AA Abbie field diaries 1956 and 1957 held in Special Collection, Barr-Smith Library, University of Adelaide.
    • Copy of 'Journal of a visit to Haasts Bluff, Central Australia. 11 August - 1 September, 1956. By Norman B Tindale'. (AA 338/4/34)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/18/1
    Date Range c. 11 August 1956 - c. August 1957, dates of expedition
    Quantity 23 cm, 9 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/18/1
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/18/2

    Haasts Bluff, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 1956-1957.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: Y & AB

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the second of two final film productions documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expeditions to Haasts Bluff, Northern Territory, 11 August - 1 September 1956 and during unknown dates in August 1957.

    The cinematographer was AA Abbie (AA 688) with assistance from GD Walsh.

    The party visited localities in the Northern Territory including: Hermannsburg, Finke, Gosse's Bluff, Areyonga, Haasts Bluff, Mt. Liebig, Blanch Tower, Winburruka.

    Keywords: Settlements, Missions, Children Playing, Camels, Leader of the Pintubis meeting the Governor of South Australia, Anthropological Experiments, The Royal Flying Doctor Service, Aircraft, Ceremonial Content, Fire making, Stone Implement Manufacture, Honey Ants, Witchetty Grubs.

    Tindale Tribes: Aranda; Pitjandjara; Pintubi .

    Copies of this film are deposited at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) as Accession No. LV2969 and LV2967. Approximate Duration: 1 hour 11 minutes.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/18/2
    Date Range 11 August 1956 - c. August 1957, dates of expedition
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/18/2
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/19/1

    'An Anthropological Expedition to Maningreda' [Maningrida] Northern Territory, 1959.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AG

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the first of two final film productions documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Maningrida, Northern Territory, during 8-30 August 1959.

    The party visited localities in the Northern Territory including: Darwin, Maningrida, Yirrkala, Adelaide River, Alligator River, Liverpool River, Blyth River, Milingimbi, Elcho Island, Oenpelli and Arnhem Land.

    The cinematographer was AA Abbie (AA 688).

    Keywords: Government Settlements, Missions, Hospitals, Mangroves, Termite Nests, Periophthalmus, Hermit Crabs, Green Ants Nests, Anthropological Experiments, Ceremonial Content, Canoes, Fire making, Painted shields and clubs, Mat Weaving, Bark shelters, Wild Horses, Spear-fishing, Aircrafts.

    Tindale Tribes: Barara; Gunavidji .

    Copies of this film are deposited at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) as Accession No. LV3025/V3025. Approximate Duration 23 minutes.

    1. AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL EXPEDITION TO MANINGREDA' [MANINGRIDA] NT, 1959. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 1.
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 850ft.
    2. AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL EXPEDITION TO MANINGREDA' [MANINGRIDA] NT, 1959. SCREENING PRINT, COPY 2.
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 850ft.

    REFERENCES

  • AA Abbie 'Diary 1959' (Series 9) Special Collection, Barr-Smith Library, University of Adelaide.
  • Reference to BAR receiving Expedition Report, BAR minutes (AA 346/1) 1 Dec. 1959.
  • Research folder on the Abbie films (AA 346/9/27/10)
  •   Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/19/1
    Date Range 8 August 1959 - 30 August 1959, dates of expedition
    Quantity 7 cm, 2 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/19/1
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/19/2

    'Arnhem Land Scenes' Northern Territory, 1959.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AG

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This is the second of two final film productions documenting the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Maningrida, Northern Territory, during August 1959.

    The party visited localities in the Northern Territory including: Darwin, Maningrida and Yirrkala.

    The cinematographer was AA Abbie (AA 688). 'Scenes in Arnhem Land' contains footage from 'An Anthropological Expedition to Maningrida' (AA 346/9/19/1) as well as footage that is not included in that final film production.

    In this summary all intertitles are italicised and within quotation marks. All spelling within intertitles have been left as originally spelt. Language and terms which reflect the author's attitude or that of the period in which the item was produced may be considered inappropriate today in some circumstances.

    Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references. Formats Held: 16mm, B&W, Silent, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/19/6)

    00:00 'Scenes in Arnhem Land,' NT, 1959.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1959.'

    01:00 'Scenes in Arnhem Land.'

    01:04 'by A A Abbie.'

    01:06 Map of Australia, with the capital cities named.

    01:08 Landscape shot from an air craft.

    01:16 Bush fires seen from an air craft.

    01:20 Landscape as seen from an air craft.

    01:27 'Darwin Harbour.'

    01:30 Pier, Darwin Harbour.

    01:37 A crane loading the hull of the ship.

    01:42 'Salvage Operations.'

    01:44 Scuttled vessels lying in the harbour.

    02:11 'Fanny Bay.'

    02:13 The perimeter of Fanny Bay Gaol.

    02:27 Australian Flying Corps Monument.

    02:38 The perimeter of Fanny Bay Gaol.

    02:46 View of several house.

    02:55 Landscape along the coast.

    03:05 'The Road To Delissaville.'

    03:07 Landscape by a river.

    03:29 A wild horse runs through dense bushland, shot from a moving vehicle.

    03:34 'Termite Nests Near Darwin.'

    03:37 A man stands next to a termite nest twice his height. Several shots of termite nests in dense vegetation.

    04:34 'On The Way To Maningrida.'

    04:36 Map of Arnhem Land, Northern Territory, which outlines the route taken by the expedition party from Darwin to Maningrida, Milingimbi, Elcho Island, Yirrkala, Oenpelli, Blyth, Liverpool and Alligator Rivers.

    04:40 Landscape shot from an air craft.

    04:53 'The Adelaide River.'

    04:58 The Adelaide River as seen from an air craft.

    05:31 'The Alligator River.'

    05:34 The Alligator River as seen from an air craft.

    06:02 'The Liverpool River.'

    06:05 The Liverpool River as seen from an air plane.

    06:13 Airstrip, shots of vegetation beside the runway.

    06:21 A light air plane taxies down the runway.

    06:26 'Maningrida Government Settlement.'

    06:28 Children swimming and playing in the ocean. Paddling a raft from a swimming platform to shore.

    06:49 Five children launch a canoe from the shore.

    07:07 Sunset over the ocean.

    07:20 'Hospital.'

    07:23 Tent hospital where a nurse dispenses medicine. Women and children gathered around.

    07:47 A group of children run to the camera and prepare themselves in a group for a photograph.

    08:02 Men engaged in constructing the foundations of a building.

    08:27 A tractor towing a trailer is followed by a large group of children.

    08:38 'Burera Camp.'

    08:40 Bark and other shelters of the 'Burera' [Barara] people.

    09:04 'Men Dancing.'

    09:06 Restricted Content Starts.

    01:17 Restricted Content Ends.

    10:17 'Fire Making.'

    10:20 An Australian Aboriginal man demonstrates how to tend burning embers into a fire.

    10:29 Three BAR expedition members examine the sticks used to demonstrate fire by the rotary method. Two Australian Aboriginal men explain the way of using the pieces of wood.

    10:42 'Mat Weaving.'

    10:45 An Australian Aboriginal woman weaves a large mat.

    10:47 'Native Art.'

    11:00 Four painted shields and clubs displayed.

    11:25 Children in a shelter.

    11:33 'Unloading the Caprice.'

    11:36 Canoes ferry goods, from a boat in the harbour, to the shore.

    12:02 'Green Ants' Nests.'

    12:03 Green Ants' Nest.

    12:11 'Mangroves.'

    12:13 Shot from within the Mangroves looking out to sea.

    12:20 A group of children walk through the mangroves towards the camera.

    12:32 'By Canoe up the Liverpool River.'

    12:35 The expedition party is paddled up the Liverpool River by canoe.

    13:07 Mangroves.

    13:09 An Australian Aboriginal man paddles a canoe.

    13:30 Sunset reflected on the water.

    13:48 'Off To Yirrkala.'

    13:50 Milingimbi mission as seen from an air craft.

    13:59 'Milingimbi Mission.'

    14:01 Milingimbi mission as seen from an air craft.

    14:13'Yirrkala mission.'

    14:15 Yirrkala mission as seen from an air craft.

    14:24 Three expedition members stand beside a stationary air craft.

    14:33 'Return to Darwin. Clouds at Eleven Thousand Feet.'

    14:36 Clouds.

    14:44 'Arnhem land Encampment.'

    14:46 Arnhem land encampment as seen from an air craft.

    15:04 Sunset.

    15:12 'The End.'

    Tindale Tribes: Barara.

    1. 'ARNHEM LAND SCENES,' NT, 1959. MASTER POSITIVE
      Characteristics: 16mm, Kodacolour, silent, 500ft.
      Notes: previously held in the AA Abbie collection (AA 688)
    2. 'ARNHEM LAND SCENES,' NT, 1959. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 14 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/19/2/1
    3. 'ARNHEM LAND SCENES,' NT, 1959. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 14 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/19/2/2
    4. 'ARNHEM LAND SCENES,' NT, 1959. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/19/2/3
    5. 'ARNHEM LAND SCENES,' NT, 1959. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/19/2/3
    6. 'ARNHEM LAND SCENES,' NT, 1959. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/19/2/4
    7. 'ARNHEM LAND SCENES,' NT, 1959. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 14 min 16 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/19/2/5

      NOTES

    • Photographs taken during this expedition are held at AIATSIS. Collection: Abbie, AA. (ABBIE.A4.CS 89640-89663)
    • REFERENCES

    • AA Abbie 'Diary 1959' (Series 9) Special Collection, Barr-Smith Library, University of Adelaide.
    • Reference to BAR receiving Expedition Report, BAR minutes (AA 346/1) 1 Dec. 1959.
    • Research folder on the Abbie films (AA 346/9/27/10)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/19/2
    Date Range 8 August 1959 - 30 August 1959, dates of expedition
    Quantity 12.5 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/19/2
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/20

    Bentinck and Mornington Islands, Queensland, 1960.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AI
     

    This film documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Bentinck, Mornington and Forsyth Islands [Wellesley Islands] Queensland during 27 April-12 June 1960.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This BAR expedition has the symbol 'AI' however, the individuals recorded were assigned the prefix of 'BI' denoting Bentinck Island or 'FI' denoting Forsyth Island; for example , for example: [BI2]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted. Individuals subsequently recorded during the BAR expedition to Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland, 1963, have 'individual subject numbers' of [AM] and may be mentioned in both NB Tindale's journal and this film summary.

    The expedition party went via Sydney, Brisbane and Townsville from where they flew to Mornington Island. The expedition party which included NB Tindale (AA 338) and PF Aitken took a boat from Mornington Island Mission across the Appel Channel to Bentinck Island in the company of Reverend DL Belcher (AA 27), Tindale's informant Gully Peters [AM34] and approximately twenty Kaiadilt people from Mornington Island Mission. Individuals mentioned as being part of the Bentinck Island trip include: Darwin [BI3]; Pat [BI4]; Maurice [BI5]; Desmond [BI6]; Jack [BI7]; Paul [BI8]; Pluto [BI9]; Shark [BI10]; Old William [AM13]; Frederic [BI11]; Bobbie [BI12]; Jenny [BI19]; Roland [BI37] Henry, Scotty and Percy.

    This film may not necessarily include footage from all places visited by the expedition party but appears to contain footage from Bentinck and Mornington Islands, Queensland.

    The cinematographer was Tindale who noted in his journal that 'because of a camera defect all movies taken in 1960 are 'soft' and out of focus.' See: (AA 338/1/23), p.18. This may be the reason the film was not completed. The quality of the footage is fair to poor, and occasionally overexposed. Some of the camera 'stuttering' was corrected in the digitalization process.

    This item was previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) although not
    accessioned and was transferred to the BAR Collection (AA 346) in April 2005.

    Please note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: 16mm Kodachrome, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded) Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/20/6)

    00:00 'Bentinck and Mornington Island, QLD. 1960.'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1960.'

    01:00 Aerial view of Bentinck Island. See: (AA 338/1/23), p.19.

    02:10 Man walking on beach.

    02:33 View of bay.

    02:56 Close up shot of water on shore.

    03:05 Older boy on the beach, harpoon in his left hand, squid in right hand. See: (AA 338/1/23), p.31.

    03:27 View of bay.

    03:41 Mornington Island Mission Pier. Preparations to launch a boat to take the expedition party and other people to Bentinck Island across Appel Channel. There are several shots of people sitting around the pier and a sequence of close up shots of women one of whom is Old Venus [BI21] of the Kaiadilt people and many children. See: (AA 338/1/23), pp.173-175.

    04:25 View of pier and boat; the people sitting down proceed to the boat at the end of the pier.

    04:52 The boat leaves the pier.

    05:20 Fire on the beach.

    05:28 Close up of fire with dugong cooking on it. See: (AA 338/1/23), pp.179-183.

    05:45 Group of approximately seven people are sit and stand on the beach.

    06:17 Close up of fire.

    06:22 An Australian Aboriginal man in the mangroves uses a digging stick to gather roots and sweet potatoes. See: (AA 338/1/23), pp.193-195.

    06:36 Close up of hand showing a bunch of jaruba or native sweet potatoes.

    06:19 Shot of same man using a digging stick, briefly we see the roots he has gathered. See: (AA 338/1/23), p.193.

    07:00 Overexposed film.

    07:01 Sideways shot of beach.

    07:03 Turtle on the beach. Men walk up and kill the turtle with rock blows to the head. See: (AA 338/1/23), p.223.

    08:03 Four women on the beach carry firewood on their head which they then drop next to the turtle.

    08:26 Three men turn the turtle over onto its back and proceed to build a fire on the turtle.

    09:03 Close up of Frederic [BI11] of the Kaiadilt people sharpening a shell knife with his teeth, he protects his mouth by covering the serrated edge of the shell with paperbark. See: (AA 338/1/23), pp.223-224.

    09:08 Maurice [BI4] of the Kaiadilt people uses the baler shell to prepare the turtle for cooking.

    10:58 Cooking the turtle.

    11:28 Shot of dugong in shallow water off the beach.

    11:45 Men around the fire.

    11:57 Close up of Frederic [BI11] of the Kaiadilt people sharpening a shell knife with his teeth.

    12:20 Close up of turtle cooking.

    12:50 Men remove the turtle from the fire and proceeds to portion it with a shell knife.

    14:28 Campsite scene on the beach.

    14:33 Close up of fire.

    14:38 Series of shot with two men cooking.

    15:20 Shot of man on the beach.

    15:32 Two men with a catch of fish. See: (AA 338/1/23), p.243.

    16:01 Close up of the salmon on spear.

    16:21 Preparation and cooking of fish.

    17:12 Four men roll a dugong out of shallow water onto the beach.

    17:43 Portioning up the dugong. See: (AA 338/1/23), pp.243-245.

    19:23 Snake with yellow belly on the beach. See: (AA 338/1/23), p.243.

    19:56 Old William [AM13] of the Kaiadilt people sits down and begins pressure flaking sequence. See: (AA 338/1/23), pp.269, 281-283.

    25:24 End of the film.

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as noted in the Data cards (AA 346/4/24).
    Tindale Tribes: Janggal; Kaiadilt; Lardiil.
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Gananggalinda; Gayardilt; Lardil.

    1. BENTINCK & MORNINGTON ISLANDS, QLD, 1960, MASTER POSITIVE PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, Kodachrome, silent, 900ft.
      Notes: It comprises of 9 x 100ft Kodachrome films taken during the BAR expedition to Bentinck and Mornington Islands, Queensland, 1960. These items were spliced together with the aid of the journal 'Visit to Bentinck and Mornington Islands, Queensland by Norman B Tindale. 1960' (AA 338/1/23) and the handwritten annotations on the original film boxes. The splice sequence is: 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, 1f, 1g, 1h, 1i.
    2. BENTINCK & MORNINGTON ISLANDS, QLD, 1960, MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 25 min. 28 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/21/1
    3. BENTINCK & MORNINGTON ISLANDS, QLD, 1960, DUBBING/ LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 25 min. 28 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/21/2
    4. BENTINCK & MORNINGTON ISLANDS, QLD, 1960, PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 25 min. 28 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/21/3
    5. BENTINCK & MORNINGTON ISLANDS, QLD, 1960, PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 25 min. 28 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/21/3
    6. BENTINCK & MORNINGTON ISLANDS, QLD, 1960, ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 25 min. 28 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/21/4
    7. BENTINCK & MORNINGTON ISLANDS, QLD, 1960, ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 25 min. 28 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/21/5

      REFERENCES

    • Journal of the 'Visit to Bentinck and Mornington Islands, Queensland by Norman B Tindale. 1960'. (AA 338/1/23)
    • Tindale, NB 1962, 'Geographical Knowledge of the Kaiadilt People of Bentinck Island, Queensland.' Records of The South Australian Museum 14 (2): 259-296. Includes a map 'Dulkawalŋe:d or Bentinck Island showing Dolnoro (Hordes) and Native Place Names of the Kaiadilt Tribe.' Norman B Tindale, 1960.
    • Tindale, NB 1962, 'Some Population Changes among the Kaiadilt People of Bentinck Island, Queensland. Records of The South Australian Museum 14 (2): 297-336. Appendix A: 'List of the Known Inhabitants of Bentinck Island, Queensland, to June 1960.' pp.319-336.
    • Nine Original Kodachrome Boxes with NB Tindale's annotations. (AA 346/9/27/15)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/20
    Date Range 27 April 1960 - 12 June 1960, dates of expedition
    Quantity 12.5 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/20
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/21

    Beswick, Northern Territory, 1961.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AK

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This first documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Beswick, Northern Territory, during 12 August - 3 September 1961.

    The party visited localities in the Northern Territory including: Alice Springs, Daly Waters, Katherine and Beswick. The cinematographer was AA Abbie (AA 688).

    Keywords: Government Settlements, Missions, Post Office, Hospitals, Nurses, Anthropological Research, Water Lilies, Cattle Egret, Wallabies, Ceremonial Content.

    Copies of this film are deposited at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATIS) as Accession No. LV2964 387/6 and LV3026 387/3. Approximate Duration 1 hour 17 minutes.

      RESOURCES

    • AIAS Newsletter Vol 1. No. 2 July 1963, pp.16-17.
    • AA Abbie 'Diary 1961' (Series 9) Special Collections, Barr-Smith Library, University of Adelaide.
    • Research folder on the Abbie films (AA 346/9/27/10)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/21
    Date Range 12 August 1961 - 3 September 1961, dates of expedition
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/21
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/22

    Gulf of Carpentaria [Mornington, Bentinck and Palm Islands] Queensland, 1963.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AM
     

    This film documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to the Gulf of Carpentaria Queensland during 19-30 July 1963.

    The expedition party travelled via Sydney, Brisbane, Cloncurry and visited Doomadgee, Mornington, Bentinck and Palm Islands, Queensland. This film may not necessarily include footage from all places visited by the expedition party, but appears to consists of footage from Bentinck Island.

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research, for example: [AM2]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in the film have been noted. Individuals previously recorded during the BAR expedition to Bentinck, Mornington and Forsyth Islands [Wellesley Islands] Queensland during 27 April-12 June 1960, retain their 'individual subject number' of [BI], those recorded during this expedition are represented by the expedition symbol [AM]

    NB Tindale records that on 28 May 1963 the party set off from Mornington Island Mission to Bentinck Island. The expedition party included NB Tindale, PF Aitken, Tindale's informant Gully Peters [AM34] Jack Tadulkiŋati [BI7]; Jenny [BI19] with a child Grant; Pat [BI14]; Sally [BI30]; Darwin [BI3]; May [BI29]; Roger [AM26]; Desmond [BI6], Arthur [AM75], Paul [BI8], Elsie [BI41] and Sylvia [BI43], as well as four boat boys. Other individuals are discussed in the journal as being filmed performing particular include Maurice [BI4]; Old William [AM13]; Frederic [BI11]; Venus [BI21]. A listing of individuals can be found in Tindale's index to the 'Journal of Visit to The Gulf of Carpentaria by NB Tindale, 1963.' (AA 338/1/25), pp.179-182.

    The quality of the footage ranges from excellent to poor. Some of the camera 'stuttering' was corrected during the digitalization process.

    This film was previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338) although not accessioned and was transferred to the BAR Collection (AA 346) in April 2005.

    Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: 16mm Kodachrome, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded) Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA346/9/22/6)

    00:00 'Gulf of Carpentaria, QLD. 1963.'

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1963.'

    01:00 Group of women and children on the beach gathering oysters.

    01:18 Two men lash together logs for a walpu or raft, watched on by a woman and two children. See: (AA 338/1/25), pp.271-273.

    01:49 Shot of two women and a child.

    01:58 Sequence of shots of the walpu or raft making process.

    04:02 A woman carries a bunch of grasses to where the men are making the raft.

    04:21 Water is pored onto the lashings, and grass is packed between and on top of the logs.

    04:58 Two men lift up the finished raft, then sit in it with a child.

    05:14 Maurice [BI4] of the Kaiadilt people sharpens a shell with his teeth and proceeds to carve an paddle. SA Museum Registry No. A55675. See: (AA 338/1/25), p.272-273.

    06:19 Two men take the raft into the sea. See: (AA 338/1/25), p.273.

    06:34 Shot of a man paddling the raft in the sea; he then paddles into shore and drags the raft up the beach.

    07:32 Man walks along the coast.

    07:50 Shot of man standing out to sea.

    08:05 Shot of turtle on the beach.

    08:12 A large group of men and women one of whom is Venus [BI21] of the Kaiadilt people, gather around the turtle, they begin to dance and shout excitedly. See: (AA 338/1/25), p.337. See also: NB Tindale's lecture, Tape 5. (AA 346/9/27)

    09:01 A fire is lit on top of the turtle.

    09:34 Shot of baler shell knives on the sand.

    09:40 Close up of a man sharpening a baler shell with his teeth, he protects his mouth by covering the serrated edge of the shell with paperbark.

    09:58 Cutting up the turtle.

    11:21 Women wash the entrails of the turtle in the sea.

    11:31 Cooking the turtle.

    11:55 Men sharpens baler shell with teeth.

    12:04 Men using shell to prepare the logs for the raft [This appears to be the beginning of the raft making sequence.]

    12:25 Shot of three men lashing logs for a raft.

    13:16 Men place grass on the raft.

    13:24 Shot of a man paddling a raft in the sea.

    14:13 Footage of a man packing grass and oars into the raft.

    14:23 Close up of oars and the lashings around the logs.

    14:41 Pressure flaking sequence, Old William [AM13] of the Lardiil people demonstrates the making mariwu. SA Museum Specimens. A.52186- A.52193. See: (AA 338/1/25), pp.461-463.

    18:59 Man collects oysters using a tjilka stick and mariwu.

    20:10 Jack [BI7] walks towards the camera sits next to Old William [AM13] of the Lardiil people demonstrates the making of a mariwu / pressure flaking sequence. See: (AA 338/1/25), pp.473-476.

    23:42 Over exposed film.

    23:45 Paul [BI8] of the Kaiadilt people creates a small hole in a baler shell to make a water carrier. See: (AA 338/1/25), p.483.

    24:32 Frederic [BI11] of the Kaiadilt people in the mangroves uses his weigh to remove a tree which he then carries out to a clearing and cuts with a mariwu to the length of an oar. See: (AA 338/1/25), p.483.

    26:13 Frederic [BI11] of the Kaiadilt people picks up a baler shell, tree and an oar and walks to the sea. See: (AA 338/1/25), pp.483-5.

    27:05 Frederic [BI11] of the Kaiadilt people then gathers oysters using a tjilka stick and mariwu. See: (AA 338/1/25), p.483-485.

    28:21 Sequence of shots where Frederic [BI11] of the Kaiadilt people shapes the oar with a nara shell. See: (AA 338/1/25), p.483.

    29:54 Shot of ngorowari or fish traps build by Bentinck Islander women. See: (AA 338/1/25), pp.483-485.

    30:10 Close up of meat on fire.

    30:45 Frederic [BI11] of the Kaiadilt people straightens an oar.

    31:33 Man walks along beach carrying small logs on his shoulder.

    31:53 Cooking sequence and man eating.

    32:44 Shot of beach.

    32:54 Venus [BI21] of the Kaiadilt people and another woman make rope from Tilia bark and red ochre for the raft's lashings. See: (AA 338/1/25), p.361.

    33:44 Frederic [BI11] of the Kaiadilt people sharpening the rafts logs to a point with a nara shell. (AA 338/1/25), pp.365-367.

    35:02 Man measures even lengths of the rope around his foot.

    35:24 A shallow pit is made in the sand so as to pass the lashings under the raft.

    35:38 End of footage.

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as recorded in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/24)
    Tindale Tribes: Janggal; Janjula; Jokula; Kaiadilt; Karawa; Lardiil; Maikudunu; Wanji.
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Gananggalinda; Ganggalida; Garawa; Gayardilt; Lardil; Mayi-Kutuna; Waanyi; Yanuwa..

    1. GULF OF CARPENTARIA, QLD, 1963. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 1,300ft. Held across two carriers.
      Notes:. This film was never completed or published. It comprises of 13 x 100ft Kodachrome films taken during the expedition to The Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland, 1963. These items were spliced together with the aid of the 'Journal of Visit to The Gulf of Carpentaria by Norman B Tindale, 1963.' (AA 338/1/25) and the handwritten annotations on the original film boxes. The splice sequence is as follows: 2a [14]; 2b [15]; 2c [17]; 2d [12]; 2e [18]; 2f [9]; 2g [3]; 2h [2]; 2i [6]; 2j [4]; 2k [5]; 2l [7]; 2m [16].
    2. GULF OF CARPENTARIA, QLD, 1963. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 34 min. 30 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/1
    3. GULF OF CARPENTARIA, QLD, 1963. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 34 min. 30 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/2
    4. GULF OF CARPENTARIA, QLD, 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 34 min. 30 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/3
    5. GULF OF CARPENTARIA, QLD, 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Running time: 34 min. 30 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/3
    6. GULF OF CARPENTARIA, QLD, 1963. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 34 min. 30 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/4
    7. GULF OF CARPENTARIA, QLD, 1963. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 34 min. 30 sec.
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/5

      REFERENCES

    • 'Journal of Visit to The Gulf of Carpentaria by Norman B Tindale, 1963.' (AA 338/1/25)
    • NB Tindale Film Narrations, Tape 5. (AA 346/9/26) Bentinck Island lecture at the Canberra Archaeological Society, Australian National University, 2 May 1975. It is possible that Tindale used material gathered from both the 1960 and 1963 expeditions in this lecture.
    • Thirteen original Kodachrome Boxes with NB Tindale's annotations. (AA 346/9/27/15)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/22
    Date Range 19 July 1963 - 30 July 1963, dates of expedition
    Quantity 12.5 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/22
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/23

    Rawlinson Range Western Australia and Mount Davies, South Australia, 1963.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AN

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This film documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Rawlinson Range, Western Australia and Mount Davies, South Australia, during 24 October - 25 November 1963.

    The expedition party visited many localities but the filming was centred around Kudjuntari, Rawlinson Range (Western Australia) and Cave Hill and Mount Davies (North West of South Australia).

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale (AA 338). This film was only partly processed, the 13 reels were spliced together based on NB Tindale's journal entries (AA 338/1/26), annotations on film boxes (AA 346/9/27/15), and NB Tindale's 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm films, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/8).

    The method adopted by BAR expeditions to undertake research and record the results involved assigning a unique number to each individual (here called 'individual subject number'). This number was given the expedition symbol as a prefix, and remained consistent throughout the research. This expedition was assigned the symbol 'AN.' All individuals recorded during the expedition were assigned an individual subject number, for example [AN1]. Where possible the 'individual subject number' of those who appear in film have been noted.

    Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes.

    Formats Held: 16mm B&W silent, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/23/8)

    00:00 Rawlinson Range, Western Australia and Mount Davies, South Australia, 1963.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1963.'

    01:30 Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people lashes a peg on the end of a spear thrower. Kudjuntari, Rawlinson Range, Western Australia. See: NB Tindale's 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm films, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/8).

    02:05 Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people heats spinifex gum for the making of the spear thrower handle.

    02:20 Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people moulds prepared spinifex gum onto the handle of the spear thrower.

    03:27 Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people attaches an adze to the handle of the spear thrower.

    03:59 Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people demonstrates the grip for holding a spear thrower.

    04:09 Close up portrait of Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people.

    04:14 Close up of the completed spear thrower.

    04:19 End of footage.

    04:24 Wanatjua Tjinaritjukurupa [AN12] of the Ngadadjara people digging up water-bearing frogs, nanni, Kudjuntari, Rawlinson Range (Western Australia). See: NB Tindale's 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm films, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/8), and Journal (AA 338/1/26), p.89. Due to camera malfunction camera 'stuttering' is evident throughout this section of film

    05:14 Close up of Wanatjua Tjinaritjukurupa [AN12] of the Ngadadjara people using a digging stick.

    05:26 Close up of Wanatjua Tjinaritjukurupa [AN12] of the Ngadadjara people removing water-bearing frog, nanni, deep from the ground.

    05:38 Close up of a water-bearing frog, nanni.

    05:58 Close up portrait of Wanatjua Tjinaritjukurupa [AN12] of the Ngadadjara people, smiling.

    06:08 Ray Parutjarta Tjukurupa [AN1] of the Ngadadjara people and his family in their cold season hut, Kudjuntari, Rawlinson Range (Western Australia). See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/26), p.121. Footage taken inside and outside the shelter. Due to camera malfunction camera 'stuttering' is evident throughout this section of film.

    07:10 Ray Parutjarta Tjukurupa [AN1] of the Ngadadjara people removes a slab of wood from a tree for the making of a spear thrower. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/26), pp.89, 93.

    07:28 Ray Parutjarta Tjukurupa [AN1] of the Ngadadjara people examining the shape of the piece of wood.

    07:39 Ray Parutjarta Tjukurupa [AN1] of the Ngadadjara people using a metal tomahawk to create the shape of a spear thrower.

    07:55 Close up portrait of Ray Parutjarta Tjukurupa [AN1] of the Ngadadjara people.

    08:04 Close up of the making of the spear thrower.

    09:59 Ray Parutjarta Tjukurupa [AN1] of the Ngadadjara people using a metal chisel to plane away wood to make the shape of a spear thrower, Kudjuntari, Rawlinson Range (Western Australia).

    12:16 Close up of Ray Parutjarta Tjukurupa [AN1] of the Ngadadjara people speaking to the camera.

    12:47 Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people attaching spinifex gum to the end of a wooden implement. Kudjuntari, Rawlinson Range (Western Australia). See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/26), p.103. Due to camera malfunction camera 'stuttering' is evident throughout this section of film.

    14:41 Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people hafting a stone adze into the spinifex.

    15:34 Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people attaching spinifex gum to the other end of the wooden implement.

    16:00 Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people hafting a stone adze into the spinifex.

    16:55 Demonstration of the use of the hafted stone implement.

    18:22 Harry Malutjukurupa [AN24] of the Pitjandjara people attaching spinifex to a stone knife. Mount Davies, North West of South Australia. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/26), p.149. Due to camera malfunction camera 'stuttering' is evident throughout this section of film.

    20:21 Harry Malutjukurupa [AN24] of the Pitjandjara people pressure flaking.

    21:15 Harry Malutjukurupa [AN24] of the Pitjandjara people attaching spinifex to a stone knife.

    21:57 Tjibukudu [AN22] of the Nakako people uses a branch to sweep the ground around a termite mound. Wingelina, Mount Davies (North West of South Australia). See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/26), p.159.

    22:06 Harry Malutjukurupa [AN24] of the Pitjandjara people Tjibukudu [AN22] of the Nakako people and a third man carry armfuls of spinifex grass.

    22:28 Tjibukudu [AN22] of the Nakako people beats the spinifex grass with a stick to dislodge the resin.

    22:47 Close up of the spinifex grass being beaten.

    22:54 Close up portrait of Tjibukudu [AN22] of the Nakako people.

    23:02 Gathering together the spinifex resin and removing the waste. 'Filmed the clearing of the gum and its warming with pieces of bark and the rolling into balls on sticks which were then brought together, warmed and compressed into solid balls of keiti.' NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/26), p.159.

    23:56 Spinifex grass.

    23:57 Restricted Content Starts.

    26:04 Restricted Content Ends.

    26:04 Group of shelters. Due to camera malfunction camera 'stuttering' is evident throughout this section of film.

    26:20 Nakako children mine kangaroo meat, a woman stands near them. NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/26), p.187.

    26:26 Close up of Nakako children mincing kangaroo meat between two stones.

    26:45 Landscape.

    27:03 Tjibukudu [AN22] and Alan [AN28] of the Nakako people along with Harry Malutjukurupa [AN24] and Lance Wiratjutjukurupa [AN 26] of the Pitjandjara people at a rock quarry, where they hurl large boulders and hammer off flakes. Mount Davies (North West of South Australia). See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/26), p. 149.
    Due to camera malfunction camera 'stuttering' is evident throughout this section of film.

    28:54 Harry Malutjukurupa [AN24] of the Pitjandjara people attaching spinifex to a stone knife.

    29:32 Landscape with spinifex grass.

    29:38 Close up of spinifex grass.

    29:52 Continuation of the spinifex gum preparation.

    30:23 A group of seven men working on stone tools and making spear throwers.

    30:33 Close up of Harry Malutjukurupa [AN24] of the Pitjandjara people lashing a peg to a spear thrower.

    30:48 Close up of Harry Malutjukurupa [AN24] of the Pitjandjara people examining the spear thrower.

    31:02 Heating spinifex over a fire, pressure flaking.

    31:30 Close up of Lance Wiratjutjukurupa [AN26] applying spinifex gum to a stone knife.

    31:57 Softening spinifex gum by the fire.

    32:19 Research experiments measuring the extent of sweating and water loss conducted by WV Macfarlane and J Sabine. See: NB Tindale Journal (AA 338/1/26), pp.163, 165.

    37:54 End of footage.

    38:04 Close up of eight water bearing frogs.

    38:24 A recently carved spear thrower.

    38:47 A group of women and their children at camp including Kongala [AN14A] and Patjuninja [AN17] of the Ngadadjara people (AA 338/1/26), p.187.

    39:24 Ray Parutjarta Tjukurupa [AN1] and Mickey Wati Warumalli [AN2] of the Ngadadjara people removes a slab of wood from a tree for making spear throwers.

    40:56 Restricted Content Starts.

    42:25 Restricted Content Ends.

    42:48 Start of footage from the Expedition to Pearson Island, South Australia, 1960.

    42:48 Expedition members on board a small boat posing for the camera and examining specimens.

    43:47 End of footage from the Expedition to Pearson Island, South Australia, 1960.

    43:47 End of footage.

    Tribal / language groups recorded during this expedition as noted in the Data Cards (AA 346/4/25).
    Tindale Tribes: Jangkundjara; Nakako; Ngadadjara; Pitjandjara. .
    AIATSIS Tribal / Language Groups: Yankuntjatjara; Nakako; Ngatatjara; Pitjantjatjara.

    1. RAWLINSON RANGE, WA AND MOUNT DAVIES, SA, 1963. MASTER POSITIVE PRINT, REELS 1-13
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 1,500ft.
      Notes: This film is stored across two carriers 1-6, 7-13.
    2. RAWLINSON RANGE, WA AND MOUNT DAVIES, SA, 1963. EDIT PRINTS
      Characteristics: 16mm; colour; silent; 350ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale collection as Acc. No. 1025 'Sundry Rawlinson Range WA Nov 1963. Print made in 1968. Incomplete, Composite Reel 14.'
    3. RAWLINSON RANGE, WA AND MOUNT DAVIES, SA, 1963. EDIT PRINTS
      Characteristics: 16mm, colour, silent, 350ft.
      Notes: This item was previously held in the NB Tindale collection Acc. No. 1026 'Sundry Rawlinson Range, WA, Nov 1963. Print made in 1968. Incomplete, Composite Reel 15.'
    4. RAWLINSON RANGE, WA AND MOUNT DAVIES, SA, 1963. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 40 min 47 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/1
    5. RAWLINSON RANGE, WA AND MOUNT DAVIES, SA, 1963. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 40 min 47 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/4
    6. RAWLINSON RANGE, WA AND MOUNT DAVIES, SA, 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 40 min 47 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/5
    7. RAWLINSON RANGE, WA AND MOUNT DAVIES, SA, 1963. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 40 min 47 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/5
    8. RAWLINSON RANGE, WA AND MOUNT DAVIES, SA, 1963. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 40 min 47 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/6
    9. RAWLINSON RANGE, WA AND MOUNT DAVIES, SA, 1963. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 40 min 47 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/23/7

      RESOURCES

    • 'Journal of Visit to the Rawlinson Range area in the Great Western Desert by Norman B Tindale. 24 October - 25 November 1963' (AA 338/1/26)
    • NB Tindale, 'Stone Implement Making among the Nakako, Ngadadjara and Pitjandjara of the Great Western Desert.' South Australian Museum Records 15:1 (1965), pp. 131-164.
    • NB Tindale 'Notes on Partly Processed 16mm films, examined by NB Tindale, July 1974.' (AA 346/9/27/8).

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/23
    Date Range 24 October 1963 - 25 November 1963, dates of expedition
    Quantity 23 cm, 9 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/23
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/24

    Kalumburu, Western Australia, 1963.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AO

    THIS FILM CONTAINS SECTIONS THAT ARE RESTRICTED.
     

    This film documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Kalumburu, Western Australia, during August 1963.

    The cinematographer was AA Abbie (AA 688).

    Keywords: Government Settlements, Missions, Landscape, Birds, Children, Dugout Canoes, Expedition Camp, Anthropological Research, Ceremonial Content.

    Copies of this film are deposited at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATIS) as Accession No. LV2963 387/5. Approximate Duration 19 minutes.

      RESOURCES

    • AIAS Newsletter Vol. 1 No. 4 July 1964, p.22.
    • AA Abbie Journal (Series10/Vol. 3) Special Collections, Barr-Smith Library, University of Adelaide.
    • Research folder on the Abbie films (AA 346/9/27/10)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/24
    Date Range c. 8 August 1963 - 31 August 1963, dates of expedition
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/24
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/25

    Musgrave Ranges, North West of South Australia [and adjacent parts of Western Australia], 1966.

      BAR Expedition Symbol: AS
     

    This film documents the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expedition to Musgrave Ranges, NW of South Australia and adjacent parts of Western Australia, during 5-25 February 1966.

    The expedition party visited localities including: Musgrave Park, Musgrave Ranges, No. 25 Bore, Ngalpo:nja, Bell Rock Range, Mount Caroline and Cave Hill [Owalinga]. See: 'Journal of Visit to the North West of South Australia in February 1966 by Norman B Tindale. 1966'. (AA 338/1/22/2)

    The cinematographer was NB Tindale. The expedition party included numerous (BAR) members.

    This film was not completed. See: NB Tindale's 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films,' July 1974. (AA 346/9/27/6).

    The film was shot by NB Tindale (AA 338) and was previously held in the NB Tindale collection as 'No.25 Bore, Musgrave Range, 1966 Reel 1-2.' Acc. No. 1023-1024 until transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005.

    Unlike all previous BAR expeditions, 'individual subject numbers' were not assigned during this trip. A 'list of people associated with work at No. 25 Bore W. Musgraves, Feb. 1966' is within NB Tindale's Journal (AA 338/1/22/2).

    Note that the time coded summary is in minutes and seconds. Following the summary of this film is a list of references and further notes. Formats Held: 16mm B&W Silent, SP Betacam, Digital Betacam, Access DVDs.

    Summary (Time Coded): Taken from Access DVD 3 (AA 346/9/25/6).

    01:30 Musgrave Ranges, NW of South Australia and adjacent parts of Western Australia, 1966.

    00:00 'Cultural Sensitivity Warning.'

    00:00 'The Museum Board of South Australia © 1966.'

    01:30 Men women and children of the Nakako and Pitjandjara people gather spinifex grass, No. 25 Bore, Musgrave Range, South Australia. See: NB Tindale's 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films,' July 1974. (AA 346/9/27/6).

    01:53 End of footage.

    01:56 Jackie Bellrock and his wife Njuwara of the Nakako people, manufacture resin from spinifex grass. See: (AA 338/1/22/2), pp.64, 93.

    02:06 Close up of Jackie Bellrock of the Nakako people beating a bunch of spinifex grass to dislodge the resin.

    02:16 End of footage.

    02:18 Close up of Jackie Bellrock of the Nakako people separating out the spinifex grass from the pile of resin.

    02:46 Njuwara of the Nakako people winnowing spinifex resin from lighter waste material.

    02:55 End of footage.

    02:57 Close up of the Njuwara of the Nakako people winnowing spinifex resin from lighter waste material.

    03:21 End of footage.

    03:31 Njuwara of the Nakako people winnowing spinifex resin.

    03:51 End of footage.

    03:59 Tjibukudu of the Nakako people using a stone to make incisions on his spear for the purpose of personal identification. No. 25 Bore, Musgrave Range, South Australia. 'When it became blunt he sharpened it against his spear.' (AA 338/1/22/2), pp.69, 98.

    16:15 End of Footage.

    1. MUSGRAVE RANGES, NW OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA [AND ADJECENT PARTS OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA], 1966. MASTER POSITIVE, REEL 1-2
    2. Characteristics: 16mm, Kodachrome, silent, 200ft.
      Note: This film was previously referred to as 'Bore No.25, Musgrave Range'

    3. MUSGRAVE RANGES, NW OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA [AND ADJECENT PARTS OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA], 1966. MASTER PRESERVATION COPY
      Format: SP Betacam
      Duration: 4 min 44 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/25/1
    4. MUSGRAVE RANGES, NW OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA [AND ADJECENT PARTS OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA], 1966. DUBBING / LOAN COPY
      Format: Digital Betacam
      Duration: 4 min 44 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/25/2
    5. MUSGRAVE RANGES, NW OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA [AND ADJECENT PARTS OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA], 1966. PRESERVATION DVD 1 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 4 min 44 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/25/3
    6. MUSGRAVE RANGES, NW OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA [AND ADJECENT PARTS OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA], 1966. PRESERVATION DVD 2
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 4 min 44 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/25/3
    7. MUSGRAVE RANGES, NW OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA [AND ADJECENT PARTS OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA], 1966. ACCESS DVD 3 [TIME CODED]
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 4 min 44 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/25/4
    8. MUSGRAVE RANGES, NW OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA [AND ADJECENT PARTS OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA], 1966. ACCESS DVD 4
      Format: DVD
      Duration: 4 min 44 sec
      Transfer Date: 1/07/2006
      Generation: Copy of AA 346/9/25/5

      REFERENCES

    • 'Journal of Visit to the North West of South Australia in February 1966 by Norman B. Tindale. 1966'. (AA 338/1/22/2)
    • NB Tindale's 'Notes on partly processed 16mm films,' July 1974. (AA 346/9/27/6)
    • Two original Kodachrome Boxes with NB Tindale's annotations. (AA 346/9/27/15)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/25
    Date Range 5 February 1966 - 25 February 1966, dates of expedition
    Quantity 16 cm, 7 film items. Formats: 16mm, Betacams, DVDs
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/25
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/26

    Narration tapes made by NB Tindale relating to Board for Anthropological Research films.

     

    This item consists of 11 magnetic tapes and one transcript, made by NB Tindale, providing a narrative commentary to the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) films. Tapes (AA 346/9/26/1- 5) were recorded and transcribed by Lloyd M Reiser and April S Kubo, of the Anthropology Department, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA, during the first half of 1968. Tapes relating to BAR films (AA 346/9/26/6 - 10) were recorded during lectures given at the Australian National University, Canberra, between April - July 1974.
    See: Tindale's Journals (AA 338/1/52/4 and AA 338/1/53/1).

    These tapes were previously held in the NB Tindale collection (AA 338/11/38) and were transferred into the BAR collection (AA 346) in December 2005. The Master tapes are held at AIATSIS [Collection: SAM_02]

    Note the item control numbers do not correspond to the tape numbers. For example request (AA 346/9/26/5) for 'NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 4'

    1. NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 1
      Mann Range, CA [Northern Territory], 1933. Reels 1, 2, 3.
      MacDonald Downs, CA [Northern Territory], 1930. Reel 2.
      Mt Liebig, CA [Northern Territory], 1932. Reels 1, 2.
    2. NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 2
      Mt Liebig, CA [Northern Territory], 1932. Reels 3 & 6.
      Mann Range, CA [Northern Territory], 1933. Reels 4.
      Warburton Range, Western Australia, 1935. Reel 2.
    3. NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 2a
      Mt Liebig, CA [Northern Territory], 1932. Reels 3 & 6.
      Mann Range, CA [Northern Territory], 1933. Reel 4.
      Warburton Range, Western Australia, 1935. Reel 2.
    4. NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 3
      Warburton Range, Western Australia, 1935. Reels 3, 4, 6, 7.
    5. NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 4
      Ernabella, South Australia, 1933. 'Ernabella Ceremonies' Reels 1, 2, 4.
    6. NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 5
      NB Tindale lecture given to the Canberra Archaeological Society, Australian National University, 2 May 1974, relating to the BAR expedition to Bentinck Island, Queensland, 1960.
    7. NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 6
      NB Tindale lecture given 8 April 1974, relating to films:
      Basketmaking Film. Coorong, South Australia, 1937. (AA 338/25/2)
      Mann Ranges, CA [Northern Territory], 1933.
      MacDonald Downs, CA [Northern Territory], 1930.
    8. NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 7a
      Lecture, Canberra, 22 April 1974.
      Warburton Range, Western Australia, 1935. Reels 2, 4.
      Mt Liebig, CA [Northern Territory], 1932. Reel 3.
      MacDonald Downs, CA [Northern Territory], 1930.
    9. NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 7b
      MacDonald Downs, CA [Northern Territory], 1930.
    10. NB Tindale BAR Film Narrations: Tape 8
      NB Tindale lecture given at the Australian National University, 6 May 1974, relating to and entitled 'Ceremonial Life'.
    11. NB Tindale (BAR) Film Narrations: Tape 9
      NB Tindale lecture given 28 July 1974, relating to 'Initiation Ceremonies'
    12. Typewritten transcript of NB Tindale (BAR) Film Narration Tapes.
      There is an incomplete typewritten transcript with annotations relating to the Narration tapes tapes. ' Descriptions of 16mm films of the Australian Aborigines made under the aegis of the Board for Anthropological Research by Norman B Tindale. Los Angeles, 1968.' This pagination of this item begins with each successive reel. This item is typewritten with annotations by NB Tindale. Contains 127 pages bound in a dark green cover. This typescript includes narrative description for:
    • MacDonald Downs, CA [Northern Territory].1930. Reel 2.
    • Mt. Liebig, CA [Northern Territory].1932 Reels 1- 6.
    • Mann Range, CA [Northern Territory]. 1933, Reels 1- 4.
    • Warburton Range, Western Australia, 1935. Reels 2, 3, 4, 6, 7.
    • Ernabella, South Australia. 1933. 'Ernabella Ceremonies' Reels 1, 2, 4.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/26
    Date Range 7 February 1968 - 28 July 1974, dates of recordings
    Quantity 16.5 cm, 11 Agfa Magnetic Tapes, duration 60 minutes
    Formats Audio Recordings
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/26
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/1

    Film Summaries relating to BAR films 1926-1929.

     

    Papers, film summaries and notes relating to:

    • Expedition B, Wilgena and Ooldea, South Australia, 7-21 May 1926.

    • Summary of the 'Ooldea film, Broad Track Taken by Dr Campbell and Dr A Lewis, 1927. Scenes of Aboriginal Life.' Two copies, one of which was in the TD Campbell Collection (AA 52/6/5) and was incorporated into the BAR collection in December 2005. This item consists of 4 foolscap pages, with annotations.
      Film summaries of individual reels 'Film B', 'Film K' and 'Film J.' This item consists of 9 foolscap pages, with annotations. The original boxes for these films are in (AA 346/9/27/15)

    • Expedition C, Macumba, South Australia, and Alice Springs [Stuart], Central Australia [Northern Territory], 30 December 1926 - 19 January 1927.
    • Summary Entitled 'Titles of original University Cent. Aust. 35mm film. May give a clue to sequence and content of film scraps.' This item consists of 40 pieces of paper measuring 21.5 x 9.0 cm.
      Film summaries of individual reels 'Film L,' 'Film O,' 'Film N,' 'Film A,' 'Film P,' 'Film H,' 'Film D,' 'Film M,' 'Film I,' 'Film Q,' 'Film S,' 'Film F,' 'Film G,' 'Film H.' This item consists of 31 foolscap pages, with annotations.

    • Expedition E, Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 4-23 August 1929.

    • Film summary entitled 'Film R. Hermannsburg Ceremonies. Photo by NB Tindale.' (AA 338) This item consists of 3 foolscap pages, with annotations.
      Registration for copyright ownership for a cinematographic production entitled 'Natives of Central Australia; Arunta and Luritya [Kukatja (NT)] Tribes.' Dated 11 November 1929. This item is one foolscap page.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/1
    Date Range 7 May 1926 - 23 August 1929, dates of expeditions
    Quantity 6 cm, 1 Albox folders
    Formats Loose Notes
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/1
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/2

    Film Summaries relating to BAR films 1930-1933.

      Unpublished manuscript and notes towards 'Natives of Central Australia and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board for Anthropological Research.' by NB Tindale (AA 338), 1937.
     

    Handwritten introduction, multiple typewritten and carbon copies with annotations, and notes. Dated 1937, final annotations 1974. Note that not all copies are complete. Contained throughout are additional notes, and drafts. Multiple incomplete copies with annotations. The manuscript contains a title page, two page introduction and summaries of the films for the following BAR expedition films:

    • Expedition F, MacDonald Downs, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 17 August - 11 September 1930.
    • Expedition G, Cockatoo Creek, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 6-27 August, 1931.
    • Expedition H, Mt. Liebig, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 4-25 August, 1932.
    • Expedition I, Mann Range, South Australia, 25 May - 6 August 1933.
    • Expedition I, Ernabella, South Australia, 7 - 24 August 1933.

    Although there are multiple duplicates and copies of this manuscript, there are some pages and notes which are unique. This folder contains the only copies of notes relating to MacDonald Downs 'A624 - 90ft' and the MacDonald Down's 'Travelogue' Reels. 'Description of the 35mm film, Cockatoo Creek' Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1931. These individual items have been flagged.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/2
    Date Range 1930 - 1933, dates of expeditions
    Quantity 6 cm, 1 Albox folders
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/2
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/3

    Film Summaries relating to BAR films 1930-1933.

      Unpublished manuscript and notes towards 'Natives of Central Australia and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board for Anthropological Research.' by NB Tindale (AA 338), 1937.
     

    Handwritten introduction, multiple typewritten and carbon copies with annotations, and notes. Dated 1937, final annotations 1974. Note that not all copies are complete. Contained throughout are additional notes, and drafts. Multiple incomplete copies with annotations. The manuscript contains a title page, two page introduction and summaries of the films for the following BAR expedition films:

    • Expedition F, MacDonald Downs, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 17 August - 11 September 1930.
    • Expedition G, Cockatoo Creek, Central Australia [Northern Territory] 6-27 August, 1931.
    • Expedition H, Mt. Liebig, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 4-25 August, 1932.
    • Expedition I, Mann Range, South Australia, 25 May - 6 August 1933.
    • Expedition I, Ernabella, South Australia, 7 - 24 August 1933.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/3
    Date Range 1930 - 1933, dates of expeditions
    Quantity 6 cm, 1 Albox folders
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/3
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/4

    Film Summaries relating to BAR films 1933.

      Unpublished manuscript and notes towards 'Natives of Central Australia and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board for Anthropological Research.' by NB Tindale (AA 338), 1937.
     

    Handwritten introduction, multiple typewritten and carbon copies with annotations, and notes. Dated 1937, final annotations 1974. Note that not all copies are complete. Contained throughout are additional notes, and drafts. Multiple incomplete copies with annotations. The manuscript contains a title page, two page introduction and summaries relating to:

    • Expedition I, Mann Range, South Australia, 25 May - 6 August 1933.
    • Expedition I, Ernabella, South Australia, 7 - 24 August 1933.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/4
    Date Range 1933, dates of expeditions
    Quantity 6 cm, 1 Albox folders
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/4
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/5

    Film Summaries relating to BAR films 1934-1935.

      Unpublished manuscript and notes towards 'Natives of Central Australia and the Great Western Desert: A Descriptive Account of the 16mm films of the Board for Anthropological Research.' by NB Tindale (AA 338), 1937.
     

    Handwritten introduction, multiple typewritten and carbon copies with annotations, and notes. Dated 1937, final annotations 1974. Note that not all copies are complete. Contained throughout are additional notes, and drafts. Multiple incomplete copies with annotations. The manuscript contains a title page, two page introduction and summaries relating to:

    • Expedition J, Diamantina, South Australia, 10-28 August 1934.
    • Expedition K, Warburton Range, Western Australia, 26 July - 6 September 1935.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/5
    Date Range 1934 - 1935, dates of expeditions
    Quantity 6 cm, 1 Albox folders
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/5
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/6

    Film Summaries relating to BAR films 1938-1966.

     

    Film summaries, reports and notes relating to:

    • Expedition N: Harvard and Adelaide Universities Anthropological Expedition in 1938-1939. Films notes compiled from NB Tindale's Harvard Adelaide Expedition Journals (AA 338/15/1-2). This item has multiple annotations in pencil in NB Tindale's hand. These notes list individual film reels 1 to 38 with a breakdown by letter [i.e. 15a, 21cc] which identifies a particular section of film, its contents, quality of the film and its proposed use in the films for the Children's Museum.
    • Expedition O, Ooldea, South Australia, 15-26 August, 1939.
    • Expedition P: Yueudumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1951.
    • Expedition Y: Haasts Bluff, Central Australia [Northern Territory],1956.
    • Expedition AB: Haasts Bluff, Central Australia [Northern Territory],1957.
    • Expedition R: University of California Los Angles and University of Adelaide Anthropological Expedition 1952-1954.
    • Expedition AN: Rawlinson Range (Western Australia), and Mount Davies (South Australia) November 1963.
    • Expedition AS: North West of South Australia and Adjacent Parts of Western Australia. February 1966.

    There is also notes towards an unmade film 'Wood and Stone Tool Technology Film.' Typewritten copies of notes with annotations, believed to be in NB Tindale's and TD Campbell's (AA 52) hand.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/6
    Date Range 1938 - 1966, dates of expeditions
    Quantity 6 cm, 1 Albox folder
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/6
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/7

    Film Correspondence, Papers etc.

     

    Paperwork relating to the BAR film collection. This item consists of invitations to film screenings; letters and telegrams requesting the loan of BAR films; newspaper clippings; reports and general correspondence filed alphabetically from the sender. Correspondents include: RM Berndt (AA 722), JB Cleland (AA 60), JS Collings, EA Collins, C Duguid (AA 79), F Eaton, AP Elkin (AA 86), C Fenner, FJ Fenner (AA 91), JA FitzHerbert, WK Gregory, HM Hale (AA 124), CJ Hackett (AA 122), MF Hickey, EA Hooton, TH Johnston (AA 161), JC Leask (AA 175), U McConnel (AA 191), CP Madigan, CP Mountford (AA 228), WR Penhall, O Pink, SD Porteus, TGH Strelow (AA 316), JD Somerville (AA 297), NB Tindale, CM Ward amongst others.

    This item is contained within two folders.

    1. Correspondence: A - H.
    2. Correspondence: I - Z.

    This item was previously part of the 'A + A Correspondence' of The South Australian Museum Collection (AA 298) and was transferred into the BAR Collection (AA346) in January 2006.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/7
    Date Range 1936 - 1947, dates in annotations
    Quantity 12 cm, 2 Albox folders
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/7
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/8

    Internal South Australian Museum Correspondence and Film Reports

     

    This item contains paperwork relating to general enquiries as well as the loan, sales, preservation and storage of Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) films. This item contains photocopies of South Australian Museum Committee minutes and correspondence from numerous collections relating to BAR films:

    • Photocopies of the South Australian Museum (AA 298) Committee Papers: Books 1-2, 1927-1932
    • Photocopies of the South Australian Museum (AA 298) Committee Papers: Books 3, 1932-1935
    • Photocopies of the South Australian Museum (AA 298) Committee Papers: Books 4, 1936-1938
    • Photocopies of the South Australian Museum (AA 298) A+A Correspondence, 1926-1941
    • NB Tindale's 1956 paper on the establishment of the BAR and its achievements over its first 30 years. Includes mention of W Ray, C Wissler, E Embree, FJ Gillen (AA108), W Baldwin Spenser (AA 301), EC Stirling (AA 309), CG Teichelmann (AA 781), CW Schurmann (AA 283), HAE Meyer, G Taplin (AA 319), Horn Scientific Expedition (AA 139).
    • NB Tindale's 1974 report on the condition of unfinished BAR films. (4pp)

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/8
    Date Range 1927 - 1980, dates in annotations
    Quantity 6 cm, 1 Blue folder containing papers
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/8
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/9

    Correspondence between South Australian Museum and the State Library of South Australia, and the National Film and Sound Archive.

      Three Volumes
     

    This item contains correspondence between:


      FOLDER 1
    • The University of Adelaide's Barr Smith Library and the South Australian Museum regarding the transferal of film custody
    • The State Library of South Australia and the South Australian Museum
    • The National Film and Sound Archive (NFSA) and the South Australian Museum 1978-2006, regarding the nitrate film deposit.
    • The State Library of South Australia and the South Australian Museum, Film Consultation Report, by Beth M Robertson, 2002.
    • The South Australian Museum and UTEL regarding digitisation of the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) film collection, 2003-2006.
    • FOLDER 2-3

    • The National Film and Sound Archive and the South Australian Museum regarding the BAR nitrate film deposit.
    • General research paperwork

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/9
    Date Range 1976 - 2006, dates in annotations
    Quantity 7.5 cm, 1 Yellow folder containing papers
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/9
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/10

    Correspondence between the South Australian Museum and the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATIS)

     

    This item contains correspondence between:

    • The South Australian Museum and the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies regarding the Board for Anthropological Research films made by AA Abbie.
    • General research paperwork
      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/10
    Date Range 2005 - 2006, dates in annotations
    Quantity 7.5 cm, 1 Yellow folder containing papers
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/10
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/11

    Film Preservation Research

     

    This item contains research papers and reports on acetate film preservation.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/11
    Date Range 2004 - 2006, dates in annotations
    Quantity 9 cm, 1 White folder containing paperwork
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/11
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/12

    Film Collection Catalogues, Reports and Papers

      Box 1 of 3
     

    This box contains Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) film catalogues including:

  • Manuscripts and drafts of the 'Board for Anthropological Research, University of Adelaide Catalogue of 16mm Films' by NB Tindale (AA 338). Dated 15/4/1937. This catalogue includes the title of the reel, summary of contents, length of the film, cinematographer and notes on associated publications. This item contains drafts, notes, annotated copies and the published catalogue of 16mm films. Accession No's 65, 73, 74, 75, 1020. The BAR catalogue comprises 8 pages.
  • One typed foolscap copy of 'South Australian Museum Catalogue of Cine-Films' Dated 18 Oct 1940. Annotations in pencil and ink. Includes the negative number, title, summary of contents, length of film, cinematographer, and remarks. It is noted that a certain number of these negatives do not belong to The South Australian Museum. Films included in this list are 'Natives of Princess Charlotte Bay' (AA 124), 'The Toolach Wallaby' (SAMA 1058), 'Shaggery at Port Gawler,' 'In Search of Leichardt' (AA 228) and 'The Australian Pelican'. This item comprises 2 pages.
  • One typed foolscap copy of 'Board for Anthropological Research Catalogue of 16mm Films' No Date. No Annotations. These relate to three BAR colour films. This item comprises of 15 pages. Housed in foolscap mylar sleeve. This item compises 8 pages.
  • Typed copies of 'The University of Adelaide Films on the life and habits of the Australian Aboriginal.' relating to three BAR colour films. Dated 9 July 1957. Annotations in NB Tindale's hand. This item comprises 24 pages.
  • One typed foolscap copy of a 'Summary of films held by Department Anthropology and Archaeology, South Australian Museum.' This list included information such as the producer of the film, title, sponsor, date, negative, and the number of copies. This list includes both Board for Anthropological Reaear films and also other South Australian Museum film collections. No Date, annotated with black felt tip pen. This item comprises 3 pages.
  • Audit report of the South Australian Museum film collections. These pages are dated June 1949 and July 1952. This item consists of 5 pages in total.
  • South Australian Anthropology Archives Film Inventory, January 1990. By Andrew Hughes. This item is typewritten with annotations. This item comprises of 151 pages, housed in a mylar sleeve.
  •   Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/12
    Date Range 1937 - 1990, dates in annotations
    Quantity 17.5 cm, 1 Albox, Size 1
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/12
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/13

    Film Collection Papers

      Box 2 of 3
     

    This item contains:

  • Handwritten directions for the film splice sequence for the Board for Anthropological Research Expedition at Diamantina, South Australia, 1934. This item consists of three pages, which are several feet long rolled into a scroll.
  • Card index 'Complete Catalogue of 16mm Films Negs. Exped[iditions] F - K inclusive.' These cards are not in expedition order but are ordered by reel number [i.e. all reel 1's are followed by reels 2 etc.] There also appears to be several different sets, or drafts, of cards. There are 104 cards in total, and one envelope. The cards measure: 11.8cm x 7.4cm. This item was previously Accession No.1020.
  • Seven carbon copy sheets from a Roneograph. Used in the printing of 'Adelaide University 16mm Film Catalogue' ['A. Gestefner,' brand paper]
  • Blue foolscap binder. Annotation on the spine 'Film.' [Empty]
  • Green foolscap binder. Annotation on the spine 'Films 16mm Descriptions NB Tindale.' [Empty]
  • Burgundy foolscap binder. Annotation on the spine 'Data Films.' [Empty]
  • One foolscap mylar sleeve containing numerous papers comprising film borrowing cards, notes on selling copying and splicing film, small handwritten cardboard signs, three handwritten signs for place names used in the MacDonald Downs Travelogue Reel, one blank anthropometric data card, camera instruction manuals, delivery notes, cost estimates, notes on film related matters by NB Tindale and others.
  • Type set piece, for 'Stanley B Harry.'
  •   Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/13
    Date Range 1934 - ?, dates of annotation
    Quantity 44 cm, 1 Albox, Size 10
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/13
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/14

    Film Collection Papers

      Box 3 of 3
     

    This item contains miscellaneous film related paperwork.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/14
    Quantity 17.5 cm, 1 Albox, Size 1 Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/14
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/15

    Original Film Boxes with Annotations

     

    This item contains original film boxes with annotations, relating to Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) expeditions to:

    • Wilgena and Ooldea, South Australia, 1926.
    • Macumba, South Australia and Alice Springs, Northern Territory, 1926-1927.
    • Hermannsburg, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1929.
    • MacDonald Downs, Central Australia [Northern Territory], 1930.
    • Ooldea, South Australia, 1939.
    • Yuendumu, Central Australia [Northern Territory] Stone Implement Making, 1951.
    • Haasts Bluff, Northern Territory 1956-1957. Offcuts & Titles.
    • Bentinck and Mornington Islands, Queensland, 1960.
    • Rawlinson Range Western Australia and Mount Davies, South Australia, 1963.
    • Gulf of Carpentaria [Mornington, Bentinck and Palm Islands] Queensland, 1963.
    • Musgrave Ranges, North West of South Australia [and adjacent parts of Western Australia], 1966.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/15
    Date Range 1926 - 1966
    Quantity 21.5 cm, 1 Albox, Box Size 1
    Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/15
    Series AA346/09

    AA 346/9/27/16

    Original Film Cans and Reels

      Two Boxes
     

    This item is two boxes containing a reprehensive selection of old film canisters, reels, marking pegs and film related paraphernalia from the Board of Anthropological Research film collection.

      Creator Board for Anthropological Research
    Control AA 346/9/27/16
    Quantity 51.5 cm, 2 Alboxes Inventory Identifier AA 346/9/27/16
    Series AA346/09